|Motto(s): "A good place to live since 1828"|
Location of Mechanicsburg in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.
|o Type||Borough Council|
|o Mayor||Jack Ritter|
|o Council President||Rodney Whitcomb|
|o Council Vice-President||Jack Winchell|
|o Borough Manager||Patrick Edward Dennis|
|o Borough Solicitor||Lisa M. Coyne, Esq.|
|o Total||2.41 sq mi (6.25 km2)|
|o Land||2.41 sq mi (6.24 km2)|
|o Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||446 ft (136 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||9,007|
|o Density||3,737.34/sq mi (1,442.70/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|o Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||17055, 17050|
Mechanicsburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, 8 miles (13 km) west of Harrisburg. It is part of the Harrisburg-Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 8,981.
Mechanicsburg is located in eastern Cumberland County at  It is in a rich agricultural region known as the Cumberland Valley, a broad zone between South Mountain and the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians..
Mechanicsburg is bordered by Silver Spring Township to the northwest, Monroe Township to the southwest, Upper Allen Township to the south, Lower Allen Township to the east, and Hampden Township to the northeast. Pennsylvania Route 641 (Trindle Road) is the main east-west street through the borough, leading east 4 miles (6 km) to Camp Hill and west 10 miles (16 km) to Carlisle, the county seat. Pennsylvania Route 114 leads north out of town on York Street and south on Market Street. Interstate 76, the Pennsylvania Turnpike, passes just south of Mechanicsburg, with access to the southeast of town via Exit 236 (U.S. Route 15).
Mechanicsburg was settled in 1806 and incorporated as a borough on April 12, 1828. It was named in recognition of the number of mechanics who settled the area. Mechanicsburg was the site of Union Army recruitment during the early days of the Civil War. Specifically, Company C of the 16th Infantry regiment of Volunteers which trained at Camp Curtin was mustered there. It was involved in several early battles including the Battle of Williamsport in Maryland. During the Gettysburg Campaign, Mechanicsburg was occupied by Confederate forces for two days. Mechanicsburg is home of Jubilee Day, the largest and longest-running one-day street fair on the East Coast. It is estimated that as many as 70,000 people attend Jubilee Day annually.
In 1900, 3,841 people lived here; in 1910, the population was 4,469, which increased to 5,709 in 1940. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 8,981.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,042 people, 4,023 households, and 2,466 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,494.6 people per square mile (1,347.9/km2). There were 4,169 housing units at an average density of 1,611.3 per square mile (621.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.97% White, 0.43% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 4,024 households, out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. Of all households, 32.8% were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $45,200, and the median income for a family was $54,228. Males had a median income of $37,130 versus $27,940 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,812. About 2.4% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections has its headquarters in Hampden Township, Cumberland County, near Mechanicsburg. Mechanicsburg lies in the center of a regional transportation crossroads, with Interstate 81, Interstate 76, Interstate 83, US Route 11, and US Route 15 passing in close proximity to the borough. The Appalachian Trail passes through Pennsylvania a few miles west of Mechanicsburg, in nearby Boiling Springs.