Navy Midshipmen Football
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Navy Midshipmen Football
Navy Midshipmen football
Navy Athletics logo.svg
First season 1879
Athletic director Chet Gladchuk
Head coach Ken Niumatalolo
10th season, 83-45 (.648)
Other staff Ivin Jasper (OC)
Dale Pehrson (DC)
Stadium Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
(Capacity: 34,000)
Field surface FieldTurf
Location Annapolis, Maryland
Conference The American
Division West
All-time record 701-549-57 (.558)
Bowl record 10-11-1 (.477)
Claimed nat'l titles 1 (1926)
Division titles 1
Rivalries Army Black Knights
Air Force Falcons
Maryland Terrapins
Notre Dame Fighting Irish
Rutgers Scarlet Knights
Heisman winners 2
Consensus All-Americans 23
Current uniform
Independent-Uniform-Navy.png
Colors Navy Blue and Gold[1]
         
Fight song Anchors Aweigh
Mascot Bill the Goat
Marching band United States Naval Academy Drum and Bugle Corps
Website NavySports.com

The Navy Midshipmen football team represents the United States Naval Academy in NCAA Division I FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision) college football. The Naval Academy completed its final season as an FBS independent school (not in a conference) in 2014, and became a single-sport member of the American Athletic Conference beginning in the 2015 season.[2] The team has been coached by Ken Niumatalolo since December 2007. Navy has 19 players and three coaches in the College Football Hall of Fame and won the college football national championship in 1926 according to the Boand and Houlgate poll systems. The 1910 team also was undefeated and unscored upon (the lone tie was a 0-0 game).[3] The mascot is Bill the Goat.

History

Early history (1879-1949)

Navy's first football team gathered for a team portrait in 1879.

The Naval Academy's football program is one of the nation's oldest, with its history dating back to 1879.[4] There were two separate efforts to establish a Naval Academy football team in 1879. The first was guided by first-classman J.H. Robinson, who developed it as a training regiment to help keep the school's baseball team in shape. The team played the sport under rules that made it much closer to soccer, where the players were permitted only to kick the ball in order to advance it.[5] The second effort, headed by first-classman William John Maxwell was more successful in its efforts. Maxwell met with two of his friends, Tunstall Smith and Henry Woods, who played for the Baltimore Athletic Club and officially challenged their team to a game with the Naval Academy.[6] A team was formed from academy first-classmen, which Maxwell led as a manager, trainer, and captain. The team would wake up and practice before reveille and following drill and meals. The squad received encouragement from some of the faculty, who allowed them to eat a late dinner and skip final drill for additional practicing. This was against the direct orders of the school superintendent, who had banned football and similar activities.[6][7]

The year's sole contest was played on December 11 against the Baltimore Athletic Club. The opposition's team was reportedly composed of players from Princeton, Yale, Pennsylvania, and Johns Hopkins.[6][8] The Naval Academy hosted the Baltimore team on a temporary field drawn on part of the superintendent's cow pasture. Rules decided upon between the teams established that the game was to be played under rugby rules.[6][8] The Baltimore American and Chronicle, which covered the contest, described it as such:[9]

The game, played under rugby rules, was a battle from beginning to end--a regular knock down and drag out fight. Both sides became immediately excited and the audience was aroused to the highest pitch of enthusiasm by the spirited contest. The ball oscillated backward and forward over the ground without any material result.[9]

The scrimmages were something awful to witness--living, kicking, scrambling masses of humanity surging to and fro, each individual after the leather oval. If a Baltimorean got the ball and started for a run, he was unfailingly caught by one of the brawny Cadets and dashed to earth with five or six men falling on him.[9]

The 1879 team introduced a white canvas jacket uniform (shown being tailored, c. 1892) which is believed to be the first in college football

The game was closely fought and was finally declared a scoreless tie by the referee about an hour after it began. Navy reportedly never gained possession of the ball. However, the Naval Academy managed to keep the Baltimore Athletic Club from ever being in a scoring position. On three separate occasions, Navy forced Baltimore back into its own end zone for a safety; these were not worth any points until 1882, however, so they offered Navy no benefit. The American and Chronicle reported that Maxwell, Craven, and Sample of Navy gave the strongest performances, but were also reckless in their play and were repeatedly penalized for jumping offside or kicking the ball out of play, a form of delay of game.[10][11]

Some time after the game, Walter Camp, known as the "Father of American Football", credited Maxwell as the inventor of the first football uniform. After he was informed that the Baltimore team he was playing outweighed his by an average of ten pounds, Maxwell looked for a way to make the teams more evenly matched. Using his knowledge of sailing, he decided to design a sleeveless canvas jacket which would make his players "difficult to grasp when they began to sweat".[9][12] He presented the design to the academy's tailor, who created the double-lined jackets which "were laced down the front and drawn tightly to fit snugly around a player's body".[9][12] The weighted suits were worn by the team, which was confused by the "strangle, heavy, newfangled getups".[12]

