List Of Oldest Companies

This list of the oldest companies in the world includes brands and companies, excluding associations and educational, government, or religious organizations. To be listed, a brand or company name must remain operating, either in whole or in part, since inception.

Statistics

According to a report published by the Bank of Korea on May 14, 2008, investigating 41 countries, there were 5,586 companies older than 200 years. Of these, 3,146 are in Japan, 837 in Germany, 222 in the Netherlands, and 196 in France.[1] Of the companies with more than 100 years of history, 89.4 percent employ fewer than 300 people.[1][2] A nationwide Japanese survey counted more than 21,000 companies older than 100 years as of September 30, 2009.[3]

Before 1300

A spa bath at H?shi Ryokan in the Awazu Onsen area of Komatsu, in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. The ryokan was established in 718 AD.
Otterton Mill in the village of Otterton, near Budleigh Salterton in Devon, England.
Sean's Bar in Athlone, Ireland, claims to be the oldest pub in Ireland, dating back to 900 AD. In 2004 Guinness World Records listed Sean's Bar as the oldest pub in Europe.[4][5][6]
Year Company Current location Field Sources
578 Kong? Gumi Japan Construction [7][8][9]
705 Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan Japan Hotel [10][11]
717 Koman Japan Hotel [11][12]
718 H?shi Ryokan Japan Hotel [12][13][14]
771 Genda Shigy? Japan Ceremonial paper goods [15]
803 Stiftskeller St. Peter Austria Restaurant [16][17][18]
862 Staffelter Hof Germany Wine [19][20]
864 Monnaie de Paris France Mint [21][22]
885 Tanaka-Iga Japan Religious goods [12][18]
886 Royal Mint UK Mint [23]
900 Sean's Bar Ireland Pub [4][6][24]
953 The Bingley Arms UK Pub [25][26][27]
970 Nakamura Shaji Japan Construction [12]
1000 Château de Goulaine France Wine [13][18][28]
1000 Marinelli Bell Foundry Italy Foundry [13][28]
1000 Ichimonjiya Wasuke Japan Confectionery [29]
1024 Shumiya-Shinbutsuguten Japan Religious goods [18]
1040 Weihenstephan Germany Brewery [18][30][31]
1050 Weltenburger Germany Brewery [18][31]
1068 Otterton Mill UK Mill [32][33]
1074 Affligem brewery Belgium Brewery [30][34][35]
1074 Benediktinerstift Admont Austria Woodworking [36]
1075 Takahan Ryokan Japan Hotel [37]
1100 Schloss Johannisberg Germany Wine [38][39]
1120 Zum Roten Bären Germany Hotel [18]
1126 Taferne Austria Hotel [40]
1128 Grimbergen Belgium Brewery [41][42][43]
1128 Halydean Corporation UK Land & Livestock [44][45][46]
1131 Hofbrauhaus Arolsen Germany Brewery [31][47]
1133 Tongerlo Belgium Brewery [48][49]
1134 Geto Onsen Japan Hotel [50]
1135 Munke Mølle Denmark Mill [51][52]
1135 The Olde Bell UK Hotel [53][54]
1136 Aberdeen Harbour Board UK Harbor [18][55]
1141 Barone Ricasoli Italy Wine [13][28]
1141 Sudo Honke Japan Sake [56][57][58]
1160 Tsuen Tea Japan Tea [12]
1177-1180 Gorobee Ame Japan Confectionery [59]
1184 Fujito Japan Confectionery [60]
1184 Kikuoka Japan Herbs [61][62]
1184 Sakan Ryokan Japan Hotel [63][64]
1189 Ito Tekko Japan Metalworking [65]
1190 Shirasagiyu Tawaraya Japan Hotel [66]
1190-1199 Kotabe Foundry Japan Foundry [67]
1191 Tosen Goshobo Japan Hotel [68]
1191 Arima Onsen Okunobo Japan Hotel [69][70]
1192 Yoshinoya Irokuen Japan Hotel [71]
1198 The Brazen Head Ireland Pub [72][73][74][75]
1203 Angel and Royal UK Hotel [76][77][78]
1220 The Old Bell UK Hotel [79][80][81]
1230 (approx.) Gasthof Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [82]
1239 Eyguebelle France Wine [2][36]
1242 The Bear Inn UK Pub [83][84][85]
1245 Gasthof zur Blume Switzerland Restaurant [86]
1246 Sanct Peter Germany Hotel [87][88]
1250 Wieliczka Poland Salt [89][90]
1266 Freiberger Brauhaus Germany Brewery [31][91][92]
1266 Bolten-Brauerei Germany Brewery [31][93][94]
1268 Aldersbach Germany Brewery [31][95]
1270 Frapin France Cognac [96][97]
1270 Hirter Austria Brewery [98][99]
1273 Piwnica ?widnicka Poland Restaurant [100]
1283 Fürstenberg Brewery Germany Brewery [31][101][102]
1283 Rhanerbräu Germany Brewery [31][103]
1288 StoraEnso Finland Paper [18][104]
1295 Barovier Italy Glass [13][28][105]

1300 to 1399

An image of the old Kremnica Mint building in Kremnica, central Slovakia. It is now an exposition of historical machines.
The Old Crown is a pub in Deritend, England, an historic area of Birmingham, and is the oldest extant secular building in Birmingham.[106] It is Grade II* listed, and claims to date back to circa 1368.
Schloss Vollrads is a castle and a wine estate in the Rheingau wine-growing region in Germany that has been making wine for over 800 years.[107]
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1300 Kuchlbauer Germany Brewery [108]
1300 Orso Grigio Italy Hotel [109]
1304 Pilgrim Haus Germany Hotel [13][28]
1308 Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren Germany Brewery [110]
1308 Frescobaldi Italy Wine [111]
1311 Notoya Japan Hotel [66]
1312 Higashiya Japan Hotel [112]
1313 Bratwursthäusle Nürnberg Germany Restaurant [113]
1313 Landgasthof Mayr Austria Inn [114]
1314 Garley Germany Brewery [115]
1318 Rats Germany Pharmacy [116]
1319 Sankogan Japan Pharmacy [117]
1321 Browar Namys?ów Poland Brewery [36][118]
1323 Interlaken Switzerland Hotel [119][120]
1324 Kyteler's Inn Ireland Restaurant [121]
1325 The Old Bell UK Pub [122][123][124]
1326 Richard de Bas France Paper [13][28]
1327 Korenya Shingetsuan Japan Confectionery [125]
1328 Augustiner-Bräu Germany Brewery [126][127]
1328 Kremnica Mint Slovakia Mint [18]
1329 Kanbukuro Japan Confectionery [128]
1330 Schloss Vollrads Germany Wine [107]
1331 Hofpfisterei Germany Bakery [129]
before 1333 Kuroda Sennendo Japan Confectionery [130]
1334 Gmachl Austria Hotel [114][131]
1335 Karthäuserhof Germany Wine [132]
1337 Maruya Hatchomiso Japan Miso [133]
1340 Brand Netherlands Brewery [134]
1340 Landgasthof Löwen Switzerland Restaurant [135]
1345 La Couronne France Restaurant [136]
1346 Goldene Gans Germany Brewery [137]
1346 Takata Japan Textile [138]
1346 Skyllbergs bruk Sweden Iron processing [139]
1348 Pivovar Broumov Czech Republic Brewery [36][140]
1348 Haus zum Rüden Zürich Switzerland Restaurant [141]
1349 Shiose Japan Confectionery [142]
1349 Gasthof zum Goldenen Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [143]
1350 Schmidberger Austria Blacksmith [144]
1354 Zum Weinberg Germany Restaurant [145]
1356 Gasthof zum Bären Switzerland Restaurant [146]
1357 Hotel Storchen Zürich Switzerland Hotel [147]
1363 Franziskaner Germany Brewery
1364 Löwen-Apotheke Germany Pharmacy [148]
1366 Stella Artois Belgium Brewery [36]
1367 H. Rüetschi Switzerland Bell [149]
1368 Old Crown UK Restaurant
1368 Uiro Japan Pharmacy [150]
1369 Torrini Firenze Italy Jewelry [13][28]
1371 Wynhus zum Bären Switzerland Restaurant [151]
1375 Al Cappello Rosso Italy Hotel [152]
1378 Einbecker Germany Brewery [153]
1380 Gastagwirt Austria Hotel [154]
1380 Roter Hahn Germany Hotel [155]
1383 Löwenbräu Germany Brewery [156]
1385 Antinori Italy Wine [13][28]
1386 Riegele Germany Brewery [157]
1389 Engel Apotheke Switzerland Pharmacy [158]
1390 Goldener Adler Austria Hotel [159]
1390 The Olde Bell UK Hotel [160]
1394 Allgäuer Brauhaus Germany Brewery [161]
1395 Namariichi Japan Chemicals [162]
1396 Hotel Adler Switzerland Hotel [163]
1397 Hotel de Draak Netherlands Hotel [134]
1397 Spaten Germany Brewery
1398 Schnupp Germany Restaurant [164]
1399 Stein Austria Hotel [165]

1400 to 1499

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena in Siena, Italy is the oldest surviving bank in the world and Italy's third largest bank. It was founded in 1472.
The Raeapteek in the center of Tallinn city, Estonia is one of the oldest continuously running pharmacies in Europe, having always been in business in the same exact house since the early 15th century. It is also the oldest commercial enterprise and the oldest medical establishment in Tallinn.
The Zum Riesen hotel in Miltenberg, Germany, 2014. Zum Riesen is one of the oldest hotels in Germany, dating back to at least 1411.
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1405 Ratskeller Bremen Germany Restaurant
1405 Schlenkerla Germany Brewery
1410 Schremser Austria Brewery [166]
1411 Zum Riesen Germany Restaurant [167][168]
1412 Zum Goldenen Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [169]
1413 Zum Stachel Germany Restaurant [170]
1416 Bianyifang China Restaurant [171]
1418 Krone Switzerland Hotel [172]
1418 Krumbad Germany Baths [173]
1418 Les Bonnets Rouges France Hotel [174]
1419 Barbarossa Hotel Germany Hotel [175]
1421 Kameya Mutsu Japan Confectionery [176]
1422 Raeapteek Estonia Pharmacy
1426 Mühle Sting Germany Mill [177]
1428 Saku Japan Hotel [178]
1430 Kronen Germany Brewery [179]
1431 Bratwurst-Röslein Germany Restaurant [180]
1434 Lodenwalker Austria Clothing [181]
1435 Schloss Sommerhausen Germany Wine [182]
1435 Hecht Am See Switzerland Restaurant [183]
1436 Wernesgrüner Germany Brewery
1437 Moserhof Austria Hotel [184]
1438 Andechs Germany Restaurant [185]
1438 (or 1483) Camuffo di Portogruaro Italy Boat building [13][28]
1439 Weideneder Germany Brewery [186]
1439 Zum Goldenen Anker Germany Hotel [187]
1441-1450 Grafelijke Korenmolen Netherlands Mill [134][188]
1445 Hoegaarden Belgium Brewery
1446 Rother Ochsen Switzerland Wine bar [189]
1447 Griechenbeisl Austria Restaurant [190]
1447 Hotel Krone Austria Hotel [191]
1447 Zötler Germany Brewery [192]
1455 Klosterbrauerei Andechs Germany Brewery [193]
1458 Zum Schwan Germany Hotel [194]
1461 Friedels Keller Germany Brewery [195]
1461 Hotel Lilie Italy Hotel [196]
1461 Surugaya Japan Confectionery [197][198]
1462 Eck Germany Brewery [199]
1462 Senkiya Japan Tea [200]
1463 Geska Switzerland Cheese
1465 Weingut Geierslay Germany Wine [201]
1465 Owariya Japan Restaurant [202]
1466 Berg Brauerei Germany Brewery [203]
1466 Gallet & Co. Switzerland Clock [204]
1467 Inoue Japan Tea [205]
1470 Jean Roze France Textiles [105]
1470 Mazlo France Jeweler
1472 Bad Osterfingen Switzerland Restaurant [206]
1472 Hirschgasse Germany Hotel [207]
1472 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena Italy Bank
1473 Gebrüder Weiss Austria Transport [208]
1473 Steiger Slovakia Brewery [36]
1474 Kindli Switzerland Hotel [209]
1475 La Rochere France Glass [210]
1476 Pfahnl Austria Mill [211]
1477 Hirzinger Germany Hotel [212]
1477 Ratskeller Erfurt Germany Restaurant [213]
1477 Mizuta Gyokuundo Japan Confectionery [214]
1478 Warka Poland Brewery
1482 Isabellenhütte Heusler Germany Industry [215]
1483 Zur Sonne Switzerland Restaurant [216]
1485 Krone Germany Restaurant [217]
1487 Hiraizumi Japan Sake [218]
1488 Rathbornes Candles Ireland Candles
1488 Schwabe Switzerland Publisher [219]
1491 Sommerhuber Austria Ceramics [220]
1492 Hofmühl Germany Brewery
1492 Haeberlein Germany Bakery [221]
1495 Baronnie de Coussergues France Wine [13][105]
1497 Raventós i Blanc Spain Wine [222]
1498 Goldenes Posthorn Germany Restaurant [223]
1498 Shore Porters UK Transport [105][224]
1499 U Flek? Czech Republic Brewery

