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The Florida Portal

Florida's location within the United States

Florida is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the third most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year.

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A portion of the Skyline of Downtown Miami, southern Florida
The Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach metropolitan area, also commonly referred to as South Florida, the South Florida Metropolitan Area, the Miami Metro Area, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach or the Tri-County Area, encompasses a three-county area of the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. The metropolitan area covers the counties of Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach. The three counties are the three most populous in Florida, respectively. The term "South Florida" is roughly synonymous with the Gold Coast.

Because the population of South Florida is largely confined to a strip of land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Everglades, the Miami urbanized area (that is, the area of contiguous urban development) is about 110 miles (180 km) long (north to south), but never more than twenty miles (32 km) wide, and in some areas only five miles wide (east to west). South Florida is longer than any other urbanized area in the United States except for the New York metropolitan area. It was the eighth most densely populated urbanized areas in the United States in the 2000 census.

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View across Lake Okeechobee
Credit: Fl295

Lake Okeechobee, (IPA: /ok?t?obi/) locally referred to as Lake O or The Big Lake is a freshwater lake in the U.S. state of Florida. It is the second-largest freshwater lake wholly within the continental United States, second only to Lake Michigan and the largest in the southern United States.


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Bobby Bowden in November 2006
Robert Bowden (born November 8, 1929 in Birmingham, Alabama), better known as Bobby Bowden, is the former head college football coach of the Florida State University Seminoles. Since taking the position in 1976, Bowden has led FSU to an Associated Press and Coaches Poll National Title in 1993 and a BCS National Championship National Title in 1999, as well as twelve Atlantic Coast Conference championships since FSU joined the conference in 1991.

Bowden has 373 career wins, thus making him one win ahead of Penn State's Joe Paterno(372) as the all-time winningest Division I-FBS coach by total victories. Bowden, along with Joe Paterno and Chris Ault, is one of three active coaches who have also been inducted in to the College Football Hall of Fame. Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Bowden spent a portion of his childhood in bed, sick. When he was 13 years old, Bowden was diagnosed with rheumatic fever. After a six month hospital stay, Bowden was confined to his bed at home for just over a year with nothing more than his imagination to pass the time.

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The Bugaboo scrub fire burning in the forest


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Everyone has a gripping stranger in their lives, Andy, a stranger who unwittingly possesses a bizarre hold over you. Maybe it's the kid in cut-offs who mows your lawn or the woman wearing white shoulders who stamps your book at the library - a stranger who, if you were to come home and find a message from them on your answering machine saying, "Drop everything. I love you. Come away with me now to Florida," you'd follow them

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The skyline of Boca Raton
Credit: ReignMan

Boca Raton ("b?k? r?-t?n") is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida incorporated in May 1925. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 74,764; the 2006 population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 86,396.

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1928 Okeechobee Hurricane o William Cooley o Draining and development of the Everglades o Everglades National Park o Florida Atlantic University o Geography and ecology of the Everglades o History of Miami, Florida o Hogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort) o Indigenous people of the Everglades region o List of Florida birds o List of Florida hurricanes o List of sister cities in Florida o List of snow events in Florida o List of wild mammal species of Florida o Marjory Stoneman Douglas o Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami o Restoration of the Everglades o Rosewood massacre o Sci-Fi Dine-In Theater Restaurant o Tropical Storm Keith (1988) o Walt Disney World Railroad

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Against All Odds (2005) o Mary McLeod Bethune o Brothers to the Rescue o Burger King o Casey Donovan (porn star) o Expedition Everest o Florida International University o Florida State University o Fort Lauderdale, Florida o Hurricane Charley o Hurricane Ivan o Key Biscayne o Manta (SeaWorld Orlando) o Miami River (Florida) o Osborne Reef o Port Charlotte High School o Shawn Lonsdale o Super Bowl XLI o Test Track o University of Central Florida o The Wizarding World of Harry Potter (Universal Orlando Resort) o More...

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Counties: Alachua o Baker o Bay o Bradford o Brevard o Broward o Calhoun o Charlotte o Citrus o Clay o Collier o Columbia o DeSoto o Dixie o Duval o Escambia o Flagler o Franklin o Gadsen o Gilchrist o Glades o Gul o Hamilton o Hardee o Hendryo Hernando o Highlands o Hillsborough o Holmes o Indian River o Jackson o Jefferson o Lafayette o Lake o Lee o Leon o Levy o Liberty o Madison o Manatee o Marion o Martin o Miami-Dade o Monroe o Nassau o Okaloosa o Okeechobee o Orange o Osceola o Palm Beach o Pasco o Pinellas o Polk o Putnam o Saint Johns o Saint Lucie o Santa Rosa o Sarasotao Seminoleo Sumter o Suwannee o Tayloro Union o Volusia o Wakulla o Walton o Washington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee Province o Big Bend o Central Florida o Emerald Coast o First Coast o Florida Heartland o Florida Keys o Florida Panhandle o Florida Suncoast o Fun Coast o Gold Coast o Nature Coast o North Central Florida o Northeast Florida o North Florida o Red Hills Region o Southwest Florida o Space Coast o Tampa Bay Area o Treasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater Project o Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers o Congrès de la Culture Francaise en Floride o DLLI o FTCE o Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test o Florida Distance Learning Consortium o Florida Literacy Coalition, Inc. o Florida Music Educators Association o High School Competency Test o Silver Knight Awards o Stenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee Parkway o Capital Circle, Tallahassee o Conners Highway o Florida Department of Transportation o Jacksonville Transportation Authority o John Anderson Highway o List of paved Florida bike trails o Miami-Dade Expressway Authority o Northeast Florida Regional Transportation Commission o Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority o Peninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing Company o South Florida Auto Show o SunPass o SunRail o Tampa Bay Area Regional Transportation Authority o Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority o Volusia County Public Transit System

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  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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