Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Monica Seles 1991.jpg
Monica Seles at the 1992 Canadian Open, after losing in the final to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Country (sports)  Yugoslavia (1988-1992)
 Yugoslavia (1992-1994)
 United States (1994-2008)
Residence Sarasota, Florida, United States
Born (1973-12-02) December 2, 1973 (age 43)
Novi Sad, SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Turned pro 1989
Retired 2008 (last match 2003)
Plays Left-handed (two-handed both sides)
Coach(es) Karolj Seles (1979-1996)
Jelena Gen?i? (1980-1986)
Nick Bollettieri (1986-1990)
Gavin Hopper (1997-1998)
Bobby Banck (1999-2001)
Mike Sell (2001-2002)
David Nainkin (2003)
Prize money US$ 14,891,762
Int. Tennis HoF 2009 (member page)
Singles
Career record 595-122 (82.98%)
Career titles 53
Highest ranking No. 1 (March 11, 1991)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1991, 1992, 1993, 1996)
French Open W (1990, 1991, 1992)
Wimbledon F (1992)
US Open W (1991, 1992)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals W (1990, 1991, 1992)
Olympic Games Bronze medal olympic.svg Bronze medal (2000)
Doubles
Career record 89-45
Career titles 6
Highest ranking No. 16 (April 22, 1991)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open SF (1991, 2001)
French Open 3R (1990)
Wimbledon QF (1999)
US Open QF (1999)
Team competitions
Fed Cup  United States
W (1996, 1999, 2000)
Hopman Cup  Yugoslavia
W (1991)
 United States
F (2001, 2002)

Monica Seles (; Hungarian: Szeles Mónika, Serbian: ?????? ?????, Monika Sele?, pronounced ['s?l??],[1] born December 2, 1973) is a former Yugoslav world no. 1 professional tennis player and a member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame. An ethnic Hungarian, she was born and raised in Novi Sad, SFR Yugoslavia. She became a naturalized American citizen in 1994 and also received Hungarian citizenship in June 2007.[2][3] She won nine Grand Slam singles titles, eight of them while representing Yugoslavia, and the final one while representing the United States of America.

In 1990, Seles became the youngest ever French Open champion at the age of 16. She went on to win eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday and was the year-end world no. 1 in 1991 and 1992. However, on April 30, 1993, she was the victim of an on-court attack, when a man stabbed her in the back with a 9-inch (23 cm) long knife; Seles did not return to tennis for over two years.[4] Though she enjoyed some success after rejoining the tour in 1995, including a fourth Australian Open title in 1996, she was unable to consistently reproduce her best form. She played her last professional match at the 2003 French Open, but did not officially retire until February 2008.

Regarded by many in the sport as one of the greatest tennis players of all time, Seles was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by Time.[5] Several players and historians have stated that Seles had potential to become the most accomplished female player.[6][7][8] She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2009.

Early life and career

Seles was born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, current-day Serbia, into an ethnic Hungarian family. Her parents are Ester and Karolj[9] and she has an older brother, Zoltán. She began playing tennis at age five, coached by her father, a professional cartoonist employed for decades at the Dnevnik and Magyar Szó newspapers,[10] who drew pictures for her to make her tennis more fun. He is responsible for developing her two-handed style for both the forehand and backhand.[11] Later, her coach was Jelena Gen?i?. In 1985, at the age of 11, she won the Junior Orange Bowl tournament in Miami, Florida, catching the attention of tennis coach Nick Bollettieri. In early 1986, Seles and her brother Zoltán moved from Yugoslavia to the United States, and Seles enrolled at the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy, where she trained for two years and continued to practice until March 1990. Nine months after their arrival at the Academy, Seles' mother and father joined her and Zoltán in Florida.

Seles played her first professional tournament as an amateur in 1988 at age 14. The following year she turned professional on February 13, 1989, and joined the professional tour full-time, winning her first career title at Houston in May 1989, where she beat the soon-to-retire Chris Evert in the final. A month later, Seles reached the semifinals of her first Grand Slam singles tournament at the French Open, losing to then-world no. 1 Steffi Graf. Seles finished her first year on the tour ranked world no. 6.

