M&T Bank Stadium
M&T Bank Stadium
The Bank
Ravens Nation
The Big Crabcake
M&T Bank Stadium DoD.jpg
Former names Ravens Stadium at Camden Yards (1998-1999)
PSINet Stadium (1999-2002)
Ravens Stadium (2002-2003)
Address 1101 Russell Street
Location Baltimore, Maryland
Coordinates 39°16?41?N 76°37?22?W / 39.27806°N 76.62278°W / 39.27806; -76.62278Coordinates: 39°16?41?N 76°37?22?W / 39.27806°N 76.62278°W / 39.27806; -76.62278
Public transit MARC train.svg Camden Station
Hamburg Street
Owner Maryland Stadium Authority
Operator Baltimore Ravens
Capacity 71,008 (2007-present)
70,107 (2005-2006)[1]
69,084 (1999-2004)[2]
68,400 (1998)[3]
Surface GN-1 Bermuda Grass (1998-2002)
Shaw Sports Turf Momentum (2003-2009)
Shaw Sports Turf Momentum 51 (2010-2015)
Tifway 419 Bermuda Grass (2016-present)
Construction
Broke ground July 23, 1996[4]
Opened September 6, 1998
Construction cost US$220 million
($323 million in 2016 dollars[5])
Architect HOK Sport (now Populous)
Project manager Getz Ventures[6]
Structural engineer Bliss and Nyitray, Inc.
Services engineer RMF Engineering, Inc.[7]
General contractor The Whiting-Turner Contracting Company
Tenants
Baltimore Ravens (NFL) (1998-present)
Baltimore Bayhawks (MLL) (2002)

M&T Bank Stadium is a multi-purpose football stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is the home of the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League. The stadium is immediately adjacent to Oriole Park at Camden Yards, the home of the Baltimore Orioles. Often referred to as "Ravens Stadium",[9] M&T Bank Stadium officially opened in 1998, and is currently one of the most praised stadiums in the NFL for fan amenities, ease of access, concessions and other facilities.[10]

The stadium was originally known as Ravens Stadium at Camden Yards, until PSINet acquired the naming rights in 1999, naming it PSINet Stadium. It then reverted to Ravens Stadium in 2002 when PSINet filed for bankruptcy. The naming rights deal for M&T Bank Stadium was renewed for $60M over 10 years in 2014 extending the name through 2027.

History

Ground was broken for the new stadium in mid-1996, shortly after the arrival of the Ravens. The team played its first two years at Memorial Stadium. Although there was some sentiment from Baltimore residents in having the Ravens stay there permanently, it was deemed too old to host an NFL team. (The Orioles moved away from Memorial Stadium after the 1991 season.)

The stadium site was previously the site of the Wm. Knabe & Co. piano factory, which closed during The Great Depression. A sidewalk keyboard mosaic on the southwest corner of the stadium honors the company's legacy.

In 2003, M&T Bank acquired naming rights to the stadium. The bank had recently entered the Baltimore market with its purchase of Allfirst Bank. Two other companies were in the running to be granted naming rights to the stadium; they were reportedly Nextel and CarMax. Following the September 2002 death of Baltimore Colts quarterback Johnny Unitas, public sentiment leaned toward renaming the then-sponsorless stadium after the Baltimore icon. However, the Ravens and the Maryland Stadium Authority held firm in their right to negotiate naming rights fees. In the end, the plaza in front of the main entrance to the Ravens' stadium was named "Unitas Plaza", complete with a bronze statue of the Hall of Famer. The plaza formerly featured large banners, each containing a picture of Unitas in his playing days, flanking the stadium entrance. After 10 years, these were replaced by large metal 19s (Unitas's number) for the 2012 season. In 2014, the Ravens unveiled a new statue of long-time Raven Ray Lewis next to Unitas' statue. The bronze figure depicts Lewis in the final pose of his iconic "squirrel dance", which he would perform before every Ravens home game upon coming on to the field.

Design

The stadium contains five levels, being the lower bowl, club level, 300 suites level, 400 suites level, and the upper bowl. The lower bowl contains 42 rows of seats, split into two sections. The seats below the tunnel entrances are labeled from 1 to 18, while the seats above the tunnels are labeled from 19 to 42, except in sections 123-130, which contain rows 19-35, due to the press box taking up sideline space. On the club level, the rows are labeled from 1 to 13 on the sidelines, and 1 to 17 in the corners where no suites are located. In the upper bowl, the sideline seats are labeled from 1 to 32, while in the upper bowl end zones, the rows range from 1 to 26. Seat widths for the lower and upper bowls of the stadium vary from 19 to 21 inches, due to the curve design of the stadium, while the padded club seats range from 21 to 23 inches respectively.