The Naval Academy would not produce another football team until the 1882 season. The 1882 team would be the first with a coach, being supported by Academy officials. The 1879 season was the last time that a Navy squad would play the Baltimore Athletic Club. Navy would finish the 1880s with four winning seasons, and an overall record of 14-12-2, with one of those ties being the game against the Baltimore Athletic Club. Navy would outscore their opponents 292-231, and would finish the 19th century with an overall record of 54-19-3. The lack of a coach for the 1879 season was one of the two times the Naval Academy squad lacked one, the other time being from 1883 through 1891.[13][14]

Frank Berrien served as Navy's head football coach from 1908-1910, compiling a record of 21-5-3.[15] He was the thirteenth head coach of the Naval Academy's football program and, under his tutelage, the Midshipmen compiled an undefeated 8-0-1 mark in 1910.[16]

1926 national championship team

Three undefeated teams with nearly identical records would cause a stir among fans and pollsters today, but this was the case when Navy earned its lone national championship in 1926, as the Midshipmen shared the honor with Stanford and Alabama. A 7-7 tie between Alabama and Stanford in the 1926 Rose Bowl gave Stanford a 10-0-1 mark, while the Crimson Tide and the Mids each had identical 9-0-1 records.

The Midshipmen opened the '26 season with a new coach, Bill Ingram. A Navy football standout from 1916 through 1918, Ingram took over a Navy team that had only won seven games in the previous two seasons combined. One of the keys to Navy's 1926 squad was a potent offense led by All-America tackle and team captain Frank Wickhorst, who proved to be a punishing blocker for the Navy offense. One member of the Navy offense that appreciated the blocking of Wickhorst was Tom Hamilton. The quarterback and kicker had a pair of 100-yard rushing games en route to All-America honors.

Navy's biggest win that year was against Michigan in front of 80,000 fans in Baltimore. The Mids scored 10 second half points to upset the Wolverines, 10-0. Navy's offense tallied 165 yards behind the powering attack of Hamilton and Henry Caldwell who scored Navy's lone touchdown on a one-yard plunge. Jubilation from the victory continued after the game, as the Midshipmen tore down the goal post at each end of the field and carried away all the markers that lined both sides of the field.

Navy headed into its season finale against Army with a 9-0 record. The game was to be played in Chicago at Soldier Field, which had been built as a memorial to the men killed in World War I. It was only natural Army and Navy would be invited to play the inaugural contest there. James R. Harrison of the New York Times described the game as "the greatest of its time and as a national spectacle." Over 110,000 people witnessed the Midshipmen open up a 14-0 lead on the Cadets, only to see Army fight back to take a 21-14 lead early in the third quarter. The Navy offense responded behind its strong ground game led by running back Alan Shapley. On fourth down and three yards to go, Shapley ran eight yards for a touchdown to tie the game at 21. As the final quarter concluded, Army mounted a brief threat only to miss a 25-yard field goal.

The tie gave the Midshipmen a share of the national championship based on retroactive rankings by both the William Boand and Deke Houlgate mathematical poll systems.[3]

Navy was one of the very few programs to field a football team during World War II, with John Whelchel leading the Midshipmen from 1942-1943 and Oscar Hagberg serving as head coach from 1944-1945. During those years, three of the four Navy teams finished ranked in the top 10 of the final AP poll.[17][18][19]

George Sauer left his post as Kansas head coach and took over in Annapolis from 1948-1949.[20] The Midshipmen struggled under Sauer's tutelage, posting a 3-13-2 record which included a winless 1948 season.[21]

Eddie Erdelatz era (1950-1958)

Coach Erdelatz

Eddie Erdelatz returned to Navy, where he'd previously served as an assistant coach from 1945-1947, to take over a football program that had won just four games over the previous five seasons.[22]

In 1950, Erdelatz led an upset of arch-rival Army.[23] The Black Knights entered the game with an 8-0 record which had not lost in 28 contests.[23] Army also had defeated Navy five times in the last six games.[23] Although Navy had only a 2-6 record, an outstanding defensive effort resulted in a 14-2 victory for the Midshipmen.[23]

After two years at Navy, Erdelatz's record stood at 5-12-1, but he would never again have a losing season in his final seven seasons and would finish 5-3-1 in his games against Army. In 1954, the team finished 8-2, losing close games to Pittsburgh and Notre Dame.[24] Erdelatz labeled this squad, "A Team Called Desire" and then went on to shut out Ole in the 1955 Sugar Bowl.[25] Three years later, the Midshipmen competed in the Cotton Bowl Classic, where they knocked off Rice University, 20-7.[26] The latter win came one year after Navy's bid to play in a bowl game was rejected despite having only one loss.

After the bowl victory over Rice, Erdelatz was courted by other schools and nearly accepted the task of replacing Bear Bryant at Texas A&M University.[27] After the 1958 season, he was also seen as a candidate for the NFL's San Francisco 49ers head coaching job, but began spring practice the following year at Navy.[28] On April 8, 1959, Erdelatz resigned as head coach of the Midshipmen, citing a number of factors, including the desire for an easier schedule.[29]

Wayne Hardin era (1959-1964)

Roger Staubach (12) won the Heisman Trophy in 1963.

