List Of Military Armoured Cars
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List of Military Armoured Cars
A T-34-85 tank on display at Musée des Blindés in April 2007.
The M4 Sherman was produced in greater numbers than any other U.S. tank in World War II.

This is a list of armoured fighting vehicles, sorted by country of origin. The information in round brackets ( ) indicates the number of AFVs produced and the period of use. Prototypes are marked as such.

In the case of multi-national projects, the vehicle may be listed under all applicable countries.

Argentina

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Argentina

Tanks

Infantry fighting vehicles

  • VCTP armoured personnel carrier (modern)

Self propelled artillery

  • VCA 155 mm SP gun, "Palmaria" turret (modern)
  • VCTM 120 mm mortar carrier (modern)

Australia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Australia

Armoured cars

Austria

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Austria

  • SPz Ulan (modern, co-development with Spain)
  • Steyr 4K 7FA Tracked armoured personnel carrier/infantry fighting vehicle (production from 1977 for Bolivia, Greece (as Leodinas) and Nigeria).[2]
  • Saurer 4K 4FA Tracked armoured personnel carrier (~450 built for Austria 1958-1969).[3]
  • Pandur I 6x6 armoured personnel carrier
  • Pandur II 8x8 armoured personnel carrier
  • SK-105 Kürassier light tank (modern)

Armoured cars

Azerbaijan

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Azerbaijan

Belgium

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Belgium

Armoured cars

Brazil

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Brazil

Armoured personnel carrier

Infantry fighting vehicles

Main battle tank

  • EE-T1 Osório Main battle tank (modern)
  • MB-3 Tamoyo Main battle tank (development of M41 Walker Bulldog).[10]
  • Bernardini X1A - rebuild of M3 Stuart light tank with new armour, engine, suspension and 90 mm gun.[11]
  • Bernadini X1A2 - new build derivative of X1A tank. At least 30 built 1979-1983 for Brazilian Army.[12]

Self-propelled artillery

4x4 Armoured car

Others

Bulgaria

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Bulgaria

Canada

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Canada

Tanks

  • Ram cruiser tank (World War II era)[13]
  • Grizzly Canadian-built M4 Sherman tank (World War II)[14]

Armoured fighting vehicles

Self propelled artillery

Armoured cars

People's Republic of China,

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the People's Republic of China

Tanks

  • Type 58 medium tank (Chinese-produced T-34)
  • Type 59 main battle tank (Copy of Soviet T-54A Tank)
  • Type 59-I
  • Type 59-II
  • Type 59-IIA
  • Type 59-IIA command tank
  • Type 59-IIA mine-sweeper tank
  • Type 59 Gai (test platform for Western technologies)
  • Type 59D
  • Type 59-16 light tank prototype
  • Type 62 light tank
  • Type 62-I
  • Type 62G
  • Type 63 amphibious light tank [1]
  • Type 63A
  • Type 69 main battle tank prototype
  • Type 69-I prototype, incorporating some technologies from captured Soviet T-62
  • Type 69-II (A) main battle tank (First production version released in 1982.)
  • Type 69-II-B/C command tank
  • Type 79, also known as Type 69 III
  • Type 80 main battle tank
  • Type 85 main battle tank
  • Type 88 main battle tank
  • Type 90, exported as MBT-2000
  • Type 96 main battle tank
  • Type 98 prototype main battle tank
  • Type 99 main battle tank

Armoured personnel carriers

  • Type 63 aka YW-531 armoured personnel carrier (Cold War)
  • Type 77 Amphibious armoured personnel carrier (Cold War)
  • WZ-523 - Six-wheeled APC.[15] Developed into ZFB91 internal security vehicle used by Peoples Liberation Army.[16]
  • Type 85 aka YW-531H, improved T-63 APC (Cold War)
  • Type 89 aka YW-534, improved Type 85 APC (Cold War)

Infantry fighting vehicles

Croatia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Croatia

Cyprus

Armoured cars

  • TS (10 examples produced from Soviet supplied ATS-712 prime movers)

