|Formation||August 21, 1969|
|Headquarters||Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia|
|20 member + 2 associate member federations|
The OAA was founded as Oceania Amateur Athletic Organization (OAAA) on August 21, 1969, during a "Congress of the delegates of Member Countries of the Australasian Area" held in Port Moresby, then Territory of Papua and New Guinea, at the time of the 3rd South Pacific Games. The name was changed to Oceania Athletics Organization in February 2007.
The current president of the association, Geoff Gardner (Norfolk Island) was firstly elected at the OAA Council held in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, in February 2007. and re-elected on February 4, 2011 at the OAA Council held in Tweed Heads, New South Wales, Australia.
|Peter Anderson||Papua New Guinea||1991-1995|
|Viliame S Tunidau||Fiji||1995-1999|
|Anne Tierney||Cook Islands||1999-2007|
|Geoff Gardner||Norfolk Island||2007-|
The OAA holds the following championships:
Moreover, the following regional championships were organized:
In 2011, a new regional concept was introduced, and the three regional championships and the Oceania Championships were unified to the Oceania Regional (or Area) Championships, or simply again Oceania Championships. Two regions "East" and "West" were classified. Athletes from the two regions may compete together at the championships, but results will be separated for rankings purposes, and medals are awarded separately.
|Guam||Guam Track and Field Association|
|Kiribati||Kiribati Athletics Association|
|Marshall Islands||Marshall Islands Athletics|
|Federated States of Micronesia||Federated States of Micronesia Athletic Association|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Northern Marianas Athletics|
|Palau||Palau Track and Field Association|||
|Papua New Guinea||Athletics Papua New Guinea|
|Solomon Islands||Athletic Solomons|||
|Vanuatu||Vanuatu Athletics Federation|
|American Samoa||American Samoa Track & Field Association|||
|Cook Islands||Athletics Cook Islands Inc.|||
|French Polynesia||Fédération d'athlétisme de Polynésie française|||
|New Caledonia (associate member)||Ligue de la Nouvelle-Calédonie d'athlétisme|||
|New Zealand||Athletics New Zealand|||
|Niue (associate member)||Niue Athletics Association|
|Norfolk Island||Athletics Norfolk Island|
|Tonga||Tonga Athletic Association|
|Tuvalu||Tuvalu Athletics Association|
A modification of Article 4.2 of the IAAF constitution set new rules limiting its membership as follows: "The national governing body for Athletics in any Country or Territory shall be eligible for Membership. Members that represented Territories on 31 December 2005 shall continue to be Members. No new Territories shall be admitted to the Membership."
As a consequence the OAA made constitutional amendments to its Article 2.5 introducing an associate membership to allow territories like New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue to participate officially "in OAA activities, including area and regional competitions." This also applies for Tokelau where the first athletics event ever took place recently.