From 1959 to 1964, Wayne Hardin was the head coach at Navy, where he compiled a 38-22-2 record.[30] His Navy teams posted five consecutive wins against archrival Army, a feat not surpassed until 2007 when Paul Johnson's Navy squad won their sixth consecutive contest in the Army-Navy Game.[31] Hardin coached Navy's two winners of the Heisman Trophy, Joe Bellino, who received the award in 1960,[32] and Roger Staubach, who did so in 1963.[33]

Hardin resigned as Navy's head coach following a 3-6-1 record in 1964.[34]

Bill Elias era (1965-1968)

Virginia head coach Bill Elias replaced Hardin, and the Midshipmen struggled mightilty under Elias' leadership. Elias' Midshipmen posted a 15-22-3 record in his four seasons,[35] which included three non-winning seasons. Elias was fired following a 2-8 season in 1968.[36]

Rick Forzano era (1969-1972)

Former UConn head coach Rick Forzano was hired as Elias' replacement in 1969.[37][38] However, the Midshipmen's struggles continued, with Navy failing to post a single winning season, something that hadn't occurred in Annapolis in decades. Forzano's teams posted yearly records of 1-9,[39] 2-9,[40] 3-8[41] and 4-7.[42] Forzano resigned after the 1972 season.[43]

George Welsh era (1973-1981)

Penn State assistant coach and Navy alum George Welsh succeeded Forzano as Navy's head coach.[44] He inherited a Navy Midshipmen football program that had only had one winning season since the days of Roger Staubach. He led the Midshipmen to three bowl game appearances and their first nine-win season in 16 years.[45][46] In nine seasons, Welsh compiled a record of 55-46-1,[45] making him the service academy's most successful coach.[47]

In 1982, Welsh left Navy to become the head coach at Virginia.[48]

Gary Tranquill era (1982-1986)

West Virginia offensive coordinator Gary Tranquill was hired as Welsh's replacement in 1982.[49] Tranquill's Midshipmen compiled a 6-5 record in 1982,[50] but it was downhill from there. 1983 saw a 3-8 record[51] followed by back-to-back four-win seasons in 1984 and 1985.[52][53] A 3-8 campaign in 1986 ended Tranquill's tenure at Navy as the school declined to renew his contract.[54]

Elliot Uzelac era (1987-1989)

Former Western Michigan head coach Elliot Uzelac was hired by Navy to serve as the school's 34th head football coach in 1987.[55] Navy's struggles continued, with the Midshipmen posting records of 2-9 in 1987[56] followed by back-to-back 3-8 seasons in 1988 and 1989.[57][58] Uzelac was fired following the 1989 season.[59]

George Chaump era (1990-1994)

Marshall head coach George Chaump was hired as Uzelac's replacement in 1990.[60] Chaump was unable to revive the Midshipmen football program, compiling a record of 14-41 in five seasons.[61] Chaump's Midshipmen posted back-to-back 1-10 records in 1991 and 1992.[62][63] Navy fired Chaump after the 1994 season in which the Midshipmen finished 3-8.[64][65]

Charlie Weatherbie era (1995-2001)

Utah State head coach Charlie Weatherbie was hired to replace Chaump in 1995.[66] Under Weatherbie, Navy did have a couple of winning seasons, the first coming in 1996 with a record of 9-3 with a win in the Aloha Bowl.[67][68] That was followed with a 7-4 campaign the following year.[69] After that, however, Navy struggled, failing to post a record better than a 5-7 record. After a 1-10 season in 2000[70] followed by an 0-7 start to the 2001 season,[71] Weatherbie was fired.[72]

Paul Johnson era (2002-2007)

Coach Johnson instructs a player during a game against Duke in 2004.

In 2002, Paul Johnson departed Georgia Southern and was hired as the 37th Navy head football coach.[73] Johnson's initial season saw the Midshipmen win only two of 12 games,[74] though the season ended on a high note with his first victory over Army,[75] which would not beat Navy again until 2016.[76] Subsequently, Johnson's teams enjoyed a high degree of success.

The 2003 team completed the regular season with an 8-4 mark,[77] including wins over both Air Force and Army, and earned a berth in the Houston Bowl, Navy's first bowl game since 1996. However, the Midshipmen lost to Texas Tech, 38-14.[78]

In 2004, Johnson's team posted the program's best record since 1957, finishing the regular season at 9-2[79] and once again earning a bowl berth, this time in the Emerald Bowl. There Johnson coached the Midshipmen to a win over New Mexico, 34-19, the fifth bowl win in the school's history.[80] The win gave Navy 10 wins on the season, tying a school record that had stood since 1905. For his efforts, Johnson received the Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year Award.[81]

The 2005 Navy squad recorded a mark of 8-4,[82] highlighted by victories over Army, Air Force, and Colorado State in the Poinsettia Bowl.