Czechoslovakia

A picture of the LT vz. 34

Tanks

  • LT vz. 34 - CKD/Praga P-11 light tank. Fifty built for Czechoslovakia.[18]
  • LT vz. 35 - ?koda S-IIa light tank built for Czechoslovak army. Captured examples used by Germany as Panzer 35(t).[18]
  • LT vz. 38 - CKD/Praga TNH light tank built for Czechoslovakia and export. Adopted by German army as Panzer 38(t) and continued in production until 1942.[19]
  • AH-IV - Two man light tank built for export.[20]
  • F-IV-HE - 1937 prototype three-man amphibious light tank.[20]
  • ?koda S-IIb - Medium tank design rejected by Czechoslovakia in favour of ST vz. 39, but developed into 40M Turán I for Hungary.[18]
  • ST vz. 39 - Prototype medium tank design by CKD/Praga. Ordered by Czechoslovak army but production plans stopped by German takeover.[21]

Tankettes

  • Tan?ík vz. 33 - CKD/Praga two man tankette design - about 70 ordered by Czechoslovakia.[18]
  • ?koda S-1 - Two man tankette, rejected in favour of the vz. 33 by Czechoslovakia, but S-1d version armed with 47 mm gun built for Yugoslavia.[22]

Armoured cars

Egypt

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Egypt

Tanks

Infantry fighting vehicles

Armoured personnel carriers

Scout and reconnaissance

  • Kader-320 4X4 Light Armoured Reconnaissance

Estonia

Armoured cars

Armoured cars produced in Estonia

France

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in France

Armoured cars

Finland

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Finland

Georgia

Fast attack vehicles

Armoured personnel carriers

Infantry fighting vehicle

Self-propelled artillery

Germany

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Germany

Tanks

Armoured/infantry fighting vehicles

Self-propelled artillery

Armoured cars

Greece

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Greece

Hungary

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Hungary:

Tanks

Armoured cars

Infantry fighting vehicles

Self propelled artillery

India

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in India

Main battle tanks

  • Arjun - main battle tank
  • Arjun Mk 2 - 4th generation main battle tank
  • T-90S - license produced/assembled main battle tank
  • T-72M1 - license produced/assembled main battle tank
  • Tank EX - Main battle tank
  • Vijayanta - Cold War era main battle tank, derived from Vickers MBT

Infantry fighting vehicles

  • Abhay IFV - infantry combat vehicle
  • BMP-1 -Carrier Mortar Tracked license produced/assembled infantry combat vehicle
  • BMP-2 - license produced/assembled infantry Combat Vehicle
  • DRDO light tank - Cold war era infantry fighting vehicle
  • TATA FICV - Infantry Fighting Vehicle and Engineers Fighting Vehicle[45]
  • Mahindra FICV - Infantry fighting vehicle And engineers fighting vehicle[46]

Armoured personnel carrier

Armoured cars

Self propelled howitzers

Indonesia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Indonesia

Iran

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Iran

Iraq

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Iraq

  • Lion of Babylon (Asad Babil)
  • T-72M1 "Saddam"
  • Modified Iraqi special Republican Guard BMP-1
  • Modified MT-LB fitted with 23 mm 2A7
  • MT-LB with wider tracks

Ireland

Armoured cars

Armoured vehicles produced in Ireland

Israel

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Israel

Armoured cars

Italy

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Italy

Armoured cars

Japan

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Japan

Amphibious tanks

Light tanks

Medium tanks

Main battle tanks

Miscellaneous armoured vehicles

Malaysia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Malaysia

Tracked armoured fighting vehicle

Wheeled armoured fighting vehicle

Wheeled armoured personnel carrier

Mexico

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Mexico

  • DN-III Armoured Personnel Vehicle
  • DN-IV "Caballo" (Horse) Armoured Personnel Vehicle
  • DN-V Bufalo (Buffalo) Armoured Personnel Vehicle
  • DN-VI Armoured Personnel Vehicle (Prototype, never reached production)
  • DN-VII Armoured Personnel Vehicle (Prototype, never reached production)
  • Sedena-Henschel HWK-11 - joint project with West Germany

