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College basketball most often refers to the American basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA.
Basketball was invented by James Naismith in 1891. The first intercollegiate game was played on February 9, 1895, when the Minnesota State School of Agriculture (now the University of Minnesota St. Paul campus) defeated Hamline College, 9-3. The first intercollegiate game involving the now familiar five-player format occurred in Iowa City, Iowa on January 18, 1896, when the University of Chicago defeated the University of Iowa, 15-12. Before that time, there were usually seven to nine players on each team.
By the turn of the 20th Century, enough colleges were fielding basketball teams that leagues began to form. The NCAA was founded in Chicago in 1906. The first NCAA Men's College Basketball Championship tournament was held before 5,500 fans in Evanston, Illinois in 1939. That year, Oregon beat Ohio State 46-33 in the final game to win the national championship.
The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is held each spring featuring 68 college basketball teams in the United States.
The 20-day tournament, colloquially known as "March Madness" or the Big Dance, has become one of the United States' most prominent sports events.
Navy Midshipmen Nikki Curtis gets a shot off over an Army West Point cadet during the Women's Army-Navy basketball game in Alumni Hall at the U.S. Naval Academy. Navy edged out Army, 75-73, as part of a double header which pitted both the men and women of the two academies against each other.
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"Winning is only important in war and surgery," -- Al McGuire
"He was a magician, and he dedicated himself. That's exactly what he wanted to do, and he was great at it." -- Former LSU AD Joe Dean on Pete Maravich
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