In 2007, Johnson coached the Midshipmen to their first win over rival Notre Dame since 1963, winning 46-44 in triple-overtime.[83] Navy finished the season with an 8-5 record.[84]

Johnson dominated the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy competition, going 11-1 (.917) in his six years, with the only loss against another service academy coming at the hands of Air Force in his first season. He was the first coach in Navy's history to go 6-0 in his first six seasons against Army (Ken Niumatalolo, who followed Johnson at Navy, went 8-0 against Army in his first eight seasons), and his 2006 senior class was the first in Navy history to win the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy all four of their years.

Much of Johnson's success at Navy was predicated on his triple option flexbone offense, a run-oriented attack that led NCAA Division I-A/FBS football in rushing yards three of his last four years at Navy. Johnson departed Navy for the head coaching position at Georgia Tech after the end of the 2007 regular season.[85]

Ken Niumatalolo era (2008-present)

Coach Niumatalolo

Ken Niumatalolo was promoted from offensive line coach to head football coach of the Naval Academy on December 8, 2007 after Johnson's departure for Georgia Tech.[86][87] Niumatalolo is the 38th head football coach in Naval Academy history. On January 7, 2009, Niumatalolo was given a contract extension, although terms and length of the extension were not released.[88]

With Niumatalolo as Navy's head coach, beginning with the 2008 season, the Mids have continued their run of success. Highlights in 2008 included an upset in Winston-Salem over #16 Wake Forest, 24-17, the Mids' first victory over a ranked team in 23 years,[89] and a 34-0 shutout victory of Army.[90]

Other highlights of Niumatalolo's years as head coach at Navy include: Navy defeated Army in each of Niumatalolo's first nine seasons as head coach, not losing to Army until 2016. The 2016 loss ended a streak of 14 Midshipmen wins in the Army-Navy Game,[91] the longest winning streak for either side in the rivalry. The Midshipmen captured the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy in 2008, 2009 and 2012. They went on to capture the trophy outright in 2013, with a 34-7 win against Army, and recaptured it outright in 2015 with wins over Army and Air Force. The Midshipmen have nine winning seasons during Niumatalolo's 10 full years as head coach. The Mids have played in nine bowl games during Niumatalolo's tenure, winning the 2009 Texas Bowl,[92]2013 Armed Forces Bowl,[93]2014 Poinsettia Bowl, and 2015 Military Bowl. Navy defeated longtime rival Notre Dame in consecutive years, 2009 and 2010, for the first time since the early 1960s.[94][95] The Midshipmen also defeated Notre Dame in 2016, when the Midshipmen went on to finish with a 9-5 record.[96][97]

Niumatalolo led Navy into the American Athletic Conference after 134 years as an independent in 2015, the first time Navy joined a conference in the school's history.[98]

Rivalries

Army Black Knights

Navy celebrates after winning the 2005 Army-Navy Game on December 3, 2005.

The Navy-Army Game, played annually on the last weekend of the college football regular season in early December,[99] pits the football teams of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York (Army) against the Navy Midshipmen. It is one of the most traditional and enduring rivalries in college football, and is televised every year by CBS.[100] It was in the 1963 Army-Navy game that instant replay made its television debut.[101]

This game has always had inter-service "bragging rights" at stake; in past decades, when both Army and Navy were often national powers, the game occasionally had national championship implications.[102] However, as top-level college football has developed and grown, the high academic entrance requirements, height and weight limits, and the military commitment required of West Point and Annapolis graduates has reduced the overall competitiveness of both academies in comparison with other football programs.[102]

While Navy has had a resurgence in recent years, Army has struggled to post winning seasons. However, the tradition of the game has ensured that it remains nationally televised to this day. One of the great appeals of this game to many fans is that its players are largely playing for the love of the game, since almost none will ever play in the NFL. The game is especially emotional for the seniors, called "first classmen" or "firsties" by both academies, since it is typically the last competitive football game they will ever play.

During wartime, the game is even more emotional because some seniors will not return once they are deployed. For instance, in the 2004 game, at least one senior from the class of 2003 who was killed in Iraq, Navy's J. P. Blecksmith, was remembered.[103] The players placed their comrade's pads and jerseys on chairs on the sidelines. Much of the sentiment of the game goes out to those who share the uniform and who are overseas.

Navy-Army is played in early December, typically in Philadelphia.[104] The game, however, has also been played in other locations such as New York, Baltimore, Chicago, and Pasadena.[105]

Air Force Falcons

The Navy side of the Commander-in-Chief's trophy

The Commander-in-Chief's Trophy is awarded to each season's winner of the triangular college football series among the United States Military Academy (Army), the United States Naval Academy (Navy), and the United States Air Force Academy (Air Force).[106] Navy controlled the trophy from 2003 to 2009, marking one of the longest times any academy has had possession of the prestigious trophy.

Typically, the Navy-Air Force game is played in early October[106] followed by Army-Navy in early December.

