Motivation and Personality
Get Motivation and Personality essential facts below. View Videos or join the Motivation and Personality discussion. Add Motivation and Personality to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Motivation and Personality
Motivation and Personality
Cover of the first edition
Author Abraham Maslow
Language English
Subject Psychology
Publisher Harper & Brothers
Publication date
Media type Print
Pages 411
ISBN 9780060419875

Motivation and Personality is a book on psychology by Abraham Maslow, first published in 1954. Maslow's work deals with the subject of the nature of human fulfillment and the significance of personal relationships, implementing a conceptualization of self-actualization.[1] Underachievers have a need for social love and affection, but a self-actualized person has these "lower" needs gratified and is able to pursue his or her own path towards self-actualization.[2]

Maslow's book is perhaps the best known contemporary work on human needs. Maslow postulated a hierarchical pyramid of human needs stretching from basic physical needs at the bottom to spiritual or transcendental needs at the top.[3]

In Motivation and Personality, Maslow argues that, in order for individuals to thrive and excel, a health-fostering culture must be created.[4] Maslow is among the psychological theorists who believe that when parents fail to provide a safe, nurturing environment, their children will develop deep feelings of insecurity.[5] Maslow considers human beings to be energized by an actualizing tendency and believe that well-being occurs to the extent people can freely express their inherent potentials.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Knapp, Robert R. "Relationship of a measure of self-actualization to neuroticism and extraversion." Journal of Consulting Psychology 29, no. 2 (1965): 168.
  2. ^ Leib, Jere W., and William U. Snyder. "EFFECTS OF GROUP DISCUSSIONS ON UNDERACHIEVEMENT AND SELF-ACTUALIZATION." Journal of Counseling Psychology 14, no. 3 (1967): 282.
  3. ^ Jackson, Tim, and Nic Marks. "Consumption, sustainable welfare and human needs--with reference to UK expenditure patterns between 1954 and 1994." Ecological Economics 28, no. 3 (1999): 421-441.
  4. ^ Froh, Jeffrey J. "The history of positive psychology: Truth be told." NYS Psychologist 16, no. 3 (2004): 18-20.
  5. ^ Kasser, Tim, and Kennon M. Sheldon. "Of wealth and death: Materialism, mortality salience, and consumption behavior." Psychological science 11, no. 4 (2000): 348-351.
  6. ^ Kasser, Tim, and Richard M. Ryan. "A dark side of the American dream: correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65, no. 2 (1993): 410.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Top US Cities was developed using's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below: : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry
NCR Works : Retail Banking | Restaurant Industry | Retail Industry | Hospitality Industry