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Oceaneering purchased the rights to the JIM suit in 1975. By 1979, a team from Oceaneering assisted Dr. Sylvia Earle in testing Atmospheric diving suits for scientific diving operations by diving a JIM suit to 1,250 fsw. Oceaneering also used WASP atmospheric diving suits.
A dive team from Oceaneering salvaged three of the four propellers from the RMS Lusitania in 1982.
From 1984 to 1988, Michael L. Gernhardt served as Oceaneering's Manager and then Vice President of Special Projects. He led the development of a telerobotic system for subsea platform cleaning and inspection, and of a variety of new diver and robot tools. In 1988, he founded Oceaneering Space Systems, to transfer subsea technology and operational experience to the ISS program.
Boeing and Fugro teamed up with Oceaneering in 2001 to begin integration of their advanced technology into deep sea exploration.
Oceaneering helped recover the ConfederatesubmarineH. L. Hunley, which sank in 1864. Several recovery plans were evaluated; the final recovery included a truss structure with foam to surround the body of the submarine. On August 8, 2000, at 8:37 a.m., the sub broke the surface for the first time in 136 years.
On August 2, 2006, NASA announced it would issue a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the design, development, certification, production and sustaining engineering of the Constellation Space Suit to meet the needs of the Constellation Program. On June 11, 2008, NASA awarded a USD$745 million contract to Oceaneering for the creation and manufacture of this new space suit.
In 2009, Oceaneering installed a demonstrator crane aboard the SS Flickertail State to evaluate its performance in transferring containers between two moving ships, in an operational environment using commercial and oil industry at-sea mooring techniques in the Gulf of Mexico. Developed in conjunction with the Sea Warfare and Weapons Department in the Office of Naval Research, the crane has sensors and cameras as well as motion-sensing algorithms that automatically compensate for the rolling and pitching of the sea, making it much easier for operators to center it over and transfer cargo.
Oceaneering teamed up with the Canadian company GRI Simulations to design and produce the ROV simulators they utilize for training, development of procedures, and equipment staging. After a dispute over theft of trade secrets and copyright infringement that lasted several years, Oceaneering now licenses the VROV simulator system from GRI Simulations.
A 2009 collaboration with Royal Dutch Shell saw the installation of a wireline at a record 2,673 feet (815 m) of water for repairing a safety valve.
On April 22, 2010, three Oceaneering ROV crews aboard the Oceaneering vessel Ocean Intervention III, the DOF ASASkandi Neptune and the Boa International Boa Sub C began to map the seabed and assess the wreckage from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The crews reported "large amounts of oil that flowed out." Oceaneering ROV Technician Tyrone Benton was later called as a witness to provide information on the leaks associated with BOP stack investigation, but gave no reason why he later failed to appear in court.
Petrobras, the biggest deepwater oilfield company in the world, placed the largest umbilical order in company history in 2012.
As of 2012, eighty percent of Oceaneering's income has been derived from deepwater work. It is also the world's largest operator of ROVs.
BAE Systems was contracted in October 2013 to build a support vessel to supplement Oceaneering's "subsea intervention services in the ultra-deep waters of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico". Delivery is expected in 2016.
In 1992, OES was formed when Eastport International, Inc. was purchased by Oceaneering International. Eastport specialized in underwater remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), and had recently been contracted by Universal Studios Florida to redesign and build the animatronic sharks for its Jaws attraction. The original animatronics, ride system and control system had malfunctioned, causing the attraction to close soon after its grand opening. After acquisition by Oceaneering, the themed attraction work was moved to a new division, Oceaneering Entertainment Systems, which completed the Jaws contract.
In 2014, The Themed Entertainment Association awarded their Thea Award to Oceaneering Entertainment Systems (OES) for their Revolution(TM) Tru-Trackless(TM) ride system  In 2013, OES won the THEA for Transformers The Ride 3-D at Universal Studios Hollywood and Singapore, for Ride & Show Systems. In 2008, they won the THEA for the Shuttle Launch Experience.
The Stavanger offshore tekniske skole, a Norwegian technical college, received a donated ROV in November 2009 to facilitate qualification examinations for their learners. An ROV was donated to the South Central Louisiana Technical College in 2011 to support their unique ROV maintenance curriculum.