1500 to 1599

The entrance gate to the domains of the Codorníu Winery, Catalonia, Spain
The Tour d'Argent restaurant in Paris, France
The chandler Arthur Beale in London, UK
Year Company Current location Field Sources
circa 1500 Ammerndorfer Germany Mill [225]
1500 Arthur Beale UK Chandler [226][227]
1500 Ubaldo Grazia Italy Pottery [13][28]
1501 Fukkodo Japan Brushes [228]
1502 Tsutaya Japan Confectionery [229]
1502 Chigira Jinsentei Japan Hotel [230][231]
1503 Golden Fleece Inn UK Restaurant [232][233]
1503 Hacklwirt Austria Restaurant [234]
1503 Kawabata Doki Japan Confectionery [235]
1504-1520 Ishiga Honten Japan Religious goods [236]
before 1505 Kenbishi Japan Sake [237]
1506 Herold Czech Republic Brewery
1509 Roter Hirsch Germany Restaurant [238]
1514 Hampton Ferry UK Ferry
1514 Trinity House UK Lighthouse
1515 R J Balson & Son UK Butcher [239]
1515 Café Vlissinghe Belgium Restaurant [240]
1516 Zeilinger Austria Metalwork [241]
1517 M???anský pivovar v Poli?ce Czech Republic Brewery [140][242]
1517 Salzbergwerk Berchtesgaden Germany Salt [243]
1519 Orell Füssli Holding AG Switzerland Holding [36][244][245]
1520s Toraya Japan Confectionery [246]
1521 Spiegelau Germany Glass
1524 Schöllnitzer Germany Distillery [247]
1524 Hostal de Pinós Spain Restaurant [248]
1525 Auerbachs Keller Leipzig Germany Restaurant
1526 Bären Twann Switzerland Hotel [249]
1526 Beretta Italy Firearms [250][251][252]
1526 Bratwurst Herzle Germany Restaurant [253]
1530 William Prym Germany Metalwork [13]
1530 Liubiju China Pickle [254]
1532 Yamaji Japan Sake [255]
1532 Honke Kojima Japan Confectionery [256]
1533 Klosterbräu Bamberg Germany Restaurant [257]
1533 Zvon Czech Republic Hotel [258]
1534 Cambridge University Press UK Publishing [259][260]
1534 Ur-Krostitzer Germany Brewery [261]
1534 Matsuokaya Japan Sauce [262]
1535 Gottsmannsgrüner Germany Brewery [263]
1536 Izumiya Ryokan Japan Hotel [264]
1538 Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese UK Pub
1540 Shusen Kurano Japan Sake [265]
1541 John Brooke & Sons UK Real estate [13][266][267][268]
1542 Urs und Viktor Switzerland Restaurant [269]
1542 Wolferstetter Germany Brewery [270]
1543 Köstritzer Germany Brewery
1543 Hof-Apotheke (Coburg) Germany Pharmacy [271]
1545 Touwfabriek G. van der Lee Netherlands Rope [134][272]
1545 Roman Brewery Belgium Brewery [273][274][275]
1546 Fubokaku Japan Hotel [276]
1547 Kunitomo Kyutaro Japan Gunpowder [255]
1548 Can Bonastre Spain Wine [277]
1548 Yoshinogawa Japan Sake [278]
1550 Konishi Japan Sake [279]
1550 Riess Austria Metalwork [280]
1550 Sasaiya Japan Confectionery [281]
1550 Izeki Japan Clothing [282]
ca.1550 Minoya Kichibee Japan Food [283]
1551 De Zalm Netherlands Hotel [134]
1551 Hof Apotheke (Stuttgart) Germany Pharmacy [284]
1551 Codorníu Spain Wine [36]
1551 Daikokuya Japan Food [264][285]
1552 Fonjallaz Switzerland Wine [286]
1553 Piesslinger Austria Aluminium [287]
1554 De Vergulde Hand Soap [134][288]
1554 Tomita Japan Sake [255]
1554 Meien Japan Salt [289]
1555 Chiso Japan Clothing [290]
1555 Chikiriya Jihei Japan Clothing [282]
before 1558 Kaikodo Japan Lacquerware [291]
1558 Kanbayashi Shunsho Japan Tea [282]
1558 Ueda Japan Sake [292]
1559 Kastner Austria Confectionery
1560 Aritsugu Japan Knives
1560 Nabeya Japan Metalwork
1560 Okamoto Japan Iron [293]
1560 Hasemoku Japan Real estate [138]
1560 Ichijoh Japan Hotel [63]
1561 Achkarren Krone Germany Hotel [294]
1561 SS Annunziata Italy Perfume [295]
1561 Yamagatakan Japan Hotel [296]
1562 Otaya Hanuemon Japan Confectionery [297]
1563 Shima Tamura Japan Hotel [298]
1563 Kojiya Japan Food [230]
1564 Svijany Czech Republic Brewery
1565 Taiko Mochi Japan Confectionery [299]
1566 Nishikawa Japan Beds [255]
1567 Acrobräu Germany Brewery [300]
1567 Liuquanju China Restaurant [301]
1568 Gasthof Herold Germany Brewery [302]
1568 Kichijiya Japan Oil [303]
1568 Poschinger Germany Glass [304]
1569 Edegger-Tax Austria Bakery [305]
1570 Einhorn Apotheke Germany Pharmacy [306]
1570 Klá?ter Czech Republic Brewery
1570 Schwarzer Adler Austria Hotel [307]
1570 Whitechapel Bell Foundry UK Foundry [105][267][308]
1570 Suishodo Japan Pharmacy [309]
1570 Isekusuri Honpo Japan Pharmacy [310]
1572 Royal Tichelaar Makkum Netherlands Ceramics
1573 Luzhou Laojiao China Distillery [311]
1573 Hosoji Inbanten Japan Stamps [66]
1573 Nakano Japan Fish [312]
1573 Muroji Japan Sauce [313]
1573 Otsuya Japan Retailing [314]
1573-1592 Nihon Kodo Japan Incense [142]
1573-1592 Shintsu Japan Building material [315]
1573-1592 Sonodaya Japan Confectionery [316]
1573-1592 Kanbayashi Japan Tea [317]
1573-1592 Mitsuboshien Kanbayashi Sannyu Japan Tea [318]
1573-1592 Ishikawa Japan Stone [319]
1574 Dopff au Moulin France Wine [320]
1574 Glossner Germany Brewery [321]
1575 Nikenjayamochi Kadoya Japan Brewery [281]
1575 Lucas Bols Netherlands Distillery
1575 Meboso Hachirobee Japan Fishing flies [66]
1575 Yanagiya Hozen Japan Confectionery [281]
1576 Heihachi Jaya Japan Restaurant [322]
1576 Kishigon Japan Hotel [323]
1576 Gyokueido Japan Confectionery [324]
1577 Kobaien Japan Ink [325]
1577 Mineyo Japan Fish [296]
1578 Holzhausen Austria Printing [326]
1578 Klett Germany Firearms [327]
1578 Lamp no Yado Japan Hotel [66]
1578 Tomihiro Japan Clothing [328]
1579 Hof-Apotheke (Sigmaringen) Germany Pharmacy [329]
1579 Kiguraya Japan Clothing [330]
ca.1580 Higashimaru Japan Sauce [331]
1581 Kru?ovice Czech Republic Brewery
1582 Hatano Paint Japan Paint [332]
1582 Indenya Japan Leather [333]
1582 Koju Japan Incense [334]
1582 La Tour d'Argent France Restaurant
1582 Onomichi Japan Vinegar
1582 Piana Clerico Italy Cloth [335]
1582 Pivovar Krakono? Czech Republic Brewery [140][336]
1582 Tamaruya Japan Udon noodles [337]
1582 Thorbräu Germany Brewery
1582 Minowa Japan Laquerware [314]
1582 MaYinglong China Pharmacy [338][339]
1583 Gnomenkeller Germany Restaurant [340]
1584 Çemberlita? Hamam? Turkey Turkish bath
1584 Dragseths Germany Restaurant [341]
1584 Erizen Japan Clothing [342]
1584 Gosset France Champagne
1584 Hahnemühle Germany Paper
1584 Godayu Kikuya Japan Confectionery [343]
1584 Yamato Intec Japan Metalworking [262]
1585 Kiennast Austria Supermarket [344]
1585 Kikuya Japan Confectionery [345]
1585 Mercros Japan Retailer [346]
1585 Schlitzer Germany Distillery
1585 Tenshoen Japan Tea [200]
1586 Matsui Japan Construction [347]
1586 Metzger Germany Bakery [348]
1586 Oyama Shaji Japan Construction [228]
1587 Chogoromochi Japan Confectionery [349]
1587 Corbiac France Wine
1587 Josuian Japan Confectionery [350]
1588 Keymer Tiles UK Tiles [351]
1588 Okeka Japan Furnaces [281]
1589 Hofbräuhaus Germany Restaurant
1589 Klosterbrauerei Neuzelle Germany Brewery
1589 Piesers Germany Restaurant [352]
1590 Au-Hallertau Germany Brewery [353]
1590 Berenberg Germany Bank
1590 Sumitomo Group Japan Mining
1590 Ibasen Japan Fans [354]
1590 Lana France Paper [355]
1590 Weichselbaum Germany Metalwork
1591 R. Durtnell & Sons UK Construction [224][267][356]
1591 Alte f.e. Hofapotheke Austria Pharmacy [357]
1591 Kogure Japan Hotel [230]
1591 Yamashina Japan Utensil [358]
1592 Osugiya Sobee Japan Confectionery [359]
1592 Meimon Sakai Japan Sake [315]
1592 Kikyoya Japan Confectionery [360]
1592 Nezameya Japan Restaurant [361]
1593 Koya Japan Sake [328]
1593 Yamamotoya Japan Seed [362]
1594 Specht Germany Restaurant [363]
1594 Kungyokudo Japan Incense [364]
1594 Fujinoya Japan Fertilizer [362]
1595 Alte Taverne Germany Restaurant [365]
1596 Chojiya Japan Restaurant [343]
1596 Ed Meier Germany Shoes
1596 Osiander (de) Germany Bookstore [366]
1596 Toshimaya Japan Sake [367]
1596 Takimo Japan Food [368]
1596 Oteramochi Kawaido Japan Confectionery [369]
1596 Tazen Japan Metal [63]
1596 Gyokurinbo Japan Hotel [370]
1596-1615 Nagata Bunshodo Japan Publisher [371]
1596-1615 Heirakuji Japan Publisher [371]
1596-1615 Hayashikan Japan Clothing [372]
1597 Gold Ochsen Germany Brewery [373]
1597 Kojima Japan Sake [374]
1597 Kuwanaya Japan Confectionery [293]
1597 Uzu Kyumeigan Japan Pharmacy [375]
1597 Ryujin Japan Sake [230]
1598 Chinjukan Japan Pottery [228]
1598 Wakanoura Imoto Japan Pharmacy [376]
1598 Watahan Japan Construction [377]
1598 Nakazato Moemon Japan Pottery [378]
before1599 Minatoya Yurei-kosodate-ame Japan Confectionery [379]
1599 Grassmayr Austria Bells [380]
1599 Umai Japan Chemicals
1599 Boun Japan Hotel [230]
1599 Kyorin Japan Clothing [230]
1599 Shichiyama Hospital Japan Hospital [381]
1599 Stämpfli Switzerland Publisher [382]

1600 to 1649

The Paulaner Brewery in Munich, Germany
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1600 Red Lion public house, Hillingdon UK Hotel [383]
1600 Guangzhou Chenliji China Pharmaceutical [384]
1600 Zhimeizhai China Sauce [385]
1600 Kani Japan Soy sauce [228]
1600 Kawamata Japan Pharmacy [386]
1600 Kimura Shinzo Japan Clothing [387]
1600 Kokuya Japan Hotel [388]
1601 Tissimans UK Clothing [224]
1601 Shioya Japan Property [228]
1601 Okuto Japan Sake [389]
1602 Goldener Karpfen Germany Hotel [390]
1602 Goto Japan Sake [391]
1602 Gundel Germany Brewery
1602 Hozokan Japan Bookstore [392]
1602 Migita Japan Sake [393]
1602 Yomeishu Japan Pharmaceutical, Sake [394]
1602 Nakashima Japan Slate [228]
1602 Fukui Yaemon Japan Real estate [395]
1603 Chateau Auvernier Switzerland Wine [396]
1603 Hirose Japan Metal [368]
1603 Kuragi Japan Agricultural [281]
1603 Nemoto Japan Sake [58]
1603 Sato Japan Miso [397]
1603 Shobido Nagamatsu Japan Religious goods [398]
1603 Tsukasabotan Japan Sake [399]
1603 Unsuido Japan Confectionery [400]
1604 Hirsch Hotel Gehrung Germany Hotel [401]
circa 1604 Ishicho Japan Stonemasonry [402]
1604 Kikuchi Hojudo Japan Foundry [403]
1604 Kameya Japan Pharmacy [404]
1604 Kadoshichi Japan Retailing [314]
1604 Yuzakikan Japan Hotel [405]
1605 Mitaniya Japan Clothing [205]
1605 Kagamiya Japan Retailing [314]
1605 Kano Japan Stationery [406]
1606 Kamakurabori Yodo Japan Woodwork [407]
1607 Leve Germany Restaurant [408]
1607 Schleppe Austria Brewery [409]
1607 Schlosswirt Zu Anif Austria Hotel [410]
1607 Alfred Blaul Hofgut Goennheim Germany Wine [411]
1607 Skultuna Sweden Brass and silver accessories
1607 Sasajima Japan Fuel [412]
1607 Fushimiya Japan Cosmetics [413]
1608 Kikyoya Orii Japan Confectionery [414]
1608 Kimura Japan Retail [415]
1608 Takeda Kahei Japan Clothing [416]
1608 Komeya Japan Hotel [417]
1609 Asano Taiko Japan Drums [66]
1609 Klampfleuthner Germany Pottery [418]
1609 Kloster Ettal Germany Brewery [419]
1609 Ritterbräu Austria Brewery [420]
1609 Wolff Austria Wine
1609 Apteka Rektorska Poland Pharmacy [421]
1609 Ryochikuya Japan Hotel [362]
before 1610 Wookey Hole UK Paper [422]
1610 Takenaka Japan Construction
1610 Honjin Japan Hotel [423]
1611 Matsuzakaya Japan Retailing
1611 Miyoshi Japan Paper lantern [424]
1611 Hisaya Daikokudo Japan Pharmacy [425]
1611 Meimondo Chihara Japan Confectionery [426]
1612 Santa Maria Novella Italy Pharmacy
1613 Mellerio France Jewelry [105]
1613 J. D. Sauerländer's Germany Publisher [427]
1613 Shirley Plantation United States Farm [428]
1613 Kikutani Japan Confectionery [429]
1614 Sumihei Japan Building material [262]
1614 Yamamoto Japan Construction [292]
1614 Kansuiro Japan Hotel [430]
1615 Akamatsu Japan Pharmacy [358]
1615 Aoki Trans Japan Shipping [431]
1615 Cartiera Mantovana Italy Papermaking [28]
1615 Eirakuya Japan Retailing [432]
1615 Furuhata Japan Hotel [433]
1615 Grolsch Netherlands Brewery
1615 Hankeido Japan Brushes [255]
1615 Kimura Japan Sake [434]
1615 Komeya Japan Pharmacy [435]
1615 Maruei Japan Retailing
1615 Yanagiya Japan Cosmetics [436]
1615 Any?ji Japan Fuel [66]
1615 Takagi Japan Sake [328]
1615 Kawabe Japan Iron works [312]
1615 Murata Japan Eyeglasses [437]
1616 Higeta Japan Soy sauce [431]
1616 Vopak Netherlands Fuel storage
before 1616 Morino Japan Confectionery [438]
1616 Wildbräu Grafing Germany Brewery [439]
1616 C. Wittmann Germany Brewery [440]
1616 Aburaya Kyusuke Japan Wholesale [359]
1617 Kameya Kiyonaga Japan Confectionery [441]
1617 Mannendo Japan Confectionery [442]
1618 Zum Schwarzen Kameel Austria Restaurant [443]
1618 Horiguchi Japan Sake [314]
1619 Tengu Japan Jewelry [358]
1620 Croix D'or et Poste Switzerland Hotel [444]
1620 Spindler Germany Wine [445]
1620 Toraya Japan Confectionery [358]
1620 Naruko Kanko Hotel Japan Hotel [63]
1621 Zur Letzten Instanz Germany Restaurant [446]
1622 Gessner Germany Brewery [447]
1622 Hirschen Switzerland Hotel [448]
1622 Hiya Japan Pharmaceutical [376]
1623 Hirase Japan Sake [449]
1623 Kamotsuru Japan Sake [450]
1623 Avedis Zildjian United States Cymbals [2][36]
1624 Akashiya Japan Brushes
1624 Fukusaya Japan Castella [431]
1624 Okubo Nishinochaya Japan Soba noodles [451]
1624 Karacho Japan Paper
circa 1624 Komaruya Japan Uchiwa [452]
1624 Marui Japan Cloth [264][285]
1624 Takahashi Magozaemon Japan Sake [359]
1624 Hoshino Resorts Kai Kaga Japan Hotel
1624 Yoshizaki Japan Sake [453]
1624 Kato Japan Stone mill [368]
1624 Yoshinoso Yukawaya Japan Hotel [292]
1624 Takaoka Fukunobu Japan Confectionery [454]
1624 Murata Bunpuku Japan Confectionery [455]
1624 Sato Japan Funerary items [456]
1624 Awabiya Japan Seafood [407]
1624 Zum Heidenberg Germany Hotel [457]
1624-1645 Shobun Japan Vinegar [458]
1624-1645 Ota Japan Stonework [332]
1624-1645 Mimasuya Japan Confectionery [459]
1624-1645 Kawabun Japan Rastaurant [460]
1624-1645 Amihiko Japan Restaurant [461]
1624-1645 Tokiwaya Japan Hotel [462]
1625 Iwanumaya Japan Hotel [63]
1625 Aogen Japan Miso [264][285]
1625 Fukumitsuya Japan Sake [463]
1625 Fukuzumi Japan Hotel [464]
1625 Morihachi Japan Confectionery [465]
1625 Paul Schunk Germany Wine [466]
1625 Sakura Masamune Japan Sake [467]
1625 Toa Japan Sake [468]
1625 Yagenbori Japan Shichimi [469]
1625 Masuda Japan Sake [292]
1626 Rikyuen Japan Tea [470]
1625 Morihisa Iron Studio Japan Ironware [471]
1625 Yamauchi Japan Religious goods [472]
1626 Zur Forelle Germany Restaurant [473]
1626 Minoya Japan Sake [58]
1626 Panesys Japan Building material [425]
1626 Kuroda Eiichi Japan Sake [474]
1626 Kanyoutei Japan Confectionery [475]
1626 Fujimura Japan Confectionery [476]
1627 Kotohira Kadan Japan Hotel [477]
1628 Tsukubasan Edoya Japan Hotel [58]
1628 Lammsbräu Germany Brewery [478]
1628 Schwan Germany Hotel [479]
1628 Todaya Japan Confectionery [262]
1628 Winkler Germany Restaurant [480]
1628 Yachiya Japan Sake [481]
1628 Horikiri Japan Construction [482]
1629 Augustea SpA Italy Shipping [105]
1629 Horiguchi Japan Construction [431]
1629 Tyskie Poland Brewery
1630 Chidoriya Japan Confectionery [483]
1630 Graf Arco Germany Brewery [484]
1630 Ichinoyu Japan Hotel [485]
1630 Kikkoman Japan Foods
1630 Wirt am Berg Austria Restaurant [486]
1630 Oi Yamamoto Japan Seafood [425]
1631 Tsunehisa Japan Kitchen knife [487]
1632 Schwechat Austria Brewery [488]
1632-33 Tuttle's Red Barn United States Farm [428][489][490]
1632 Yusaya Japan Hotel [63]
1632 Zum Ochsen Germany Restaurant [491]
1632 Takasagoya Ikeuchi Japan Pillow [492]
1632 Yoshida Hideji Japan Tatami [492]
1632 Ishino Japan Stonemasonry [492]
1632 Tokumistuya Japan Pharmacy [493]
1633 Izumi Shokai Japan Stonework [332]
1633 Wakabayashi Japan Bag [315]
1634 Albrecht Germany Metalwork [494]
1634 Paulaner Germany Brewery
1634 Ryoguchiya Korekiyo Japan Confectionery [368]
1634 Nagamochiya Japan Confectionery [281]
1634 Gotenmori Japan Hotel [495]
1635 Dreikönigshof Germany Wine [496]
1635 Maruyama Japan Woodwork [291]
1635 Morikawa Japan Somen noodles [497]
1635 Nickelhütte Aue Germany Nickel
1635 Regenfuß Germany Nursery [498]
1635 Casa Batalha Portugal Jewellery [499]
1635 Okutan Kiyomizu Japan Restaurant [500][501]
1635 Harikichi Japan Fishing tackle [315]
1636 Maxlrainer Germany Brewery [502]
1636 Shiraishi Japan Wholesale [60]
1636 Fuyahei Japan Restaurant [503]
1636 Hatsugame Japan Sake [504]
1637 Gekkeikan Japan Sake [105]
1638 Einbecker Blaudruck Germany Linen [505]
1638 Fürst Germany Wine
1638 Kizuya Japan Office supplies [506]
1638 Kopke Port Portugal Wine [507]
1638 Touwfabriek Langman Netherlands Rope [508][509]
1638 Tysmenytsia Fur Company Ukraine Textiles [2][36]
1638 Shiratamaya Shinzaburo Japan Confectionery [510]
1638 GABA Switzerland Health care products [511]
1639 Field View Farm United States Farm [512][513]
1639 Hugel & Fils France Wine [105]
1639 Tsuruya Japan Confectionery [514]
1639 Kyushu Toho Japan Medical supplies [510]
1639 Shimogoten Japan Hotel [405]
1640 Fromholzer Austria Linen [515]
1640 Tanaka Japan Sake [516]
1640 Kyorinkai Japan Hospital [517]
1641 Bickelmaier Germany Wine [518]
1641 Sonne Switzerland Hotel [519]
1641 Spreitzer Germany Wine [520]
1642 Bilsener Germany Insurance [521]
1642 Barker's Farm United States Farm [522][523][524]
1642 Hof Apotheke Rüdel Germany Pharmacy [525]
1642 Amako Japan Machinery [358]
1642 Kagetsu Japan Restaurant [526]
1642 Fukagawaya Mutsudaijo Japan Confectionery [527]
1643 Rudi Rüttger Germany Wine [528]
1643 Tanaka Japan Sake [359]
1643 Sasaki Japan Seal [529]
1643 Trudon France Wax, Candles
1644 Bucher Germany Brewery
1644 Stockholm Germany Hotel [530]
1644 Tsukioka Japan Hotel [531]
1645 Daishin Japan Hotel [532]
1645 Hatchomiso Japan Miso [368]
1645 Post-och Inrikes Tidningar Sweden Newspaper [18][533]
1645 Ritter Germany Brewery
1645 Shohokuen Japan Tea [534]
1645 Shoutoku Japan Sake
1645 Yamasa Japan Soy sauce
1645 Kaku Japan Farming material [535]
1646 Bofors Sweden Defense
1647 Chivite Spain Wine [536]
1648 Kojima Japan Paper [431]
1648 Fujiya Japan Wedding hall [262]
1648 Oji Ogiya Japan Restaurant [537]
1648-1651 Shirokiya Japan Lacquerware [291]
1649 Bischofshof Germany Brewery [538]
1649 Falter Germany Brewery
1649 Fiskars Finland Blades
1649 Marukan Japan Vinegar [539]
1649 Trautwein Germany Wine [540]
1649 Tanaka Japan Safe [482]

