New York State Route 25

New York State Route 25 marker

New York State Route 25
Map of Long Island with NY 25 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT, NYCDOT and the village of Greenport
Length: 105.07 mi[3] (169.09 km)
Existed: mid-1920s[1][2] - present
Major junctions
West end: Second Avenue in Manhattan
  in Woodside
in Rego Park
in Kew Gardens
in Kew Gardens
in Hollis Hills
in Queens Village
in Mineola
in Jericho
in Commack
in Calverton
East end: Orient Point ferry landing in Orient
Location
Counties: New York, Queens, Nassau, Suffolk
Highway system
->

New York State Route 25 (NY 25) is an east-west state highway in downstate New York in the United States. The route extends for just over 105 miles (169 km) from east midtown Manhattan in New York City to the Cross Sound Ferry terminal at Orient Point on the end of Long Island's North Fork. NY 25 is carried from Manhattan to Queens by way of the double-decked Queensboro Bridge over the East River.

NY 25 is unique among NYS routes (not counting interstates) on Long Island as it is the only one to leave the island (defined geographically), albeit minimally; it ends at the western terminus of the Queensborough Bridge. Not only does it terminate in Manhattan at its west end, but also offers an egress from the island at its east end in the form of the ferry terminal (though the ferry is not a part of the route). However, NY 25 does have something in common with other routes on Long Island. Both termini are without connections to other routes. Several other of the region's routes (for example NY 27, NY 101, NY 106, NY 107, and NY 110) have similar "dead" ends at one or both termini.

NY 25 has many names. In the borough of Queens, it is called Queens Boulevard, Hillside Avenue and finally Braddock Avenue. Braddock Avenue ends immediately upon crossing over the Cross Island Parkway. At that point, NY 25 turns east onto Jericho Turnpike, which runs along the Queens-Nassau border from Braddock Avenue to 257th street. Continuing east through Nassau and western Suffolk counties, NY 25 retains the name Jericho Turnpike. Further east, the highway becomes Main Street in Smithtown, Middle Country Road in central Suffolk, Main Street again in Riverhead, and finally Main Road in eastern Suffolk.

Two alternate routings exist bearing the designation NY 25 Truck, both along the North Fork of Long Island. They began as two separate routes, one between Laurel and Mattituck and the other in the vicinity of Greenport; however, they were effectively merged after a truck route was established between Mattituck and Greenport.

Route description

Manhattan and Queens

NY 25 begins near Second Avenue in Manhattan, at the western end of the double-decked Queensboro Bridge spanning the East River and Roosevelt Island. East of the bridge NY 25 becomes Queens Boulevard at the intersection with NY 25A, in the Long Island City section of the borough of Queens. Queens Plaza is based around this section of the road.[4]

In Long Island City, NY 25 runs southeast beneath the elevated tracks of the IRT Flushing Line. At Thompson Avenue, the route turns to run eastward as the multi-lane divided Queens Boulevard, straddling the Flushing Line's elevated structure eastward to 48th Street, at which point the Flushing Line turns northeast onto Roosevelt Avenue and Queens Boulevard becomes 6 lanes in each direction, with main and service roads. In Woodside, NY 25 meets I-278 at exit 39. In Elmhurst, the road runs over the eponymous subway line starting at the intersection with Grand Boulevard and Broadway. In Corona, the road intersects the Long Island Expressway (I-495) and the northern terminus of Woodhaven Boulevard.[4]

Outside of Rego Park, NY 25 turns slightly southeast towards Forest Hills and Jamaica. In Kew Gardens the route is connected to the westbound and eastbound roadways of Union Turnpike and passes over the Jackie Robinson Parkway without access. Near Jamaica, the road meets I-678 at exit 9, a partial interchange. Three blocks southeast of I-678, NY 25 turns east and is known as Hillside Avenue, a city street that begins at Jamaica Avenue in Richmond Hill near the site of the former LIRR station. This section of NY 25 is undivided but has several lanes in the Jamaica-Hollis area. In Queens Village the route connects with both I-295 and NY 24 at an interchange that serves as NY 24's western end and I-295's southern terminus. East of I-295, NY 25 intersects the western terminus of NY 25B; NY 25 turns southeast onto Braddock Avenue while NY 25B continues as Hillside Avenue.[4]

NY 135 exit on NY 25.