The venue is served by the served by the Hamburg Street station of the Baltimore Light Rail.

North-end view during the Ravens' Super Bowl XLVII run in 2013. The stadium is lighted in purple LED every Ravens postseason.

Playing surface

The stadium originally featured a natural grass surface. However, an artificial surface, Sportexe Momentum Turf, was installed for the 2003 season, which in turn was replaced by a new-generation Sportexe Momentum 51 in 2010. On December 4, 2015, the Ravens announced that in 2016 the team will go back to natural grass playing surface at M&T Bank Stadium, in which it had not been used since 2002.[11]Lloyd Civil & Sports Engineering provided engineering design and construction oversight in both the 2003 and 2016 field conversions.[12] The listed capacity for M&T Bank Stadium is 71,008.

Tenants

The Ravens are the stadium's primary tenants. On December 7, 2008, an M&T Bank Stadium then-record crowd of 71,438 watched the Baltimore Ravens defeat the Washington Redskins 24---10 on Sunday Night Football, only to be surpassed the next week when the Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Ravens 13-9 in front of 71,502.[13] On January 15, 2012, a record crowd of 71,547, the largest in Ravens history,[14] was in attendance at the 2011 Divisional Playoff Game in Baltimore against the Houston Texans, which the Ravens won 20-13.

College football

In 2000, the stadium hosted the Army-Navy Game for the first time and has subsequently hosted the rivalry game in 2007, 2014, and 2016.

In 2005, the stadium was the site of the first rematch in the Maryland-Navy series known as the "Crab Bowl Classic" in 40 years.[15] The two teams played again at M&T Bank Stadium on September 6, 2010 and Maryland won 17-14.

On October 28, 2006, the stadium held a contest between Notre Dame and Navy in which Notre Dame won 38-14. In 2014, the stadium played host to Ohio State-Navy, Ohio State won 34-17.[16]

In 2013, the annual rivalry between Maryland and West Virginia was held at the stadium.[17]

On October 24, 2015, the stadium hosted a Big Ten match-up between Maryland and Penn State in which Maryland lost 31-30.[18]

High school football

The Maryland Public Secondary Schools Athletic Association (MPSSAA) holds the four state football championships for Maryland's public high schools at M&T Bank Stadium. Two Baltimore high school football rivalry games have been held at the stadium in November. Baltimore City College plays Baltimore Polytechnic Institute every November, in one of the oldest high school football rivalries in the United States. Every Thanksgiving, Loyola Blakefield and Calvert Hall College also square off in what has now been called for many years as the Turkey Bowl, usually reaching up to 13,000 people in the audience.[19] Both games were once played back-to-back on Thanksgiving Day at Memorial Stadium. However, when City College and Polytechnic joined the MPSSAA before 1994 season, the game was forced to be played in early November, due to MPSSAA rules and playoff schedule.

Soccer and lacrosse

View of the stadium from Russell Street

On July 24, 2009, English Premier League club Chelsea F.C. won 2-1 against Italian Serie A team A.C. Milan in the first World Football Challenge at M&T Bank Stadium in front of a crowd of 71,203.[20] On July 28, 2012 the stadium hosted a match between Premier League teams Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur before 42,723 fans.[21]

The stadium was a venue for the 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup, drawing a crowd of 70,450 to watch a quarter finals doubleheader between the United States v. El Salvador, and Honduras v. Costa Rica.[22] The 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup had two quarterfinals games at the stadium: United States v. Cuba and Haiti v. Jamaica, played in front of 37,994 spectators.

The stadium serves as an alternate venue for the Johns Hopkins University men's lacrosse team, and was the site of the semifinals and final of the NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship in 2003, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2011, and 2014. Major League Lacrosse's Baltimore Bayhawks used the stadium as their home during the 2002 season.