1650 to 1699

Café Procope is called the oldest restaurant of Paris in continuous operation.[541] It was opened in 1686[542] by the Sicilian chef Francesco Procopio dei Coltelli.
Petit & Fritsen (Koninklijke Klokkengieterij Petit & Fritsen b.v.) is a foundry located at Aarle-Rixtel, Netherlands that dates back to 1660.[543]
The Royal Delft (De Koninklijke Porceleyne Fles) building is a designated rijksmonument in the Netherlands. It is the only remaining factory of the 32 earthenware factories that were established in Delft during the 17th century.
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1650 Aannemers- en Timmerbedrijf Roozemond Netherlands Construction [272]
1650 Yukawa Japan Sake [262]
1650 Schlossbrauerei Autenrieder Germany Brewery [544]
1650 Fachwerk 33 Germany Restaurant [545]
1650 Kaganoi Japan Sake [546]
1650 Post Brauerei Weiler Germany Brewery [547]
1650 Yukawa Japan Sake [548]
1650 Koshuya Japan Dolls [549]
1650 Ebisuya Japan Hotel [550]
1650 Jiuzhitang China Pharmacy [551]
1650 Otowaya Shinise Japan Confectionery [552]
1651 Emmerich Germany Wine [553]
1651 Lauterbacher Germany Brewery [554]
1651 Wangmazi China Scissors [555][556]
1652 Brückenkeller Germany Restaurant [557]
1652 KnaapenGroep Netherlands Construction [272]
1652 Bussho Japan Religious goods [281]
1652 Mabuchi Japan Clothing [63]
1652 Ichimaru Japan Clothing [362]
1652-1655 Matsuya Tokiwa Japan Confectionery [558]
1653 Ozu Japan Paper [431]
1653 Royal Delft Netherlands Porcelain
1653 Sushiman Japan Restaurant [559]
1653 Totsuka Japan Sake [262]
1654 Faust Germany Brewery [560]
1654 Orkla Norway Conglomerate
1654 Akoya Japan Clothing [362]
1655 Emery Farm United States Farm [561]
1655 Firmin UK Beltmaker
1655 Henninger Brewery Germany Brewery
1655 Tanaka Japan Sake [58]
1655 Tobaya Japan Strings [562]
1655 Zanini Italy Wrought iron [563]
1655-1658 Shichimiya Japan Spice [564]
1656 Au Bijou Switzerland Jewelry [565]
1656 Haarlems Dagblad Netherlands Newspaper [533]
1656 Kasen Japan Kiln [566]
1656 Kogatanaya Japan Dolls [549]
1657 Baieido Japan Incense
1657 Everlth Japan Pharmaceutical [567]
1657 Hirschbräu Germany Brewery [568]
1657 Kitagawa Honke Japan Sake [569]
1657 Nakayama Doll Japan Dolls [549]
1657 Ulefos Jernværk Norway Foundry
1657 Toraya Japan Confectionery [570]
1657 Uemura Yoshitsugu Japan Confectionery [571]
1657 Kamigoten Japan Hotel [405]
1657 Cham Paper Group Switzerland Paper [572]
1658 Arikawa Japan Pharmaceutical [255]
1658 Gaststätte Röhrl Germany Restaurant [573]
1658 Hirai Japan Sake [255]
1658 Nishino Kinryo Japan Chemicals [332]
1658 Ohki Japan Pharmaceutical [431]
1658 Shuzui Japan Scales [574]
1658 Kamadaya Japan Hotel [63]
1659 Asadaya Japan Hotel [575]
1659 Asadaya Ihei Japan Restaurant [576]
1659 Harise Japan Restaurant [577]
1659 Hinoki Japan Printing [578]
1659 Kagiya Japan Fireworks [579]
1659 Kiku Masamune Japan Sake [431]
1659 Mochibun Japan Confectionery [580]
1659 Okamaya Japan Metal [581]
1659 Somaya Japan Stationery [582]
1659 Tsuchiya Japan Paper lanterns [583]
1660 Chimatsushima Japan Hotel [63]
1660 Petit & Fritsen Netherlands Foundry
1661 Asaka Japan Tools [431]
1661 Ejima Japan Tea [584]
1661 Inoueki Japan Chemicals [431]
1661 Kameya Sakyo Japan Chinese medicine [585]
1661 Schilz Germany Ceramics
1661 Selbach Germany Wine
1661 Uchigasaki Japan Sake [586]
1661 Zohiko Japan Lacquerware [291]
1661-1673 Tago Honke Japan Sake [587]
1661-1673 Otokoyama Japan Sake [588]
1662 Matsuzakaya Japan Hotel [550]
1662 Miyasaka Japan Miso [388]
1662 Moririn Japan Cloth [431]
1662 Rössle Germany Hotel [589]
1662 Hotel Wesseling Netherlands Hotel [272]
1662 Shirokiya Japan Retailing
1662 Tatsuuma Honke Japan Sake [431]
1662 Usui Japan Retailing [590]
1662 Van Eeghen Netherlands Foods [105]
1662 Yanagiya Japan Tea [200]
1663 Hirsch Germany Pharmacy [591]
1663 Hofmann Germany Brewery [592]
1663 Ihan Japan Tatami [593]
1663 Krawany Austria Retailing [594]
1663 Kyukyodo Japan Pharmacy, paper goods, incense [595]
1663 Matsumoto Japan Chemicals [596]
1663 Moriroku Japan Chemicals [597]
1663 Shimakawa Japan Confectionery [598]
1663 Zhang Xiaoquan China Scissors [599]
1663 Vitale Barberis Canonico Italy Wool fabrics
1663 Hauert Switzerland Fertilizer [600]
1664 Daisan Japan Real estate [601]
1664 Schwarze & Schlichte Germany Distillery [105]
1664 Gazzetta di Mantova Italy Newspaper [533][602]
1665 Gubernija Lithuania Brewery
1665 London Gazette UK Newspaper
1665 Morita Japan Brewery [603]
1665 Okazaki Japan Sake [388]
1665 Saint-Gobain France Conglomerate
1666 Robert Noble UK Textiles [224]
1666 Sato Japan Supermarket [431]
1666 Spink UK Currency [224][604]
1666 Wieninger Germany Brewery [605]
1666 Yaegaki Japan Sake [606]
1666 Yuasa Trading Japan Trade [607]
1666 Bankaku Japan Confectionery [608]
1667 Seaside Inn United States Hotel [513][609][610]
1668 Merck KGaA Germany Pharmaceutical [611][612]
1668 Engelbräu Germany Brewery [613]
1668 Mitsui Japan Sake [614]
1669 Iseya Japan Hotel [615]
1669 Okaya Japan Trade [105]
1669 Tong Ren Tang China Pharmacy
1669 Zum Adler Breisach Germany Restaurant [616]
1669 Zum Kreuz Switzerland Hotel [617]
1669 Akahoshi Japan Metalware [615]
1670 El Rinconcillo Spain Restaurant [618]
1670 Hudson's Bay Company Canada Retailing [619][620][621][622]
1670 J. Herbin France Sealing wax and ink [623]
1672 Hoares Bank UK Bank [105][267]
1672 Kikuya Japan Stationery [624]
1672 Tucher Bräu Germany Brewery [625]
1672 Rongbaozhai China Stationery [626]
1673 Daiichi Japan Cloth [264]
1673 Genpei Japan Sake [627]
1673 Goldenes Kreuz Austria Hotel [628]
1673 Inata Japan Sake [629]
1673 Jinjudo Japan Incense [630]
1673 Kawashima Japan Paper [631]
1673 Kawasho Japan Paper [631]
1673 Mitsukoshi Japan Retailing
1673 Oga Japan Sake [632]
1673 Tamagawa Japan Sake [359]
1673 Tamanohikari Japan Sake [633]
1673 White Horse Tavern United States Restaurant [513][634][635]
1673 Zillinger Austria Wine [636]
1673 Yamada Japan Restaurant [362]
1673 Matsuya Riemon Japan Confectionery [637]
1673 Ebiya Japan Antique [638]
1673-1681 Kojimaya Japan Confectionery [639]
1673-1681 Terada Honke Japan Sake [640]
1674 Miki Japan Chemicals [431]
1674 Sabatti Italy Firearms [641]
1674 Stockholms Auktionsverk Sweden Auctions
1674 Myogaya Japan Hotel [642]
1675 Adams Gasthof Germany Restaurant [643]
1675 Egger Austria Brewery
1675 Hakubotan Japan Sake [358]
1675 Hartmann Germany Hotel
1675 Masuda Tokubee Japan Sake [644]
1675 Matsudaya Japan Hotel [645]
1675 Mornflake UK Foods [105]
1675 Romanushof Germany Wine [646]
1675 Shuetsu Japan Foods [431]
1675 Sugimoto Kichijuro Japan Tools [550]
1675 Takahashi Japan Stonemasonry [319]
1675 Takanoya Japan Karasumi [647]
1675 Tamazawa Japan Confectionery [648]
1675 Tiefenbrunner Italy Wine [649]
1675 Fujiwara Japan Oil [60]
1676 Hiroroku Japan Foods [650]
1676 James Lock & Co. UK Hats [105][267]
1676 Konishi Mankintan Japan Pharmacy [651]
1677 Yamahiko Japan Construction [255]
1677 Yamamoto Honke Japan Sake [652]
1677 Zur Linde Germany Restaurant [653]
1678 Olmo Antico Italy Wine [654]
1678 Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Japan Pharmacy
1679 Eichbaum Germany Brewery
1679 Eigashima Japan Sake [655]
1679 Schwarz Austria Mouth harps [656]
1679 Viellard Migeon & Cie France Foundry [105]
1680 Comédie-Française France Theatre
1680 Saunderskill United States Farm [561]
1680 Simonis Belgium Cloth
1680 Tenryo Japan Sake [657]
1680 Yoshibun Japan Fish [358]
1680 Morita Jihee Japan Pharmacy [658]
1681 Chikumanishiki Japan Sake [659]
1681 Eggenberg Austria Brewery
1681 Göteborgs Auktionsverk Sweden Auctions [660]
1681 JeanRichard Switzerland Watches [661]
1681 Les Trois Rois Switzerland Hotel [662]
1681 Naraya Japan Construction [58]
1681 Hotel zum Ritter St. Georg Germany Hotel [663]
1681 Shooken Japan Castella [664]
1682 Sawaya Japan Confectionery [665]
1682 Ishiichi Japan Stonework [281]
1683 Brill Netherlands Publisher
1683 Gaggenau Germany Appliances
1683 Yasuda Nenju Japan Prayer beads [666]
1683 Hof-Apotheke (Kempten) Germany Pharmacy [667]
1684 Mieman Nishimura Japan Soy sauce [281]
1684 Niiya Japan Herbs [668]
1684 Yoshiyo Japan Catering equipment [669]
1685 Carl Loebner Germany Toyshop [670]
1685 Heimes Germany Restaurant [671]
1685 Tomikyu Japan Paper [631]
1685 SFCO France Trading [105][672]
1685 Toye, Kenning & Spencer UK Jewelry and clothing [105]
1686 Café Procope France Restaurant [542]
1686 Nakaura Japan Foods [673]
1687 Mihoharaya Japan Housewares [674]
1687 Tarlant France Wine [675]
1687 Kimuraya Japan Hotel [676]
1688 Kadojin Japan Hotel [405]
1688 Aburaya Japan Hotel [677]
1688 Chikuma Miso Japan Miso [678]
1688 Fukuda Japan Sake [679]
1688 Fukuroju Japan Sake [680]
1688 Harry Germany Bakery [681]
1688 Kaishin Japan Foods [682]
1688 Kanmo Japan Hanpen [683]
1688 Katsuyama Japan Foods [684]
1688 Kesselring Germany Brewery [685]
1688 Kobu Japan Sake [686]
1688 Lambertz Germany Chocolate [687]
1688 Lloyd's of London UK Insurance
1688 Madonoume Japan Sake [688]
1688 Shibanuma Japan Soy sauce [689]
1688 Tatebayashi Japan Architecture [293]
1688 Tsuda Magobee Japan Foods [690]
1688 Yasuimoku Japan Construction [691]
1688 Shimizu Japan Pharmacy [312]
1688 Kikkona Japan Soy sauce [368]
1688 Moriyama Japan Sake [368]
1688 Kajimasa Japan Metalware [368]
1688 Sakuragi Fusajiro Japan Retail [315]
1688 Nishikawaya Japan Confectionery [315]
1688 Muromachi Japan Sake [60]
1688 Yaogen Japan Confectionery [692]
1688 Yutouya Japan Hotel [405]
1689 Aiba Japan Fans [693]
1689 Amekaze Japan Soy sauce [694]
1689 Ede & Ravenscroft UK Clothing
1689 Fukushima Japan Pawnbroker [695]
1689 Gjensidige Norway Insurance
1689 Hanbee Fu Japan Foods [696]
1689 Hinomaru Japan Sake [697]
1689 Husqvarna AB Sweden Conglomerate
1689 Kojiya Japan Miso [698]
1689 Kuroeya Japan Lacquerware [291][699]
1689 Marukichi Japan Oil [700]
1689 Nabedana Japan Sake [701]
1689 Nagano Japan Sake [702]
1689 Shogoin Yatsuhashi Japan Confectionery [703]
1689 Nishio Japan Confectionery [704]
1689 Suzuki Shuz?ten Japan Sake [705]
1689 Ishikawa Kinjiro Japan Dried goods [359]
1689 Nishino Japan Taiko drum [359]
1689 Osawa Japan Sake [706]
1690 Delamare & Co. France Optics [105]
1690 Genroku Tatami Japan Tatami [707]
1690 J B Joyce UK Clocks
1690 Hichifuku Japan Pharmaceutical [376]
1690 Makino Japan Sake [708]
1690 Maruishi Japan Sake [368]
1690 Tokyo Matsuya Japan Paper [709][710]
1690 Monjuso Japan Hotel [711]
1690 Okabun Japan Cloth [712]
1690 Tanbaya Japan Fashion [713]
1690 Towle Silversmiths United States Silversmith [513][714]
1690 Tsujikura Japan Umbrellas [715]
1690 Yamamotoyama Japan Tea [431]
1690 Amehata Japan Inkstone [624]
1691 Awaya Japan Cloth [510]
1691 Imai Japan Sake [716]
1691 Itokichi Japan Cloth [717]
1691 Nolet Jeneverstokerij-Distilleerderij Netherlands Distillery [272]
1691 Sasanoyuki Japan Tofu [718]
1691 Sekizenkan Japan Hotel [719]
1691 Valentin Zusslin France Wine [720]
1691 Omaru Japan Hotel [264]
1691 Ameya Kawai Japan Confectionery [721]
1692 Coutts UK Bank
1692 Ekelund Sweden Cloth [722]
1692 Taylor's Portugal Wine
1692 Izutsuya Japan Noodles [332]
1692 Yuuki Japan Sake [723]
1693 Suzutame Japan Dolls [264][285]
1693 Ishino Japan Slate [292]
1694 Shimadaya Japan Farm [724]
1694 Schuler St. Jakobskellerei Switzerland Wine [725]
1694 Bank of England UK Bank
1695 Bank of Scotland UK Bank
1695 De Kuyper Netherlands Distillery [105][272]
1695 Furutakiya Japan Hotel [726]
1695 Kumagaiya Japan Confectionery [727]
1695 Niki Japan Sake [293]
1695 Oiwake Yokan Japan Yokan [728]
1695 Suzuki Bussan Japan Foods [293]
circa 1695 Taruhei Japan Sake [729]
1695 Yumoto Japan Hotel [730]
1695 Uenoya Japan Hotel [550]
1696 Kagiya Masaaki Japan Confectionery [731]
1696 Kitajima Japan Confectionery [732]
1696 C. de Koning Tilly Netherlands Pharmacy [272]
1697 Folkes UK Foundry [733]
1697 Hakukoma Japan Sake [734]
1697 Old Moore's Almanack UK Almanac [735]
1697 Ono Japan Sake [358]
1697 Schwanen Germany Restaurant [736]
1698 Berry Brothers and Rudd UK Wine [737]
1698 Am Knipp Germany Restaurant [738]
1698 Kössel Germany Brewery [739]
1698 Shepherd Neame UK Brewery [105][740]
1698 Silvera Netherland Fabric [741]
1699 Akaoya Japan Pickles [742]
1699 Ninben Japan Foods [431]
1699 Osoumenya Japan Confectionery [743]
1699 Wakatakeya Japan Sake [744]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Japans oldest companies" (in Japanese). Yonhap News. 2008-05-14. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b c d Jae-kyoung, Kim (2008-05-14). "Centennial Firms Dry up in Korea". Korea Times. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "????:????100?????????? (Special Edition:Whole country wide survey on companies aged over 100 years)" (in Japanese). Tokyo Shoko Research. October 21, 2009. Retrieved 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Whitley, David (October 7, 2006). "Ancients in the modern world". News.com.au. Retrieved 2012. 
  5. ^ "Sean's Bar, Athlone - Oldest Pub in Ireland | Ireland Travel Guide". Irelandlogue.com. 2007-08-04. Archived from the original on 2016-04-04. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ a b Fodor's 2012 Ireland. Random House Digital, Inc. December 7, 2011. p. 253. 
  7. ^ James Olan Hutcheson (2007-04-16). "The End of a 1,400-Year-Old Business". Business Week. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ David Pilling (2007-10-19). "Kongo Gumi: Building a future on the past". Financial Times. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Kongo Gumi Construction". Businesses Today. 2011-11-29. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "Oldest Hotel". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Allen, Jason (2013-05-27). "The Very Strange Story of Japan's Thousand-Year-Old Hotels". Thrillist. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Survey of companies over 100 years old" (PDF). Teikoku databank. 2010-09-08. p. 1. Retrieved . Entry 7 in table at bottom of page 1  (in Japanese)
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "The world's oldest companies: The business of survival". The Economist. 2004-12-16. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ William T. O'Hara (2004). Centuries of Success: Lessons from the World's Most Enduring Family Businesses. Adams Media. p. 17. ISBN 9781580629379. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "Company profile". Kyoto magazine (in Japanese). J-kyoto (48). 2000-05-08. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ Musgrave, Rebecca (2011-10-24). "Mistletoe and Mozart in Salzburg - Panorama News". Salzburg Times. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Food Facts". Daily Times. 2010-08-30. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "????? ?????? ?????? ???? - Sostav.ru: ?????? ? ???????, ??????????, PR" (in Russian). Sostav.ru. 2009-12-25. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ "4 lições de empresas milenares - Pedro Souza" (in Portuguese). Administradores.com.br. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ "Business Solutions - The Medical Diary". Em-online.com. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ Actualys. "Plus vieille entreprise du monde - Monnaie de Paris". www.monnaiedeparis.fr (in French). Retrieved . 