Netherlands

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the Netherlands

Armoured cars

New Zealand

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in New Zealand

Armoured cars

  • Beaverette NZ - World War II light armoured car similar to the British Beaverette

North Korea

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in North Korea

Pakistan

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Pakistan

  • Al-Khalid tank - MBT
  • Al-Zarrar - MBT
  • Mohafiz _ internal security vehicle
  • Talha - armoured personnel carrier
  • Sakb - armoured command vehicle
  • Al-Qaswa - armoured logistics vehicle
  • China Type 85-II 30
  • China Type 69-II 400
  • China Type 63 50 Light Amphibious tank.[25]
  • China Type 59 600 Being upgraded to Al-Zarrar standard.[24
  • Soviet Union T-54/55 54 In Reserve.[26]
  • United States M48A5 300 In Reserve.[24]

Armoured Personnel Carriers

  • Pakistan APC Talha 400+ Total 2,000 planned to be deployed.[25][27]
  • Turkey Otokar Akrep 260 [28]
  • United Kingdom Ferret AFV 90 [24]
  • China WZ551 -- [29]
  • Saudi Arabia Al-Fahd IFV 140 [30]
  • Pakistan Al-Hamza IFV--In Service.[1]
  • China Type 63 80 [25]
  • Pakistan Sakb -- []
  • Pakistan Al-Qaswa--200 to be procured.[1]
  • Soviet Union PT-76 32 Delivered by Indonesia between 1969 and 1970.[31]
  • United States M113 1600 [1]
  • Pakistan Saad APC--Currently in production.[1]
  • United States M901 ITV 24 [32]
  • Soviet Union BTR-70 / BTR-80 120 [1]
  • Pakistan Mohafiz--In Service & Additional APCs being procured.[1]
  • West Germany UR-416 46 In Service.[26]
  • CzechoslovakiaPoland OT-64 SKOT 6 Delivered by Slovakia in 1993.[31]
  • Turkey Otokar Cobra 10 [33]
  • Soviet Union BRDM-2 -- [34]
  • Mine Protected & Clearing Vehicles
  • United States Cougar 20 Buffalo EOD version. Delivered in 2010.[31][35]
  • United States Navistar--160 to Be Provided by FMS Program [35]
  • Armoured Recovery Vehicles
  • United States M88A1 ARV 52 In Service.[24]
  • China Type 653 ARV--ARV based on the chassis of the Type 69 tank.[36]
  • Armoured Bridging Vehicles
  • United States M60A1 AVLB--In Service.[1]
  • United States M48 Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge--In Service.[1]

Artillery inventory

  • Vehicle/System Calibre Quantity Comments
  • Self-propelled artillery
  • United States M110 howitzer 203 mm 60 Tracked chassis.[26]
  • United States M109A2 155 mm 150+ Tracked chassis. Being upgraded to M109A5 standard.[28][44]
  • United States M109A5 155 mm 115 Tracked chassis. 67 delivered by US in 2008.[45] 48 more supplied in February 2010.[46] Total 297 Planned to be acquired.[47]
  • MLRS-Multiple Launch Rocket System
  • China A-100E 300mm 42 42 ordered in 2008 and delivered between 2011 and 2012.[48]
  • Pakistan KRL 122 122 mm 40 Truck-mounted. Kahuta Research Laboratories from Pakistan have developed a rocket launcher that is very similar to the North-Korean BM-11 [24]
  • PakistanChina Azar (Type 83) 122mm 52 Pakistani variant of Type 83.[26]
  • Towed artillery
  • United States M115 203 mm 28 [26]
  • Turkey MKEK Panter 155 mm 72 12 ordered for evaluation in 2007 & delivered by Turkey between 2008-2009. Another 60 produced locally under ToT between 2011 and 2013 [48] by Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT).[47]
  • United States M198 155 mm 148 Delivered in 1997.[1]
  • United States M114 155 mm 144 [1]
  • United States M59 155 mm 30 [25]
  • China Type 59-I 130 mm 410 [26]
  • China Type 54 122 mm 490 [26]
  • China Type 60 122 mm 200 [28]
  • United States M56 105 mm 113 [26]
  • Soviet Union D-30 122mm 143 Delivered by China between 2003 & 2004.[31]
  • Italy OTO Melara Mod 56 105mm 50 Delivered by Italy between 1975 and 1978.[31]
  • United States M101 105 mm 250 In Service.[24]
  • China Type 56 85 mm 200 [28]
  • United Kingdom Ordnance QF 25 pounder 88mm 1000 [24]