Tennis career

1990-92

After a slow start at the beginning of the season, Seles went on a 36-match winning streak and won 6 consecutive tournaments starting in Miami at the Lipton Player's Championships. During that winning streak she also won the U.S. Hard Court Championships (San Antonio, Texas), the Eckerd Open (Tampa, Florida), the Italian Open, and the Lufthansa Cup in Berlin, Germany (defeating Steffi Graf in the final in straight sets). Seles then won her first Grand Slam singles title at the 1990 French Open. Facing world no. 1 Steffi Graf in the final, Seles saved four set points in a first set tiebreaker, which she won 8-6, and went on to take the match in straight sets. In doing so, she became the youngest-ever French Open singles Champion at the age of 16 years, 6 months. Her winning streak was stopped by Zina Garrison at Wimbledon in the quarterfinals which went to 9-7 in the 3rd set. Seles then won the Virginia Slims of Los Angeles title against Martina Navratilova and then defeated Navratilova again in winning the Oakland California tournament, in straight sets. She also won the 1990 year-end Virginia Slims Championships, defeating Gabriela Sabatini in five sets (in the first five-set women's match since 1901 US National Championships), becoming the youngest to ever win the Season-Ending Championships. She finished the year ranked world no. 2.

1991 was the first of two years in which Seles dominated the women's tour. She started out by winning the Australian Open in January, beating Jana Novotná in the final. In March, she replaced Graf as the world no. 1. She then successfully defended her French Open title, beating the former youngest-ever winner, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, in the final. Unable to play at Wimbledon, suffering from shin splints, Seles took a six-week break. But she was back in time for the US Open, which she won by beating Martina Navratilova in the final, her third Grand Slam title of the year, to cement her position at the top of the world rankings. She also won the year-end Virginia Slims Championships for the second consecutive time, defeating Navratilova in four sets. At the end of season, Seles had won 10 out of the 16 tournaments she entered (reaching the final of every tournament that she entered that year). She ended the year as the no. 1 ranked player in the world.

1992 was an equally dominant year. Seles successfully defended her titles at the Australian Open, the French Open, and the US Open. She also reached her first-ever final at Wimbledon, but lost to Graf. During Wimbledon, Seles encountered difficulty because of her habit of grunting or shrieking loudly when hitting shots. Her quarterfinal opponent Nathalie Tauziat was the first to complain to the chair umpire about it. During the third set of her semi-final match against Martina Navratilova, Navratilova also complained to the chair umpire about the grunting after Seles went up a break at 4-2. Seles ended up losing the game and the break, but broke back and closed out the match.[12]

From January 1991 through February 1993, Seles won 22 titles and reached 33 finals out of the 34 tournaments she played. She compiled a 159-12 win-loss record (92.9% winning percentage), including a 55-1 win-loss record (98%) in Grand Slam tournaments. In the broader context of her first four years on the circuit (1989-1992), Seles had a win-loss record of 231-25 (90.2%) and collected 30 titles. She once again ended the year as the #1 ranked player in the world.

1993 stabbing attack

Seles was the top women's player heading into 1993, having won the French Open three consecutive years and both the US Open and Australian Open in consecutive years. In January 1993, Seles defeated Graf in the final of the Australian Open, which to date was her third win in four Grand Slam finals against Graf. She then won the Virginia Slims of Chicago over Martina Navratilova in three sets. This was the last title that Seles won before the attack in Hamburg, Germany.

On April 30 during a quarterfinal match with Magdalena Maleeva in Hamburg in which Seles was leading, Günter Parche, an obsessed fan of Steffi Graf, ran from the middle of the crowd to the edge of the court during a break between games and stabbed Seles with a boning knife between her shoulder blades, to a depth of 1.5 cm (0.59 inches). She was quickly rushed to a hospital. Although her physical injuries took only a few weeks to heal, she did not return to competitive tennis for more than two years. Initially, there was speculation that the attack might have been politically motivated because Seles was from Yugoslavia. She was known to have received death threats in relation to the ongoing conflict in her native Yugoslavia. However, German authorities were quick to rule this out, describing her attacker as confused and possibly mentally disturbed.[4]