  22. ^ "La Monnaie de Paris, un futur lieu touristique". La Tribune (in French). Retrieved . 
  23. ^ "Royal Mint buys minority stake in coin dealership Sovereign Rarities". The Times. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ "Sean's Bar, Athlone - Oldest Pub in Ireland". Irelandlogue.com. 2007-08-04. Archived from the original on 2016-04-04. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ "The Bingley Arms". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2010-11-09. Retrieved . 
  26. ^ Scholes, Frank (1975-11-01). "Turn Yourself Loose To Get Real Flavour Of England". Calgary Herald. Google Books. p. 16. Retrieved . 
  27. ^ McCann, Mick (2012-11-16). "From Miggy To The Moon: William Gascoigne". The City Talking. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Six Italian Companies Among The Ten Oldest Family-Run Businesses In The World". Winenews.it. 2009-01-22. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved . 
  29. ^ "??????(?????????)[Ichimonjiyawasuke]" (in Japanese). City of Kyoto. Retrieved 2013. 
  30. ^ a b Burnsilver, Glenn (2011-01-25). "Fairbanks Daily News-Miner - A pair of brews from 1 000 year old breweries -- plus one aged 137". Newsminer.com. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hessen Fragt...: Privatbrauerei Brüne ist Hessens älteste Brauerei". Hessischer Rundfunk. 2012-08-22. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved .  (in German)
  32. ^ Chesterman, Lesley (2012-08-30). "Critic's Notebook: In Devon, the cream is a dream". Montrealgazette.com. Retrieved . 
  33. ^ "Five days to the weekend: East Devon". Countryfile.com. Retrieved . 
  34. ^ "In honor of Labor Day, beer for wine lovers | Staff report | Entertainment | San Francisco Examiner". Sfexaminer.com. Retrieved . 
  35. ^ "Kerknet | Dinsdag 26 mei 2009". Kerknet.be. Retrieved .  (in German)
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Poutziouris, Panikkos; Smyrnios, Kosmas; Klein, Sabine (2006). Handbook of Research on Family Business. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 524. ISBN 978-1-8454-2410-7. LCCN 2005037395. OCLC 62755551. Retrieved . 
  37. ^ Lindelauf, Perrin (January 18, 2009). "Finding the fabled Snow Country". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2012. 
  38. ^ "Schloss Johannisberg Review | The Rhineland". Fodors.com. Retrieved . 
  39. ^ "Schloss Johannisberg, Cuvéehof - Festival Stages - Rheingau Musik Festival". Rheingau-musik-festival.de. Retrieved . 
  40. ^ "Gasthof Taferne Hotel Austrian Alps". Roomex.com. Retrieved . 
  41. ^ Rubin, Josh (2011-02-24). "God and beer: Partnership gives abbey much-needed cash". Toronto Star. Retrieved . 
  42. ^ Pera, Eric (2007-01-25). "Scottish and Newcastle's Grimbergen Double". Lakeland Ledger. p. 21. Retrieved . 
  43. ^ "La cercevera Grimbergen hace una campaña de maridaje en restaurantes madrileños de alta cocina". La Región. Madrid. 2007-08-04. Archived from the original on February 21, 2008. Retrieved .  (in Spanish)
  44. ^ The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland; Liber S. Marie de Calchou, Registrum Cartarum Abbacie Tironensis de Kelso, 1113-1567.
  45. ^ Scottish Barony Register (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, & Knightage: Clan Chiefs Scottish Feudal Barons, 107th edition. ISBN 9780971196629
  46. ^ The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), p. 58-62
  47. ^ "Drei Tage Brauereifest - Kreis Waldeck-Frankenberg - Regional". HNA Online. 2010-05-05. Retrieved .  (in German)
  48. ^ Van Dyck, Leo. "History of Tongerlo Abbey". premontre.org. Archived from the original on November 15, 2007. Retrieved . 
  49. ^ "Tongerlo Brown | Belgian Beer Weekend Tokyo 2011". Tokyo.belgianbeerweekend.jp. Retrieved . 
  50. ^ "????????????????????? 2 ? 5000 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  51. ^ "Munke Mølle - by Appointment to The Royal Danish Court". Hoflev.dk. Retrieved . 
  52. ^ Thomsen, Jørgen; Møllekær, Johnny (2009-01-12). "Munkenes mølle". Fyens Stiftstidende. Retrieved . 
  53. ^ Gerrie, Anthea (2012-03-05). "10 hotel rooms where history was made". CNN. Retrieved . 
  54. ^ Gould, Kevin (13 June 2009). "The Olde Bell". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013. 
  55. ^ "Flushed with success". Times Higher Education. 1997-02-07. Retrieved . 
  56. ^ Hongo, Jun (2012-08-29). "Nuke crisis tested oldest sake brewer". The Japan Times. Retrieved . 
  57. ^ Gordinier, Jeff (2011-02-01). "In Las Vegas, a Good Story Helps Sell Expensive Sakes". New York Times. Retrieved . 
  58. ^ a b c d e f "Special Edition: Old companies survey: 560 old companies in Ibaraki Prefecture survived the war and the earthquake disaster: 2 before Edo Shogunate founded, 43 during Edo period ( ????: ?????????????? ????????????????????? 560 ? ~?????????? 2 ?????????? 43 ?~)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Mito-branch. August 24, 2011. Retrieved 2012. Main old companies (Top 10) ??????(??10?) 1.Sudo-Honke ????(??????) Sake manufacturing ???? Kasama ??? 1141? 
  59. ^ "????????????????????800????????????????" (in Japanese). ????!???????! ????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  60. ^ a b c d "Special Edition: Old companies survey in Okayama: 474 over-100-year-old companies: Oldest was Fujito Manju Hompo started in 1184????: ?????? 100 ?????????????? ?? 100 ??????????? 474 ? ~ ???????? 1184 ?????????? " (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Okayama-branch. September 16, 2010. Retrieved 2012. Main old companies (Top 10) ??100?????????? (??10? 
  61. ^ "Special souvenirs of Nara to take home!". Naraexplorer.jp. Retrieved . 
  62. ^ Johnston, Eric (2010-02-06). "Nara fears 1,300th anniversary flop". The Japan Times. Retrieved . 
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i "?????????????????????? 445 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  64. ^ Matyas, Jo (2007-10-06). "A taste of Japan, with food that waves back at you". Toronto Star. Retrieved . 
  65. ^ "Special Edition: Old companies survey: 543 old companies in Yamagata survived the war and the earthquake disaster: Yamagata #2 old companies holder in the whole country (????: ?????????? ?????????????????????? 543 ? ~??????????? 2 ?~) " (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank Yamagata-branch. August 29, 2011. Retrieved 2012. Top 8 old companies (??????(?? 8 ?)) Ito Tekko 1189 ????(???????)1189? 
  66. ^ a b c d e f g "????:?????????????????????(Special Edition: Survey on average age and long life companies in Ishikawa Prefecture)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Kanazawa-branch. November 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012. Main long life companies ?????? ???(Zengoro)??(Ryokan) 718, ???????(Shirasagiyu Tawaraya)??(Ryokan) 1190, ???(Notoya)??(Ryokan) 1311, ?????(Hosoji Inbanten)??????(Retail store, not in categorized list of the report) 1573, ???????? (Meboso Hachir?bei Sh?ten)???????(Sports equipment wholesale) 1575, ?????(Lamp no Yado)??????(Hotel) 1578, ???????(Asano Taiko Gakkiten) ????(musical instrument retail store) 1609, ?????(Any?ji) ????(Fuel retail store) 1615 
  67. ^ "?? [??!!????] - ???" (in Japanese). Ibaraki Prefecture. Retrieved 2014. 
  68. ^ Price, Margaret (1999). Classic Japanese Inns and Country Getaways. Kodansha International Ltd. Retrieved 2012.  ISBN 4770018738
  69. ^ "Arima Onsen Okunobo (Established in 1191)". Jnto.go.jp. Retrieved . 
  70. ^ "Arima Onsen Okunobo (Established in 1191)". Jalan. Retrieved . 
  71. ^ "??????? (?????????)" (in Japanese). ????????? ?????????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  72. ^ Hayes, Cathy (2011-05-15). "IrishCentral's top five historic pubs in Dublin City - Photos". IrishCentral. Retrieved . 
  73. ^ "Ireland to restrict alcohol ads". USA Today. Associated Press. 2003-05-19. Retrieved . 
  74. ^ Krause, Nick (2012-03-27). "Dublin: A trip to the bright side". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved . 
  75. ^ Carroll, James R. (2011-03-13). "Always worth a go". The Boston Globe. Boston.com. Retrieved . 
  76. ^ "Inns of distinction: The pubs that made history". The Independent. 2006-02-10. Retrieved . 
  77. ^ Griffin, Jon (2004-08-21). "Weekend Mail: Travel: Soaking Up History in a Right Royal Part of Thatcher's Britain". Birmingham Mail. Highbeam Research. Retrieved .  (subscription required)
  78. ^ "Angel & Royal Hotel, Grantham, Lincolnshire". The Times. 2009-04-11. Retrieved .  (subscription required)
  79. ^ "The Archaeology of Wiltshire's Towns. An Extensive Urban Survey: Malmesbury" (PDF). Wiltshire County Archaeology Service. August 2004. Retrieved 2011. 
  80. ^ Else, David (2005). England (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 240. ISBN 1-74059-922-5. 
  81. ^ Halliday, Stephen (1 February 2012). David & Charles, ed. Amazing & Extraordinary Facts - Great Britain. David & Charles. p. 30. ISBN 1-4463-5397-4. Retrieved 2015. 
  82. ^ "Der älteste Gasthof". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen. Retrieved . 
  83. ^ Benedict Le Vay (1 October 2011). Ben Le Vay's Eccentric Oxford. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-84162-426-6. Retrieved 2013. 
  84. ^ "The Bear Inn information". Let's Go. Archived from the original on 2013-08-27. Retrieved . 
  85. ^ Pool, Krystal (1971-09-05). "Woodstock - The One Where Burtons Stayed". Toledo Blade. Google News. p. 9. Retrieved . 
  86. ^ "Gasthof zur Blume". Basler Bauten. Retrieved . 
  87. ^ Reuter, Fritz (1886). Arnold Hückstädt, ed. Briefe: 1861-1866 [Letters 1861-1866] (in German). 2. Hinstorff. p. 705. ISBN 978-3-356-01338-2. OCLC 643886146. Retrieved 2014. 
  88. ^ Ambrosi, Hans; Stewart, Kerry Brady (1 May 1990). Traveler's Wine Guide: Germany. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-8069-7319-7. Retrieved 2014. 
  89. ^ "Wieliczka Salt Mine - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. 1998-12-01. Retrieved . 
  90. ^ "The mine of the past and of today". Wieliczka-saltmine.com. Retrieved . 
  91. ^ "Das sind die Stationen des 4. FFZ - Freie Presse". Freie Presse. 2012-04-20. Retrieved .  (in German)
  92. ^ "Sächsisches Bier". Landwirtschaft.sachsen.de. Retrieved .  (in German)
  93. ^ Wiedner, Ruth (2002-03-14). "Altbier-Brauerei Bolten startet strategische Partnerschaft: Mit "Caramel" Malzbier-Fans für sich gewinnen". Neuß-Grevenbroicher Zeitung. Retrieved .  (in German)
  94. ^ Buchbauer, Andreas (2012-08-29). "Korschenbroich: Auf zum Picknick-Biergarten". Neuß-Grevenbroicher Zeitung. Retrieved .  (in German)
  95. ^ "Aldersbacher Adel übernimmt Peschl - Bayern". Mediendenk.de. 2008-08-18. Retrieved . 
  96. ^ Gallagher, Zack (2014-02-16). "13 Irish contenders for the 2014 Gourmand World Cookbook Awards". Irish Central. Retrieved . 
  97. ^ Lehrer, Suzanne (2011-05-12). "From Cognac to Perfume by P. Frapin & Cie". Vanity Fair. Retrieved . 
  98. ^ Wampler, J.T. (2012-04-19). "Review: Hirter Morchl". Fayetteville Flyer. Retrieved . 
  99. ^ "Hirter Bier auf Chinesisch" [Hirter beer in China]. wirtschaft.com (in German). 2014-02-14. Retrieved . 
  100. ^ "Wroc?awskie kamienice: Piwnica ?widnicka" (in Polish). Krajowy Rynek Nieruchomo?ci. 2013-09-19. 
  101. ^ Pauly, Helen (1981-06-30). "This Beer Baron is a Real Prince". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 12. Retrieved . 
  102. ^ Rütschlin, Klaus (2011-10-21). "Gastronomie: Badisch schmeckt's ... unser Bier: Fürstenberg: Die Beschwörung des Wir-Gefühls". Badische Zeitung. Retrieved .  (in German)
  103. ^ "Programmvorschau 08.04.2012". Saarländischer Rundfunk. 2012-04-08. Retrieved . 
  104. ^ Gittleson, Kim (2012-01-19). "BBC News - Can a company live forever?". BBC News. Retrieved . 
  105. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Young, Chloe (2013-08-14). "5 Oldest Companies in the UK". Skipton Business Finance. Retrieved . 
  106. ^ "Birmingham City Council: entry for The Old Crown". Retrieved 2012. 
  107. ^ a b Goldberg, Howard G. (1995-11-22). "A Celebration Of Riesling". The New York Times. Retrieved . 
  108. ^ "The Beer Book". 
  109. ^ "Frozen in Time: The World's Oldest Hotels to Stay In". TravelersToday.com. 2014-01-07. Retrieved . 
  110. ^ "aktienbrauerei kaufbeuren ag". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved . 
  111. ^ Fisher, Mark (2005-10-11). "Wine-DDN". www.daytondailynews.com. Retrieved . 
  112. ^ "?????? ?????????". Train Vert (East Japan Railway Company). May 2012. Retrieved . 
  113. ^ "Reisetipp Bratwursthäusle". HolidayCheck. Retrieved . 
  114. ^ a b Huber, Heidi (2014-03-24). "Der Landgasthof der Mayrs könnte der älteste Familienbetrieb Österreichs sein" [The country inn Mayr could be the oldest family operated business in Austria]. Oberösterreichische Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved . 
  115. ^ "Box-Promoter gibt Garley neue Chance". Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved . 
  116. ^ "Apotheken - Rats-Apotheke seit 1318 privilegiert Inh. Michae". Med-Kolleg. Retrieved . 
  117. ^ "??????????????" (PDF). J-SMECA ????????. Retrieved . 
  118. ^ "Browar Namys?ów ?wi?tuje sukces z b&j - Wiadomo?ci - Marketing przy Kawie". Marketing-news.pl. Retrieved . 
  119. ^ "Hotel Interlaken". Frommer's Review via The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. 
  120. ^ "In the Swiss footsteps of Byron". The Independent. London. 2008-06-22. 
  121. ^ "Kytelers Inn -- Pubs and bars - Kilkenny City". Ireland.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  122. ^ Historic England. "THE OLD BELL (1369482)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2015. 
  123. ^ Townley, Simon (2011). The Victoria History of the County of Oxford: Henley-on-Thames and environs. University of London, Institute of Historical Research. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-904356-38-7. Retrieved 2015. 
  124. ^ "Town's oldest house discovered". Henley Standard. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2011. 
  125. ^ "???????????????????:??" (in Japanese). Crea (Bungeishunj?). Retrieved 2014. 
  126. ^ Haefer, Todd (2014-05-07). "Beer Man: German lager Edelstoff is the real deal". The Post-Crescent. Retrieved . 
  127. ^ Holt, Laura (2013-08-31). "Travel by numbers: Oktoberfest". The Independent. Retrieved . 
  128. ^ "?????????????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  129. ^ "Warten auf die schwarze Sonne" (in German). Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 2014. 
  130. ^ "???? ????? ????" (in Japanese). Yasugi Tourist Information Center. Retrieved 2014. 
  131. ^ Nachrichten, Salzburger (2013-01-07). "Mehr als nur Wirtsleute seit 678 Jahren" [More than just innkeepers for 678 years]. Salzburger Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved . 
  132. ^ "Weingut Karthäuserhof" (in German). FAIR 'N GREEN. Retrieved 2014. 
  133. ^ "???????????" (in Japanese). Aichi Quality (Industry Promotion Division, Department of Industry and Labor, Aichi Prefecture). Retrieved 2014. 