Poland

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Poland. See also list of Polish armoured fighting vehicles.

Armoured cars

Armoured personnel carriers

Infantry fighting vehicles

Tankettes

Tanks

Light tanks

Main battle tanks

  • T-55AM Mérida (modernized T-55)
  • T-55AD-2M (command variant)
  • T-55AMS (modernized T-55)
  • T-55AD-1M (modernized T-55)
  • T-72M1Z (upgraded T-72M1)
  • PT-91 Twardy (233)
  • PT-91A (export prototype)
  • PT-91Z (export demonstrator)
  • PT-91E (export demonstrator)
  • PT-91M (export for Malaysia, 48)
  • PT-94 Goryl (cancelled project based on the PT-91)
  • Leopard 2
  • PL-01 prototypes; Polish--British project to enter production in 2018

Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons

Armoured recovery vehicles

  • WZT-1 ARV based on T-54 chassis
  • WZT-2 ARV based on T-55 hull
  • WZT-3 ARV based on PT-91 chassis, armed with 12.7mm machine gun
  • WZT-4 ARV based on PT-91 chassis

Amphibious vehicles

Portugal

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Portugal:

  • Bravia Chaimite, wheeled 4x4 APC
  • Bravia Comando, wheeled 4x4 armoured patrol vehicle

Romania

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Romania

Armoured cars

Armoured personnel carriers

Infantry fighting vehicles

Main battle tanks

Tank destroyers

  • Mare?al - prototypes built during WWII
  • TACAM T-60 - 34 conversions of Soviet light tanks during WWII
  • TACAM R-2 - 20 conversions of Czech supplied R-2 light tanks during WWII

Self-propelled artillery

  • Model 89 - licensed built 2S1 Gvozdika on MLI-84 chassis

Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons

  • CA-95 - modern, carries four surface-to-air missiles

Russian Empire

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the Russian Empire

Russia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the Russian Federation

Soviet Union

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. See also lists of list of Soviet tanks, Soviet WWII military vehicles, modern AFVs.

Air-portable fighting vehicles

Self-propelled guns

Armoured cars

Personnel carriers

Saudi Arabia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Infantry Fighting Vehicles

Armoured personnel carriers & support vehicles

  • Shibl-1 4×4 APC Four seats
  • Shibl-2 4×4 APC Eight seats
  • Al-Masmak APC
  • Al-Naif armoured vehicle
  • Al-Mansoor armoured vehicle
  • Der' Al-Jazeerah-1 AFV
  • Der' Al-Jazeerah-2 AFV
  • Al-Kaser IFV for counter-terrorism[55]
  • Al-Naif 5 APC[56]
  • Al-Naif 7 APC
  • Al-Naif 9 APC
  • Al-Faisal AFV[57]

Serbia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Serbia

  • M-84 main battle tank (planned to be upgraded to M-2001)
  • M-80A infantry fighting vehicle (planned to be upgrade to M-98 Vidra)
  • BOV M-86 armoured personnel carrier, used by military police
  • M-84AI armoured recovery vehicle version of M-84, used in tank battalions
  • BOV-1 antitank guided missile vehicle
  • Lazar BVT mine resistant, ambush protected armoured fighting vehicle