When Navy has possession of the trophy, it is displayed in a glass case in Bancroft Hall, the Midshipmen's dormitory. Navy has won 15 Commander-in-Chief's Trophies (1973, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015).

Notre Dame Fighting Irish

Navy has played Notre Dame in 87 annual games without interruption since 1927 with a record of 13-76-1.[107] Notre Dame plays this game to repay Navy for helping to keep Notre Dame financially afloat during World War II.[108][109][110] This series is scheduled to continue indefinitely.[111]

From 1963, when Navy beat Notre Dame 35-14, to 2006, Notre Dame won 43 consecutive games against Navy, the longest such streak in Division 1-A football.[112] This streak ended on November 3, 2007, when Navy beat Notre Dame 46-44 in triple overtime.[83] Navy also bested Notre Dame in 2009 and 2010, which made the class of 2011 only the third class in Navy history to have beaten Notre Dame three times. Navy won 28-27 in 2016, making Coach Niumatalolo only the second coach in Navy history to defeat Notre Dame three times.

When Navy is the home team for this game in even-numbered years, the Midshipmen have hosted the game off-campus at large stadiums used by NFL teams, usually FedExField in Landover, Maryland or M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore.[113] The Midshipmen have also hosted the Irish at John F. Kennedy Stadium and Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.[113]

Maryland Terrapins

A snap during the 2005 Navy-Maryland game.

The intrastate rivalry between Maryland and Navy is referred to as the "Crab Bowl Classic."[114] Starting in 1905, the two teams have played sporadically over the years. Many of the early games were lopsided and Navy leads the series 14-7. In 2005, the teams renewed their rivalry and Maryland won, 23-20. The teams met again on Labor Day 2010 and Maryland won again, 17-14, after the Terps' goal-line stand with under a minute remaining. As of 2010, the winner of the Crab Bowl Classic is awarded the Crab Bowl Trophy, created by the Touchdown Club of Annapolis with underwriting from the D'Camera Group. [115]

Rutgers Scarlet Knights

This rivalry stems from Navy and Rutgers being two of the only three programs (the third is Army) to come out of the original, informal "Ivy League" that are still members of the top tier of NCAA college football (currently Division I-FBS).[116] Although the two teams only began a regular series relatively recently in 1995, the games between the two schools are often close and sometimes have controversy as in the 2004 and 2007 editions of the series. The rivalry dates to 1891, making the two schools each other's oldest active football rivals.[117] The schools have met 25 times, with Rutgers leading the series at 13-11-1 all-time after the 2014 Navy loss. Navy and Rutgers have played most years since 1995, but do not have additional games scheduled at this time with Rutgers' move to the Big Ten and Navy's move from independents to the American.[118]

SMU Mustangs

The Gansz Trophy was created in 2009 through a collaboration between the athletic departments of the Naval Academy and Southern Methodist University.[119] The trophy is named for Frank Gansz who played linebacker at the Naval Academy from 1957 through 1959. Gansz later served on the coaching staffs at numerous colleges, including all three service academies and Southern Methodist, as well as several professional teams. The two teams have met 18 times with Navy leading the all-time series 11-7, and the trophy series 5-0.[120]

Pittsburgh Panthers

Navy and Pittsburgh recently renewed their rivalry, which began in 1912, and was played 26 times in 29 years between 1961 and 1989.[121] The contest was then played consecutively between 2007 and 2009 and again in 2013.[122] After a 44-28 victory for Navy in the 2015 Military Bowl in Annapolis,[123] the series now stands with Pitt leading 22-15-3.[124] Of historic interest, it was during the Pitt-Navy game at Annapolis on October 23, 1976, that Pitt running back Tony Dorsett broke the NCAA career rushing record.[125]

1926 National Championship

1926 national championship team

Three undefeated teams with nearly identical records would cause a stir among fans and pollsters today, but this was the case when Navy earned its lone national championship in 1926, as the Midshipmen shared the honor with Stanford and Alabama. A 7-7 tie between Alabama and Stanford in the 1926 Rose Bowl gave Stanford a 10-0-1 mark, while the Crimson Tide and the Mids each had identical 9-0-1 records.

The Midshipmen opened the '26 season with a new coach, Bill Ingram. A Navy football standout from 1916 through 1918, Ingram took over a Navy team that had only won seven games in the previous two seasons combined. One of the keys to Navy's 1926 squad was a potent offense led by All-America tackle and team captain Frank Wickhorst, who proved to be a punishing blocker for the Navy offense. One member of the Navy offense that appreciated the blocking of Wickhorst was Tom Hamilton. The quarterback and kicker had a pair of 100-yard rushing games en route to All-America honors.

Navy's biggest win that year was against Michigan in front of 80,000 fans in Baltimore. The Mids scored 10 second half points to upset the Wolverines, 10-0. Navy's offense tallied 165 yards behind the powering attack of Hamilton and Henry Caldwell who scored Navy's lone touchdown on a one-yard plunge. Jubilation from the victory continued after the game, as the Midshipmen tore down the goal post at each end of the field and carried away all the markers that lined both sides of the field.