  134. ^ a b c d e f Flören, Roberto Hans; Jansen, S.F. (2007). Ondernemerschap en het familiebedrijf : de tien oudste familiebedrijven van Nederland [Entrepreneurship and Family Business: The Ten Oldest Families of the Netherlands]. Accountant & familiebedrijf (in Dutch). Wolters Kluwer. p. 37. ISBN 978-9-0130-4749-3. OCLC 212250325. Retrieved 2015. 
  135. ^ "Löwen Heimiswil". Käseroute. Retrieved . 
  136. ^ "La plus vieille auberge de France : la Couronne (Rouen)" (in French). MICHELIN Restaurants. Retrieved 2014. 
  137. ^ "Brauerei Goldene Gans, Augsburg" (in German). SchwabenMedia Meitingen. Retrieved 2014. 
  138. ^ a b "???????31.6?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku databank. Retrieved . 
  139. ^ "Bruket som har anor sedan 1346". företagsamheten.se (in Swedish). Confederation of Swedish Enterprises. Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  140. ^ a b c "Radio Prague - Breweries in East Bohemia". Radio.cz. Retrieved . 
  141. ^ "Haus zum Rüden" (PDF) (in German). Escapenet GmbH. Retrieved . 
  142. ^ a b >"????????????????????? 2328 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  143. ^ "Basel: Zwei Adressen, ein Haus" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved . 
  144. ^ "Für fünfhundert Jahre verewigt" (in German). Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Retrieved . 
  145. ^ Ulrich Koglin, Achim Tacke Landpartie 5 Im Norden unterwegs Wismarbucht, Nord-Ostsee-Kanal
  146. ^ "Gemeinde Trubschachen" (in German). Minder, Lauperswil. Retrieved . 
  147. ^ "History of Storchen Zürich". Historic Hotels Worldwide. Retrieved . 
  148. ^ "Gesund wie ein Löwe" (in German). Fischauge Ulm. Retrieved . 
  149. ^ "Barbara, die erste Aarauer Glocke, klingt auch nach 646 Jahren immer noch". Aargauer Zeitung. Retrieved . 
  150. ^ "??100?????????????????630?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku databank. Retrieved . 
  151. ^ "Aufgetischt: Währschaftes bei der Katechetin" (in German). Der Bund. Retrieved . 
  152. ^ "Bologna - Albergo al Cappello Rosso" (in Italian). Space Hotels. Retrieved . 
  153. ^ Oliver, Garrett; Colicchio, Tom (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford UP. ISBN 9780195367133. Retrieved 2012. 
  154. ^ "Gasthof Gastagwirt" (in German). Salzburg Convention Bureau. Retrieved . 
  155. ^ "Hotel Restaurant Roter Hahn" (in German). Bamberg-Guide.de. Retrieved . 
  156. ^ Oliver, Garrett; Colicchio, Tom (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford UP. ISBN 9780195367133. Retrieved 2014. 
  157. ^ "Virtuelles Brauhaus Riegele" (in German). Institut für Medien, Wissen und Kommunikation, Universität Augsburg. Retrieved . 
  158. ^ "Sonderheft Apotheker-Verband" (PDF) (in German). Spalentor Verlag. Retrieved . 
  159. ^ "Best Western Plus Hotel Goldener Adler" (in German). Tirol in Österreich. Retrieved . 
  160. ^ Chantler, Bob (2010). Rother Country: a Short History and Guide to the River Rother in East Sussex, and the Towns and Villages near to the River. Bob Chantler. p. 23. GGKEY:RD76BJL3758. Retrieved 2011. 
  161. ^ Gaby Funk DuMont Bildatlas Reiseführer Allgäu
  162. ^ ???? ?????: ??????????
  163. ^ "Hotel Adler - Murten" (in German). swissinfo. Retrieved . 
  164. ^ "Schnupp, Altdrossenfeld, Neudrossenfeld" (in German). Nordbayern online. Retrieved . 
  165. ^ Patricia Schultz 1,000 Places to See Before You Die, the second edition
  166. ^ "Baudenkmäler der Technik und Industrie in Österreich: Wien, Niederösterreich ...". 
  167. ^ "German Inn". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Google News. 1970-05-14. p. 18. Retrieved . 
  168. ^ Dettelbacher, Werner; Fröhling, Stefan; Reuss, Andreas (1999). Franken (in German). DuMont Reiseverlag. p. 77. ISBN 978-3-7701-4186-9. Retrieved 2014. 
  169. ^ "Gasthof Zum Goldenen Sternen". Basel Convention Bureau. Retrieved . 
  170. ^ "Boulevard Würzburg: 600 Jahre Gasthaus Stachel". Main-Post. 2012-11-30. Retrieved . 
  171. ^ "Where to go if you have 72 hours in Beijing?". China Travel Page. Retrieved . 
  172. ^ "Solothurn". 
  173. ^ "Krumbach / Heilbad Krumbad". Gesundes Bayern. Retrieved . 
  174. ^ "Dossier de Presse 2014". Office de Tourisme de Bourges. Retrieved . 
  175. ^ Eva Moser Bodensee: Drei Länder: Kultur und Landschaft zwischen Stein am Rhein, Konstanz und Bregenz
  176. ^ "????". The CUBE ?????????. Retrieved . 
  177. ^ "Gläserne Produktion im Herzen des Ortes". Im Fokus Jesingen/Nabern 2011. Retrieved . 
  178. ^ "??????/????? ?????". ?????. Retrieved . 
  179. ^ "Dortmunder Kronen". Brauereierlebnis Dortmund. Retrieved . 
  180. ^ "Bratwurst-Röslein". Schutzverbandes Nürnberger Bratwürste. Retrieved . 
  181. ^ "Lodenwalker Ramsau das Original seit 1434". Mein Ausflug. Retrieved . 
  182. ^ "Steckbrief Schloss Sommerhausen". Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter. Retrieved . 
  183. ^ "Adventure Guide to Switzerland". Kimberly Rinker. Hunter Publishing. 2004-04-01. p. 203. Retrieved . 
  184. ^ "Gumpoldskirchen - HOTEL LANDHAUS MOSERHOF". Niederösterreich CARD. Retrieved . 
  185. ^ "Gastlichkeit - Klostergasthof". Kloster Andechs. Retrieved . 
  186. ^ "Partner". BrauConsult BCW GmbH. Retrieved . 
  187. ^ "Altstadt Hotel Zum Goldenen Anker, Histor. Wirtshaus". Deutscher Hotel- und Gaststättenverband e.V. Retrieved . 
  188. ^ "Nederlandse molendatabase: Grafelijke Korenmolen, Zeddam". Database van werkende molens in Nederland (in Dutch). Nederlandse molendatabase. Retrieved 2012. 
  189. ^ "2014-07-08_Auch-ein-Begegnungsort - Stein am Rhein" (PDF) (in German). Steiner Anzeiger. Retrieved 2015. 
  190. ^ "Wiener Küche". Best of Wien. Retrieved . 
  191. ^ "HOTEL KRONE". Matrei am Brenner. Retrieved . 
  192. ^ "Privat-Brauerei Zötler". Die Freien Brauer. Retrieved . 
  193. ^ "Kloster Andechs und die Klosterbrauerei". Typisch bayerisch. Retrieved . 
  194. ^ "Hotel- und Restaurant Gasthaus Zum Schwan, Oschatz". Dampfbahn-Route Sachsen. Retrieved . 
  195. ^ "Brauhaus am Kreuzberg - Friedels Keller". Bierland Oberfranken e.V. Retrieved . 
  196. ^ "Restaurant Lilie". Marco Polo Reiseführer. Retrieved . 
  197. ^ "?????????...?????????????". Tokyo Sports. 2013-08-05. Retrieved . 
  198. ^ "???????" (PDF). Osaka City Office. Retrieved . 
  199. ^ "Brauerei-Gasthof Eck". Private Braugasthöfe. Retrieved . 
  200. ^ a b c "??????????????????". hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved . 
  201. ^ "Weingut Geierslay - Geschichte, die man schmeckt...". Der Vicampo Tumblr. Retrieved . 
  202. ^ "????????????????". ??? ???????(Central Japan Railway Company). Retrieved . 
  203. ^ "Berg Brauerei / Chronik". Bierkulturstadt - Bier & Kultur in Ehingen. Retrieved . 
  204. ^ "Gallet : Manufacturing High End Professional Timepieces Since 1466". Master Horologer. Retrieved 2014. 
  205. ^ a b "?????????? 32.1 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  206. ^ "Gasthaus und Weingut Bad Osterfingen". Schweiz Tourismus. Retrieved . 
  207. ^ "Hotel Hirschgasse". Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin. Retrieved . 
  208. ^ "Der Mann mit dem Überblick". DVZ Deutsche Logistik-Zeitung. Retrieved . 
  209. ^ "Kindli Hotel". LINDENHOF - The Heart of Zürich. Retrieved . 
  210. ^ "La Rochere 1475". Meine Stilwelt. Retrieved . 
  211. ^ "Pfahnl Backmittel GmbH". Schule & Wirtschaft (Volkswirtschaftliche Gesellschaft OÖ). Retrieved . 
  212. ^ "Hirzinger - ein Wirtshaus nicht nur für Musikanten". Bayernhochsechs. Retrieved . 
  213. ^ "Erfurt - zu Stein gewordene Geschichte". Akademie gemeinnütziger Wissenschaften zu Erfurt. Retrieved . 
  214. ^ "??????? Vol.17 ?????????????? ?????" (in Japanese). Kyoto Shimbun. Retrieved 2014. 
  215. ^ Langenscheidt, Florian; Venohr, Bernd (2010). Lexikon der deutschen Weltmarktführer. Die Königsklasse deutscher Unternehmen in Wort und Bild (in German). Köln: Deutsche Standards Editionen. ISBN 978-3-86936-221-2. 
  216. ^ "Vitohaus zur Sonne". Vitodurania. Retrieved . 
  217. ^ "Brauereimuseum Lüneburg". Brauereimuseum Lüneburg. Retrieved . 
  218. ^ "??? ??????? 1.8L(??????? ??)". 47CLUB. Retrieved . 
  219. ^ "Wissensmanagement seit 1488". buchmagazin.ch. Retrieved . 
  220. ^ "Sommerhuber Manufaktur Tradition & Moderne im Zeichen der Sonne". Baufeuer Brandherm GmbH. Retrieved . 
  221. ^ Stefan Lecher Meinen lieben Eltern
  222. ^ Scheffler, Ted (2015-03-04). "Wine Wednesday: Finca Wine Dinner with Pepe Raventós". City Weekly. Retrieved . 
  223. ^ "Tourismus Nürnberg: Bratwurstküchen". Verkehrsverein Nürnberg e.V. Retrieved . 
  224. ^ a b c d e "Top ten oldest UK companies". Real Business. 2008-04-20. Retrieved . 
  225. ^ "Ammerndorfer Mühle Johann und Albert Stinzendörfer GbR". cylex.de. Retrieved 2014. 
  226. ^ "Grace's Guide - Arthur Beale". Graces Guide. Retrieved 2017. 
  227. ^ House, Christian (2016-03-31). "Best of British: Arthur Beale Chandlery". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved . 
  228. ^ a b c d e f "??100???????????1801???100??63?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  229. ^ "?????????????????????????". ??????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  230. ^ a b c d e f "?? 100 ?????????????? 431 ?" (PDF). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  231. ^ "City Life News / Hotsurings / IKAHO ONSEN". City Life News Online. Retrieved 2013. 
  232. ^ Casey, Vinny (2001-06-12). "York guide". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved . 
  233. ^ Garrison, Gordon G. (2002-05-05). "Travel: Step back in time in York". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved . 
  234. ^ "Neuer Hacklwirt gesucht: Gmundens letztes Wirtshaus braucht einen Pächter". Oberösterreichische Nachrichten. Retrieved 2014. 
  235. ^ "100 Japanese Long-established Stores" (PDF). Waraku (Shogakukan). Retrieved 2014. 
  236. ^ "?? 100 ??????????? 161 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  237. ^ "gallery ???????????" (in Japanese). Nadagogo Brewers Association. Retrieved 2014. 
  238. ^ "Jena - 500 Jahre Gasthaus 'Roter Hirsch' vom 1509 bis 2009" (in German). Entdecke JENA. Retrieved 2014. 
  239. ^ "Business tips from UK's oldest family firms". BBC News. 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014. 
  240. ^ Edward TRIPS, Café Vlissinghe 1515-1985, eern eeuwenoude Brugse herberg, Brugge, 1986.
  241. ^ "Kärnten macht Sinn - Metallbau Karl Zeilinger" (in German). Verein Kärnten macht Sinn. Retrieved 2015. 
  242. ^ "The Prague Post - Business Listings :: M???anský pivovar v Poli?ce a.s". The Prague Post. Retrieved . 
  243. ^ "Das heutige Salzbergwerk Berchtesgaden wird erbaut". Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke AG. Retrieved . 
  244. ^ Fawer, Martin (2011-11-15). "Marketing - Orell Füssli: Neues Corporate Design". persoenlich.com. Retrieved . 
  245. ^ "Orell Füssli mit neuem Logo - Klein Report - News, alles über Kommunikation und Medien". KleinReport.ch. 2010-05-27. Retrieved . 
  246. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ?????????(Shigesato Itoi). Retrieved 2013. 
  247. ^ "Schöllnitzer Spreewald Bitter: Ein Kräuterlikör mit Tradition!" (in German). Ost Nachrichten & Osten News !. Retrieved 2014. 
  248. ^ Xavi Vilà i Albiol, Txiverke multimedia design. "Restaurant Hostal de Pinós". El portal dels Pirineus. 
  249. ^ "Hotel Bären Twann". Switzerland Travel Centre AG. Retrieved . 
  250. ^ "Shotgun news - Beretta celebrating the unity of Italy" (in Italian). Bighunter.it. 2011-03-25. Retrieved . 
  251. ^ "Beretta: Switching targets". The Economist. 2006-11-16. Retrieved . 
  252. ^ "Oldest manufacturer of weapons". Guinness World Records. Retrieved . 
  253. ^ "Genüsse Schlemmen und Sinnieren". Oberpfalznetz. Retrieved . 
  254. ^ "Liubiju Pickle and Sauce Shop". Beijing Tourism. Retrieved 2013. 
  255. ^ a b c d e f g h "???????????????????????426 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  256. ^ "???? - ??????" (in Japanese). Sakai Tourism and Convention Bureau (????????????). Retrieved 2014. 
  257. ^ "Klosterbräu Bamberg" (in German). Bierland Oberfranken. Retrieved 2014. 
  258. ^ "Grandhotel Zvon" (in Czech). Turistika.cz. Retrieved 2014. 
  259. ^ "Oldest printing and publishing house". Guinness World Records. Retrieved . 
  260. ^ Black, Michael (1984). Cambridge University Press, 1584-1984. pp. 328-9. ISBN 978-0521664974. 
  261. ^ Ulla Heise: Ur-Krostitzer - Chronik einer Brauerei in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-938543-30-2
  262. ^ a b c d e f g "?? 100 ???????????????? 801 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  263. ^ August Gebeßler: Stadt und Landkreis Hof. (= Die Kunstdenkmäler von Bayern, Kurzinventare Bd. 7). Deutscher Kunstverlag. München 1960, S. 42 f.
  264. ^ a b c d e f g "?????????????????????? 389 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  265. ^ "Kawanakajima". Kontatsu.Co.,Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  266. ^ "Oldest manufacturer of uniforms". Guinness World Records. Retrieved . 
  267. ^ a b c d e Stadler, Christian (5 January 2011). Enduring Success: What We Can Learn from the History of Outstanding Corporations. Stanford University Press. pp. 7-8. ISBN 978-0-8047-7221-1. Retrieved 2013. 
  268. ^ "John Brooke & Sons Ltd". Mirfield Reporter. Retrieved . 
  269. ^ "Das Hoheitszeichen am Obertor". Olten. Retrieved . 
  270. ^ "Wolferstetter - Export Hefe Weizen". Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved . 
  271. ^ "1543 Hof-Apotheke am Coburger Martplatz". Digitales Stadtgedächtnis Coburg. Retrieved . 
  272. ^ a b c d e f g "Hotel Wesseling in Dwingeloo en Aannemer Roozemond in Stavenisse 'nieuw' in de Top 13 oudste familiebedrijven in Nederland". Nyenrode Business Universiteit. 2012-12-03. Retrieved . 
  273. ^ "Adriaen Brouwer". Knack (in Dutch). 2003-06-04. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved . 
  274. ^ Verhaeghe, Julien (2003-03-19). "Een bruintje voor Adriaen Brouwer". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved . 
  275. ^ "Oost-Vlaamse biermaand gestart" (in Dutch). Waaskrant.be. 2009-10-12. Retrieved . 
  276. ^ "??:??1546??????????????????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2013. 
  277. ^ "Can Bonastre". Catalunya.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  278. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). Niigata Sake Brewers Association. Retrieved 2014. 
  279. ^ "???????? - ???????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  280. ^ "Riess Kelomat GmbH" (in German). Marktgemeinde Ybbsitz. Retrieved 2015. 
  281. ^ a b c d e f g h i "?????~?????? 553 ??????? 9 ?~" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  282. ^ a b c "??100??????????????1,023?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  283. ^ "??????OB??:??????????????????? ??????" (in Japanese). Nihon University Alumni Association Kanagawa Branch. Retrieved 2014. 
  284. ^ "Homöopathie bei Blasenentzündungen" (PDF) (in German). ICA-Deutschland e.V. Retrieved 2013. 
