Once A Week (1859–1880) was an English weekly illustrated literary magazine published by Bradbury and Evans. According to John Sutherland, "[h]istorically the magazine's main achievement was to provide an outlet for [an] innovative group of illustrators [in] the 1860s."
The magazine was founded in consequence of a dispute between Bradbury and Evans and Charles Dickens. Bradbury and Evans had been Dickens' publisher since 1844, including publishing his magazine Household Words. In 1859, Bradbury and Evans refused to carry an advertisement by Dickens explaining why he had broken with Mrs. Dickens. In consequence, Dickens stopped work on Household Words and founded a new magazine, All The Year Round, which he decided would be editorially independent of any publisher. Bradbury and Evans responded by founding Once A Week, with veteran editor and abolitionist hero Samuel Lucas at the head.
The magazine was different from Household Words in that it was more expensive and it was illustrated. Notable illustrators included John Leech, Hablot K. Browne, Frederick Sandys, Holman Hunt, John Tenniel and George du Maurier. Notable writers included Mark Lemon, Shirley Brooks and Tom Taylor. Many of the illustrators and writers also worked for Punch, another Bradbury and Evans literary magazine . The magazine's central feature was serial fiction; among other works, it published Charles Anderson Read's A Good Fight, George Meredith's Evan Harrington and Charles Felix's The Notting Hill Mystery, thought by some to be the first modern detective novel. Woman writers whose work was featured in the magazine included Harriet Martineau, Isabella Blagden, and M.E. Braddon.
After Lucas died in 1865, the magazine went into decline. Although it had strong sales it was probably underpriced. The magazine was purchased by James Rice who owned it until 1873 when it was bought by George Manville Fenn; by then it was "a shadow of its former self," and ceased publication in 1880.