Navy headed into its season finale against Army with a 9-0 record. The game was to be played in Chicago at Soldier Field, which had been built as a memorial to the men killed in World War I. It was only natural Army and Navy would be invited to play the inaugural contest there. James R. Harrison of the New York Times described the game as "the greatest of its time and as a national spectacle." Over 110,000 people witnessed the Midshipmen open up a 14-0 lead on the Cadets, only to see Army fight back to take a 21-14 lead early in the third quarter. The Navy offense responded behind its strong ground game led by running back Alan Shapley. On fourth down and three yards to go, Shapley ran eight yards for a touchdown to tie the game at 21. As the final quarter concluded, Army mounted a brief threat only to miss a 25-yard field goal.

The tie gave the Midshipmen a share of the national championship based on retroactive rankings by both the William Boand and Deke Houlgate mathematical poll systems.[3]

Seasons

Year Coach Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs Coaches# AP°
1879 No coach 0-0-1
1880 No team
1881 No team
1882 Vaulx Carter 1-0
1883 No coach 0-1
1884 No coach 1-0
1885 No coach 1-2
1886 No coach 3-3
1887 No coach 3-1
1888 No coach 1-4
1889 No coach 4-1-1
1890 No coach 5-1-1
1891 No coach 5-2
1892 Ben Crosby 5-2
1893 Josh Hartwell 5-3
1894 Bill Wurtenburg 4-1-2
1895 Matt McClung 5-2
1896 Johnny Poe 5-3
1897 Bill Armstrong 8-1
1898 Bill Armstrong 7-1
1899 Bill Armstrong 5-3
1900 Garrett Cochran 6-3
1901 Doc Hillebrand 6-4-1
1902 Doc Hillebrand 2-7-1
1903 Burr Chamberlain 4-7-1
1904 Paul Dashiell 7-2-1
1905 Paul Dashiell 10-1-1
1906 Paul Dashiell 8-2-2
1907 Joe Reeves 9-2-1
1908 Frank Berrien 9-2-1
1909 Frank Berrien 4-3-1
1910 Frank Berrien 8-0-1
1911 Doug Howard 6-0-3
1912 Doug Howard 6-3
1913 Doug Howard 7-1-1
1914 Doug Howard 6-3
1915 Jonas Ingram 3-5-1
1916 Jonas Ingram 6-3-1
1917 Gil Dobie 7-1
1918 Gil Dobie 4-1
1919 Gil Dobie 6-1
1920 Bob Folwell 6-2
1921 Bob Folwell 6-1
1922 Bob Folwell 5-2
1923 Bob Folwell 5-1-3 T Rose
1924 Bob Folwell 2-6
1925 Jack Owsley 5-2-1
1926 Bill Ingram 9-0-1
1927 Bill Ingram 6-3
1928 Bill Ingram 5-3-1
1929 Bill Ingram 6-2-2
1930 Bill Ingram 6-5
1931 Rip Miller 5-5-1
1932 Rip Miller 2-6-1
1933 Rip Miller 5-4
1934 Tom Hamilton 8-1
1935 Tom Hamilton 5-4
1936 Tom Hamilton 6-3
1937 Hank Hardwick 4-4-1
1938 Hank Hardwick 4-3-2
1939 Swede Larson 3-5-1
1940 Swede Larson 6-2-1
1941 Swede Larson 7-1-1 10
1942 Billick Whelchel 5-4
1943 Billick Whelchel 8-1 4
1944 Oscar Hagberg 6-3 4
1945 Oscar Hagberg 7-1-1 2
1946 Tom Hamilton 1-8
1947 Tom Hamilton 1-7-1
1948 George Sauer 0-8-1
1949 George Sauer 3-5-1
1950 Eddie Erdelatz 3-6
1951 Eddie Erdelatz 2-6-1
1952 Eddie Erdelatz 6-2-1 17
1953 Eddie Erdelatz 4-3-2
1954 Eddie Erdelatz 8-2 W Sugar 5 5
1955 Eddie Erdelatz 6-2-1 20 18
1956 Eddie Erdelatz 6-1-2 19 16
1957 Eddie Erdelatz 9-1-1 W Cotton 6 5
1958 Eddie Erdelatz 6-3
1959 Wayne Hardin 5-4-1
1960 Wayne Hardin 9-2 L Orange 6 4
1961 Wayne Hardin 7-3
1962 Wayne Hardin 5-5
1963 Wayne Hardin 9-2 L Cotton 2 2
1964 Wayne Hardin 3-6-1
1965 Bill Elias 4-4-2
1966 Bill Elias 4-6
1967 Bill Elias 5-4-1
1968 Bill Elias 2-8
1969 Rick Forzano 1-9
1970 Rick Forzano 2-9
1971 Rick Forzano 3-8
1972 Rick Forzano 4-7
1973 George Welsh 4-7
1974 George Welsh 4-7
1975 George Welsh 7-4
1976 George Welsh 4-7
1977 George Welsh 5-6
1978 George Welsh 9-3 W Holiday
1979 George Welsh 7-4
1980 George Welsh 8-4 L Garden State
1981 George Welsh 7-4-1 L Liberty
1982 Gary Tranquill 6-5
1983 Gary Tranquill 3-8
1984 Gary Tranquill 4-6-1
1985 Gary Tranquill 4-7
1986 Gary Tranquill 3-8
1987 Elliot Uzelac 2-9
1988 Elliot Uzelac 3-8
1989 Elliot Uzelac 3-8
1990 George Chaump 5-6
1991 George Chaump 1-10
1992 George Chaump 1-10
1993 George Chaump 4-7
1994 George Chaump 3-8
1995 Charlie Weatherbie 5-6
1996 Charlie Weatherbie 9-3 W Aloha
1997 Charlie Weatherbie 7-4
1998 Charlie Weatherbie 3-8
1999 Charlie Weatherbie 5-7
2000 Charlie Weatherbie 1-10
2001 Charlie Weatherbie
Rick Lantz
0-10
2002 Paul Johnson 2-10
2003 Paul Johnson 8-5 L Houston
2004 Paul Johnson 10-2 W Emerald 24 24
2005 Paul Johnson 8-4 W Poinsettia
2006 Paul Johnson 9-4 L Meineke Car Care
2007 Paul Johnson
Ken Niumatalolo
8-5 L Poinsettia
2008 Ken Niumatalolo 8-5 L EagleBank
2009 Ken Niumatalolo 10-4 W Texas
2010 Ken Niumatalolo 9-4 L Poinsettia
2011 Ken Niumatalolo 5-7
2012 Ken Niumatalolo 8-5 L Kraft Fight Hunger
2013 Ken Niumatalolo 9-4 W Armed Forces
2014 Ken Niumatalolo 8-5 W Poinsettia
2015 Ken Niumatalolo 11-2 7-1 T-1st (Western) W Military 18 18
2016 Ken Niumatalolo 9-5 7-1 T-1st (Western) L Armed Forces
Total: 701-552-57
      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title