Parche was charged following the incident, but was not jailed because he was found to be psychologically abnormal, and was instead sentenced to two years' probation and psychological treatment. The incident prompted a significant increase in the level of security at tour events.[4] At that year's Wimbledon, the players seats were positioned with their backs to the umpire's chair, rather than the spectators. Seles, however, disputed the effectiveness of these measures. She was quoted in 2011 as saying "From the time I was stabbed, I think the security hasn't changed".[13] Seles vowed never to play tennis in Germany again, disenchanted by the German legal system. "What people seem to be forgetting is that this man stabbed me intentionally and he did not serve any sort of punishment for it... I would not feel comfortable going back. I don't foresee that happening."[14] In a later article, Tennis.com reported that Parche was living in nursing homes due to additional health problems.[8]

Graf visited Seles while she was hospitalized.[15]Young Elders, a band from Melbourne, Australia, sent their song called "Fly Monica Fly" to Seles while she was recuperating from the stabbing incident. She later said that the song provided inspiration to her at that time, and subsequently met the band (who later changed their name to the Monicas) following her victory at the Australian Open in 1996.[16] The stabbing incident is the subject of Dan Bern's 1998 tribute to Seles, "Monica". Additionally, Detroit dreampop band Majesty Crush paid tribute with "Seles" from the 1993 album Love-15.

The WTA suggested that Seles' No. 1 ranking be preserved during her absence, but did not do so.[17] According to Seles' autobiography, all active tour players opposed the idea except Gabriela Sabatini, who abstained.[18][19]

Comeback

Seles returned to the tour in August 1995. In the runup to her comeback, then-WTA president Martina Navratilova proposed that Seles be reinstated alongside Steffi Graf as joint number one.[17] The WTA did so despite some opposition from players including Arantxa Sánchez Vicario and Gigi Fernández, whose tournament placements would suffer greatly by suddenly being placed behind Seles.[17][20] Graf supported Seles' co-ranking, but not the additional proposal that Seles' co-ranking not be determined by the minimum participation of 12 tournaments a year required of everyone else. Graf felt that would give Seles an unfair advantage in the rankings.[17] Seles won her first comeback tournament, the Canadian Open, beating Amanda Coetzer in the final and setting a tournament record for least number of games dropped by the champion throughout the tournament (14).

The following month at the US Open, Seles reached the final defeating world No.10 Anke Huber, No. 4 Jana Novotná, and No. 3 Conchita Martínez (all in straight sets), but lost to Graf in the final.

In January 1996, Seles won her fourth Australian Open, beating Anke Huber in the final. Her pivotal match was the semifinal vs rising American star Chanda Rubin who led her 5-3 in the final set, and had 2 break points to lead 5-1. Seles came back from 2 points from defeat to triumph and reach the final. This was to be Seles' last Grand Slam title, as she struggled to recapture her best form on a consistent basis. Seles was the runner-up at the US Open to Steffi Graf again in 1996. Seles' last Grand Slam final came at the French Open in 1998, just a few weeks after the death of her father and former coach, Karolj, from cancer. In the run to the final she had defeated world no. 3 Jana Novotná in three sets and world no. 1 Martina Hingis in straight sets, but lost to Sánchez Vicario in the three-set final.

While she did not reach another Grand Slam singles final, she did consistently reach the quarterfinal and semifinal stages in those tournaments and was a fixture in the WTA Tour's top 10. In 2002, her last full year on the tour, she finished the year ranked world no. 7, defeated Venus Williams, Martina Hingis, Jennifer Capriati, Justine Henin, Maria Sharapova, Kim Clijsters, and Lindsay Davenport, and reached at least the quarterfinals at each Grand Slam tournament.

Seles competed at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, where she beat Sabatini in a third round match before losing to Jana Novotná in the quarterfinals. Four years later, at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Seles captured her first Olympic medal, a bronze in singles. She defeated Jelena Dokic in the bronze medal match, after pushing eventual gold medalist Venus Williams to a tough 3 setter in the semis, losing 6-3 in the final set.

After becoming a U.S. citizen in 1994, Seles helped the U.S. team win the Fed Cup in 1996, 1999, and 2000.

