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Little Italy is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated primarily by Italians or people of Italian ancestry, usually in an urban neighborhood. The concept of "Little Italy" holds many different aspects of the Italian culture. There are shops selling Italian goods as well as Italian restaurants lining the streets. A "Little Italy" strives essentially to have a version of the country of Italy placed in the middle of a big non-Italian city. This sort of enclave is often the result of periods of immigration in the past, during which people of the same culture settled together in certain areas. As cities modernized and grew, these areas became known for their ethnic associations, and towns like "Little Italy" blossomed, becoming the icons they are today.
List of Little Italys
- Little Italy, Edmonton in Alberta. This ethnic enclave shares its community with a Chinatown.
- Little Italy, Montreal, in Quebec - this city also has a Chinatown and a Little India.
- Little Italy, Ottawa, in Ontario.
- Little Italy, Toronto, in Ontario - this city also has a Chinatown and a Koreatown.
- Little Italy, Vancouver, in British Columbia - this city also has a Chinatown and a Japantown.
- Little Italy, Windsor, in Ontario.
- Little Italy, Winnipeg, in Manitoba.
- Several Little Italies exist in New York City, including:
- Little Italy, Manhattan
- Italian Harlem
- Little Italy, The Bronx
- Belmont, Bronx
- Morris Park, Bronx
- Country Club, Bronx
- Pelham Bay, Bronx
- Bensonhurst, Brooklyn
- South Brooklyn
- Bay Ridge, Brooklyn
- Dyker Heights, Brooklyn
- Williamsburg, Brooklyn;
- Howard Beach, Queens
- Ozone Park, Queens
- Astoria, Queens
- Middle Village, Queens
- Rosebank, Staten Island
- Many Staten Island neighborhoods (44% of Borough Residents claim Italian ancestry)
- Little Italy, Chicago, in Illinois
- Little Italy, Altoona, in Pennsylvania
- Little Italy, Baltimore, in Maryland
- North End, Boston, in Massachusetts
- Little Italy, Bridgeport, in Connecticut
- Franklin Avenue in Hartford, Connecticut
- Little Italy, Buffalo, in New York
- Little Italy, Rochester - Gates Ny - Lyell Ave & Spencerport Rd
- Little Italy, Cleveland, in Ohio
- Little Italy, Connellsville, in Pennsylvania
- Little Italy in Erie, Pennsylvania, an area centered on West 18th Street between Sassafras and Liberty Streets.
- Little Italy, Kansas City, Missouri - Now defunct and mainly inhabited by South East Asian migrants.
- Little Italy, Los Angeles - the site of the former neighborhood includes the Italian American Museum of Los Angeles
- Wooster Square, in New Haven, Connecticut
- East Haven, Connecticut (40% of residents claim Italian ancestry)
- Little Italy, Omaha, in Nebraska
- Little Italy, Paterson, in New Jersey
- South Trenton, New Jersey
- South Philadelphia in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Federal Hill in Providence, Rhode Island
- North Providence, Rhode Island (small town with high number of Italians; about the size of most Little Italies in big cities).
