London Breed
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London Breed
London Breed
London Breed.jpg
Mayor of San Francisco

July 11, 2018
Succeeding Mark Farrell

December 12, 2017 - January 23, 2018
Ed Lee
Mark Farrell
President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors

January 8, 2015
Katy Tang
Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from the 5th district

January 8, 2013
Christina Olague
Personal details
Born London Nicole Breed
(1974-08-11) August 11, 1974 (age 43)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Education University of California, Davis (BA)
University of San Francisco (MPA)

London Nicole Breed (born August 11, 1974) is an American politician from California who is the mayor-elect of the City and County of San Francisco. She currently serves as the president of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and supervisor for District 5.

Raised in poverty in the Western Addition, Breed worked in government after college. She was elected to the Board of Supervisors in 2013 and elected its president in 2015. As president of the Board, Breed, according to the city charter, become the acting mayor of San Francisco following the death of Mayor Ed Lee. She served in this role from December 12, 2017 to January 23, 2018.

Breed was a candidate in the San Francisco mayoral special election, which was held June 5, 2018. On June 13 she unofficially became the mayor-elect following the concessions of Mark Leno and Jane Kim, respectively the second- and third-place finishers in the race.[1] Breed is the first black woman and second woman overall to be elected mayor of San Francisco.[2]

Early life and education

Born in San Francisco,[3] Breed was raised by her grandmother in Plaza East public housing in the Western Addition neighborhood of the city.[4] Breed later wrote of her childhood in San Francisco: "[F]ive of us liv[ed] on $900 per month. 'Recycling' meant drinking out of old mayonnaise jars. Violence was never far away. And once a week, we took Grandma's pushcart to the community room to collect government-issued groceries."[5] Her younger sister died of a drug overdose and her brother is in prison.[6]

Breed graduated from Galileo High School. Breed earned a bachelor's degree from the University of California, Davis in 1997 and a master's degree in public administration from the University of San Francisco in 2012.[7]


Breed worked as an intern in the Office of Housing and Neighborhood Services for Mayor Willie Brown.[6] In 2002, Breed became the executive director of the African American Art & Culture Complex,[8] where she raised over $2.5 million to renovate the complex's 34,000 square foot space, including an art gallery, theater space, and a recording studio.[4] Breed was named to the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency Commission in 2004. In 2010, Mayor Gavin Newsom appointed her to the San Francisco Fire Commission.[4]

In November 2012, Breed was elected to the District 5 supervisor seat after she defeated incumbent Christina Olague, who had been appointed to the seat that year by Mayor Ed Lee after Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi was elected sheriff. Following five rounds of ranked-choice voting allocations, Breed won by over 12 points, marking the first time in San Francisco history that a challenger unseated a district supervisor.[9] (Aaron Peskin repeated this feat in 2015, unseating Supervisor Julie Christensen to reclaim his District 3 seat.[10])

Breed was inaugurated as District 5 supervisor on January 8, 2013, with then-California Attorney General Kamala Harris administering the oath of office.[11] On January 8, 2015 Breed was elected President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors first by a vote of 8 to 3 and then unanimously. She defeated supervisor David Campos who was also nominated for the position.[12] Breed succeeded District Four Supervisor Katy Tang who assumed the presidency temporarily after then-Board President David Chiu resigned to begin serving in the California Assembly.[13][14]

In February 2016, Breed announced her re-election bid to represent District 5. The top issues she identified in her announcement were building and protecting affordable housing, increasing public safety, improving environmental health, and modernizing public transportation.[15] Dean Preston, an attorney, ran against her. Breed won reelection 52% to 48% on November 8, 2016, beating Preston in 46 of the district's 68 precincts.[16][17]

As part of an FBI investigation into public corruption and bid-fixing, businessman Derf Butler was recorded talking about allegedly paying for access to Breed. Butler, according to court documents released in 2015, told an FBI source that he "pays Supervisor Breed with untraceable debit cards for clothing and trips in exchange for advantages on contracts in San Francisco." The claim was denied by Breed and no evidence has been presented in the years since the allegation to substantiate it.[18]

Breed was unanimously re-elected to another two-year term as Board President on January 9, 2017. No other supervisors were nominated for the position.[19]


Following the death of Mayor Ed Lee on December 12, 2017, Breed became the city's acting mayor by virtue of her position as President of the Board of Supervisors.[20][21]

On January 23, 2018, the Board of Supervisors selected Mark Farrell to serve as interim mayor until the special election could be held. Citing Ron Conway's role as a benefactor to Breed, Supervisors Aaron Peskin and Jane Kim, considered the progressive members of the board, sought to deny Breed the benefits of incumbency going into the election.[22][23]