Singapore

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Singapore

  • Bionix 28-ton replacement for M113 with 25 mm Bushmaster cannon (Bionix 25) or the CIS 40 mm AGL/.50 calibre HMG (Bionix 40/50)
  • Bionix II Updated Version of the Bionix AFV with better armour and 30 mm Bushmaster
  • Bronco All Terrain Tracked Carrier
  • SSPH Primus 155 mm SP gun
  • Terrex Infantry carrier vehicle

Slovakia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Slovakia

  • Aligator 4x4
  • Tatrapan 6x6
  • Bozena 5 - mine clearing vehicle
  • Zuzana - selfpropelled gun

Slovenia

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Slovenia

South Africa

Armoured fighting vehicles designed and produced in South Africa

Tanks

Main battle tanks

Prototype tanks

Self propelled artillery

Infantry fighting vehicles

Armoured personnel carriers

Armoured cars

South Korea

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in South Korea

Spain

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Spain

Tanks

Miscellaneous armoured vehicles

Sri Lanka

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Sri Lanka

Sudan

Sweden

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Sweden

Tanks

Self propelled artillery

Armoured cars

Personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles

Switzerland

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Switzerland

Taiwan

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the Republic of China (Taiwan)

  • CM11
  • CM12
  • CM21
  • CM22(M106)
  • CM23(M125)
  • CM24
  • CM25(Improved TOW Vehicle)
  • CM26(M577)
  • CM27
  • CM32
  • M41D
  • Type 64

Thailand

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Thailand

Turkey

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Turkey

Ukraine

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in Ukraine

Armoured cars

Tanks

Infantry carriers

Support vehicles

  • BTS-5B ARV (Ukrainian version of BREM-1, based on T-72 tank)
  • MTU-80 bridgelayer
  • BREM-84 ARV
  • BMU-84 bridgelayer

Upgrades

United Kingdom

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the United Kingdom

Tanks

First World War

Interwar

Second World War

Post World War II

Self propelled artillery

Armoured cars

World War I
Interwar
World War II
Post World War II

Armoured personnel carriers and support vehicles

United States

M1A2 Abrams with prototype TUSK equipment and Common Remotely Operated Weapons Station (CROWS),[69] with 0.50-inch caliber machine gun at the commander's station
Front  · Rear
A preserved M5 Half-track.