In Bellerose, the roadway passes over the Cross Island Parkway and turns east onto Jericho Turnpike. This section, to just before 257th Street, is the border between the Bellerose and Floral Park neighborhoods of Queens to the north and the villages of Bellerose and Floral Park in Nassau County to the south. The westbound lanes are in New York City, whereas the eastbound lanes are in Nassau County.[4]

Nassau and Suffolk counties

NY 25B and Hillside Avenue merge into NY 25 in Mineola.[5] NY 25 continues in this area as a divided highway and parallels the Northern State Parkway. NY 25 again intersects with the Long Island Expressway in Jericho. NY 106 and NY 107 interchange with NY 25 in downtown Jericho, however the exit is not numbered.[6]

NY 25 in Orient Point after leaving the Cross Sound Ferry

The northern end of the Seaford-Oyster Bay Expressway (NY 135) terminates at NY 25 in Syosset. NY 110 intersects at the 32.76 miles (52.72 km) mark, in South Huntington. NY 454 begins at an intersection with NY 25 in Commack.[7] Just after the NY 454 intersection, NY 25 meets the Sunken Meadow State Parkway by way of an interchange. NY 25A, a spur of NY 25, becomes concurrent with NY 25 in Smithtown.[8] In Village of the Branch, NY 25A leaves to the north where NY 111 intersects from the south. New York State Bicycle Route 25 (NYS Bike Route 25) also begins along NY 25A at this intersection.

NY 347 intersects at 47.93 miles (77.14 km) in Nesconset. In Coram, NY 25 intersects with NY 112. NY 25A ends at NY 25 in Calverton, and NYS Bike Route 25 joins NY 25 on its way to Orient Point, with occasional diversions in Riverhead, Aquebogue, and Greenport. Four miles (6 km) later, NY 25 encounters the Long Island Expressway one final time at another interchange. 20 miles (32 km) further eastward, in Greenport, NY 25 intersects with NY 114 at its northern terminus.[9] NY 25 continues on the northeastern end of Long Island for the final ten miles (16 km). NY 25 enters Orient and ends at the Orient Point Ferry Landing. An attraction along NY 25 in Orient is Orient Beach State Park.[10]

History

NY 25 and 25A overlap in Smithtown.

NY 25 was assigned in the mid-1920s along all of what is now NY 25A east of the New York City line and its current alignment from the modern east end of NY 25A to Greenport. At the time, the section of modern NY 25 between the New York City line and Smithtown was state-maintained but unnumbered.[1][2] It was designated as NY 25A c. 1927.[2][11] In the late 1920s, NY 25 was realigned to follow Jericho Turnpike and Middle Country Road between Smithtown and Riverhead while its former alignment to the north became part of NY 25A.[2][12] In the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, the routings of NY 25 and NY 25A were flipped west of Smithtown, placing both routes on their current alignments.[12] NY 25 was extended east to Orient Point c. 1932.[13][14]

NY 25 was one of several routes that was extended west into New York City in mid-December 1934 when the city signed routes within its limits for the first time. The route followed Jericho Turnpike, Braddock Avenue, Springfield Boulevard, Horace Harding Boulevard, and several smaller streets (including Corona, Woodside, and Skillman Avenues) westward to Queens Boulevard, then part of NY 24. NY 25 joined NY 24 here, overlapping NY 24 (and NY 25A west of Northern Boulevard) along Queens Boulevard and across the Queensboro Bridge into Manhattan. The three routes continued west for several more blocks along 2nd Avenue and 57th Street to Park Avenue (then NY 22 and NY 100), where NY 24, NY 25, and NY 25A all ended. At the time, the segment of modern NY 25 between Skillman Avenue and 212th Street was part of NY 24.[15]

The overlaps with both NY 24 and NY 25A into Manhattan were eventually eliminated. In the mid-1940s, NY 24 was realigned to enter Manhattan by way of the Queens-Midtown Tunnel. As a result, NY 24 now left NY 25 at what is now exit 36 on the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway.[16][17] The overlap with NY 25A was removed by 1952 after that route was truncated to the intersection of Northern and Queens Boulevards.[18] NY 25 continued to extend into Manhattan until the mid-1960s when NY 22 was truncated to end in the North Bronx. NY 25 was truncated to end in Queens as a result.[19][20] It was reextended across the Queensboro Bridge on January 1, 1970, to a new terminus at FDR Drive.[21]

