Peace River (Florida)
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Peace River Florida
Peaceflrivermap.png

The Peace River is a river in the southwestern part of the Florida peninsula, in the U.S.A..[1] It originates at the juncture of Saddle Creek and Peace Creek northeast of Bartow in Polk County and flows south through Hardee County to Arcadia in DeSoto County and then southwest into the Charlotte Harbor estuary at Port Charlotte in Charlotte County. It is 106 miles (171 km) long and has a drainage basin of 1,367 square miles (3,540 km2). U.S. Highway 17 runs near and somewhat parallel to the river for much of its course. The river was called Rio de la Paz (River of Peace) on 16th century Spanish charts.[2] It appeared as Peas Creek or Pease Creek on later maps. The Creek (and later, Seminole) Indians call it Talakchopcohatchee, River of Long Peas.[3] Other cities along the Peace River include Fort Meade, Wauchula and Zolfo Springs.[4]

Fresh water from the Peace River is vital to maintain the delicate salinity of Charlotte Harbor that hosts several endangered species, as well as commercial and recreational harvests of shrimp, crabs, and fish. The river has always been a vital resource to the people in its watershed. Historically, the abundant fishery and wildlife of Charlotte Harbor supported large populations of people of the Caloosahatchee culture (in early historic times, the Calusa). Today, the Peace River supplies over six million gallons per day of drinking water to the people in the region. The river is also popular for canoeing.[5]

There were many Pleistocene and Miocene fossils found throughout the Peace River area, eventually leading to the discovery of phosphate deposits. Most of the northern watershed of the Peace River comprises an area known as the Bone Valley.

The Peace River is a popular destination for fossil hunters who dig and sift the river gravel for fossilized shark teeth and prehistoric mammal bones. Several campgrounds and canoe rental operations cater to fossil hunters, with Wauchula, Zolfo Springs, and Arcadia being the main points of entry.

Gallery

List of crossings

Crossing Carries Image Location Coordinates
Headwaters (Juncture of Peace Creek and Saddle Creek)
Spessard L Holland Bridge Florida 60.svg SR-60 Bartow 27°54?08?N 81°49?03?W / 27.902242°N 81.817583°W / 27.902242; -81.817583
Homeland Garfield Road Homeland 27°49?16?N 81°47?59?W / 27.821029°N 81.799746°W / 27.821029; -81.799746
John Singletary Bridge US 98.svg US-98 Fort Meade 27°45?06?N 81°46?55?W / 27.751658°N 81.781944°W / 27.751658; -81.781944
Mt Pisgah Road Fort Meade 27°43?22?N 81°47?24?W / 27.722731°N 81.790080°W / 27.722731; -81.790080
CSX Transportation Bowling Green 27°39?25?N 81°48?09?W / 27.656907°N 81.802422°W / 27.656907; -81.802422
County Line Road Bowling Green 27°38?46?N 81°48?08?W / 27.646201°N 81.802127°W / 27.646201; -81.802127
Lake Branch Road Bowling Green 27°38?46?N 81°48?08?W / 27.646201°N 81.802127°W / 27.646201; -81.802127
Heard Bridge Heard Bridge Road Wauchula 27°34?33?N 81°48?16?W / 27.575748°N 81.804507°W / 27.575748; -81.804507
East Main Street Wauchula 27°33?02?N 81°47?37?W / 27.550552°N 81.793650°W / 27.550552; -81.793650
Griffin Road Wauchula 27°32?27?N 81°47?31?W / 27.540773°N 81.791993°W / 27.540773; -81.791993
Doyle E. Carlton Bridge US 17.svg US 17 Zolfo Springs 27°30?16?N 81°48?01?W / 27.504464°N 81.800392°W / 27.504464; -81.800392
Florida 64.svg FL 64 Zolfo Springs 27°29?59?N 81°48?38?W / 27.499605°N 81.810426°W / 27.499605; -81.810426
NE Brownville Street Brownville 27°18?10?N 81°50?46?W / 27.302668°N 81.846136°W / 27.302668; -81.846136
CSX Transportation Arcadia 27°14?12?N 81°53?10?W / 27.236562°N 81.886005°W / 27.236562; -81.886005
Footbridge Arcadia 27°13?20?N 81°52?34?W / 27.222132°N 81.876162°W / 27.222132; -81.876162
Florida 70.svg FL 70 Arcadia 27°13?16?N 81°52?35?W / 27.221049°N 81.876462°W / 27.221049; -81.876462
CR 760 jct.svg CR 760 Arcadia 27°09?45?N 81°54?06?W / 27.162392°N 81.901656°W / 27.162392; -81.901656
CR 761 jct.svg CR 761 Fort Odgen 27°05?19?N 81°59?38?W / 27.088557°N 81.993994°W / 27.088557; -81.993994
I-75.svg I-75 Peace River I-75.jpg Solana 26°57?37?N 82°01?13?W / 26.960237°N 82.020220°W / 26.960237; -82.020220
Barron Collier Bridge and Gilcrist Bridge US 41.svg US 41 Punta Gorda 26°56?42?N 82°03?29?W / 26.945115°N 82.057946°W / 26.945115; -82.057946
Mouth (Charlotte Harbor)

See also

References

  1. ^ Kevin M. McCarthy The Book Lover's Guide to Florida 1992 p304 "The Peace River begins at Lake Hamilton in Polk County and runs through Arcadia southwesterly to Charlotte Harbor. For a description of the river, read Rivers of Florida (Atlanta: Southern Press, 1974) by Henry Marks and Gene Britt Riggs ..."
  2. ^ O'Donnell
  3. ^ Brown, Canter, Jr. (1991) Florida's Peace River Frontier. Orlando, Florida: University of Central Florida Press. ISBN 0-8130-1037-3 P. xiv (Preface)
  4. ^ O'Donnell
  5. ^ O'Donnell
  • O'Donnell, Brian. (1990) "Peace River," in Marth, Del and Marty Marth, eds. The Rivers of Florida. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 0-910923-70-1.

External links

Media related to Peace River (Florida) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 26°55?02?N 82°08?33?W / 26.9172844°N 82.1425909°W / 26.9172844; -82.1425909


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