|Industry||IT services, IT consulting|
|Fate||Acquired by CGI Group|
|Headquarters||Reading, United Kingdom|
Serge Godin (Executive Chairman)|
George D Schindler (President and CEO)
|Services||IT, business consulting and outsourcing services|
|Revenue||£3,921 million (2011)|
|£54.5 million (2011)|
|£27.2 million (2011)|
The company had offices in London and a number of major cities across England, Wales and Scotland, as well as in other countries around the world.
Logica was founded by Len Taylor, Philip Hughes, Pat Coen, Steve Feldman and John McNeil as a systems integration business in 1969. Early projects included the control system for the United Kingdom's natural gas grid in 1971 and the design of the SWIFT network for international money transfers in 1973.
In 1974, Logica, together with the French company SESA, set up a joint venture, Sesa-Logica, to undertake the European Informatics Network development. This project, with the support of partners throughout Europe and the assistance of Bolt, Beranek and Newman in Cambridge, Massachusetts, brought the core datagram technology of the Arpanet, now the Internet, to Europe for the first time, and established a network linking research centres in a number of European countries, including CERN, the French research centre INRIA and the UK's National Physical Laboratory.
In 1975, Logica developed the first electronic typing pool - Unicom - for Unilever. This development allowed the functions of a typing pool to be automated into a single system supporting about 50 workstations. With the support of the UK's National Enterprise Board, the company established a new subsidiary to exploit this technology, Logica VTS. A range of standalone word processors, the VTS 100 and the VTS 2200, were developed and were manufactured at a purpose built factory in Swindon. These machines were sold internationally by BT and by International Computers Ltd, and were amongst the first word processors to achieve mass sales. The advent of the personal computer, and software such as Microsoft Word, led to the decline of this business and its ultimate closure.
Around this time, Logica set up operating subsidiaries in the Netherlands, Australia, Sweden, the United States and elsewhere as well as joint ventures in Hong Kong with Jardine Matheson, in Italy with Finsiel and in the UK with British Airways. The company floated on the London Stock Exchange on 26 October 1983.
During the late 1980s and early 1990s the company was led by David Mann. Dr Martin Read was recruited from GEC Marconi and appointed CEO in August 1993. Most of the executive directors left the company during the two years following his appointment - David Mann, Colin Rowland, Andrew Karney, Ian Macleod and Cliff Preddy. In 2001 the company secured an outsourcing contract to create and operate a new case management system for the Crown Prosecution Service. At this time the level of Dr Read's remuneration received attention when it was revealed that he enjoyed a £28 million pay packet.
In 2000, Logica acquired the German computing services business PDV for £370 million, increasing the size of the German workforce by 1,200 in the process.
In 2005, LogicaCMG purchased 60% of the Portuguese company Edinfor, and in March 2008 purchased the remaining 40%. In 2006, LogicaCMG purchased the French company Unilog and the Swedish company WM-data.
The company suffered some embarrassment in 2006 when laptops containing police payroll data were stolen from LogicaCMG and an outsourcing contract with Transport for London for IT services was terminated early after disputes over payments and service level agreements.
Following a profit warning in 2007, Andy Green was recruited as the new CEO and took office from 1 January 2008. On 27 February 2008, the company changed its name back to Logica. In April 2008 Green announced a major restructuring programme for the company, leading to 1,300 job losses. In May 2008 the company announced that it would offshore more of its activities including SAP support and HR and payroll administration to Makati City in the Philippines, and saw a subsequent increase in its outsourced HR and payroll services business to more than 850 customer organisations.
In December 2011, Logica announced it would cut 1,300 jobs or around 3 percent of the workforce spread across Benelux, the United Kingdom and Sweden, to save 50 to 60 million pounds a year from the second half of 2012.
During the 1980s and 1990s Logica ran an extensive graduate recruitment programme that resulted in the company having a relatively young workforce. Naturally, strong social bonds formed between the graduate employees, many of whom were living away from home for the first time. The company subsidised an active sports and social club to further encourage staff cohesion. Logica staff affectionately refer to themselves as "LogiBod". Ties between former employees often persist longterm up to and including the present. There is an independently operated alumni society, run by former employees, to cater for nostalgic needs of LogiBods and help them keep in touch.