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Pari?ia (Devanagari?, "supplement, appendix") is the term applied to various ancillary works of Vedic literature dealing with details and elaborations not covered in the texts logically and chronologically prior to them: the Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Sutras.

Parisista works exist for each of the four Vedas. However, only the literature associated with the Atharvaveda is extensive.


The val?yana G?hya Pari?ia is a very late text associated with the Rigveda canon. It is a short text of three chapters expanding on domestic rites such as the daily sandhyop?sana and rites of passage such as marriage and ?r?ddha.[1]


The Gobhila G?hya Pari?ia,[2] ascribed to Gobhilaputra, is a concise metrical text of two chapters, with 113 and 95 verses respectively. Its subjects are covered in a manner clear to those who understand Vedic Sanskrit. The first chapter deals with physical aspects of sacred cosmic rituals e.g. names of the 37 types of sacred fires, the rules and measurements for the firewood, preparation of the holy site and the timings of each cosmic activity. The second chapter deals mainly with major domestic rites such as matrimony or Shr?ddha (communication with ancestral beings). Noteworthy are injunctions such as that a girl should be given away in marriage before she attains puberty.[3]

A second short text, the Ch?ndogya Pari?ia[4] has roughly similar coverage.[5]


?ukla (White)

The K?tiya Pari?ias, ascribed to K?ty?yana, consist of 18 works enumerated self-referentially in the fifth of the series (the Cara?avy?ha):[6] Six other works of parisista character are also traditionally ascribed to K?ty?yana, including a work of identical name (Pratijña) but different contents. How many of these 24 are actually due to K?ty?yana is dubious; in all probability, they were composed by different authors at different times, with the Pratijña and the Cara?avy?ha being among the latest as they mention the others.[7]

Scope[8] Books
Form and language of the Sa?hit? Pratijña I(3), Anuv?kasa?khya(4), Cara?avy?ha(5), ?gyaju?a(8), P?r?ada(9), Pratijña II, Sarv?nukrama, Y?jñavalkya?ik
?rauta rituals Y?palak?a?a(1), Ch?galak?a?a(2), ?ulba(7), Iak?p?ra?a(10), Pravar?dhy?ya(11), M?ly?dhy?ya(12), Hautrika(16), K?rmalak?a?a(18), Kratusa?khy?
?rauta and G?hya Nigama(14), Yajñap?r?va(15), Mantrabhr?ntihara S?tra
G?hya rituals ?r?ddhas?tra(6), Uñchastra{13), ?uklayajurvidh?na
Dharmastra Prasavotth?na(17)

Ka (Black)

The Ka Yajurveda has 3 parisistas:[3]

  • The ?pastamba Hautra Pari?ia, which is also found as the second pra?na of the Satyasha ?rauta S?tra, specifies the duties of the Hot? priest in haviryajñas other than the dar?ap?r?m?sa (New and Full Moon sacrifice).
  • The V?r?ha ?rauta S?tra Pari?ia.
  • The K?ty?yana ?rauta S?tra Pari?ia.


For the Atharvaveda, there are 79 works, collected as 72 distinctly named parisistas.[9]

Book Coverage
1 Lore of the constellations
2-19 Royal ceremonies
20-33 Ritual
34-36 Magic
37-40 Ritual
41-44 Religious observances
45-46 Ritual
47-48 Phonetics and Lexicography
49 Vedic conspectus (the Cara?avy?ha)
50-72 Omens


  1. ^ Modak 1993, p.189
  2. ^ Also known as the G?hyasa?graha
  3. ^ a b Modak 1993, p.190
  4. ^ also known as the Karmaprad?pika
  5. ^ Modak 1993, p.201
  6. ^ (II.4): Kashikar 1994, p.6; Modak 1993, p.190
  7. ^ Kashikar 1994, p.8; Chakrabarti(2004), pp.92-94
  8. ^ Kashikar 1994,p.7-8
  9. ^ Modak 1993, p.191


  • BR Modak, The Ancillary Literature of the Atharva-Veda, New Delhi, Rashtriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan, 1993, ISBN 81-215-0607-7
  • CG Kashikar, A Survey of the ?ukla Yajurveda Pari?ias, Poona, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (Post-Graduate and Research Dept. Series #38), 1994
  • SC Chakrabarti, "A Survey of the ?uklayajurveda Pari?ias by C.G. Kashikar", Journal of the Asiatic Society, Vol.XLVI, no.3, Kolkata, 2004, ISSN 0368-3303

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