Location in Dallas
|Counties||Collin, Dallas, Denton|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
|ZIP codes||75206, 75209, 75220, 75225, 75229, 75230, 75231, 75238, 75240, 75243, 75244, 75248, 75251, 75252, 75254, 75287|
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 972|
North Dallas is an area of numerous communities and neighborhoods in Dallas, Texas (United States). The phrase "North Dallas" is also sometimes used to include any suburb or exurb north of Dallas proper within the metropolitan area. The majority of North Dallas is located in Dallas County, while a small portion is located in Collin and Denton Counties. North Dallas generally includes areas of Dallas north of Northwest Highway, along with Lake Highlands and areas of Dallas north of IH-635 known as Far North Dallas. The area has strong social and economic ties to the Dallas enclave of Park Cities, and two inner suburbs of Dallas, Richardson and Addison. It is the wealthiest part of Dallas, but has its adjacent, yet scattered rough parts, as well.
As Dallas has grown over the last several decades, the concept of "North Dallas" has changed from the area just north of downtown, along Central Expressway (where North Dallas High School is located), to the far northern reaches of Dallas proper and the suburbs to the north of the city.
The following neighborhoods are generally considered part of or closely connected with North Dallas; however, some of them may not be located entirely within North Dallas or may be considered parts of North Dallas by some and not others.
Far North Dallas includes areas north of IH-635, and may sometimes include portions of Lake Highlands that are also north of IH-635. Sometimes, Far North Dallas is also viewed as a distinct area from North Dallas.
Most of the Dallas County portion of North Dallas is served by the Dallas Independent School District, and students are zoned to either Emmett J. Conrad, Hillcrest, Thomas Jefferson, or W. T. White High Schools.
All of Lake Highlands and portions of Far North Dallas in the Dallas County are served by the Richardson Independent School District. Lake Highlands students are zoned to Lake Highlands High School (Dallas) or Lloyd V. Berkner High School (Richardson), while portions of Far North Dallas are zoned to J.J. Pearce High School (Richardson) or Richardson High School (Richardson).
The Denton County portion of North Dallas is served by the Carrollton-Farmers Branch Independent School District, and students are zoned to R.L. Turner High School or Newman Smith High School.
The area is served by seven branches of the Dallas Public Library system:
North Dallas is home to the headquarters of Texas Instruments (TI). TI is the No. 4 manufacturer of semiconductors worldwide after Intel, Samsung and Toshiba, and is the No. 2 supplier of chips for cellular handsets after Qualcomm, and the No. 1 producer of digital signal processors (DSPs) and analog semiconductors, among a wide range of other semiconductor products.
As the majority of North Dallas was developed in the late 20th century, the primary mode of local transportation is the automobile and the area has a low density compared with neighborhoods built in the early 20th century. Efforts made by the City of Dallas and Dallas Area Rapid Transit to increase the availability of alternative modes of transportation have received varying degrees of support from North Dallas residents. Since 1996, two light rail lines flanking North Dallas on the east have been constructed and well-received, and two more flank North Dallas on the west, in northwest Dallas. However, plans to build a commuter or light rail line through the North Dallas area along the "Cotton Belt" (the St. Louis Southwestern Railway) has met opposition from residents and local organizations.
North Dallas' road network was developed according to the street hierarchy school of urban design. Roads in the area are separated into major limited-access highways, high-capacity principal arterial roads, mid-capacity minor arterial roads, mid-capacity collector roads, and minor streets. The most organized of these systems is North Dallas' modified grid plan of principal arterial roads, which runs on a standard N/S/E/W grid.
The routing of limited-access highways through North Dallas is based on the area's proximity to Dallas' downtown freeway loop, as Dallas' freeway system was built according to the hub-and-spoke paradigm. North Dallas' major north-south highways radiate out of the downtown freeway loop and cut through North Dallas at various angles.
Additionally, four separate beltways arc across North Dallas: in order from their proximity to downtown:
DART began operating its light rail lines in North Dallas in 1996: The Red Line connects North Dallas to Oak Cliff, south Dallas, downtown, Uptown, Richardson and Plano. The Blue Line connects North Dallas to south Dallas, downtown, Uptown, east Dallas, Lake Highlands, and Garland. The Green Line and Orange Line lines run just to the west of North Dallas in northwest Dallas. The two lines serve DFW Airport, Irving and Las Colinas, Carrollton, Farmers Branch, the Stemmons Corridor, Victory Park, downtown, Deep Ellum, Fair Park, south Dallas and Pleasant Grove. Lines and stations in North Dallas include:
Dallas's Love Field Airport is located in North Dallas, near the Bluff View and Devonshire neighborhoods. The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex's major international airport, Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, is located a short distance to the northwest. Additionally, Addison Airport, a general aviation airport, is located adjacent to North Dallas in Addison.