List of Space Travelers by Name
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List of Space Travelers by Name
The criteria for determining who has achieved human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) defines spaceflight as any flight above 100 kilometres (62 mi), a definition recognized by every country. In the 1960s, the United States Department of Defense awarded the rating of astronaut to military and civilian pilots who flew aircraft higher than 50 miles (80 km). This list follows the FAI criterion.
From the Department of Defense, eight USAF and NASA pilots qualified for the Astronaut Badge by flying the sub-orbital X-15 rocket spaceplane. One of these, Joseph A. Walker, flew the X-15 above 100 km on two flights, becoming the first person to enter space twice. However, the other pilots did not reach the 100 km FAI limit.
All other men and women traveled to outer space in non-winged rockets, the orbital space shuttle, or the sub-orbital Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne rocket spaceplane.
People who died training for space travel or died during missions that failed to reach the required altitude such as Christa McAuliffe can be found in the article on space disasters.
As of November 6, 201338 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline (543 people have qualified when including the US Department of Defense classification). Of the 536, three people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 533 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon.
, a total of 536 people from
As of June 17, 2018
, a total of 561 people have gone to space.
Space travelers have spent over 29,000 man-days (or a cumulative total of over 77 years) in space including over 100 man-days of spacewalks.
- Names in italic are space travelers who have left low Earth orbit.
- National flags indicate the space traveler's citizenship at the time of flight(s).
- A before a name denotes space travelers who have walked on the moon.
- A before a name denotes that the person died during spaceflight, or during an attempted spaceflight.
- A before a name denotes a female space traveler.
- A before a name denotes a male space traveler.
- A before a name denotes that the person is currently in space.
- Joseph M. Acaba
- Loren Acton
- James Adamson
- / Viktor M. Afanasyev
- Aydyn Aimbetov, first cosmonaut by KazCosmos-selection in space
- Thomas Akers
- Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese person in space
- Vladimir Aksyonov
- Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first Middle Eastern person in space
- Buzz Aldrin, flew on Apollo 11; second person to walk on the Moon
- Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov
- Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
- Andrew M. Allen
- Joseph P. Allen
- Scott Altman
- William Anders, first Asian-born person in space (born in Hong Kong, but an American citizen)
- Clayton Anderson
- Michael P. Anderson (1959-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- (Claudie André-Deshays - see Claudie Haigneré)
- / Anousheh Ansari, fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space
- Dominic A. Antonelli
- Jerome Apt
- Lee Archambault
- Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), flew on Apollo 11; first person to walk on the Moon
- Richard R. Arnold
- Oleg Artemyev
- Anatoly Artsebarsky
- Yuri Artyukhin (1930-1998)
- Jeffrey Ashby
- Oleg Atkov
- Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space
- Serena Auñón-Chancellor
- / Sergei Avdeyev
- James Bagian, first Armenian in space
- Ellen Baker
- Michael Baker
- Aleksandr Balandin
- Michael Barratt
- Daniel Barry
- John-David F. Bartoe
- Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space
- Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
- Alan Bean (1932-2018), flew on Apollo 12; fourth person to walk on the Moon
- Robert L. Behnken
- Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space
- Pavel Belyayev (1925-1970)
- Georgi Beregovoi (1921-1995), earliest-born person to go into orbit
- Anatoli Berezovoy (1942-2014)
- Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut; suborbital flight only
- John Blaha
- Michael J. Bloomfield
- Guion Bluford, first African-American in space
- Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut
- Eric A. Boe
- Charles Bolden
- Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space
- Andrei Borisenko
- Frank Borman, commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon
- Stephen G. Bowen
- Kenneth Bowersox
- Charles Brady (1951-2006)
- Vance Brand
- Daniel Brandenstein
- Randolph Bresnik
- Roy Bridges; became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
- Curtis Brown
- David M. Brown (1956-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- Mark Brown
- James Buchli
- Jay Buckey
- Nikolai Budarin
- Daniel Burbank
- Daniel Bursch
- Valery Bykovsky
- Robert Cabana
- Charles Camarda
- Kenneth Cameron
- Duane Carey
- Scott Carpenter (1925-2013), a Project Mercury astronaut
- Gerald Carr
- Sonny Carter (1947-1991)
- John Casper
- Christopher J. Cassidy, 500th astronaut in space
- Robert Cenker
- Gene Cernan (1934-2017), flew on Apollo 17
- Gregory Chamitoff
- / Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights
- / Kalpana Chawla (1961-2003), first Indian-American woman in space; died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- Maurizio Cheli
- Chen Dong
- Leroy Chiao
- Kevin Chilton
- Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
- Laurel B. Clark (1961-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- Mary Cleave
- Jean-François Clervoy
- Michael Clifford
- Michael Coats
- Kenneth Cockrell
- Catherine Coleman
- Eileen Collins
- Michael Collins, flew on Apollo 11; first Italian-born person in space (born in Rome to American parents)
- Pete Conrad, (1930-1999), commanded Apollo 12 and the first Skylab mission
- Gordon Cooper (1927-2004), first American to fly in space for over 24 hours
- Richard Covey
- Timothy Creamer
- John Creighton
- Robert Crippen, flew on STS-1
- Samantha Cristoforetti, first Italian woman in space
- Roger Crouch
- Frank Culbertson
- Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7
- Robert Curbeam
- Nancy Currie (Nancy Sherlock)
- Francis Gaffney
- Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968), first person in space
- Ronald Garan
- Dale Gardner
- Guy Gardner
- Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space
- Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space
- Owen Garriott
- Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space; son of Skylab astronaut Owen Garriott
- Charles Gemar
- Michael Gernhardt
- Alexander Gerst
- Edward Gibson
- Robert L. Gibson
- / Yuri Gidzenko
- Yuri Glazkov (1939-2008)
- John Glenn (1921-2016), first American to orbit the Earth, the oldest person to make a spaceflight, and U.S. Senator
- Linda Godwin
- Michael T. Good
- Viktor Gorbatko
- Richard Gordon (1929-2017), flew on Apollo 12
- Dominic Gorie
- Ronald Grabe
- Georgi Grechko
- Frederick Gregory
- William Gregory
- Stanley Griggs (1939-1989)
- Virgil "Gus" Grissom (1926-1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice; first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft; would have been the first person to fly three times; died in the Apollo 1 disaster
- John Grunsfeld
- Aleksei Gubarev
- Umberto Guidoni
- Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space
- Sidney Gutierrez
- Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space
- Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space
- Jean-Pierre Haigneré
- Fred Haise, flew on Apollo 13
- James Halsell
- Kenneth Ham
- Lloyd Hammond
- Gregory Harbaugh
- Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space
- Terry Hart
- Henry Hartsfield (1933-2014)
- Frederick Hauck
- Steven Hawley
- Susan Helms
- Karl Henize (1926-1993)
- Thomas Hennen
- Terence Henricks
- Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space
- José Hernández
- John Herrington, first Native American in space
- Richard Hieb
- Joan Higginbotham
- David Hilmers
- Kathryn Hire
- Charles Hobaugh
- Jeffrey Hoffman
- Michael S. Hopkins
- Scott Horowitz
- Akihiko Hoshide
- Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female payload specialist
- Douglas G. Hurley
- Rick Husband (1957-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- Steven MacLean
- Sandra Magnus
- Oleg Makarov (1933-2003)
- Yuri Malenchenko
- Franco Malerba, first Italian in space (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.)