  285. ^ a b c d "??100????????????????337?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank. Retrieved 2014. 
  286. ^ "Die Greise der Unternehmenswelt" (PDF) (in German). Tages-Anzeiger. Retrieved 2014. 
  287. ^ "Bearbeitungszentren für edle Aluminium-Oberflächen" (in German). MAV Maschinen, Anlagen, Verfahren. Retrieved 2014. 
  288. ^ Pot, Annemieke (2012-04-10). "Hollands glorie" [Hollands Glory]. PlusOnline (in Dutch). Retrieved . 
  289. ^ "?????? | ???????" (in Japanese). ????????????????? (Nagoya Convention & Visitors Bureau). Retrieved 2013. 
  290. ^ "??????? 1555???(?)???????" (in Japanese). Okayama Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Retrieved 2014. 
  291. ^ a b c d e "???????????????" (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2015. 
  292. ^ a b c d e "?? 100 ?????????????? 303 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  293. ^ a b c d e "Special Edition: survey on "long life company" older than 100 years in Gifu prefecture: 400 companies in the prefecture are - Okamoto, established 1560, tops, 7 are older than 300 years -( ????: ????????? 100 ?????????????? ?? 100 ?????????????? 400 ?~ ???????? 1560 ????????? 300 ??? 7 ? ~ )" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Gifu-branch. September 16, 2010. Retrieved 2013. Main old companies over 100 years old (Top 5) ??100?????????? (??5?) 1.Okamoto ??(????) 1560? 2.Kuwana-ya ???(????) 1597?3.Tatebayashi ??(?????) 1688? 4.Suzuki Bussan ????(???????) 1695? 4.Nikishuz? ????(??????) 1695? 
  294. ^ "Echt Kaiserstuhl seit 1561" (PDF) (in German). Regio aktuell. Retrieved 2014. 
  295. ^ "La "Farmacia SS. Annunziata dal 1561 Firenze Italy"" (in Italian). Nove da Firenze. Retrieved 2014. 
  296. ^ a b "?????????? 36.9 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  297. ^ "???????????" (in Japanese). Kasamatsu Confectionery Association, Kasamatsu Commercial and Industrial Association. Retrieved 2014. 
  298. ^ ??? ???? ???????
  299. ^ "??????? ???????" (in Japanese). Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved 2014. 
  300. ^ "FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: LATIS Imports Joins Ben E. Keith". GreatBrewers.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  301. ^ "Beijing Olympic - Liuquanju". Hello Mandarin. Retrieved . 
  302. ^ "Brauerei Gasthof Herold". Bierland Oberfranken e.V. Retrieved . 
  303. ^ "???? ?????". ?????????????. Retrieved . 
  304. ^ William T. O'Hara Centuries of Success: Lessons from the World's Most Enduring Family Businesses Adams Media Corporation (September 2004)
  305. ^ "Edegger, Erich - Vizebürgermeister - Biolex - Details". Österreichischer Cartellverband. Retrieved . 
  306. ^ Ramdohr, Paul (1910). Geschichte der Darmstädter Apotheken. Darmstadt: Wittich'sche Hofbuchdruckerei. p. 39. 
  307. ^ "Hotel Schwarzer Adler". Tirol Werbung GmbH. Retrieved . 
  308. ^ "The wider view: The bell foundry where chimes never change". London: Daily Mail. 2009-11-08. Retrieved . 
  309. ^ "1570??????????:???????" (in Japanese). Suzuka Town Guide. Retrieved 2013. 
  310. ^ "?B-5? ??? ???????????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????????? (Mie Industry and Enterprise Support Center). Retrieved 2017. 
  311. ^ "Luzhou Laojiao 1573, Sichuan Travel Review By jabarootoo". Travel China Guide. Retrieved . 
  312. ^ a b c "????????????????????? 442 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  313. ^ "????????????? - ????????" (in Japanese). Japan Science and Technology Agency. Retrieved 2014. 
  314. ^ a b c d e "?????????481?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2015. 
  315. ^ a b c d e f "100????????4.3%????????????" (in Japanese). Business Kagawa. Retrieved 2013. 
  316. ^ "??????[????]" (in Japanese). i-Townpage. Retrieved 2013. 
  317. ^ "???|??????&??????????????" (in Japanese). Otonari Printing co,. Ltd. Retrieved 2014. 
  318. ^ ????????? ?????(EI-Publishing) (March 2015)
  319. ^ a b "???????????????" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  320. ^ "Dopff Au Moulin - Pioniere des Crémant d'Alsace seit 1574" (in German). vollmundig Schmitz - Feine Weine. Retrieved 2014. 
  321. ^ "Besichtigung Glossner-Bräu mit Brauereimuseum" (in German). Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz. Retrieved 2014. 
  322. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). DigiStyle??. Retrieved 2014. 
  323. ^ "????" (in Japanese). JTB Corporation. Retrieved 2014. 
  324. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ????? (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 2015. 
  325. ^ "?????? (?)???" (in Japanese). ?????????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  326. ^ "Wiener Holzhausen-Verlagsgruppe in Konkurs" (in German). derStandard.at. Retrieved 2014. 
  327. ^ "Waffen Klett, Borken" (in German). Handwerk.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  328. ^ a b c "?????????????????????? 543 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  329. ^ "Ärzte, Hebammen, Apotheken, Drogen, Heilkundige". Landesarchiv Baden Württemberg. Retrieved . 
  330. ^ "??????? ???". ??????? (Kanazawa City Tourism Association). Retrieved . 
  331. ^ "?????????????????? -????????JA??????????????????-" (PDF) (in Japanese). Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2014. 
  332. ^ a b c d e "????:??????????(???)(Special Edition: Survey on "long life companies" (Kagawa Prefecture)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Takamatsu-branch. August 17, 2011. Retrieved 2013. ??????(??10?):???,???????Main long life companies(Top 10): except Temples 1. ?????(???????, Hatano paint) 1582 ???(Paint wholesale), 2. ????(????????, Izumi Shokai) 1663 ?????(Stonework manufacturing), 3. ????(????????, Nishino Kinryo) 1658 ???(Sake wholesale)), 4. ???(????, Izutsuya) 1692 ?????(Noodle manufacturing) 
  333. ^ "??????? ???? - ??(????)????400??" (in Japanese). FUJITSU JOURNAL. Retrieved 2015. 
  334. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ?? ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  335. ^ "Piana Clerico. Lusso dal 1582" (in Italian). Alessandro Serena. Web producer, consulente web. Retrieved 2015. 
  336. ^ "V Hradci se vrátili k tradici va?ení piva, ale v malém - Hradecký deník". Hradecky.denik.cz. 2008-03-26. Retrieved . 
  337. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ???????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  338. ^ "Mayinglong Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. : Fairly valued, but don't skip the other factors". CapitalCube. Retrieved 2017. 
  339. ^ "MaYinglong Group introduction". MaYinglong Group. MaYinglong Group. Retrieved 2017. 
  340. ^ "So war es im Porterhouse im Gnomenkeller" (PDF) (in German). Die WochenSchau. Retrieved 2015. 
  341. ^ "Dragseth's Gasthof" (in German). Tourismus und Stadtmarketing Husum GmbH. Retrieved 2015. 
  342. ^ "???? ???" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  343. ^ a b "?????????????(5?5????)" (in Japanese). Shizuoka Broadcasting System. Retrieved 2015. 
  344. ^ "Julius Kiennast Lebensmittelgroßhandels GmbH" (in German). So schmeckt Niederösterreich (Energie- und Umweltagentur Niederösterreich). Retrieved 2015. 
  345. ^ "???????(1585)400???? ???? ????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  346. ^ "????????????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  347. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ???????(Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 2015. 
  348. ^ "Haeberlein-Metzger - Der Lebkuchen" (in German). Handelsblatt. Retrieved 2015. 
  349. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  350. ^ "????? ???" (in Japanese). All Japan Confectionery Association. Retrieved 2014. 
  351. ^ "Company Overview of Keymer Tiles Limited". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2015. 
  352. ^ "Piesers Gasthaus seit 1589" (in German). Hoga-Professional. Retrieved 2015. 
  353. ^ "Biershop Bayern" (in German). Hoga-Professional. Retrieved 2015. 
  354. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ????? (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 2015. 
  355. ^ "Lana". Legion Paper. Retrieved 2015. 
  356. ^ "Family Business United". Family Business United. Retrieved . 
  357. ^ "Schirm, Charme und Marille" (in German). Die Welt. Retrieved 2013. 
  358. ^ a b c d e f g h "?? 100 ??????????? 514 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  359. ^ a b c d e f g "????????????????????? 1120 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  360. ^ "???????? - ?????????????" (in Japanese). ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  361. ^ "The Most Popular Japanese Landmark! Fushimi Inari-taisha Shrine". OpenRice Group Inc. Retrieved 2017. 
  362. ^ a b c d e f "?????????????????" (PDF) (in Japanese). Oita Small and Medium Enterprise Management Consultant Association. Retrieved 2013. 
  363. ^ "Gasthaus Specht" (in German). Click-Mainz (Frings Medienservice). Retrieved 2015. 
  364. ^ "?????????" (in Japanese). ???????? (Kyoto Prefecture). Retrieved 2015. 
  365. ^ "Kulinarisches" (in German). Appartementhaus Zum Fuchswirt. Retrieved 2015. 
  366. ^ Konrad Dietrich, Brigitte Riethmüller "Osiander 1596-1971. Buchhandel in Tübingen." Osiandersche Buchhandlung 1971
  367. ^ "????(??????????)" (in Japanese). ??????????? (Hitachi Systems, Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  368. ^ a b c d e f g h i "?????? 100 ??????????? 1198 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  369. ^ "??????:??????(?) ??????" (in Japanese). SAKAI tourism & convention Guide. Retrieved 2013. 
  370. ^ "10?04?15???????????" (in Japanese). ?????. Retrieved 2015. 
  371. ^ a b "???23 ?????" (in Japanese). Kyoto City Office. Retrieved 2014. 
  372. ^ "???? ??????? ???? ?????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Ishida Taiseisha Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  373. ^ "Brauerei Gold Ochsen GmbH" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  374. ^ "????? ?????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  375. ^ "????? ???????????" (in Japanese). ??????? (Home Medicine Association of Japan). Retrieved 2015. 
  376. ^ a b c "?3? ??????? ????????????????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????? (Home Medicine Association of Japan). Retrieved 2015. 
  377. ^ "??HD?12????2???" (in Japanese). ?????? (Japan Metal Daily). Retrieved 2015. 
  378. ^ "?????????????&???????" (in Japanese). ?????????? ??. Retrieved 2013. 
  379. ^ "??????????? - ????????" (in Japanese). Wakasa Seikatsu. Retrieved 2014. 
  380. ^ "Glockenmuseum Grassmayr" (in German). Tirol.tl (Peer GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  381. ^ "???????? ??????? ????" (in Japanese). Medical Finder. Retrieved 2013. 
  382. ^ "ARSV: Stämpfli Verlag AG" (in German). ARSV (Arbeitsgemeinschaft rechts- und staatswissenschaftlicher Verlage e.V.). Retrieved 2015. 
  383. ^ Lysons, Daniel; Lysons, Samuel (1800). An historical account of those parishes in the county of Middlesex, which are not described in the Environs of London. Thomas Cadell. p. 152. OCLC 8970070. Retrieved 2015. 
  384. ^ "Guangzhou Chenliji". ???????????? (Guangzhou Industrial Famous & Excellent Products Exhibition & Sales Center). Retrieved 2015. 
  385. ^ "??????: ?"???"????????" (in Chinese). Southcn.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  386. ^ "?????2????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????????????? (?????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  387. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). ???????? (PION Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  388. ^ a b c "???????????????????? 794 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  389. ^ "Okuto Shoji". Harima Kouiki Renkei Kyougikai (Himeji City plan policy promotion office). Retrieved 2017. 
  390. ^ "Hotel Goldener Karpfen" (in German). Förderverein Stadtmarketing Aschaffenburg e.V. Retrieved 2015. 
  391. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  392. ^ "??100?????? ??????????????????" (in Japanese). ??Times (????MEGA-East). Retrieved 2015. 
  393. ^ "????" (in Japanese). ??????? (Shimane Sake Brewers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  394. ^ "2540?????" (in Japanese). ?????????? (Toyo Keizai). Retrieved 2015. 
  395. ^ "????????????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  396. ^ "Château d'Auvernier: une histoire de famille qui s'étale sur quatorze générations" (in French). Hotellerie Gastronomie Verlag. Retrieved 2015. 
  397. ^ "????????? 12??????" (in Japanese). ????????????? (Sendai Tourism & Convention Bureau). Retrieved 2015. 
  398. ^ "Shobido NAGAMATSU BUTSUGUTEN". ??????????? (Teramachi Kyogoku). Retrieved 2015. 
  399. ^ "?????????????????/?????????" (in Japanese). ???????????????? (K?chi Prefecture. Retrieved 2015. 
  400. ^ "????1300??? ????????????????!" (PDF) (in Japanese). Kintetsu. Retrieved 2014. 
  401. ^ "Hirsch Hotel Gehrung - Ostfildern". Venere Net S.r.l. Retrieved 2015. 
  402. ^ "????? ?? ??INFO" (in Japanese). ??????? (Kamakura City Tourist Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  403. ^ "?????????????????" (in Japanese). Revalue Nippon (Hidetoshi Nakata). Retrieved 2015. 
  404. ^ "?? 100 ??????????? 278 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  405. ^ a b c d e "??????????????????:??". hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved . 
  406. ^ "???????? ???? ????" (in Japanese). ??????? (Mito Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 2015. 
  407. ^ a b "??????????32.8? ~???4????????????????45?~" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2014. 
  408. ^ "Altes Gasthaus Leve - Lokale Küche Restaurants - Münster" (in German). Max. Retrieved 2015. 
  409. ^ "Schleppe Brauerei: Erstes Kreativbier der Spezialitätenbrauerei" (in German). about-drinks.com (markt 8 GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  410. ^ "Gassner-Gastronomie Folder" (PDF) (in German). Gassner Gastronomie GmbH. Retrieved 2015. 
  411. ^ "Hofgut Restaurant in Gönnheim" (in German). Mamilade Ausflugsziele. Retrieved 2015. 
  412. ^ "???? ???? - ???? ?????????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  413. ^ "???????? ??? ???????????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  414. ^ "????????????(???) :??" (in Japanese). ????????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  415. ^ "???????????????" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  416. ^ "??????" (PDF) (in Japanese). Chubu Region Institute for Social and Economic Research. Retrieved 2013. 
  417. ^ "??????-????????" (in Japanese). Nagoya City Waterworks & Sewerage Bureau. Retrieved 2013. 
  418. ^ "400 Jahre Töpfertradition" (in German). Heimatzeitung (Neue Presse Multimedia GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  419. ^ "Brauerei und Destillerie Kloster Ettal" (in German). Kur- und Tourist-Information Bad Kohlgrub. Retrieved 2015. 
  420. ^ "Ritterbräu Neumarkt GmbH" (in German). Genussland Oberösterreich. Retrieved 2015. 
