A list of people notable in the field of pathology.
- John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, neuropathologist and philosopher.
- Maude Abbott (1869-1940), Canadian pathologist, one of the earliest women graduated in Medicine, expert in congenital heart diseases.
- Emile Achard (1860-1944), French internist and pathologist.
- A. Bernard Ackerman (1936-2008), American dermatopathologist & dermatologist
- Lauren Ackerman (1905-1993), American pathologist and one of the fathers of Surgical pathology.
- Theodor Ackermann (1825-1896), German pathologist.
- Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (1850-1921), Polish pathologist, (see Artery of Adamkiewicz).
- W. Stewart Alexander, contemporary British pathologist (see Alexander disease).
- Friedrich August von Ammon (1799-1861), German ophthalmologist and pathologist.
- Nikolay Anichkov (1885-1964), Russian pathologist.
- Julius Arnold (1835-1915), German pathologist.
- Ludwig Aschoff (1866-1942), German pathologist, discoverer of the Aschoff body and the Atrioventricular node in the heart.
- Max Askanazy (1865-1940), German pathologist (see Askanazy cell).
- E. Ask-Upmark, 20th-century Swedish pathologist (see Ask-Upmark kidney).
- Heinrich von Bamberger (1822-1888), Austrian pathologist from Prague.
- Paul Clemens von Baumgarten (1848-1928), German pathologist.
- John Bruce Beckwith (born 1933), American pathologist (see Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome).
- Franz Best (1878-1920), German pathologist (see Best's disease).
- Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802), French anatomist and physiologist, remembered as father of modern histology and pathology.
- Max Bielschowsky (1869-1940), German neuropathologist & developer of histochemical stains.
- Edmund Biernacki (1866-1912), Polish pathologist (see Biernacki Reaction).
- Felix Victor Birch-Hirschfeld (1842-1899), German pathologist.
- Giulio Bizzozero (1846-1901), Italian doctor and medical researcher.
- Otto Bollinger (1843-1909), German pathologist.
- William Boyd (1885-1979) Scottish-Canadian physician, pathologist, academic and author of several 20th-century textbooks on general and surgical pathology.
- Erich Franz Eugen Bracht (1882-1969), German pathologist and gynaecologist.
- Fritz Brenner (born 1877), German pathologist (see Brenner tumor).
- Alexander Breslow (1928-1980), American pathologist (see Breslow's depth).
- Richard Bright (1789-1858), British internist and pathologist (see Bright's disease).
- Ludwig von Buhl (1816-1880), German pathologist.
- Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934), Spanish pathologist and Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1906
- Francis Camps (1905-1972), English forensic pathologist.
- Myrtelle Canavan (1879-1953), American physician, medical researcher, one of the first female pathologists (see Canavan disease).
- Karl Friedrich Canstatt (1807-1850), German physician, pathologist and medical author.
- Marie Cassidy (born 1959), Irish forensic pathologist.
- Benjamin Castleman (1906-1982), American surgical pathologist and eponymist of Castleman's disease.
- Hans Chiari (1851-1916), Austrian pathologist (see Arnold-Chiari malformation, Budd-Chiari syndrome).
- Jacob Churg (1910-2005), Russian-born American pathologist (see Churg-Strauss syndrome).
- Giuseppe Vincenzo Ciaccio (1824-1901), Italian anatomist and histologist.
- Julius Friedrich Cohnheim (1839-1884), German pathologist.
- Albert Coons (1912-1978), American physician, immunologist, & immunopathologist.
- Astley Cooper (1768-1841), English surgeon, anatomist & pathologist.
- Dominic Corrigan (1802-1880), Irish physician & pathologist (see Corrigan's pulse).
- Ramzi Cotran, American pathologist
- William Thomas Councilman (1854-1933), American pathologist (see Councilman body).
- Jean Cruveilhier (1791-1874), French anatomist and pathologist (see Cruveilhier's sign, Cruveilhier-Baumgarten disease).
- David C. Dahlin (1917-2003) American surgical & orthopedic pathologist.
- James R. Dawson (born 1908), American pathologist (see Dawson encephalitis).
- Francis Delafield (1841-1915), American physician & pathologist.
- Franz Dittrich (1815-1859), Austrian-Bohemian-German pathologist.
- Robin Dodge (1922-2015), English pathologist at The Christie Centre, Manchester.
- Karl Gottfried Paul Döhle (1855-1928), German pathologist & histologist (see Döhle bodies).
- William L. Donohue (1906-1985), Canadian pathologist (see Donohue syndrome).
- Georges Dreyer (1873-1934), Danish pathologist, professor of pathology at Oxford University.
- I. N. Dubin (born 1913), American pathologist (see Dubin-Johnson syndrome).
- Cuthbert Dukes (1890-1977), English physician and pathologist for whom the Dukes classification for colorectal cancer is named.
- Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835), French military surgeon & surgical pathologist.
- Karl Joseph Eberth (1835-1926), German pathologist and bacteriologist.
- Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), German physician, researcher and pathologist, Nobel laureate, one of the founders of immunology & laboratory medicine.
- Jakob Erdheim (1874-1937), Austrian pathologist (see Erdheim-Chester disease).
- James Ewing (1866-1943), American surgical pathologist, first professor of Pathology at Cornell University, eponymist of Ewing's sarcoma, one of the founders of AACR.
- Robert (Robin) Sanno Fåhræus (1888-1968), Swedish pathologist (see Fåhræus effect and Fåhræus-Lindqvist effect).
