|Noble County, Indiana|
Noble County Courthouse in Abion, Indiana
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Governor Noah Noble|
|o Total||417.43 sq mi (1,081 km2)|
|o Land||410.84 sq mi (1,064 km2)|
|o Water||6.59 sq mi (17 km2), 1.58%|
|o Density||116/sq mi (44.64/km2)|
|Footnotes: Indiana county number 57|
Noble County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 47,536. The county seat is Albion. The county is divided into 13 townships which provide local services.
Noble County was formed in 1836. It was named for Governor Noah Noble. The original settlers in Noble County were settlers from New England known as "Yankees", these were people descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New Englanders who migrated west to what was then the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. This migration was sparked as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal and conclusion of the Black Hawk War. They founded the towns of Kendallville and Albion.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 417.43 square miles (1,081.1 km2), of which 410.84 square miles (1,064.1 km2) (or 98.42%) is land and 6.59 square miles (17.1 km2) (or 1.58%) is water. Sand Hill (1073 feet/327 metres), the second-highest named point in Indiana, is located in Noble County.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Albion have ranged from a low of 14 °F (-10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of -24 °F (-31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.80 inches (46 mm) in February to 4.44 inches (113 mm) in June.
The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms and are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes and service taxes.
The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue and managing day-to-day functions of the county government.
The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and be residents of the county.
Each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief and manages cemetery care, among other duties. The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms.
Noble County is part of Indiana's 3rd congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Mark Souder in the United States Congress. It is part of Indiana Senate district 13 and Indiana House of Representatives districts 52 and 83.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,536 people, 17,355 households, and 12,591 families residing in the county. The population density was 115.7 inhabitants per square mile (44.7/km2). There were 20,109 housing units at an average density of 48.9 per square mile (18.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.5% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 5.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.2% claimed German, 11.1% claimed American, 9.8% claimed Irish, and 8.5% claimed English.
Of the 17,355 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families, and 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 37.1 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $53,959. Males had a median income of $40,335 versus $29,887 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,783. About 7.6% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.