List Of National Parks

This is a list of national parks as defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ordered by nation. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a national park by this definition.

Note that this article links to list articles of national parks by country on Wikipedia in the "Country" column in the tables.

Africa

Mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
Oryx in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Algeria 1929 10 122,352 5.1%
Botswana 1968 4 56,258 9.67%
Burkina Faso 1954 4
Burundi 1934 3 1014 3.6%
Chad 1963 4 14,540 1.13%
Côte d'Ivoire 1953 8
Egypt 1983 3 4,353 4.3%
Ethiopia 1959 13 2,0886 1.8%
Gabon 2002 13 267,66 10.0%
Gambia 1978 3 169.9 1.5%
Ghana 1971 8
Kenya 1946 23
Madagascar 1958 18 14,327 2.4%
Malawi 1966 9
Mauritius 1994 3 71,60 3.5%
Morocco 1942 10
Mozambique 1960 6 40,970 5.1%
Namibia 1907 8 10,878 13.2%
Niger 1954 1
Nigeria 1979 8 20,156 3.0%
Seychelles 1973 8
Sierra Leone 1986 2
Somalia 6
South Africa 1926 19 37,000 3%
Tanzania 1951 16 42,000 4.44%
Tunisia 1980 11
Uganda 1952 10
Zambia 1924 20 240,836.48 32%
Zimbabwe 1926 11

Asia

Lake Band-e-Amir the national park of Afghanistan.
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Afghanistan 2009 1
Azerbaijan 2003 9
Bhutan 4 8,008 20.8%
Burma 1982 9 10,351 1.5%
Cambodia 1993 7 7,422.5 4.1%
People's Republic of China 1982 208
India 1936 102 38,136 1.16%
Indonesia 1980 50 160,520 11.9%
Iran 1974 28 19,757 1.2%
Israel 1964 69 6,400 30%
Japan 1934 29 20,482 5.4%
Kazakhstan 10
Laos 21
Malaysia 4 7,422.5 4.1%
Mongolia 1783[] 24
Nepal 10
Pakistan 1972 25
Philippines 54 1,820 0.6%
Russia 1983 47 144,072
South Korea 1967 21 6,656 6.67%[1]
Sri Lanka 1938 22
Republic of China (Taiwan) 1984 9 3,104 8.6%
Thailand 1961 138 61,413 11.96%
Turkey 1958 41 8,481 1%
Vietnam 1962 30

Europe

A wisent in the Bia?owie?a Forest, Poland
A Welsh Mountain Pony in the Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales
A sunset over the lakes in Mljet National Park in Croatia
Borjomi National Park in Georgia is one of the biggest in Europe
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Albania 1966 14 1,177 4.1%
Austria 1981 7 2,521 3.0%
Belarus 1939 4 2,222 1.0%
Belgium 2006 1 57 0.2%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1965 3 404 0.8%
Bulgaria 1963 3 1,930 1.8%
Croatia 1949 8 994 1.8%
Czech Republic 1963 4 1,190 1.5%
Denmark 1974 3* 1,889 4.38% [Without Greenland]
Estonia 1971 5 1,927 4.3%
Finland 1956 39 9,892[2] 2.9%
France 1963 10 60,728[3] 9.5%
Georgia 1946 9 5,111 7.0%
Germany 1970 15 10,395 2.7%
Greece 1938 10 6,960 3.6%
Hungary 1972 10 4,819 5.2%
Iceland 1928 3 12,407 12.1%
Ireland 1932 6 650 0.9%
Italy 1922 24 15,000 5.0%
Kazakhstan 1985 10 18,876 0.7%
Kosovo 1986 2 1,014.88 9.3%
Latvia 1973 4 2,065 3.2%
Lithuania 1974 5 1,554 2.4%
Macedonia 1948 3 974 3.8%
Malta 2007 1 2.5 0.69%
Montenegro 1952 5 1,096 7.9%
Netherlands 1930 20 1,251 3.0%
Norway 1962 36 24,060 6.3%
Poland 1932 23 3,149 1.0%
Portugal 1971 1 702 0.8%
Romania 1935 12 3,158 1.3%
Russia 1983 40 73,000 0.4%
Serbia 1960 5 1,775 2.3%
Slovakia 1949 9 3,690 7.5%
Slovenia 1961 1 838 4.1%
Spain 1918 15 3,787 0.8%
Sweden 1909 29 7,199 1.6%
Switzerland 1914 1 170 0.4%
Turkey 1958 40 8,481 1.0%
Ukraine 1980 17 7,020 1.2%
United Kingdom 1951 15 19,989 8.2% (To be extended in 2016)
*Refers to European portion of Denmark only. For Greenland, see Northeast Greenland National Park, Greenland's only national park, which was established in 1974 and is the world's largest at 971,000 km² (44.8% of Greenland's area).
By region

North and Central America

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Bahamas 27
Belize 1986 56 8,867 38%
Canada 1885 43 377,000 3.78%
Costa Rica 1955 26 12,913 25.1%
Dominica 1975 3 107 7.01%
Dominican Republic 1956 12
Guatemala 1955 22
Haiti 1983 2 88 0.31%
Mexico 1917 67 14,320 0.73%
Nicaragua 2
Panama 1976 15
United States 1872 59 210,000 2.18%

South America

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Argentina[4] 1922 33 38,452 1.38%
Bolivia 1939 17 65,910 6%
Brazil[5] 1937 71 250,000 2.968%
Chile[6] 1926 36 146,046 19.3%
Colombia 1960 59 142,541 12.5%
Ecuador 1959 11 34,733 12.2%
Guyana 1929 1
Paraguay 1948 50 60,662 14.9%
Peru 1961 11 79,665 6.2%
Uruguay 1937 3
Venezuela 1937 43 199,418 21.76%

Oceania

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Australia 1879 685 335,062 4.36%
Fiji 1987 6
New Zealand 1887 13 28,873 10.8%

.8

Hawaii: see United States
Easter Island: see Chile

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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