Hiatus and retirement

Seles in the 2007 exhibition against Martina Navratilova in New Orleans, Louisiana

In the spring of 2003, Seles sustained a foot injury. She was forced to withdraw during the second set of a match against Nadia Petrova at the Italian Open. Then, a couple of weeks later and still injured, she lost in straight sets to the same player in the first round of the 2003 French Open. It was the only time she ever lost a first-round match at a Grand Slam. She never again played an official tour match.[21]

In February 2005, Seles played two exhibition matches in New Zealand against Navratilova. Despite losing both matches, she played competitively and announced that she could return to the game early in 2006; however, she did not do so. She played three exhibition matches against Navratilova in 2007. On April 5, she defeated Navratilova in Houston, Texas, on clay.[22] On September 14, Seles defeated Navratilova on an indoor court in New Orleans, Louisiana. On September 16, she beat her on clay in Bucharest.[23]

In December 2007, Seles told the press that Lindsay Davenport's successful return to the tour had inspired her to consider her own limited comeback to play Grand Slam tournaments and the major warm-up events for those tournaments. However, on February 14, 2008, Seles announced her official retirement from professional tennis.[24]

In January 2009, Seles was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.[25]

Assessment

Seles' outfit at the Tennis Hall of Fame Museum at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island

Seles is widely regarded as one of the greatest tennis players of all time.[26][27][28] In 2012, Tennis Channel created a list of the 100 greatest tennis players. Seles was listed at #19.

Seles won eight Grand Slam titles during her teenage years. However, her career was greatly affected by the stabbing incident. Some involved with the sport have declared that Seles could have become the most accomplished female player. In an article written 20 years after Seles was stabbed, Jonathan Scott of Tennis.com stated, "Would Monica Seles have been the greatest female tennis player ever? The world will never know."[8] In a 2013 interview, Martina Navratilova theorized that if Seles had not been stabbed, "We'd be talking about Monica with the most Grand Slam titles [ahead of] Margaret Court or Steffi Graf."[7] Mary Joe Fernandez declared that Seles would have at least doubled her Grand Slam championship tally, had she not been attacked.[7] Tim Adams of The Guardian stated that Seles would have become "the greatest female tennis player ever to pick up a racket."[6]

During the height of her career (the 1990 French Open through the 1993 Australian Open), she won eight of the 11 Grand Slam singles tournaments she contested. With eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday, Seles holds the record for most Grand Slam singles titles won as a teenager in the Open Era.

Until her loss to Martina Hingis at the 1999 Australian Open, Seles had a perfect record at the event (33-0), which is the longest undefeated streak for this tournament (although Margaret Court won 38 consecutive matches there from 1960 to 1968 after losing a match in 1959). It also marked her first defeat in Australia, having won the Sydney tournament in 1996. Seles was the first female tennis player to win her first six Grand Slam singles finals: 1990 French Open, 1991 Australian Open, 1991 French Open, 1991 US Open, 1992 Australian Open, and 1992 French Open. Seles was also the first female player since Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling in 1937 to win the women's singles title three consecutive years at the French Open. (Chris Evert, however, won the title the four consecutive times she played the tournament: 1974, 1975, 1979, and 1980; in 2007, Justine Henin won her third consecutive French Open singles title.)

Shortly after her retirement, Sports Illustrated writer Jon Wertheim summed up her later career:

Yet, transformed from champion to tragedienne, Seles became far more popular than she was while winning all those titles. It became impossible to root against her. At first, out of sympathy. Then, because she revealed herself to be so thoroughly thoughtful, graceful, dignified. When she quietly announced her retirement last week at age 34, she exited as perhaps the most adored figure in the sport's history. As happy endings go, one could do worse.[29]

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame on July 11, 2009. In 2011, Seles was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by Time.[5]

Equipment and endorsements

In the early 1990s, Seles signed a $4-million endorsement contract with Fila to promote its footwear and tennis apparel.[30] She used a Prince original graphite racquet on court.[31] In August of the 1990 season, Seles switched to a Yonex racquet.

When she returned to the tour in 1995 after the stabbing sabbatical, Seles wore apparel by Nike and used a Yonex racquet on court.

