The Genesis creation narrative
is the biblical account
of the creation of the world contained in the first two chapters of the Book of Genesis
in the Hebrew Bible
. As a sacred narrative
of the primeval history of the world (chapters 1-11), it is part of the biblical canons
. It is a creation myth
with similarities to several ancient Mesopotamian
creation myths, while differing in its monotheistic
Chapter one describes the creation of the world by God (Hebrew Elohim), by means of divine fiat in six days and the designation of the seventh day as Sabbath, a holy (set apart) day of rest. Man and woman are created to be God's regents over his creation.
Chapter two tells of God creating the first man whom he forms from clay (or dust) and into whom he "breathes" the "breath of life". The first woman is formed from the side of the first man. God plants a garden "east of Eden" into which he places the first couple. Chapter two ends with a statement concerning why men and women are given into marriage.
(4 January 1581 - 21 March 1656) was Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh
and Primate of All Ireland
between 1625-56. He was a prolific scholar, who most famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date of the creation
as the night preceding Sunday, 23 October 4004 BC, according to the proleptic Julian calendar
. Ussher's work is sometimes associated with Young Earth Creationism
, which holds that the universe was created several millennia ago.
Ussher's chronology represented a considerable feat of scholarship - his work in sorting out the genuine from the spurious letters of Ignatius was a milestone in the study of that important early-church father; and his pioneering gathering of sources relating to early Irish church history laid the foundation for much subsequent research. Even his efforts to identify the date of creation, often derided these days, gathered together the most up to date scientific, chronological, historical and biblical scholarship in an impressive synthesis.