  421. ^ "400 lat Apteki Rektorskiej w Zamo?ciu" (in Polish). Aptekarz Polski. September 2009. 
  422. ^ "THE WOOKEY HOLE PAPER MILL". BBC. Retrieved 2015. 
  423. ^ "???? ?????? - ???????WEB??????" (in Japanese). Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Government of Japan. Retrieved 2014. 
  424. ^ "????" (in Japanese). ???? (Asahi Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2015. 
  425. ^ a b c "?? 100 ??????????????? 1272 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  426. ^ "[?????] ??" (in Japanese). Fujingaho. Retrieved 2014. 
  427. ^ "Firmengründungen 1613-1864" (in German). Nordend-Chronik. Retrieved 2015. 
  428. ^ a b Mccormack, Kathy (2010-08-01). "After 378 years, NH family farm goes up for sale | World news". The Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved . 
  429. ^ "?? ????????" (in Japanese). Shibata Tourism Association. Retrieved 2014. 
  430. ^ "?? ??? ???????????? ??????????" (in Japanese). ?????????? (Hakone Hot spring Ryokans and Hotels Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  431. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q ?????????? ?????????????????????
  432. ^ "???? ???" (in Japanese). ??????? (?????????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  433. ^ "???? ????" (in Japanese). 21?????????????? (Aomori Support Center for Industrial Promotion). Retrieved 2015. 
  434. ^ "?????????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  435. ^ "?????????" (in Japanese). ?????????2016 (J-Broad Co., LTD). Retrieved 2015. 
  436. ^ "????????? ????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  437. ^ "??????(?????)" (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  438. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). ?????. Retrieved 2015. 
  439. ^ "Wildbräu Grafing" (in German). Bier-Tour.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  440. ^ "Brauerei C. Wittmann OHG" (in German). Bier-Universum. Retrieved 2015. 
  441. ^ "???? ????????" (in Japanese). DigiStyle??. Retrieved 2015. 
  442. ^ "???? Tokyo???????! 2012?12?23?" (in Japanese). ?????? (Nippon Broadcasting System). Retrieved 2015. 
  443. ^ "Stadtlokal Zum Schwarzen Kameel in Wien" (in German). Österreich Werbung. Retrieved 2015. 
  444. ^ "Simon Aellig" (in German). Valais Terroir (Feinschmecker Wallis). Retrieved 2015. 
  445. ^ "Beste Weine von Weingut Spindler Lindenhof" (in German). Wine in Black. Retrieved 2015. 
  446. ^ "Zur Letzten Instanz". 10Best.com (USA Today). Retrieved 2015. 
  447. ^ "Privatbrauerei Gessner GmbH & Co." (in German). Bierspot.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  448. ^ "Matten bei Interlaken: Gasthof Hirschen hat einen neuen Besitzer" (in German). Berner Oberland News. Retrieved 2015. 
  449. ^ "???(????) ?????????" (in Japanese). ??????????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  450. ^ "2013????" (in Japanese). ??????? (Hiroshima Sake Brewery Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  451. ^ "????????????????????" (in Japanese). ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  452. ^ "?????????? ?????? ?????????" (in Japanese). JR??. Retrieved 2015. 
  453. ^ "??(????) ????????" (in Japanese). ??????? (??? ??.com). Retrieved 2015. 
  454. ^ "???/????" (in Japanese). Kuidaore Osaka: Food Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  455. ^ "??? ???" (in Japanese). Ehime Tourist Information(?????????). Retrieved 2014. 
  456. ^ "???????????? ??????" (in Japanese). Association of Small Business Entrepreneurs in Shizuoka(???????????). Retrieved 2014. 
  457. ^ "Hotel-Gasthof Zum Heidenberg in Büchenbach (Kühedorf)" (in German). Hotel.de AG. Retrieved 2015. 
  458. ^ "????????????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ?????????? (Organization for Small & Medium Enterprises and Regional Innovation, JAPAN). Retrieved 2015. 
  459. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). elphstudio. Retrieved 2014. 
  460. ^ "?????????????????" (in Japanese). Chunichi Shimbun. Retrieved 2014. 
  461. ^ ???? ??????????????? 2014
  462. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ???????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  463. ^ "SAKE SHOP ??? ????" (in Japanese). ?????? ? (Kanazawa City Tourism Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  464. ^ "??? ??" (in Japanese). ?????????? (Hakone Hot spring Ryokans and Hotels Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  465. ^ "?? ???" (in Japanese). ????? (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 2015. 
  466. ^ "Weingut Paul Schunk" (in German). Wein-Plus. Retrieved 2015. 
  467. ^ "??????? ???????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  468. ^ "???????? ???????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  469. ^ "????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  470. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ??????? (?????? ???????). Retrieved 2015. 
  471. ^ "??????????????15????? ??????" (in Japanese). Hidetoshi Nakata. Retrieved 2014. 
  472. ^ "?????????????" (in Japanese). Toyama Chamber of Commerce and Industry(???????????). Retrieved 2014. 
  473. ^ Lonely Planet?Marc Di Duca?Kerry Christiani Lonely Planet Munich, Bavaria & the Black Forest
  474. ^ "?? 100 ?????????????? 2 ? 6,144 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  475. ^ "?????? - ???" (in Japanese). Minobu Shokokai(??????). Retrieved 2014. 
  476. ^ "??????? ?????? ???(??)???" (in Japanese). Gonzo Shouts. Retrieved 2014. 
  477. ^ "?????? ????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  478. ^ "Neumarkter Lammsbräu 1628 Imperial - ein Gourmetbock für biersondere Anlässe" (in German). BierBasis.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  479. ^ "Hotel Schwan in Oestrich" (in German). HRS - Hotel Reservation Service (Robert Ragge GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  480. ^ "winkler braeu seit 1628 brauerei und braeustueberl inh hans konrad winkler" (in German). Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2015. 
  481. ^ "?????????" (in Japanese). ???????? (Association for Long Term Aged Sake). Retrieved 2015. 
  482. ^ a b "????????????????????? 695 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  483. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ???????? (WISTE). Retrieved 2015. 
  484. ^ "Gräfliche Brauerei Arco Valley GmbH" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  485. ^ "?????????????6????????????????????" (in Japanese). ???????? (Sankt Gallen Brewery Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  486. ^ "Nach Rückgängen bei Geschäftsessen: Wirt am Berg sperrt mit Jahresende zu" (in German). Nachrichten.at. Retrieved 2015. 
  487. ^ "????? - ???????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  488. ^ Gerhard A. Stadler Das industrielle Erbe Niederösterreichs: Geschichte, Technik, Architektur
  489. ^ Levow, Faye (2007-10-12). "The story of a red barn in Dover". Seacoast Online. Retrieved . 
  490. ^ Weisgerber, Marcus (2005-11-04). "Planning under way to save historic Tuttle Farm in Dover". Foster's Daily Democrat. Retrieved . 
  491. ^ "Hotel Zum Ochsen Nichtraucher-Gasthof" (in German). HRS - Hotel Reservation Service. Retrieved 2015. 
  492. ^ a b c "?????????? 185 ????????? 2.6%" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  493. ^ "????? | ????" (in Japanese). Link Force CO.,LTD. Retrieved 2013. 
  494. ^ "Vom Hammer bis zum Laserschneiden" (in German). Bergischen Landeszeitung (Kölnische Rundschau). Retrieved 2015. 
  495. ^ "????? ??? ???? ????????" (in Japanese). ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  496. ^ "Weingut Dreikönigshof" (in German). traubenmeer Weinhandelsgesellschaft mbH. Retrieved 2015. 
  497. ^ "????????????" (in Japanese). S-ttoko???? (????????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  498. ^ "Regenfuß Garten- und Landschaftsbau GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Gabot.de (Dehne Dienstleistungs GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  499. ^ "Os segredos da longevidade - Economia - PUBLICO.PT". Público. Retrieved . 
  500. ^ "Okutan - Reviews and Ratings of Restaurants in Kyoto - New York Times Travel". New York Times. Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved . 
  501. ^ "???? ?????" (in Japanese). Kibun Foods Inc. Retrieved 2013. 
  502. ^ "Schlossbrauerei Maxlrain , Bayern, Germany". Waymarking. Retrieved 2015. 
  503. ^ "??? ????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  504. ^ "???? - ??" (in Japanese). ?????? ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  505. ^ Angelika Überrück Die christlichen Motive des Blaudrucks
  506. ^ "-??-????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????? (Morioka Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 2015. 
  507. ^ "Kopke Port". Vintage Port Shop. Retrieved 2015. 
  508. ^ van Goethem, Maureen (13 January 2010). "Touwfabriek 370 jaar jong" [Rope factory 370 years young]. De Stad Nijkerk (in Dutch). BDU Uitgevers BV. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. De fabriek is opgericht in 1638 en daarmee de oudste van Europa. (The factory was founded in 1638 and is therefore the oldest in Europe.) 
  509. ^ "De Nijkerkse touwslagerij - vanaf 1638" [The Nijkerk rope yard]. mijngelderland.nl (in Dutch). 
  510. ^ a b c "??100???????????????298?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  511. ^ "Artifiche: Brand: GABA Basel, CH". Artifiche. Retrieved 2015. 
  512. ^ Johnson, Kirk (1989-03-13). "350-Year-Old Farm Survives the Odds". New York Times. Retrieved . 
  513. ^ a b c d "7 Companies Older Than America". Inc. July 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  514. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ?????? (????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  515. ^ Angelika Überrück Die christlichen Motive des Blaudrucks
  516. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). TOKYO IZEN. Retrieved 2015. 
  517. ^ "??100????????????????214?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  518. ^ "Weingut Bickelmaier" (in German). Weine in Deutschland (malinet Informatik). Retrieved 2015. 
  519. ^ "Romantik Seehotel Sonne" (in German). Swiss Historic Hotels. Retrieved 2015. 
  520. ^ "Weingut Josef Spreitzer" (in German). Hessische Staatskanzlei. Retrieved 2015. 
  521. ^ "voiceMagazine Influencing global debate" (in German). International Cooperative and Mutual Insurance Federation. Retrieved 2015. 
  522. ^ "America's Oldest Family-Run Businesses". everest.edu. 2009-08-12. Retrieved . 
  523. ^ O'Hara, William T. "Family Business - The World's Oldest Family Companies". Family Business. Griequity.com. Retrieved . 
  524. ^ "Cymbal of success". The Cincinnati Post. HighBeam Research. May 28, 2001. Retrieved . (subscription required)
  525. ^ "Hof Apotheke Rüdel" (in German). Walter-CMP GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 2015. 
  526. ^ "?????????????" (in Japanese). ??????????? (JR??). Retrieved 2015. 
  527. ^ "??? ????" (in Japanese). ????? (Television Aichi Broadcasting). Retrieved 2015. 
  528. ^ "Weingut Rudi Rüttger (Neuleiningen)" (in German). Wein lokal (Scientec Internet Applications + Media GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  529. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ????? (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 2015. 
  530. ^ "Rodenberg" (in German). Fair-Hotels (VIVAI Software AG). Retrieved 2015. 
  531. ^ "??????? ????" (in Japanese). ???????????? (Yamagata Prefecture). Retrieved 2015. 
  532. ^ "????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  533. ^ a b c "5 The top oldest newspapers". Liverpool Echo. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 2012.  - via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
  534. ^ "???????????????" (in Japanese). SHUN GATE (Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  535. ^ "???????????34.6?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  536. ^ "Profile of Bodegas Julián Chivite Winery". Cellar Tours (Cellar Tastings SL). Retrieved 2015. 
  537. ^ "Famous sightseeing locations and activity information: Oji Ogiya". LIVE JAPAN (Tokyo Metro, Tokyu Corporation, and Gurunavi, Inc.). Retrieved 2016. 
  538. ^ "WR-Leistungskurse bei Brauerei Bischofshof" (in German). Goethe-Gymnasium Regensburg. Retrieved 2015. 
  539. ^ "???? ??" (in Japanese). ????!????? (Sun Television). Retrieved 2015. 
  540. ^ "Ökowinzer Trautwein - Wein im Einklang mit der Natur" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 2015. 
  541. ^ "Travel: The Great Cafes of Paris". TIME.com. 21 May 1990. 
  542. ^ a b Bell, David A. "Culture and Religion." Old Regime France: 1648-1788. Ed. William Doyle. Oxford u.a.: Oxford Univ., 2003. 78-104. Print.
  543. ^ "Website Petit & Fritsen". 
  544. ^ "Umwelterklärung 2007 - Europa" (PDF) (in German). European Commission. Retrieved 2014. 
  545. ^ "Fachwerk 33 (Bergisch Gladbach)" (in German). StadtGui.de. Retrieved 2014. 
  546. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2014. 
  547. ^ "Post Brauerei Weiler" (in German). Mensa Regio. Retrieved 2014. 
  548. ^ "(?)?????" (in Japanese). ???????????. Retrieved 2014. 
  549. ^ a b c "???????????????" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  550. ^ a b c d "????????????????????? 704 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  551. ^ "Jiuzhitang Co., Ltd - Enghunan". Hunan government. Retrieved . 
  552. ^ "?? ???????" (in Japanese). ?????????????????? (111 Networks Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  553. ^ "Weingut Gotthard Emmerich seit 1651 in Leutesdorf am Rhein" (in German). rheinromantik.de (Deguto Werbeagentur GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  554. ^ "Preisgekrönt im Februar 2010" (in German). Bierclub (Probier GmbH). Retrieved 2015. 
  555. ^ Heng, Li (February 28, 2003). "Bankruptcy of Wangmazi, End of 352-Year-Old Scissors Maker?". People's Daily. Retrieved 2015. 
  556. ^ "Wangmazi" (in German). VisitBeijing.com. Retrieved 2013. 
  557. ^ "Journal 2004, Ausgabe 3" (PDF) (in German). Elster-Instromet. Retrieved 2015. 
  558. ^ "????:????????" (in Japanese). DigiStyle Kyoto. Retrieved 2014. 
  559. ^ "???? ???? ???" (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  560. ^ "Brauerei Faust aus Miltenberg punktet mit regionaler Biervielfalt" (in German). Kartoffelsupp (es-Verlag / Schnelldruck & Kopierzentrum). Retrieved 2015. 
  561. ^ a b "Oldest Companies in the United States". How 100-Year-Old Companies Survive (Vicki TenHaken). Retrieved 2015. 
  562. ^ "??1655? ??????????????" (in Japanese). ?????? ??????? (?????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  563. ^ Giuseppe Ciscato I maestri italiani del ferro battuto 2
  564. ^ "????? ???? ??????". ??? ???????(Central Japan Railway Company). Retrieved . 
  565. ^ "Au Bijou" (in German). Veloclub Basilisk. Retrieved 2015. 
  566. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ???NEWS (??????). Retrieved 2015. 