In the 2000s, Seles wore apparel by Yonex and used Yonex SRQ Ti-800 Pro Long racquet on court.[32]

Personal life

On April 21, 2009, Seles released her memoir Getting A Grip: On My Body, My Mind, My Self which chronicles her bout with depression and binge eating disorder (BED) after her stabbing, her father's cancer diagnosis and eventual death, her journey back to the game and a life beyond tennis.[33]

Since 2009, Seles has been dating billionaire Tom Golisano, some 32 years her senior.[34][35] The two announced their engagement on June 5, 2014.[36]

As of 2015, Seles is a paid spokesperson for Shire Pharmaceuticals, the makers of the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat BED, to raise awareness of the disorder she has suffered from since she was a young adult. Seles would eat normal amounts of food at meals, and then secretly eat large amounts of junk food when she was alone.[37]

In popular culture

In 1996, Seles made a guest appearance in the TV sitcom The Nanny.[38] She also appeared in 2008 in the TV series Dancing with the Stars as one of the contestants.[39]

Career statistics

Grand Slam singles finals: 13 finals (9 titles, 4 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1990 French Open Clay Germany Steffi Graf 7-6(8-6), 6-4
Winner 1991 Australian Open Hard Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná 5-7, 6-3, 6-1
Winner 1991 French Open (2) Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-3, 6-4
Winner 1991 US Open Hard United States Martina Navratilova 7-6(7-1), 6-1
Winner 1992 Australian Open (2) Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández 6-2, 6-3
Winner 1992 French Open (3) Clay Germany Steffi Graf 6-2, 3-6, 10-8
Runner-up 1992 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 2-6, 1-6
Winner 1992 US Open (2) Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-3, 6-3
Winner 1993 Australian Open (3) Hard Germany Steffi Graf 4-6, 6-3, 6-2
Runner-up 1995 US Open Hard Germany Steffi Graf 6-7(6-8), 6-0, 3-6
Winner 1996 Australian Open (4) Hard Germany Anke Huber 6-4, 6-1
Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard Germany Steffi Graf 5-7, 4-6
Runner-up 1998 French Open Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-7(5-7), 6-0, 2-6

Singles performance timeline

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.
Yugoslavia United States
Tournament W-L SR 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Grand Slam Tournaments
Australian Open 43-4 4 / 8 A A A W W W A A W A A SF A QF SF 2R
French Open 54-8 3 / 11 A SF W W W A A A QF SF F SF QF A QF 1R
Wimbledon 30-9 0 / 9 A 4R QF A F A A A 2R 3R QF 3R QF A QF A
US Open 54-10 2 / 12 A 4R 3R W W A A F F QF QF QF QF 4R QF A
Win-Loss 181-31 9 / 40 0-0 11-3 13-2 21-0 27-1 7-0 0-0 6-1 17-3 11-3 14-3 16-4 12-3 7-2 17-4 1-2

Records

  • These records were attained in Open Era of tennis.
  • Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.
Grand Slam Years Record accomplished Player tied
Australian Open--French Open 1990-93 Simultaneous holder of 3 consecutive Australian Open and French Open titles Stands alone
Australian Open 1991 Won title on the first attempt Virginia Wade
Australian Open 1991-93 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court
Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Steffi Graf
Martina Hingis
Australian Open 1991-99 33 consecutive wins Stands alone
French Open 1990-92 3 consecutive titles Justine Henin
French Open 1990 Youngest ever champion (16 years old) Stands alone
Grand Slam tournaments 1991 100% (21-0) match winning percentage in 1 season Margaret Court
Billie Jean King
Chris Evert
Steffi Graf
Serena Williams
Grand Slam tournaments 1992 Reached all four Grand Slam finals in a calendar year Margaret Court
Chris Evert
Martina Navratilova
Steffi Graf
Martina Hingis
Justine Henin