New York City and vicinity

NY 25 has been realigned several times within the New York City limits. In the late 1930s, NY 25 was realigned to follow Queens Boulevard (NY 24) from Skillman Avenue to Horace Harding Boulevard, where NY 25 turned eastward to follow Horace Harding Boulevard back to its original alignment at Corona Avenue.[22][23] The route was altered again in the early 1940s to follow an even more southerly alignment between Horace Harding and Springfield Boulevards via Queens Boulevard and Union Turnpike.[16][23] NY 25 went unchanged until January 1, 1970, when NY 24 was truncated to begin at the junction of 212th Street and Hillside Avenue. NY 24's former alignment along Queens Boulevard and Hillside Avenue became part of a realigned NY 25, which also used a previously unnumbered segment of Hillside Avenue between 212th Street and Braddock Avenue.[21][24]

From 1920 to 2005, the section of NY 25 that forms the border between New York City and Nassau County was simultaneously named Jamaica Avenue on the westbound (Queens, New York City) side and Jericho Turnpike on the eastbound (Nassau County) side.[25] Some map makers only showed one of the names.[26] The confusion ended where the road wholly entered Nassau County and thus became Jericho Turnpike in both directions. Similarly, both sides of the road west of Braddock Avenue (where NY 25 splits off to the northwest) were known as Jamaica Avenue even though the south side is still the Nassau County border until 225th Street. Legislation renaming the westbound side of NY 25 between Braddock Avenue and the Nassau County line as Jericho Turnpike was signed into law by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg on June 6, 2005, and took effect on September 4.[25]

Former segments

Many former segments of the roads NY 25 follows exist along the current alignment, with most prefaced by the word "Old" in the road name. Within Jericho, Old Jericho Turnpike parallels the current road from a point east of the NY 106-NY 107 interchange and Marian Lane, where the old alignment merges with the current NY 25.[6] Smithtown contains a former segment in the vicinity of the Nissequogue River with a bridge and former right-of-way that still exists today.[27] In Coram, an old alignment of Middle Country Road (NY 25) extends from east of Paul's Path to Grant Smith Road.[28] The road, however, is discontinuous at NY 112.[29] At Middle Island, a former segment of Middle Country Road exists east of Church Lane and north of Bartlett Pond and runs to Robin Drive in Middle Island, where it rejoins NY 25. Another former segment used to dip south to avoid a small lake to the north.[30] A small segment of the road remains intact as Old Middle Country Road from Picaso Way to Woodville Road.[31] Prior to the construction of Picaso Way and the cluster developments it leads to, this section of Old Middle Country Road connected to the existing section at its west end, the stub of which can still be found.[32]

Near Riverhead, Middle Country Road once followed a parallel roadway to the south of the current roadway between River Road and Forge Road.[33] Although some of this section has been dismantled, a portion still exists as modern Forge Road from the Peconic River Bridge to Kroemer Avenue.[34]In Laurel, New York (Southold township), A quarter mile section was rerouted past the town hamlet of Laurel in a more direct and straight manner. The old section became Franklinville Road which connects to NY 25 at both ends of the 1/4 mile bypass. In Mattituck, an old alignment of Main Road (NY 25) exists as Old Main Road from Bray Avenue to west of Sigsbee Road. Southwest of Southold, Main Road originally followed the length of Lower Road and Ackerly Pond Lane between Lower Road and Main Road.[] To the northeast of the community, another former segment remains intact as Old Main Road between Budd's Pond and Mill Creek to Hashamomuck Pond.[35]

East of Greenport, a former alignment of Main Road is located between the creek from Silver Lake and Silvermere Road.[33] In Orient, two former routings of Main Road exist, both in the vicinity of Bight Road. The first, a loop connecting Grandview Drive to NY 25, is located west of Bight Road. The second, a loop providing access to Whalers Road from NY 25, is west of Charles Rose Airport.[36]

Reconstruction and widening projects

In the early 1970s, the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) wanted to install frontage roads along a divided NY 25 between Nesconset and Lake Grove as part of a proposed upgrade of NY 347 into a limited-access highway.[37]

In the 1960s and 1970s, NYSDOT wanted to realign both NY 112 and NY 25 in Coram. The realignment and widening of NY 25 was to take place between NY 112 and Winfield Davis Road.[38][clarification needed]

The interchange Between CR 58 and I-495 in Riverhead was completed as a result of I-495's eastern completion. This interchange was fully operational by 1972. It features grade separated ramps, high-speed banked curves, and interstate standard signing. A traffic light at Manor Road was installed at the time of completion of Splish Splash Water Park in 1991.