[126]

Bowl results

Season Bowl game Opponent Result Note(s)
1923 Rose Bowl Washington T 14-14
1954 Sugar Bowl Mississippi W 21-0 "Team Named Desire"[127]
1957 Cotton Bowl Rice W 20-7
1960 Orange Bowl Missouri L 14-24 Heisman Trophy winner, RB Joe Bellino
1963 Cotton Bowl Texas L 6-28 Texas ranked #1, Navy #2
1978 Holiday Bowl BYU W 23-16 Inaugural Holiday Bowl, Navy ranked #17 in final UPI Poll
1980 Garden State Bowl Houston L 0-35
1981 Liberty Bowl Ohio State L 28-31
1996 Aloha Bowl California W 43-38
2003 Houston Bowl Texas Tech L 14-38
2004 Emerald Bowl New Mexico W 34-19 Navy ranked #24 in final poll (AP and Coaches')
2005 Poinsettia Bowl Colorado State W 51-30 Inaugural Poinsettia Bowl
2006 Meineke Car Care Bowl Boston College L 24-25 Walk-on kicker made a career best 37-yard field goal with no time left to win
2007 Poinsettia Bowl Utah L 32-35
2008 EagleBank Bowl Wake Forest L 19-29 Inaugural EagleBank Bowl
2009 Texas Bowl Missouri W 35-13
2010 Poinsettia Bowl San Diego State L 14-35
2012 Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl Arizona State L 28-62
2013 Armed Forces Bowl Middle Tennessee State W 24-6
2014 Poinsettia Bowl San Diego State W 17-16
2015 Military Bowl Pittsburgh W 44-28 Game played in Navy's home stadium; Navy ranked #18 in final AP & Coaches' polls
2016 Armed Forces Bowl Louisiana Tech L 45-48
22 Bowl Games (Won 10, Lost 11, Tied 1)

Coaches

The current coach is Ken Niumatalolo.