- Sidney Farber (1903-1973), American pediatric pathologist, regarded as the father of modern chemotherapy, and after whom the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute is named.
- Martin J. Fettman (born 1956), American veterinarian, veterinary pathologist, and astronaut
- Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (1867-1928), Danish physician & pathologist, Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1926.
- Paul Flechsig (1847-1929), German neuroanatomist, psychiatrist and neuropathologist.
- Christopher D. M. Fletcher, Anglo-American pathologist
- Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (1819-1885), German pathologist.
- Nikolaus Friedreich (1825-1882), German pathologist and neurologist.
- August von Froriep (1849-1917), German anatomist.
- Robert Froriep (1804-1861), German anatomist and medical publisher.
- Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt (1833-1902), German pathologist.
- Joseph von Gerlach (1820-1896), German professor of anatomy, pioneer of histological staining and micrography.
- Gustav Giemsa (1867-1948), German physician, pathologist, & histochemist (see Giemsa stain)
- Anthony Gill (1972- ), Australian pathologist and medical researcher
- Camillo Golgi (1843-1926), Italian neuropathologist & Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 1906
- Ernest Goodpasture (1886-1960), American pathologist, eponymist of Goodpasture's syndrome.
- Austin Gresham (1925-2009), English forensic pathologist.
- Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese medical scientist.
- Ludvig Hektoen (1863-1951), American researcher on pathology of infectious diseases.
- Arnold Ludwig Gotthilf Heller (1840-1913), German anatomist and pathologist.
- Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle (1809-1885), German physician, pathologist and anatomist.
- Richard L. Heschl (1824-1881), Austrian anatomist & pathologist.
- Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866), English physician & pathologist; eponymist of Hodgkin's disease.
- Friedrich Albin Hoffmann (1843-1924), German internist and pathologist.
- Jason Hornick, American pathologist and researcher
- Karl Hürthle (1860-1945), German physiologist and histologist.
- Helen Hart (1900-1971), American plant pathologist
- Paul Eston Lacy (born 1924), former chairperson of pathology at Washington University and diabetes researcher.
- Paul Langerhans (1847-1888), German pathologist, physiologist and biologist.
- William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), English authority on the pathology of human parasitic diseases (see leishmaniasis)
- George Lignac (1891-1954), Dutch pathologist-anatomist.
- Henrique da Rocha Lima (1879-1956), Brazilian physician, pathologist and infectologist
- James Linder (born 1954), American cytopathologist and technological developer
- Leo Loeb (born 1869), American pathologist and early cancer researcher.
- Christian Georg Schmorl (1861-1932), German pathologist.
- Richard Scolyer, Australian pathologist
- Johann Lukas Schönlein (1793-1864), German naturalist, and pathologist.
- Charles Scott Sherrington (1857-1952), English neuropathologist & Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1932
- Richard Shope (1901-1966), American virologist and pathologist.
- Keith Simpson (1907-1985), English forensic pathologist.
- Lee J. Slavutin (born 1951), Australian pathologist.
- Maud Slye (1879-1954), American experimental pathologist.
- Theobald Smith (1859-1934), American pioneering epidemiologist and pathologist.
- Kim Solez (born 1946), American pathologist, father of the Banff Classification of Transplantation Pathology.
- Sir Bernard Spilsbury (1877-1947), British pathologist.
- Sophie Spitz (1910-1956), American surgical pathologist, eponymist of Spitz nevus
- Edward Stafne (born 1894, date of death unknown), American oral pathologist (see Stafne defect).
- Allen Starry (1890-1973), American pathologist (see Warthin-Starry stain).
- Javier Arias Stella (born 1924), Peruvian pathologist, describer of the Arias Stella reaction in the endometrium.
- Stephen Sternberg (born 1920), American pathologist, founding Editor-in-Chief of The American Journal of Surgical Pathology and editor of several 20th-century pathology textbooks.
- Arthur Purdy Stout (1885-1967). American surgeon and pathologist, & one of the fathers of modern Surgical pathology.
- Lotte Strauss (1913-1985), American pathologist (see Churg-Strauss syndrome).
- Erik Waaler (1903-1997), Norwegian professor of medicine.
- Hermann Julius Gustav Wächter (born 1878, date of death unknown), German physician (see Bracht-Wachter bodies.
- Ernst Leberecht Wagner (1829-1888), German pathologist.
- Heinrich von Waldeyer-Hartz (1836-1921), German anatomist.
- Robin Warren (born 1937), Australian gastrointestinal pathologist & Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2005.
- Aldred Scott Warthin (1866-1931), American pathologist (see Warthin-Starry stain).
- Friedrich Wegener (1907-1990), German pathologist (see Wegener's granulomatosis).
- Anton Weichselbaum (1845-1920), Austrian pathologist and bacteriologist.
- Carl Weigert (1845-1904), developer of histochemical stains.
- Adolf Weil (1848-1916), German physician and pathologist (see Weil's disease).
- Sharon Weiss (born 1945), American surgical pathologist, expert on soft tissue pathology (see Sarcoma).
- William Henry Welch (1850-1934), American physician, pathologist, bacteriologist, medical school administrator, founder professor at Johns Hopkins Hospital.
- Max Westenhöfer, (1871-1957), German pathologist, disciple of Rudolf Virchow, author of the aquatic ape hypothesis and influential on the development of pathology and social medicine in Chile.
- George Whipple (1878-1976), American physician, pathologist, biomedical researcher, and medical school educator and administrator.
- James Homer Wright (1869-1928), surgical pathologist and developer of histochemical stains (see Wright stain).