The New Jersey Redistricting Commission is a constitutional body of the government of New Jersey tasked with redrawing the state's Congressional election districts after each decade's census. Like Arizona, Idaho, Hawaii, Montana, and Washington; the redistricting is completed within an independent, bipartisan commission. The apportionment of members of the Redistricting Commission is carefully balanced between legislative and executive majorities and is purposefully titled to allow the minority party an equal amount of seats on the commission.
According to the state Constitution, New Jersey's commission has 13 members. The President of the Senate and Assembly Speaker each name two members; the minority leaders of both houses each name two members and the state's Democratic and Republican chairpersons each name two members. The 12 members then select a 13th "tie-breaking" member to chair of the commission. If they cannot agree on the 13th member, then each party submits a name to the state's Supreme Court, which chooses one as the 13th member.
On December 23 the commission chose a map endorsed by Republican members, which combined New Jersey's 5th congressional district, represented by Rep. Scott Garrett, with part of the 9th congressional district, held by Rep. Steve Rothman. Much of the balance of the 9th District was included in a redrawn 8th Congressional District, which is represented by Rep. William Pascrell. Democratic members of the committee had also planned to pit Rothman against Garrett.
Instead of challenging Garrett, on Dec. 26 Rothman announced a primary election challenge against Pascrell for the 8th District.
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