Breed ran in the mayoral special election held on June 5.[24] Breed led in the initial count's first place votes with 35.6 percent, with Mark Leno in second with 25.9 percent, and Kim with 22.8 percent. Leno took the lead the next day after the initial tabulation of ranked-choice ballots,[25] but Breed took the lead on June 9.[26][27] On June 13, with only 8,000 ballots left to count,[28] Leno conceded defeat and congratulated Breed on her victory.[29]

Legislative record

Breed authored legislation in 2014 to allow the San Francisco City Attorney to pursue civil damages against graffiti taggers, instead of solely relying on criminal prosecutions to punish taggers.[30] In 2016, City Attorney Dennis Herrera used these new penalties to win a civil judgment against serial tagger Terry Cozy that resulted in a $217,831.64 fine.[31]

After the shooting of Mario Woods by San Francisco police officers, Breed and Supervisor Malia Cohen called for a federal investigation of the shooting at a Board of Supervisors meeting.[32]


  1. ^ Fracassa, Dominic (13 June 2018). "London Breed wins SF mayor's race". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018. 
  2. ^ Knight, Heather (13 June 2018). "It's a really big deal that SF elected London Breed as mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018. 
  3. ^ "California Birth Index, London N Breed, born 1974". California Birth Index. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "District 5 - Board of Supervisors". Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "Powdered milk and moving vans: The fight for affordable housing". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Knight, Heather. "London Breed feels her life experience can guide the city: Raised on the rough side of San Francisco, she believes her bruised hometown can be made to shine once again". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018. 
  7. ^ Nevius, C.W. (November 10, 2012). "London Breed is S.F.'s election shocker". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013. 
  8. ^ Lagos, Marisa (December 26, 2012). "London Breed's emphasis: kids' lives". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013. 
  9. ^ "Board of Supervisors, District 5". Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ "District 3: Peskin apparently heading back to board". SFGate. Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ THA DON Bowden (January 11, 2013), Inauguration Of London Breed District 5 Supervisor 2013, retrieved 2017 
  12. ^ "London Breed elected president of S.F. Board of Supervisors". SFGate. Retrieved 2017. 
  13. ^ "London Breed elected president of S.F. Board of Supervisors". Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ "SF supervisors elect Katy Tang as interim president". SFGate. Retrieved 2017. 
  15. ^ "London Breed Formally Announces Re-Election Campaign For D5 Supervisor | Hoodline". Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ "RCV Results Summary Report for Board of Supervisors, District 5". Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ "SFByTheNumbers: A Tale of Two Incumbents". Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ "Public officials named in new findings from FBI probe of 'Shrimp Boy' Chow". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ "Breed re-elected as SF's Board of Supervisors president". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Bulwa, Demian. "San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee dead at 65". SFGate. Retrieved 2017. 
  21. ^ "Rules dictate how SF's next mayor may be chosen and how long they may serve". San Francisco Chronicle. December 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ Shafer, Scott (January 23, 2018). "Political Uproar as Mark Farrell Replaces London Breed as S.F. Mayor". KQED. 
  23. ^ Fagone, Jason (January 28, 2018). "London Breed's sudden, short term as SF's acting mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  24. ^ Fracassa, Dominic; Swan, Rachel (January 5, 2018). "London Breed says she's in the race for SF mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018. 
  25. ^ "SF mayor's race: Ranked choice puts Mark Leno in lead over London Breed". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  26. ^ "As Breed regains slim lead, mayoral cliffhanger echoes Oakland's 2010 race". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  27. ^ "June 5, 2018 Election Results - Detailed Reports". San Francisco Department of Elections. 
  28. ^ Melendez, Lyanne. "Mark Leno concedes after close San Francisco mayor's race". Retrieved 2018. 
  29. ^ Name (required) (May 24, 2018). "Sources: Mark Leno To Concede In San Francisco Mayor's Race « CBS San Francisco". Retrieved 2018. 
  30. ^ "San Francisco Supervisor London Breed coming up with new plan to crack down on graffiti offenders". ABC7 San Francisco. Retrieved 2016. 
  31. ^ "6-figure fine means it's a new day for taggers in S.F." San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2016. 
  32. ^ "Supervisor London Breed Calls for a Federal Investigation into the SFPD's Shooting Death of Mario Woods". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2016. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Christina Olague
Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from the 5th district

Preceded by
Katy Tang
President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
Preceded by
Ed Lee
Mayor of San Francisco

Succeeded by
Mark Farrell
Preceded by
Mark Farrell
Mayor of San Francisco

Taking office 2018

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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