Suffixed routes

NY 25 once had as many as four suffixed routes; two no longer exist.

NY 25 Truck


New York State Route 25 Truck
Location: Laurel-Greenport

There are two separate routes designated NY 25 Truck on the North Fork of Long Island. The longest of the two routes roughly parallels NY 25 along Franklinville Road, Aldrich Lane, Sound Avenue, and County Route 48 (CR 48) between Laurel and Greenport, while the other follows the north-south Moore's Lane between NY 25 and the east-west truck route just west of Greenport. Together, they bypass a low railroad bridge that carries the Main Line of the Long Island Rail Road over NY 25 in Laurel and narrow historic streets in Greenport.

The two routes were originally distinct highways that did not connect to one another. The truck route along Franklinville Road, Aldrich Lane, and Sound Avenue began as a route between Laurel and Mattituck, which followed Old Sound Avenue at its east end. The other NY 25 Truck began west of Greenport at the junction of NY 25 and Moore's Lane and followed Moore's Lane and CR 48 northeast to NY 25 north of the village. At some point, the section of CR 48 between Mattituck and Greenport was also posted as NY 25 Truck, effectively merging the two routes while retaining the north-south leg of the Greenport truck route along Moore's Lane.

Major intersections

County Location mi[3] km Destinations Notes
New York Manhattan 0.00 0.00 2nd Avenue south / 60th Street west Western terminus of the Lower Level
To / 1st Avenue north Western terminus of the Upper Level
East River 0.48 0.77 Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge
Queens Long Island City 1.62 2.61 (Northern Boulevard) / 21st Street - Roosevelt Island Eastern terminus of the Upper Level
(Jackson Avenue west / Northern Boulevard east)
Woodside 3.83 6.16 (Brooklyn-Queens Expressway) - RFK Bridge, Verrazano Bridge Exit 39 (I-278)
Rego Park (Long Island Expressway) - Midtown Tunnel, Eastern Long Island Exit 19 (I-495)
Kew Gardens 7.99 12.86 Jackie Robinson Pkwy Shield.svgUnion Turnpike to Jackie Robinson Parkway Exit 7 (Jackie Robinson Parkway)
8.59 13.82 south (Van Wyck Expressway) - Kennedy Airport Exit 9 (I-678)
Hollis Hills north (Clearview Expressway) / 212th Street (NY 24 east) - Throgs Neck Bridge, Grand Central Parkway Southern terminus of I-295; western terminus of NY 24
Queens Village 13.37 21.52 east / Springfield Boulevard Western terminus of NY 25B
14.43 23.22  - Verrazano Bridge, Whitestone Bridge Exit 27 (Cross Island Parkway)
Nassau Old Westbury 20.22 32.54 west - New York Westbound exit only; exit 31 (Northern State Parkway)
20.27 32.62 To east to south - Hauppauge via Glen Cove Road
20.76 33.41 west - East Williston Interchange; Eastern terminus of NY 25B
Westbury 22.25 35.81 To via Post Avenue
Jericho 24.54 39.49  - New York, Riverhead Exit 40 (I-495)
25.40 40.88 /  - Hicksville, Oyster Bay, Glen Cove Cloverleaf interchange
Syosset 28.25 45.46 south - Seaford Northern terminus and exit 14 (NY 135)
Suffolk Huntington Station 32.76 52.72  - Walt Whitman House
Dix Hills 35.44 57.04 to
south to Northern terminus of CR 66
Commack (Commack Road)
39.58 63.70 east - Hauppauge, Patchogue Western terminus of NY 454
39.88 64.18  - Bay Shore, Sunken Meadow Park Eastbound access to Parkway south is via NY 454 east; exit SM3 (Sunken Meadow Parkway)
Smithtown 43.80 70.49 west Western terminus of concurrency with NY 25A
Village of the Branch 45.15 72.66 east / south - Hauppauge, Stony Brook, Port Jefferson Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 25A; northern terminus of NY 111
east (Terry Road) Western terminus of CR 16
Nesconset 47.93 77.14  - Hauppauge, Port Jefferson
Centereach 51.92 83.56  - Stony Brook, Blue Point First SPUI in New York State[43]
Coram 54.25 87.31  - Patchogue, Mount Sinai
55.10 88.67  - Medford, Patchogue
Middle Island 58.48 94.11 (Rocky Point Road)
Ridge 61.63 99.18  - Wading River, Smith Point Park Cloverleaf interchange
Wading River 66.85 107.58 west - Wading River, Port Jefferson Eastern terminus of NY 25A
Calverton 70.05 112.73 east (Old Country Road) - Greenport, Orient Western terminus of CR 58
70.57 113.57 west - New York Exit 72 (I-495)
Community of Riverhead 73.85 118.85 To /  - Montauk Access via Peconic Avenue; CR 104 was formerly NY 113
75.55 121.59 west (Old Country Road) to Eastern terminus of CR 58
Aquebogue 75.95 122.23  - Northville, Westhampton, Montauk
Laurel
east (Franklinville Road) - Mattituck
Western terminus of Truck NY 25
Greenport
east (Moores Lane) - Greenport West
Alternate routing of NY 25 Truck
95.68 153.98 south - Shelter Island Northern terminus of NY 114
96.82 155.82
/ NY 25 Truck west - Mattituck
Eastern terminus of CR 48 and Truck NY 25
