|Newark Police Department|
|Operations jurisdiction||Newark, New Jersey, USA|
|Size||26 square miles (67 km2)|
|General nature||o Local civilian agency|
|Headquarters||City of Newark|
|Public Safety Director responsible||
Established in April 1857, the Newark Police Department (NPD) is the primary law enforcement agency serving Newark, New Jersey, and the largest municipal law enforcement agency in New Jersey.As of January 2017 the force had 1035 officers in its ranks. In December 2017, the increased to 1,146.
In July 2014, the newly elected mayor of Newark, Ras Baraka, appointed Eugene Venable as police director and Anthony Campos as police chief.  Later that month, Baraka and U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey Paul Fishman announced that the city had entered into an agreement with the US Justice Department to monitor the force. In the wake of the three-year report, Baraka in December announced a new citizen's advisory board composed of civilians and other measures.
The post of chief of police was abolished in 2008, when the chief handled day-to-day operations and the director handled policy. The position was reestablished by the city council in July 2011. The department was headed by police director Samuel DeMaio between 2011 and 2014. Sheilah Coley was police chief between 2011 and 2014.
On August 5, 2016, Darnell Henry, a 22-year veteran of the Newark police department, was sworn in as chief of the force after serving in an acting capacity for several months.
The foundation for the Newark Police Department dates back to 1681 when two men were appointed as watchmen to preserve peace and crime in the town at night. Eventually, these responsibilities extended to more individuals and a group of seven watchmen were appointed to the four watch districts in Newark. Once Newark became incorporated in April 1836, Mayor William Halsey decided to extend a notion to institute the "City Watch." The City Watch consisted of policemen who were responsible for patrolling the streets of Newark. In 1855, the watchmen were officially associated as the Constables and the Night Watch were those who kept watch at nighttime. In April 1857, the Newark Police Department was established when the municipal police replaced the Night Watch and Constables.
The Newark Police Department is the largest police force in New Jersey. In 2011 the size of the police department was reduced by 13% (167 officers) as the result of budget cuts. In November 2013, the NPD re-hired five officers who had been laid off, and another four who had previously worked in Camden. As of January 2014, the force had 800 officers in its ranks. It was announced that month that the city would hire 100 new officers, 50 immediately after they graduate from the police academy, which began in March 2014. In September 2014, 35 new officers were sworn in. The new hires are part of larger plan to expand the force to 1400 officers. In October 2014, Baraka said "We are looking at ways to make our police department more efficient, more responsive to our residents' needs" and proposed cost-cutting steps get rid of stipends paid to detectives on top of their overtime payments, make weekends part of regularly scheduled workweeks (effectively creating Saturday to Thursday or a Tuesday to Sunday workweeks voiding weekend overtime). The plan would eliminate gasoline allowances for detectives and stop allowing department vehicles to be available for 24-hour personal use and stop automatic on-call time for police personnel, Baraka hoped to save $2 million annually and plans to use the money to hire 65 new officers in 2015. Baraka said the city also hoped to increase police salaries by two percent.
In July 2014 the mayors of Newark, Jersey City, and Paterson announced an initiative whereby the respective police forces would collaborate in certain areas including the sharing of intelligence about gangs, purchasing power agreements, and providing employment training and job entry programs.
In May 2011, Officer Hugo Fierro beat a man with his pistol outside a local restaurant. He did not report the incident and the man was not charged with a crime. Fierro was sentenced to five years in jail for the assault.
In March 2012, Officer Johnathan Taylor set fire to his own car as a scheme to collect an insurance payment. He was convicted in January 2014 and sentenced to three years probation.
In August 2013, Officer Suliaman Kamara pleaded guilty in a scheme to defraud the federal government of money meant to house poor people. He was sentenced to three months' confinement.
In January 2014, Detective Ugo Bellomo was forced to resign after a court placed him in a program designed to divert offenders from a conviction. This was as a result of a road rage incident in November 2012.
In July 2014, a federal investigation determined that the department "engaged in a pattern of unconstitutional practices, chiefly in its use of force, stop-and-frisk tactics, unwarranted stops and arrests and discriminatory police actions." The city agreed to a federal monitoring program.