BART and Oakland Airport Connector platforms in 2017
|Location||700 73rd Avenue (Amtrak)
7200 San Leandro Street (BART)
|Owned by||City of Oakland, BART, Union Pacific Railroad|
|Line(s)||UP Niles Subdivision (Amtrak station)
Oakland Airport Connector
|Platforms||1 side platform (Amtrak)
1 island platform (BART)
1 side platform (Oakland Airport Connector)
1 (BART Oakland Airport Connector)
|Connections|| AC Transit: 45, 46, 46L, 73, 90, 98, 356, 646, 657, 805
Alameda County East Oakland Shuttle
Harbor Bay Business Park Shuttle
|Parking||35 spaces (Amtrak)
847 spaces (BART)
|Bicycle facilities||Lockers (hourly fee) and racks|
|Station code||OAC (Amtrak)|
|Opened||September 11, 1972 (BART)
June 6, 2005 (Amtrak)
|Rebuilt||November 22, 2014 (Airport connector opened)|
|Previous names||Coliseum/Oakland Airport (1972-2014)|
|Passengers (2017)||77,057 annual 9.27% (Amtrak)|
|Passengers (FY 2016)||7,132 exits/day 7.95% (BART)|
The station complex of Amtrak's Oakland Coliseum station and Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)'s Coliseum station is located in the East Oakland area of Oakland, California, United States. The two stations, located about 600 feet (180 m) apart, are connected to each other and to the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum/Oracle Arena sports complex with an accessible pedestrian bridge.
The main BART station opened in 1972, serving the then-new Coliseum and the surrounding neighborhood. The Amtrak platform was added in 2005 to provide a connection between BART and Amtrak's Capitol Corridor service. In 2014, the complex became the terminus of the Coliseum-Oakland International Airport line, thus connecting Oakland International Airport to rail transit. The station also serves as a transfer point for AC Transit buses and business park shuttles.
Coliseum station opened as part of the first segement of the BART system on September 11, 1972. It was soon connected to its namesake, the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum/Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena sports complex, by a pedestrian bridge over San Leandro Street and the Union Pacific Railroad's right-of-way. The bridge was opened for the final games of the 1974 World Series on October 15-17, 1974; it closed on October 18 due to excessive swaying, but reopened the next year.AirBART bus service to Oakland International Airport began on July 1, 1977, prompting the station to be renamed Coliseum/Oakland Airport.
Amtrak's long-distance Coast Starlight service has used the Union Pacific right-of-way since its inception in 1971, but it has served only the main downtown stops in Oakland at 16th Street station then Jack London Square station when it replaced the former. Capitol Corridor service began in 1991, but did not initially stop at the Coliseum. In 2002, Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority (CCJPA), in conjunction with Caltrans and the City of Oakland, decided to build a Capitol Corridor station at Coliseum. The new $6 million Oakland Coliseum station opened on June 6, 2005; it included a new accessible connection to the original BART-Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum pedestrian bridge, facilitating a grade separated transfer between the two services.
BART considered plans for a rail link to the airport as early as 1970, including a bi-directional loop off the main line, but planning did not gain strength until the early 1990s. Oakland City Council approved a 3.2-mile (5.1 km) extension of BART to Oakland International Airport in 2009, and construction began in October 2010. The service began on November 21, 2014; the station was renamed Coliseum to allow the terminus station at the airport to be named Oakland International Airport station.
The Amtrak station is an unstaffed grade-level station at the western end of the 73rd Avenue cul-de-sac with few passenger amenities beyond separate sets of benches sheltered by open-air canopies; a formerly-present QuikTrak ticket machine was removed due to vandalism issues. The Union Pacific Railroad's Niles Subdivision has three tracks at the station - two mainline tracks used by Union Pacific freights (and the Coast Starlight), and a siding track with a single side platform serving Capitol Corridor trains. Oakland Coliseum is primarily served by through trains between Sacramento and San Jose, but also functions as a part-time terminal for some Capitol Corridor service traveling to/from Sacramento. Capitol Corridor trains regularly meet at the CP Coliseum interlocking immediately south of the station since the service's operation is primarily single-tracked between Oakland and San Jose. An accessible ramp structure connects the platform to the pedestrian bridge.
|Side platform, doors will open on the left or right|
|Station siding||Capitol Corridor toward Auburn (Oakland - Jack London Square); toward San Jose (Hayward)->|
|Track 2||UP mainline; Coast Starlight does not stop here ->|
|Track 1||UP mainline; Coast Starlight does not stop here ->|
The BART station is a three-level elevated station, with fare control and concessions located adjacent to San Leandro Street on the ground level underneath the northern end of the platform. Conventional BART trains serve an island platform between two tracks on the elevated second level. Union Pacific's grade-level Oakland Subdivision (which is proposed to be converted to a rail trail) parallels BART immediately to the east, separating the station from the adjacent Coliseum neighborhood. An accessible pedestrian underpass tunnel with a set of stairlifts runs underneath the Union Pacific right-of-way and connects the fare control area with the parking area and Snell Street. A taxi stand is located opposite San Leandro Street at the corner of 71st Avenue, with a secondary taxi loading zone also located along Snell Street near the bicycle locker area.
|Track 2|| Dublin/Pleasanton-Daly City toward Daly City (Fruitvale)
Richmond-Warm Springs/South Fremont toward Richmond (Fruitvale)
Warm Springs/South Fremont-Daly City toward Daly City (Fruitvale)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Track 1||-> Dublin/Pleasanton-Daly City toward Dublin / Pleasanton (San Leandro) ->
-> Richmond-Warm Springs/South Fremont toward Warm Springs (San Leandro) ->
-> Warm Springs/South Fremont-Daly City toward Warm Springs (San Leandro) ->
The Coliseum-Oakland International Airport line has one track and one side platform on the third level, with a connection and fare control from the southern end of the main BART platform. It has no direct street access and can only be reached from the main BART platform. Unlike conventional BART stations, platform screen doors provide a barrier between the platform and the guideway of the driverless system, making Coliseum one of the first BART stations to feature platform screen doors in some capacity. The fare for the Coliseum-Oakland International Airport line is charged at Coliseum in both directions.
|Track 3||Coliseum-Oakland International Airport toward Oakland International Airport (Terminus)|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
The Oakland Coliseum station is (along with Fruitvale station) one of the main bus-rail interchanges for East Oakland, and is served 24/7 by various bus services connecting the station with surrounding neighborhoods. It is served by ten AC Transit bus routes, which stop on both sides of San Leandro Street at the station:
Several fare-free local shuttle routes stop at the north end of the station off San Leandro Street across from the taxi stand. The Alameda County East Oakland Shuttle connects the station with county offices at Eastmont Town Center, Edgewater Drive, and Enterprise Way. The nearby Harbor Bay Business Park also offers a pair of shuttle bus routes to the station.