Orient Point 105.07 169.09 Orient Point Ferry Landing Ferries serve Fisher's Island and New London, CT
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. Retrieved 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. State of New York Department of Public Works. 1926. 
  3. ^ a b c d "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 154-157. Retrieved 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in New York City" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  5. ^ Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in Mineola, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  6. ^ a b Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in Jericho, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  7. ^ Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in Commack, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  8. ^ Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in Smithtown, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  9. ^ Google (October 11, 2007). "Route 25 in Greenport, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  10. ^ "Orient Beach State Park". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. 2010. Retrieved 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Road Map of New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1927. 
  12. ^ a b Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136. Retrieved 2010. 
  13. ^ New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Kendall Refining Company. 1931. 
  14. ^ a b Texaco Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1932. 
  15. ^ a b "Mark Ways in the City". The New York Times. December 16, 1934. Retrieved 2010. 
  16. ^ a b New York with Pictorial Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1942. 
  17. ^ Official Highway Map of New York State (Map) (1947-48 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. State of New York Department of Public Works. 
  18. ^ New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Sunoco. 1952. 
  19. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Sinclair Oil Corporation. 1964. 
  20. ^ Gousha Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. H.M. Gousha Company. 1967. p. 56. Retrieved 2010. 
  21. ^ a b c State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved 2009. 
  22. ^ New York Road Map for 1938 (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1938. 
  23. ^ a b New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1940. 
  24. ^ New York State Highways (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. State of New York Department of Commerce. 1969. 
  25. ^ a b "Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg Signs Legislation Renaming Jamaica Avenue Jericho Turnpike" (Press release). New York City. June 6, 2005. Retrieved 2016. 
  26. ^ Bellerose, NY (Map). Mapquest. Retrieved 2009. 
  27. ^ GoogleMaps satellite image saved on ImageShack
  28. ^ New York (Suffolk County) - Setauket Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. 1904. Retrieved 2007. 
  29. ^ Google (December 18, 2007). "Coram, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  30. ^ New York (Suffolk County) - Moriches Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. 1903. Retrieved 2007. 
  31. ^ Google (December 18, 2007). "Middle Island, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  32. ^ Google (June 6, 2010). "Middle Island, New York" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2010. 
  33. ^ a b Eastern Suffolk County (Map). H.M. Gousha Company. 1941. Retrieved 2010. 
  34. ^ Google (December 18, 2007). "Riverhead, NY" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007. 
  35. ^ New York (Suffolk County) - Shelter Island Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. 1904. Retrieved 2007. 
  36. ^ New York (Suffolk County) - Shelter Island Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. 1904. Retrieved 2007. 
  37. ^ Proposed Improvements; Route 347 Veterans Memorial Highway to Route 25A/Route 25 Sunny Drive to Hawkins Avenue (pamphlet). New York State Department of Transportation. 1973. 
  38. ^ Town of Brookhaven Zoning Maps
  39. ^ Road Map & Historical Guide - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Sun Oil Company. 1935. 
  40. ^ a b Texaco Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1933. 
  41. ^ Road Map - Metropolitan New York and Long Island (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Shell Oil Company. 1936. 
  42. ^ Anderson, Steve. "State Roads on Long Island". NYCRoads. Retrieved 2008. 
  43. ^ Anderson, Steve. "Nicolls Road". NYCRoads. Retrieved 2010. 

External links

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