- The Hill Little Italy in St. Louis, Missouri
- Little Italy, San Diego, California
- North Beach, San Francisco, in California
- Little Italy, Schenectady, in New York
- South End, Springfield, in Massachusetts
- Little Italy, Syracuse, in New York
- Little Italy, Waterbury, in Connecticut
- Little Italy, Clay County, West Virginia
- Little Italy, Randolph County, West Virginia
- Little Italy, Wilmington, in Delaware
- Brier Hill in Youngstown, Ohio
Republic of Ireland
Other Italian neighborhoods
Some Italian neighborhoods may have other names, but are colloquially referred to as "Little Italy," including:
- Chipilo, Puebla
- Colonia Manuel Gonzalez, Veracruz
- Colonia Roma, Mexico City
- Gutierrez Zamora, Veracruz
- Colonia Diez Gutierrez, San Luis Potosi
- San Pedro (Monterrey), Nuevo Leon
- Nueva Italia, Michoacán
- Lombardia, Michoacán
- Arandas, Jalisco
- Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo
- Little Italy, Montreal
- St. Leonard, a borough of Montreal with a large Italian population
- LaSalle, a borough in Montreal with a large Italian population
- Rivière-des-Prairies-Pointe-aux-Trembles, another borough of Montreal with a prominent Italian population
- Corso Italia (Toronto) and Little Italy, Toronto, prominent Italian neighbourhoods in Toronto
- Vaughan, Ontario, A city in just north of Toronto with a high population of Italians
- Stoney Creek, Hamilton, Ontario
- North Burnaby, British Columbia
- North Beach, San Francisco, California
- Little Italy, San Diego, California
- Spaghetti Hill, Monterey, California
- Thompsonville (Enfield), Connecticut
- Town Plot in Waterbury, Connecticut
- Wooster Square in New Haven, Connecticut
- Taylor Street Archives, Chicago, Illinois (The port-of-call for Chicago's Italian Americans)
- Heat of Little Italy, Chicago, Illinois
- Little Sicily, Chicago, Illinois
- Bridgeport, Chicago, Illinois
- Dunning, Chicago
- Indy Little Italy, Indianapolis, Indiana
- Des Moines, Iowa, South Des Moines is an Italian neighborhood
- Independence, Louisiana
- Old Forge, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania (Also known as "The Pizza Capital of the World" for their great pizza)
- Little Italy, Baltimore, Maryland
- North End, Boston, Massachusetts
- Columbus Park, Kansas City, Missouri
- The Hill, St. Louis, Missouri
- North East, Kansas City, Missouri (formerly Columbus Square)
- Little Italy, Omaha, Nebraska
- Seventh Avenue, Newark, New Jersey
- Varick Street, Utica, New York
- Dominick Street, Rome, New York
- North Side, Buffalo, New York, though "Little Italy" was considered the West Side of the city
- Schenectady, New York, proposed "Little Italy" from Hillary Clinton, to run through sections of downtown.
- Utica, New York, East Side considered to be city's "Little Italy"
- Brier Hill, Youngstown, Ohio
- Italian Village (Columbus), Ohio
- Italian Market (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania
- Bloomfield (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania
- Easton, Pennsylvania
- Roseto, Pennsylvania
- Federal Hill, Providence, Rhode Island
- Johnston, Rhode Island has the highest percentage of Italian Americans of any municipality in the country.
- Galveston, Texas, south of Houston, highest Italian-American population in the Greater Houston as well as Texas.
- Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.
- Buzzelli, Michael. "From Little Britain to Little Italy: an urban ethnic landscape study in Toronto." Journal of Historical Geography 27.4 (2001): 573-587.
- Frunza, Bogdana Simina. Streetscape and Ethnicity: New York's Mulberry Street and the Redefinition of the Italian American Ethnic Identity (ProQuest, 2008)
- Gabaccia, Donna R. " Inventing 'Little Italy'" Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era (2007): 7-41. 2006 SHGAPE Presidential Address in JSTOR
- Gabaccia, Donna R. "Global geography of 'Little Italy': Italian neighbourhoods in comparative perspective." Modern Italy 11#1 (2006): 9-24. online
- Harney, Robert F. "Toronto's Little Italy, 1885-1945." in Robert F. Harney and J. Vincenza Scarpaci, eds. Little Italies in North America (1981): 41-62.
- Immerso, Michael. Newark's little Italy: The vanished first ward (Rutgers University Press, 1999).
- Juliani, Richard N. Building Little Italy: Philadelphia's Italians Before Mass Migration (Penn State Press, 2005)
- Pozzetta, George E. "The Mulberry District of New York City: The Years before World War One." in Robert F. Harney and J. Vincenza Scarpaci, eds. Little Italies in North America (Toronto: The Multicultural History Society of Ontario, 1979) pp: 7-40.
- Sandler, Gilbert. The Neighborhood: The Story of Baltimore's Little Italy (Bodine & Associates, 1974).
- Worrall, Janet E. "The impact of the Ku Klux Klan and prohibition on Denver's little Italy." Journal of the West 43#4 (2004): 32-40.