|Pine Mountain, Georgia
"Gateway to Callaway Gardens"
Location in Harris County and the state of Georgia
|o Total||2.99 sq mi (7.74 km2)|
|o Land||2.88 sq mi (7.47 km2)|
|o Water||0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)|
|Elevation||922 ft (281 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||1,374|
|o Density||452/sq mi (174.5/km2)|
|GNIS feature ID||356471|
The Harris County portion of Pine Mountain is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion that extends into Meriwether County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The town began in 1882 when the railroad spread to Pine Mountain from Columbus, and until the 1960s, the community was known as "Chipley". The name was changed to "Pine Mountain" due to the existence of Callaway Gardens.
Pine Mountain is located in northeastern Harris County, with a small portion extending north into the southwestern corner of Meriwether County. The city is located along U.S. Route 27, which runs north to south through the city, leading northwest 17 miles (27 km) to LaGrange and south 8 miles (13 km) to Hamilton, the Harris County seat. Georgia State Route 18 and Georgia State Route 354 intersect U.S. Route 27 in the city limits. Atlanta is 78 miles (126 km) by road to the northeast. The city is located at the northern base of the Pine Mountain Range.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km2), of which 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 3.50%, are water.
The Pine Mountain Trail, a 23-mile (37 km) hiking trail, is nearby in F. D. Roosevelt State Park.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,141 people, 480 households, and 314 families residing in the town. The population density was 423.9 people per square mile (163.8/km²). There were 882 housing units at an average density of 327.7 per square mile (126.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 55.92% White, 41.37% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 480 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 75.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 66.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,685, and the median income for a family was $36,429. Males had a median income of $28,889 versus $19,524 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,486. 19.3% of the population and 17.7% of families were below the poverty line. 26.5% of those under the age of 18 and 9.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The Chipley-Pine Mountain Town Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.