Armoured fighting vehicles produced in the United States

Tanks

Light tanks

Medium tanks

Heavy tanks

Assault tanks

Main battle tanks

Self propelled artillery

Personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles

Armoured cars

Amphibious vehicles

Armored half-tracks

Zimbabwe

Armoured fighting vehicles designed and produced in Rhodesia and Zimbabwe

Infantry fighting vehicles

Armoured personnel carriers

Mine detection vehicles

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Patagón: el tanque de fabricación argentina que fue presentado ayer" (in Spanish). DERF: Agencia Federal De Noticias. 23 November 2005. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ Foss 1987, p. 246.
  3. ^ Foss 1987, p. 248.
  4. ^ Foss 1987, p. 257.
  5. ^ Foss 1987, p. 167.
  6. ^ Foss 1987, p. 253.
  7. ^ Foss 1987, pp. 168-169.
  8. ^ Foss 1987, p. 259.
  9. ^ Foss 1987, pp. 174-175.
  10. ^ Foss 1987, pp. 4-5.
  11. ^ Foss 1987, p. 138.
  12. ^ Foss 1987, p. 139.
  13. ^ a b Ness, pp. 59-60
  14. ^ a b c d e f Ness, p. 53.
  15. ^ Foss 1987, p. 281.
  16. ^ "WZ523 Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier". Sinodefence.com. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 2013. 
  17. ^ "ZBD2000 Amphibious Fighting Vehicle". Sinodefence.com. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 19.
  19. ^ Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, pp. 20-22.
  20. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 20.
  21. ^ Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 22.
  22. ^ Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 18.
  23. ^ "Fahd 240/280"
  24. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p.35.
  25. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 34.
  26. ^ Jackson, p. 81.
  27. ^ Jackson, p. 96.
  28. ^ a b Porter, p. 40.
  29. ^ Porter, p. 37
  30. ^ a b c d e f Porter, pp. 29-30
  31. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 32.
  32. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 37.
  33. ^ a b Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p.36.
  34. ^ Jackson, p. 103.
  35. ^ a b c d "1930 BLINDES BERLIET". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  36. ^ "1932 AMD WHITE LAFFLY". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  37. ^ "1934 AMD LAFFLY 80 AM WHITE LAFFLY". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  38. ^ "1934 LAFFLY S 15 TOE". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  39. ^ "1940 CHASSEUR DE CHAR LAFFLY W 15 TCC". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  40. ^ "1933 AMD PANHARD 165/175". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  41. ^ "1939 AM PANHARD 201 40P". www.chars-francais.net (in French). Retrieved 2014. 
  42. ^ Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, p. 46.
  43. ^ Chamberlain and Ellis 1972, pp. 43, 47-48.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ness, pp. 96-100
  45. ^ "Tata entering Defence with FICV" (in Spanish). Business Standard. Retrieved 2014. 
  46. ^ "Mahindra entering FICV" (in Spanish). Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014. 
  47. ^ "L&T, Samsung join hands for India's Howitzer artillery". The Times Of India. 29 March 2012. 
  48. ^ "Kalyanie 155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer entering FICV" (in Spanish). The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2014. 
  49. ^ "TATA's 155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer entering FICV" (in Spanish). The Times of India. Retrieved 2014. 
  50. ^ Foss 1987, p. 335-337.
  51. ^ Foss 1987, p. 337.
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Bishop, pp. 36-41
  53. ^ Ness, p. 196.
  54. ^ a b Ness, p. 172.
  55. ^ " ( ? ? ?)". Retrieved 2014. 
  56. ^ " ? (13) ". Retrieved 2014. 
  57. ^ "Al-Masmak  !". www.arabic-military.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  58. ^ a b c Porter, p. 48.
  59. ^ Fletcher, David (1989). The Great Tank Scandal: British Armour in the Second World War - Part 1. HMSO. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-11-290460-1. 
  60. ^ Porter, p. 45.
  61. ^ Porter, p. 53.
  62. ^ Porter, p. 46.
  63. ^ a b Porter, p. 63.
  64. ^ a b Porter, p. 73.
  65. ^ Porter, p. 81.
  66. ^ Jost, Jacques (1999-2000). "Alvis-Straussler Armoured Cars in the Netherlands East Indies". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942. 
  67. ^ Porter, p. 59.
  68. ^ Viking Armored Vehicle - Royal Navy website Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  69. ^ "PROTECTOR Remote Weapon Station". Kongsberg Protech Systems. Retrieved 2013. 
  70. ^ Spoelstra, Hanno. "Marmon-Herrington Tanks". Marmon-Herrington Military Vehicles. 
  71. ^ a b c Ogorkiewicz, pp. 84-85
  72. ^ a b c Bishop, p. 32.
  73. ^ a b Bishop, p. 33.
  74. ^ a b c d e f g Ness, p. 201
  75. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Ness, p. 202
  76. ^ Ness, p. 203.
  77. ^ a b c d Ness, p. 192.

Bibliography

  • Bishop, Chris (1998). The Encyclopedia of Weapons of WWII. London, UK: Orbis Publishing and Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 0-7607-1022-8. 
  • Chamberlain, Peter; Ellis, Chris (1972). Pictorial History of Tanks of the World 1915-45. London, UK: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0 85368-497-9. 
  • Foss, Christopher F. (1987). Jane's Armour and Artillery 1987-1988 (Eighth ed.). London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0849-7. 
  • Jackson, Robert (2010). 101 Great Tanks. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 1-4358-3595-6. 
  • Ness, Leland S. (2002). World War II Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles. London, UK: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-711228-9. 
  • Ogorkiewicz, Richard (2015). Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-0670-3. 
  • Porter, David (2009). Western Allied Tanks 1939-1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-32-7

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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