Pays De La Loire
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Pays De La Loire
Pays de la Loire
Region
Flag of Pays de la Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Pays de la Loire
Coat of arms
Pays de la Loire in France 2016.svg
Country France
PrefectureNantes
Departments
Government
 o PresidentChristelle Morançais (LR)
Area
 o Total32,082 km2 (12,387 sq mi)
Population
 o Total3,553,352
 o Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-R
GDP (2012)[1]Ranked 5th
TotalEUR101.2 billion (US$130.2 bn)
Per capitaEUR27,775 (US$35,725)
NUTS RegionFR5
Websitewww.paysdelaloire.fr

Pays de la Loire (French pronunciation: ​[pe.i d? la lwa?]; meaning Loire Country) is one of the 18 regions of France. It is one of the regions created in the 1950s to serve as a zone of influence for its capital, Nantes, one of a handful of so-called "balancing metropolises" (métropoles d'équilibre)¹.

Geography

A vine in Brem, Pays de la Loire

Pays de la Loire comprises 5 departments: Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Mayenne, Sarthe, Vendée.

Pays de la Loire is made up of the following historical provinces:

Thus the name of the region, chosen by the French central government, was not based on history, but purely on geographical references: Pays ("lands") de la Loire ("of the Loire").

Loire Valley is a UNESCO listed World heritage Site since 2000, it is located both in the administrative regions of Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire.[3][4] Although majority of the châteaux of the Loire Valley such as Montsoreau, Angers, Saumur or Brézé in Pays de la Loire are located in the Maine-et-Loire departement,[5]Pays de la Loire has numerous prominent monuments, such as the castles of Laval, and the Nantes Château des Ducs de Bretagne, the Royal Fontevraud Abbey (the widest monastic ensemble in Europe), and the old city of Le Mans. In addition, it also has many natural parks such as the Brière and the Marsh of Poitou.

Demography

Evolution of the population listed by departments:

Year Population of the departments
Loire-Atlantique department Maine-et-Loire department Mayenne department Sarthe department Vendée department Total Pays de la Loire
1801 369,305 375,544 305,654 388,143 243,426 1,682,072
1851 535,664 516,197 374,566 473,071 383,734 2,283,232
1901 664,971 515,431 313,103 422,699 441,311 2,357,515
1921 649,691 475,485 397,292 2,174,150
1936 659,428 478,404 251,348 388,519 389,211 2,166,910
1946 665,064 393,787 2,224,163
1954 733,575 395,641 2,320,177
1962 803,372 535,122 250,030 443,019 408,928 2,440,471
1968 861,452 585,563 252,762 461,839 421,250 2,582,866
1975 934,499 629,849 261,789 490,385 450,641 2,767,163
1982 995,498 675,321 271,784 504,768 483,027 2,930,398
1990 1,050,539 704,668 277,748 513,280 508,962 3,055,197
2005 1,208,761 754,997 297,854 551,971 587,162 3,400,745

An increase in the population was seen particularly as people migrated from all over France to the Loire region due to the rise of Nantes to prominence.

Major communities

Half-timbered houses in Angers

The biggest city in Pays de la Loire is Nantes, which is the sixth most populated city in France with over 290,000 people (city proper) and a metropolitan population of almost 900,000.

Angers is another metropolis of the region. It has a metropolitan population of about 400,000 and is the third biggest job provider in north-western France, just behind Nantes and Rennes.

Le Mans is another city in Pays de la Loire. Situated in north-east Pays de la Loire, Le Mans is home to over 300,000 (metropolitan population).

See also

Notes

¹ In the 1960s under the Charles de Gaulle government, eight large regional cities of France (Lille, Nancy, Strasbourg, Lyon, Nantes, Bordeaux, Marseille, Toulouse) were made "balancing metropolises", receiving special financial and technical help from the French government in order to counterbalance the excessive weight of Paris inside France.

References

  1. ^ INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionallolà 2012". Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Château de Montsoreau-Contemporary Art Museum - Les Châteaux de la Loire". Les Châteaux de la Loire. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs; Robinson, Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe. Academic Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-12-369449-2. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "Loire Valley Chateaux |Castles| visit from our extensive list". www.experienceloire.com. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Largest Art & Language Collection Finds Home - artnet News". artnet News. 2015-06-23. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "MACBA banks on History". Artinamericamagazine.com. 2011.
  8. ^ "Art & Language Uncompleted". macba.cat. 2014.
  9. ^ "Chateau de Montsoreau - FIAC". www.fiac.com. 2017-09-23. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Practical Information". Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Snapshots of the Loire The Montsoreau flea market". TVMONDE. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Discover the World's 500 Best Flea Markets". Fleamapket. Retrieved .

External links

Coordinates: 47°28?N 0°50?W / 47.467°N 0.833°W / 47.467; -0.833


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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