- Yury Malyshev (1941-1999)
- / Gennadi Manakov
- Musa Manarov, first Azerbaijan-born man in space
- Thomas H. Marshburn
- Michael Massimino
- Richard Mastracchio
- Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II, flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C
- K. Megan McArthur
- William S. McArthur
- Jon McBride
- Bruce McCandless II (1937-2017)
- William C. McCool (1961-2003), died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- Michael J. McCulley
- James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9
- Donald McMonagle
- Ronald McNair (1950-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
- Carl Meade
- Bruce Melnick
- Pamela Melroy
- Leland D. Melvin
- Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut; suborbital flight only
- Ulf Merbold
- Ernst Messerschmid
- Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger
- Alexander Misurkin
- Edgar Mitchell (1930-2016), flew on Apollo 14
- Andreas Mogensen, first Dane in space
- Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space
- Mamoru Mohri
- Barbara Morgan
- Lee Morin
- Boris Morukov
- Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space
- Richard Mullane
- Talgat Musabayev, first Kazakh citizen in space
- Story Musgrave
- Gennady Padalka, as of 2015, has spent longer in space than any other person, at 879.48 days over five flights
- William Pailes
- Scott Parazynski
- Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008)
- Robert Parker
- Luca Parmitano
- Nicholas Patrick
- Viktor Patsayev (1933-1971), died during Soyuz 11
- James Pawelczyk
- Julie Payette
- Gary Payton, first military astronaut
- Tim Peake
- Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
- Thomas Pesquet
- Donald Peterson
- Donald Pettit
- Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space
- John Phillips
- William Pogue (1930-2014)
- Alan G. Poindexter (1961-2012)
- Mark Polansky
- Alexander Poleshchuk
- / Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days
- Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space
- Leonid Popov
- Pavel Popovich (1930-2009), first Ukrainian-born person in space
- Charles Precourt
- Sergey Prokopyev
- Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space
- Ilan Ramon (1954-2003), first Israeli in space; died on February 1, 2003, in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster of STS-107
- William Readdy
- Kenneth Reightler
- James F. Reilly
- Garrett Reisman
- Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS
- Vladimír Remek, first Czechoslovak and first non-Soviet European in space
- Judith Resnik (1949-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
- Sergei Revin
- Paul W. Richards
- Richard N. Richards
- Sally Ride (1951-2012), first American woman in space
- Stephen Robinson
- Roman Romanenko
- Yury Romanenko
- Kent Rominger
- Stuart Roosa (1933-1994), flew on Apollo 14
- Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights
- Valery Rozhdestvensky
- Kathleen Rubins
- Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932-2002)
- Mario Runco, Jr.
- Sergey Ryazansky
- / Valery Ryumin
- Sergey Nikolayevich Ryzhikov
- Albert Sacco
- Aleksandr Samokutyayev
- Gennadi Sarafanov (1942-2005)
- Robert Satcher
- Viktor Savinykh
- Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space
- Wally Schirra (1923-2007)
- Hans Schlegel
- Harrison Schmitt, flew on Apollo 17
- Rusty Schweickart
- Dick Scobee (1939-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
- David Scott
- Winston Scott
- / Paul Scully-Power
- Richard A. Searfoss
- Margaret Rhea Seddon
- Ronald M. Sega
- / Piers Sellers (1955-2016)
- / Aleksandr Serebrov
- Yelena Serova
- Vitaly Sevastyanov
- Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut
- Salizhan Sharipov, first Kyrgyzstan-born man in space
- Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space
- Helen Sharman, first Briton in space
- Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space
- Brewster Shaw
- Alan Shepard (1923-1998), first American in space
- William Shepherd
- Anton Shkaplerov
- Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space
- Georgy Shonin (1935-1997)
- Loren Shriver
- Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space
- / Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant; second Hungarian in space after Bertalan Farkas
- Oleg Skripochka
- Aleksandr Skvortsov
- Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924-1993), a Mercury astronaut
- Steven Smith
- > Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvian-born man in space
- Vladimir Solovyov
- Sherwood Spring
- Robert Springer
- Thomas P. Stafford
- Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
- Robert Stewart
- Nicole Stott
- / Gennadi Strekalov (1940-2004)
- Frederick Sturckow
- Kathryn D. Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space
- Maksim Surayev
- Steven Swanson
- John "Jack" Swigert (1931-1982), flew on Apollo 13
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