  567. ^ "??? - ??????" (in Japanese). ?????? ??????.com (???? ?). Retrieved 2015. 
  568. ^ "Der Hirschbräu - Privatbrauerei Höss GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Getränke-Beck GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 2015. 
  569. ^ "???? ????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  570. ^ "??!? ?????" (in Japanese). Hotel Housen Sawara. Retrieved 2014. 
  571. ^ "????" (in Japanese). Hyakumikai(???). Retrieved 2014. 
  572. ^ "Cham Paper Holding AG". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2015. 
  573. ^ "Oldest Gaststaette". Guinness World Records. Retrieved . 
  574. ^ "???? SHUZUI HONTEN" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  575. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ???????e.???? (Sogo & Seibu). Retrieved 2015. 
  576. ^ "????????????" (in Japanese). ???? (?????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  577. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  578. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ?????. Retrieved 2015. 
  579. ^ "???? ??????? ?????????" (in Japanese). ???? Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon). Retrieved 2015. 
  580. ^ "?????? ?????????" (in Japanese). ????.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  581. ^ "???????????350???????--???" (in Japanese). nippon.com (Nippon Communications Foundation). Retrieved 2015. 
  582. ^ "???????????????????" (in Japanese). e-hon (TOHAN Corporation). Retrieved 2015. 
  583. ^ "?????????" (in Japanese). ????KOEDO Net (????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  584. ^ "???? ??" (in Japanese). ????dot COM (ROOTS Co.,Ltd.). Retrieved 2015. 
  585. ^ "???????? ????? ?????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  586. ^ "??????????" (in Japanese). ????????? (????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  587. ^ "??????? ???????" (in German). ???????????? (The Tsuyama Regional Job Creation Council). Retrieved 2015. 
  588. ^ "??????????????????" (in Japanese). Jizake Kuramotokai (?????). Retrieved 2014. 
  589. ^ "Hotel Rössle". HRS - Hotel Reservation Service. Retrieved 2015. 
  590. ^ "??????????" (in Japanese). ?????? (??????). Retrieved 2015. 
  591. ^ "Eine gesunde Mischung" (in German). IHK Trier. Retrieved 2015. 
  592. ^ "Privatbrauerei Hofmann GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  593. ^ "?????????? ??????"?????"?????-??" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  594. ^ "MIT VIDEO: 350 Jahre Firma Krawany in Mödling" (in German). Stadtgemeinde Mödling online (RiS-Kommunal). Retrieved 2015. 
  595. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ?????? (Tobu Railway, Tobu Town Solamachi). Retrieved 2015. 
  596. ^ "???????????????????" (in Japanese). ???? (????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  597. ^ "??????????" (in Japanese). 100????? (??????). Retrieved 2015. 
  598. ^ "???????????? ???????" (in Japanese). ????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  599. ^ "HANGZHOU ZHANG XIAOQUAN GROUP CO.,LTD". ?????????? (China Import and Export Fair). Retrieved 2015. 
  600. ^ "Hauert: erfolgreich seit 1663" (in German). Coopzeitung. Retrieved 2015. 
  601. ^ "???????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  602. ^ "Oldest newspapers still in circulation". World Association of Newspapers. Archived from the original on 7 January 2004. Retrieved 2012. 
  603. ^ "??(???)" (in Japanese). ??? (????????&??????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  604. ^ Thapar, Neil; Alberge, Dalya (1993-04-22). "Spink is sold to Christies: Art market fears potential conflicts of interest following purchase of auction house". London: The Independent. Retrieved . 
  605. ^ "Privatbrauerei M.C. Wieninger" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  606. ^ "?????? ????? ??12 ??????" (in Japanese). ????? MeSay (JCONNECTION INC.). Retrieved 2015. 
  607. ^ "??1666?!???????????????" (PDF) (in Japanese). ??????????? (BS-TBS). Retrieved 2015. 
  608. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). Hanshin Department Store. Retrieved 2014. 
  609. ^ Wigglesworth, Shelley (October 1, 2009). "Inside the Seaside". The Portsmouth Herald. SeacoastOnline. Retrieved 2012. 
  610. ^ "FACES of the Kennebunks Online Exhibition". Brickstoremuseum.org. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved 2012. 
  611. ^ Cullen, Angela (2005-10-25). "Merck KGaA 3rd-Qtr Net Rises 57% on Takeda Payment (Update2)". Bloomberg News. Retrieved . 
  612. ^ Kim, Tae-gyu (2011-05-27). "Merck boosts brand recognition with new logos". Korea Times. Retrieved . 
  613. ^ Gaby Funk DuMont Bildatlas Reiseführer Allgäu
  614. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ???????/?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  615. ^ a b "?? 100 ????????????????? 254 ?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  616. ^ "Hotel-Landgasthof zum Adler" (in German). movelo GmbH. Retrieved 2015. 
  617. ^ "Taverne zum Kreuz, Merkurstrasse" (in German). winterthur-glossar.ch. Retrieved 2015. 
  618. ^ Nicolás Salas (1991). Sevilla: crónicas del siglo XX VOL. 3. Universidad de Sevilla. p. 47. ISBN 9788474050103. Retrieved . 
  619. ^ "Early History of Traders is Full of Romance". The Calgary Daily Herald. Google News. 1919-08-22. p. 22. Retrieved . 
  620. ^ P. Newman (1985). Company of Adventurers: The Story of the Hudson's Bay Company. Volume 1. Viking Penguin. ASIN B0027FLN7K. 
  621. ^ "The Hudson's Bay Company and Territories". Acadian Recorder. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Google News. 1855-12-22. Retrieved . 
  622. ^ Farnsworth, Clyde H. (1992-07-19). "The Lord of Hudson's Bay". The New York Times. Retrieved . 
  623. ^ "Notes and Nibs". The Peninsula Hotels. Retrieved . 
  624. ^ a b "???????????????" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  625. ^ "Tucher Bräu GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  626. ^ "Rongbaozhai - Beijing - ?????". Beijing Municipal Commission of Tourism Development. Retrieved . 
  627. ^ "???????????" (in Japanese). DigiStyle?? (TAIHEI Printing Co.,Ltd). Retrieved 2015. 
  628. ^ "Mariazell ... a gift from heaven". Kleine historische Städte in Österreich. Retrieved 2015. 
  629. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ?????????2015 (???????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  630. ^ "????? ?????" (in Japanese). ???????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  631. ^ a b c "???????????????" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  632. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ??????? (Fukuoka Sake Brewers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  633. ^ "??????????????" (in Japanese). ?????? (Fushimi Sake Brewers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  634. ^ Festa, Jessica (September 2, 2012). "The 3 Best Spots For A Drink In Newport, Rhode Island". Gadling.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  635. ^ Guy, Don (February 5, 1968). "Oldest Tavern Remains Dry". Nashua Telegraph. p. 5. Retrieved 2012. 
  636. ^ "Bioweingut Johannes Zillinger" (in German). Biobauernmarkt Freyung (Verein ARGE Biobauernmarkt). Retrieved 2015. 
  637. ^ "?????3?????????? ?????? 10??????????" (in Japanese). Fukuoka Keizai (??????). Retrieved 2014. 
  638. ^ "????? ??????" (in Japanese). ????? (?????). Retrieved 2015. 
  639. ^ "(?)???" (in Japanese). Sakai Tourism and Convention Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  640. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). Chiba Prefecture. Retrieved 2015. 
  641. ^ "Sabatti Adler". Gun Mart (Aceville Magazines Ltd). Retrieved 2015. 
  642. ^ "??????????? 36.4?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2013. 
  643. ^ Klaus Jahn Radebeul und Umgebung: Sehenswürdigkeiten und Ausflugsziele"Sabatti Adler" (in German). Gun Mart (Aceville Magazines Ltd). Retrieved 2015. 
  644. ^ "??? ???????????" (in Japanese). ?????? (Fushimi Sake Brewers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  645. ^ "????? ? ??? ?? ???'15". 
  646. ^ "Weingut Romanushof" (in German). Wein-Plus. Retrieved 2015. 
  647. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ????????? (Nagasaki Local products promotional association). Retrieved 2015. 
  648. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). S-PAL ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  649. ^ "Tiefenbrunner" (in German). Georg Vogel Weine. Retrieved 2015. 
  650. ^ "??????????????????????607?" (PDF) (in German). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2015. 
  651. ^ "???????/????? Konishi Mankintan". Ise City Tourist Association (???????). Retrieved 2017. 
  652. ^ "???? ????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  653. ^ "Isselhorst" (in German). eurobahn. Retrieved 2015. 
  654. ^ Michelin Travel & Lifestyle Michelin Green Guide Wine Trails of Italy
  655. ^ "??????????????????????" (in Japanese). ?????. Retrieved 2015. 
  656. ^ "Maultrommelerzeugung und Harmonikabau Schwarz" (in German). Oberösterreich Tourismus. Retrieved 2015. 
  657. ^ "Tenryou Sake Brewing Co., Ltd.". Gifu Prefecture, Dep. of Commerce and Industry, Div. of Local Industry. Retrieved 2015. 
  658. ^ "??????????? ????" (in Japanese). Home Medicine Association of Japan. Retrieved 2014. 
  659. ^ "?????" (in Japanese). ????????? (??????). Retrieved 2015. 
  660. ^ "Göteborgs Auktionsverk flyttar runt hörnet" (in Swedish). Mynewsdesk. Retrieved 2015. 
  661. ^ "JEANRICHARD & Arsenal". Lux Worldwide. Retrieved 2015. 
  662. ^ "Grand Hotel Les Trois Rois - Basel". Palace Hotels of the World. Retrieved 2015. 
  663. ^ "Der Ritter" (in German). Heidelberg Marketing GmbH. Retrieved 2015. 
  664. ^ "???????????????? ???????????????????330???????????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  665. ^ "??????? ??????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  666. ^ "???? ?????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  667. ^ Otto Braasch Schwaben accessdate=2014-12-10
  668. ^ "??? ???" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  669. ^ "(?)?????" (in Japanese). ???????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  670. ^ "Historie - Werbung zu DDR-Zeiten" (in German). Torgauer Zeitung. Retrieved 2015. 
  671. ^ "Gasthof in Grafschaft hat ein altes Recht zum Schnapsbrennen" (in German). DerWesten. Retrieved 2015. 
  672. ^ "SFCO (Ancienne Maison Gradis)". Les Hénokiens. Retrieved 2015. 
  673. ^ "??100???????????282?" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 2015. 
  674. ^ "???????? ??? ??????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  675. ^ "Profile of Tarlant Winery". Cellar Tours MMXIV. Retrieved 2015. 
  676. ^ "?S?????????PR??? ???????" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  677. ^ "???? ????? - ?????????? ????????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  678. ^ "????????? - ?????" (in Japanese). ???????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  679. ^ "???? ??? ??Navi??" (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  680. ^ "???? ???????? ????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  681. ^ "Harry - Der Backkönig aus Schenefeld" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. Retrieved 2015. 
  682. ^ "????????? ???????? - ??????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  683. ^ "??????(???)????? ????" (in Japanese). ????? (?????). Retrieved 2015. 
  684. ^ "?????????????" (in Japanese). ??????????????? (????????????????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  685. ^ "Privatbrauerei Kesselring - Pils" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 2015. 
  686. ^ "09 ????????/????? ????????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  687. ^ "Wie er die Welt mit Aachener Printen eroberte" (in German). Die Welt. Retrieved 2015. 
  688. ^ "????? ????" (in Japanese). ??!??????? (???????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  689. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ?????? (?????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  690. ^ "??????????????? ??:??" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  691. ^ "??????????" (in Japanese). ?????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  692. ^ "??(????)???????????????(????)?" (in Japanese). Fuji Corporation Limited (????). Retrieved 2014. 
  693. ^ "??? - ???? ??????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  694. ^ "???? ??????????" (in Japanese). ????. Retrieved 2015. 
  695. ^ "??????????????? ??:??" (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  696. ^ "???? ???? ??????" (in Japanese). ??? ?????? (Central Japan Railway Company). Retrieved 2015. 
  697. ^ "????????? ????? ?? ??" (in Japanese). ????????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  698. ^ "??????~??????????!" (in Japanese). ????????presents ???? (Tokyo FM). Retrieved 2015. 
  699. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ????? (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 2015. 
  700. ^ "?14? ????320????????????????????????" (in Japanese). ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  701. ^ "The Legendary Fudoh Sake of Nabedana Brewery Comes To Singapore!". GourmetEstorie. Retrieved 2014. 
  702. ^ "??????????12????????????!!" (in Japanese). ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  703. ^ "Shogoin Yatsuhashi - The Kyoto Project". Kyoto University of Foreign Studies. Retrieved 2014. 
  704. ^ "???????????" (in Japanese). ??????????? (????????). Retrieved 2015. 
  705. ^ "???(????)???? ??????" (in Japanese). Daisen city, Akita. Retrieved 2014. 
  706. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). Shinjuku Yasubee. Retrieved 2014. 
  707. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  708. ^ "????????" (in Japanese). ?????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  709. ^ "Venues Tokyo Matsuya Showroom Shop". 100 Tokyo (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry). Retrieved 2017. 
  710. ^ "???? ???????????" (in Japanese). ??? ????? ??? ????? ???????. Retrieved 2015. 
  711. ^ "???????" (in Japanese). ??????? - ???. Retrieved 2015. 
  712. ^ "????? ????" (in Japanese). ?????. Retrieved 2015. 
  713. ^ "????:???????" (in Japanese). ??? ??????? (???). Retrieved 2015. 
  714. ^ "Executive Changes at Towle Announced". The Journal. Google News. May 11, 1974. p. 10. Retrieved 2012. 
  715. ^ "?????????????????? ??" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  716. ^ "????????? - ???????" (in Japanese). ????????? (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2015. 
  717. ^ "??????" (in Japanese). ????e??. Retrieved 2015. 
  718. ^ "?????? - ???" (in Japanese). ??????. Retrieved 2015. 
  719. ^ "???" (in Japanese). ????????. Retrieved 2015. 
  720. ^ "Domaine Valentin Zusslin". The Artisan Wine Fair, London. Retrieved 2015. 
  721. ^ "?????????!" (in Japanese). Shizuoka Living Newspaper Network, Inc.(L-wave(??????)~??????~). Retrieved 2014. 
  722. ^ "Ekelund". Moomin product gallery. Retrieved 2015.