Munatia (gens)
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Munatia Gens
Statue of Lucius Munatius Plancus, in the Rathaus of Basel. Plancus founded the colony of Raurica, now Basel, in 43 BC.[1][2] The statue, depicting Plancus in the Renaissance version of Roman armor, is dated 1580.

The gens Munatia was a plebeian family at Rome. Members of this gens are first mentioned during the second century BC, but they did not obtain any of the higher offices of the Roman state until imperial times.[3]

Branches and cognomina

The chief surnames of the Munatii under the Republic were Flaccus, Gratus, Plancus, and Rufus.[3]Plancus, often written Plancius, denotes a person with flat feet.[4][5] It was the cognomen of the most important family of the Munatii.[6] Some of the Munatii do not appear to have borne cognomina.[3]

Members

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Munatii of the Republic

Munatii Planci

Denarius of Lucius Plautius Plancus, 47 BC. The obverse depicts a facing head of Medusa. The reverse is a reproduction of Nicomachus of Thebes' Victory in a Quadriga, which was placed in the Temple of Jupiter by Lucius Munatius Plancus, consul in 43 BC and Plautius' natural brother.[16][17]
Aureus of Gaius Julius Caesar and Lucius Munatius Plancus, 45 BC. A bust of Victory is depicted on the obverse, while there is a jug on the reverse. The legends tell that Caesar is dictator for the third time, and Plancus has been appointed urban prefect.[52][53]

Munatii of the Empire

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, followed by Broughton, makes Gaius Munatius Plancus the same as Gnaeus Munatius Plancus, praetor in 43 BC, who would otherwise be his brother. However, this identification is very uncertain, as the only sources that name the praetor call him Gnaeus, while the only sources that name the proscribed Plancus call him Gaius or Lucius.

See also

References

  1. ^ Seneca the Younger, Epistulae, 91.
  2. ^ Strabo, iv. pp. 186, 192.
  3. ^ a b c Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 1120 ("Munatia Gens").
  4. ^ Pliny the Elder, xi. 45. s. 105.
  5. ^ Festus, s. v. Plancae.
  6. ^ Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. iv., p. 205 ff.
  7. ^ Livy, xlii. 4.
  8. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 410.
  9. ^ Pliny the Elder, xxi. 6.
  10. ^ Cicero, In Catilinam, ii. 2.
  11. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Cato Minor", 9, 30, 36, 37.
  12. ^ Valerius Maximus, iv. 3. § 2.
  13. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, xiii. 60.
  14. ^ Hirtius, De Bello Alexandrino, 52.
  15. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, x. 12.
  16. ^ Pliny. Natural History, XXXV.108.
  17. ^ Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, p. 468.
  18. ^ Cicero, De Oratore, ii. 54, Pro Cluentio, 51.
  19. ^ Quintilian, v. 3. § 44.
  20. ^ Caesar, De Bello Gallico, v. 24 ff., De Bello Civili, i. 40.
  21. ^ Hirtius, De Bello Africo, 4.
  22. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, x. 1-24, xi. 9, 11, 13-15, xii. 8, Philippicae, iii. 15, xiii. 19.
  23. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Brutus", 19, "The Life of Antonius", 56, 58.
  24. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, iii. 46, 74, 81, 97, iv. 12, 37, 45, v. 33, 35, 50, 55, 61, 144.
  25. ^ Cassius Dio, xlvi. 29, 50, 53, xlvii. 16, xlviii. 24, l. 3.
  26. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 63, 74, 83.
  27. ^ Macrobius, ii. 2.
  28. ^ Suetonius, De Claris Rhetoribus, 6.
  29. ^ Pliny the Elder, vii. 10, s. 12, xiii. 3. s. 5.
  30. ^ Solinus, i. 75.
  31. ^ Horace, Odes, Carmina i. 7.
  32. ^ a b c PIR, vol. I, p. 390.
  33. ^ Broughton, vol. II, pp. 307, 329, 347, 357.
  34. ^ Cassius Dio, xl. 49, 55, xlvi. 38.
  35. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Pompeius", 55, "The Life of Catiline", 48.
  36. ^ Asconius Pedianus, In Ciceronis Pro Milone, p. 32 ff. (ed. Orelli).
  37. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, vi. 1. § 10, Epistulae ad Familiares, vii. 12, xii. 18, Philippicae vi. 4., x. 10, xi. 6, xii. 8, xiii. 12.
  38. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 354.
  39. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, xvi. 16, Epistulae ad Familiares, x. 6, 11, 15, 17, 21.
  40. ^ Pliny the Elder, xii. 3. s. 5.
  41. ^ Valerius Maximus, vi. 8. § 5.
  42. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, iv. 12.
  43. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 67.
  44. ^ Cassius Dio, xlviii. 30.
  45. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 83.
  46. ^ Tacitus, Annales, ii. 43, 55, 75, iii. 9, 15, 17, vi. 26.
  47. ^ Cassius Dio, lvii. 18, lviii. 22.
  48. ^ a b c d e PIR, vol. I, p. 392.
  49. ^ Cassius Dio, lvi. 28.
  50. ^ Suetonius, "The Life of Augustus", p. 102.
  51. ^ Tacitus, Annales, i. 28.
  52. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 313.
  53. ^ Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, p. 485.
  54. ^ Tacitus, Annales, 15, 50.
  55. ^ PIR, vol. I, pp. 389, 390.
  56. ^ a b c PIR, vol. I, p. 389.
  57. ^ CIL XIV, 4562, AE 2006, 77, AE 2009, 1799.

Bibliography


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