Music and entertainment

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue Notes
July 4, 2000 Metallica -- Summer Sanitarium Tour -- $2,415,205
June 22, 2011 U2 Florence and the Machine U2 360° Tour 74,557 / 74,557 $6,832,510
August 8, 2013 Jay-Z
Justin Timberlake
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 49,668 / 49,668 $4,726,398
July 7, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
-- On the Run Tour 51,212 / 51,212 $5,016,036
July 25, 2015 Billy Joel -- Billy Joel in Concert 39,662 / 39,662 $4,481,549 Returned to Baltimore after nearly 40 years[23]
August 8, 2015 One Direction Icona Pop On the Road Again Tour 41,467 / 41,467 $3,690,753
June 10, 2016 Beyoncé DJ Khaled Formation World Tour 47,819 / 47,819 $5,770,660
May 10, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Volbeat
WorldWired Tour 40,850 / 43,230 $5,001,943

Popular music festival HFStival appeared at the stadium in 1999 & 2005, as Foo Fighters, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Silverchair, The Mighty Mighty Bosstones, The Offspring, Blink-182, Goo Goo Dolls, Billy Idol, and Coldplay have all played the concert.

Monster Jam was held at the stadium for the first time in 2011, and the stadium has been announced to become a normal stop on the summer tour. Monster Jam returned for the third time on June 8, 2013.

Popular culture

It served as Nextel Stadium, the home field for the fictional Washington Sentinels in the 2000 film The Replacements.[24] The stadium was also supposed to be the location[] of the football game in the 2002 film The Sum of All Fears and included footage of the presidential motorcade going to the building. However, the stadium used for the aerial shots is the domed Olympic Stadium in Montreal,[] while the book used Denver as the locale for the attack.

It was featured in "Stadium," a 2013 television public service announcement which was part of the "I Want To Be Recycled" advertising campaign for Keep America Beautiful and the Ad Council. The stadium is partially constructed from post-consumer recycled aluminum.[25][26]

References

  1. ^ Billick expects a few key delays
  2. ^ "Vikings Notes". Star Tribune. October 24, 2000. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ "Quarterback Injuries Rule the Day". Los Angeles Times. September 7, 1998. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ghosts at a Groundbreaking?; Ravens Stadium: A Dozen Years of Betrayal, Anger and Frustration Exorcised With a Shovel". The Baltimore Sun. July 24, 1996. Retrieved 2012. 
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800-". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ This Week's Issue: From the Ground Up
  7. ^ M&T Bank - Baltimore Ravens Stadium - RMF Engineering
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Ravens to M&T Bank Stadium: 'Who loves ya, baby?', Baltimore Sun
  10. ^ "Services". Thesportsroadtrip.com. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ Hensley, Jamison (May 6, 2010). "Ravens Replace Artificial Turf at M&T Bank Stadium". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2012. 
  12. ^ "www.lloydengineers.com". 
  13. ^ Ravens dump Redskins for seventh win in eight games
  14. ^ Shpigel, Ben (January 15, 2012). "A Typical Ravens Success: With Grit and Without Fear". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012. 
  15. ^ Burke, Mike (August 8, 2007). "Navy Feels Snubbed By Terps; What Else Is New?". Cumberland Times-News. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved 2008. 
  16. ^ Gardner, Tim (February 27, 2010). "Ravens' M&T Bank Stadium to Host Ohio State-Navy Matchup in 2014". USA Today. Retrieved 2012. 
  17. ^ WVU-Maryland Game To Be Played in Baltimore
  18. ^ "Maryland, Penn State to play at M&T Bank Stadium in 2015". 
  19. ^ "Turkey Bowl will move to Towson's Johnny Unitas Stadium for one year - Baltimore Sun". Articles.baltimoresun.com. 2011-07-14. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ Van Valkenburg, Kevin (July 25, 2009). "Soccer Invasion". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2009. 
  21. ^ "Hype exceeds the play in Liverpool-Tottenham scoreless draw". Washington Times. 2012-07-28. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ [2] Archived January 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ http://www.billyjoel.com/events/2015-07-25-200000/billy-joel-concert-mt-bank-stadium-baltimore-md-july-25-2015
  24. ^ O'Sullivan, Michael. "'The Replacements': Yet Another Replay," The Washington Post, Friday, August 11, 2000.
  25. ^ "'I Want To Be Recycled' Campaign to Target the Nearly Two-Thirds (62 Percent) of Americans Who Are Not Avid Recyclers, According to New Research Released Today," Ad Council press release, Thursday, July 11, 2013.
  26. ^ "Stadium" (0:15 version of television public service announcement), Keep America Beautiful via YouTube, Wednesday, July 10, 2013.

External links


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