See also

References

  1. ^ Pronounced in Hungarian and Serbo-Croatian
  2. ^ "Grossly Abbreviated". Canadian Online Explorer. 2007-07-01. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "Titokban lett magyar állampolgár Szeles Mónika (Szeles Mónika has become a Hungarian citizen in secret)". Heti Világgazdaság (in Hungarian). 2007-06-07. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ a b c "1993: Tennis star stabbed". On This Day 30 April 1993. BBC. 1993-04-30. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ a b William Lee Adams (June 22, 2011). "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future - Monica Seles". TIME. Retrieved 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Adams, Tim (2009-07-04). "Interview: Monica Seles". theguardian.com. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ a b c Cronin, Matt (2013-05-01). "Navratilova: Seles would have won most Slams". tennis.com. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ a b c Scott, Jonathan (2012-04-30). "20 Years Later: Remembering Monica Seles' Stabbing". Tennis.com. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/players/player/7354
  10. ^ Najbolja jugoslovenska teniserka Monika Sele? (1.deo) - Na?a Mala Mo!;Studio, 1990
  11. ^ Seles, Monica with Nancy Ann Richardson (1996) Monica From Fear to Victory
  12. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1992-07-03/sports/sp-1393_1_monica-seles
  13. ^ O'Sullivan, John (2011-04-09). "Seles still has issues with security". Sport. The Irish Times. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ Wood, Stephen (November 16, 2000). "WTA Under Fire from Seles". BBC Sport. BBC. 
  15. ^ Cronin, Matt (2013-05-01). "Navratilova: Seles would have won most Slams". Tennis.com. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ Seles, Monica (1996). Monica: From Fear to Victory. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Comeback: Back stabbers". New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC: 78. 31 July 1995. Retrieved 2015. 
  18. ^ "Seles is back in the limelight". The Irish Times. 26 June 1996. Retrieved 2015. 
  19. ^ Torok, Sebastián. "Gaby Sabatini. "Ahora disfruto de todo lo que no hice cuando jugaba"". canchallena.com (in Spanish). 
  20. ^ "NY Times: It's not easy being a third wheel". Retrieved 2015. 
  21. ^ Monica Seles playing activity WTA Tour website
  22. ^ Seles Sighting: Monica plays Martina in exhibition
  23. ^ "Monica Seles defeats Martina Navratilova in exhibition match in Bucharest". Womenstennisblog.com. 2007-09-17. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ "Seles Announces Retirement From Professional Tennis". Sonyericssonwtatour.com. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ Robbins, Liz (January 16, 2009). "Seles Is Elected to Hall of Fame". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ Jason Le Miere (28 August 2015). "Top 10 Women's Tennis Players Of All-Time: Where Does Serena Williams Rank On List Of Greatest Ever?". International Business Times. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ "Serena Williams: Is she your greatest female player of the Open era?". BBC Sport. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  28. ^ Greg Garber; Thomas Neumann; Johnette Howard (23 June 2016). "Tennis' Top 20 of All Time". ESPN. Retrieved 2017. 
  29. ^ Wertheim, Jon (2008-02-20). "Tennis Mailbag: Saluting Seles". SportsIllustrated.com. Retrieved . 
  30. ^ Horovitz, Bruce (June 26, 1990). "Athletic Firms Going to the Net in Quest for Next Tennis Celebrity". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014. 
  31. ^ Perrotta, Tom (June 30, 2012). "Finding the spin may be a racquet". The Australian. Retrieved 2014. 
  32. ^ "WHAT THEY'RE WEARING (AND HITTING WITH) AT THE U.S. OPEN". SportsBusiness Journal. 28 August 2000. Retrieved 2014. 
  33. ^ "Monica Seles On 'Getting A Grip' After Tragedy". NPR.org. Retrieved . 
  34. ^ Wilson, Greg. "Monica Seles Courting Billionaire, 67". NBC New York. Retrieved . 
  35. ^ Abelson, Max (December 20, 2011). "Bankers Seek to Debunk Attack on Top 1%". Bloomberg. Retrieved . 
  36. ^ Benny, Michael (2014-06-06). "Upstate Billionaire Tom Golisano reveals engagement to tennis star Monica Seles". WSTM. Retrieved . 
  37. ^ Casey, Tim (Mar 11, 2015). "Monica Seles sheds light on binge eating disorder". USA Today. Retrieved . 
  38. ^ "The Nanny". Lakeland Ledger. March 11, 1996. Retrieved 2012. 
  39. ^ "Meet Dancing Stars Monica Seles and Cristian de la Fuente". TV Guide. March 14, 2008. Retrieved 2012. 

External links


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