Navy Coaches, by year, through September 1, 2017
Coach (Alma Mater) Seasons Years Games W L T Pct.
Vaulx Carter (USNA) 1 1882 1 1 0 0 1.000
Ben Crosby (Yale) 1 1892 7 5 2 0 .714
Josh Hartwell (Yale) 1 1893 8 5 3 0 .625
Bill Wurtenburg (Yale) 1 1894 7 4 1 2 .714
Matt McClung (Lehigh) 1 1895 7 5 2 0 .714
Johnny Poe (Princeton) 1 1896 8 5 3 0 .625
Bill Armstrong (Yale) 3 1897-99 25 19 5 1 .780
Garrett Cochran (Princeton) 1 1900 9 6 3 0 .667
Doc Hillebrand (Princeton) 2 1901-02 21 8 11 2 .429
Burr Chamberlain (Yale) 1 1903 12 4 7 1 .375
Paul Dashiell (Lehigh) 3 1904 34 25 5 4 .794
Joe Reeves (USNA) 1 1907 12 9 2 1 .741
Frank Berrien (USNA) 3 1908-10 29 21 5 3 .776
Doug Howard (USNA) 4 1911-14 36 25 7 4 .750
Jonas H. Ingram (USNA) 2 1915-16 19 9 8 2 .526
Gil Dobie (Minnesota) 3 1917-19 20 17 3 0 .850
Bob Folwell (Penn) 5 1920-24 38 24 12 2 .658
Jack Owsley (Yale) 1 1925 8 5 2 1 .688
Bill Ingram (USNA) 5 1926-30 49 32 13 4 .694
Rip Miller (Notre Dame) 3 1931-33 29 12 15 2 .448
Tom Hamilton (USNA) 5 1934-36, 46-47 45 21 23 1 .478
Hank Hardwick (USNA) 2 1937-38 18 8 7 3 .528
Swede Larson (USNA) 3 1939-41 27 16 8 3 .648
Billick Whelchel (USNA) 2 1942-43 18 13 5 0 .722
Oscar Hagberg (USNA) 2 1944-45 18 13 4 1 .750
George Sauer (Nebraska) 2 1948-49 18 3 13 2 .222
Eddie Erdelatz (St. Mary's) 9 1950-58 84 50 26 8 .643
Wayne Hardin (Coll. of Pacific) 6 1959-64 62 38 22 2 .629
Bill Elias (Maryland) 4 1965-68 40 15 22 3 .413
Rick Forzano (Kent State) 4 1969-72 43 10 33 0 .233
George Welsh (USNA) 9 1973-81 102 55 46 1 .544
Gary Tranquill (Wittenberg) 5 1982-86 55 20 34 1 .373
Elliot Uzelac (W. Michigan) 3 1987-89 33 8 25 0 .242
George Chaump (Bloomsburg) 5 1990-94 55 14 41 0 .255
Charlie Weatherbie (Okla. St.) 7 1995-2001 75 30 45 0 .400
Rick Lantz (Central Conn. St.) <1 2001 3 0 3 0 .000
Paul Johnson (W. Carolina) 6 2002-2007 74 45 29 0 .608
Ken Niumatalolo (Hawai?i) 10 2007-Present 120 78 42 0 .650

Individual award winners

Heisman Trophy

Maxwell Award

Other awards

College Football Hall of Fame

Navy has 19 players and 3 coaches in the College Football Hall of Fame:

CoSIDA Academic All-Americans

Year Player Class Team
1953-54 Steve Eisenhauer '54
1957-58 Tom Forrestal '58
1958-59 Joe Tranchini '60 1st
1969-70 Dan Pike '70
1974-75 Tim Harden '75 2nd
1975-76 Chet Moeller '76 2nd
1979-80 Ted Dumbauld '81 2nd
1980-81 Ted Dumbauld '81 1st
1999-00 Terrence Anderson '00 2nd
2009-10 John Dowd '12 2nd
2010-11 John Dowd '12 1st

National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame National Scholar-Athlete Awards

"The Most Prestigious Scholarships In College Football Since 1959"

  • Joe Ince - 1963
  • Alan Roodhouse - 1965
  • Daniel Pike - 1969
  • Timothy Harden - 1974
  • Theodore Dumbauld - 1980
  • Carl C. Voss - 1991
  • Terrence Anderson - 1999

Athletic Hall of Fame

For football players in the USNA Athletic Hall of Fame, see footnote.[129]

The Athletic Hall of Fame is housed in Lejeune Hall. Among the exhibits are two Heisman Trophies, won by Joe Bellino in 1960 and Roger Staubach in 1963.[130]

Alumni

See: Football alumni

Facilities

  • Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
  • Ricketts Hall - This building contains the locker room for the varsity football team and offices for football, basketball, and lacrosse.[131] It also contains the Jack Lengyel Sports Conditioning Facility, which is one of three "strength and conditioning facilities" at the academy. The weight-room facility serves football, men's lacrosse, baseball and wrestling.[132]
  • Rip Miller Field - Named for Edgar Miller, who was the Navy head football coach for three seasons (1931-1933). The field is used by both lacrosse and sprint football.[132]
  • Wesley Brown Field House - The field house has a full-length, 76,000-square-foot (7,100 m2), retractable Magic Carpet AstroTurf football field.

Future non-conference opponents

Announced schedules as of June 14, 2017[133]

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
at Florida Atlantic at Hawaii vs Holy Cross vs Notre Dame vs Marshall at Marshall
vs Air Force vs Lehigh vs Air Force vs Lafayette vs Air Force at Air Force vs Air Force at Air Force
at Notre Dame at Air Force at Notre Dame at Air Force at Notre Dame vs Notre Dame at Notre Dame vs Notre Dame
vs Army (at Philadelphia, PA) vs Notre Dame (at San Diego, CA) vs Army vs Army vs Army vs Army vs Army vs Army
vs Army

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External links


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