Portal:Florida
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Portal:Florida

The Florida Portal

Florida (; Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive (65,755 sq mi--170,304 km2), the 3rd-most populous (21,312,211 inhabitants), and the 8th-most densely populated (384.3/sq mi--121.0/km2) of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U.S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. The American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, and manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, and is the only continental U.S. state with a tropical climate. It is also the only continental U.S. state with a coral reef called the Florida Reef.

Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León - who named it Florida, informally La Florida ([la flo'?iða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, Pascua Florida - Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees.

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Carl Graham Fisher (January 12, 1874 - July 15, 1939) was an American entrepreneur. Despite severe astigmatism, he became actively involved in auto racing. He was a seemingly tireless pioneer and promoter of the automotive industry and highway construction, and of real estate development in Florida. He is widely regarded as a promotional genius.

Despite family financial strains and a disability, in the late 19th century he became a bicycle enthusiast and opened a modest bicycle shop with a brother. He became involved in bicycle racing, as well as many activities related to the emerging American auto industry. In 1904, Carl Fisher and his friend James A. Allison bought an interest in the U.S. patent to manufacture acetylene headlights, a precursor to electric models which became common about ten years later. Soon Fisher's firm supplied nearly every headlamp used on automobiles in the United States as manufacturing plants were built all over the country to supply the demand. The headlight patent made him rich as an automotive parts supplier when he and Allison sold their company, Prest-O-Lite, to Union Carbide in 1913 for $9 million (equivalent of approximately $220 million in 2017). Read more...

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August 14, 2018 - Stand-your-ground law in Florida
Michael Drejka is charged with manslaughter by a state attorney after a reversal of an earlier decision made by police. The case stems from a controversial video that shows Drejka shooting another man over a handicapped parking space and claiming self defense. (NBC)
August 4, 2018 - Colombia-Venezuela relations, United States-Venezuela relations
Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro blames an alleged assassination attempt on Colombia and Venezuelan exiles in the U.S. state of Florida. (The Guardian)

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List of Florida hurricanes o List of Governors of Florida o List of Tampa Bay Rays seasons o List of University of Central Florida alumni o List of birds of Florida o List of counties in Florida o List of invasive species in the Everglades o List of mammals of Florida o List of municipalities in Florida o List of sister cities in Florida o Snow in Florida

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Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02) o Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10) o Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29) o Florida's 18th congressional district special election, 1989 (2018-04-21) o Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02) o Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18) o Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03) o Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19) o Marvin Pipkin (2018-01-19) o Orchard Pond Parkway (2018-01-15) o Loggerhead Key (2017-10-18) o Reid Moore Jr. (2017-09-12) o John W. Martin (2017-08-22) o Disappearance of Tiffany Daniels (2017-08-12) o Frank J. Canova (2017-07-20) o Tomahawk chop (2017-06-04) o The Visionary (2017-05-30) o 1966 Miami Dolphins season (2017-05-28) o Maurice S. Osser (2017-05-15) o Monument of States (2017-04-10) o Detachment Hotel (2017-03-07) o Henry L. Reaves (2017-02-16) o 2000 Miami Dolphins season (2017-02-15) o Walt Disney World Railroad (2017-01-27) o Merian C. Cooper (2016-12-08) o Stephanie Murphy (2016-12-06) o Wink Groover (2016-11-29) o Ecology Party of Florida (2016-11-10) o United States Senate election in Florida, 1970 (2016-11-04) o Florida gubernatorial election, 1970 (2016-10-03) o 1928 Florida Gators football team (2016-09-28) o Hurricane Hermine (2016-09-19) o Daisy Earles (2016-07-21) o Chris Murphy gun control filibuster (2016-07-05) o Pulse nightclub (2016-07-01) o Omar Mateen (2016-07-01) o Icebar Orlando (2016-06-29) o Hurricane of 1928 African-American Mass Burial Site (2016-05-03) o Oliver Kuhn (2016-04-12) o Bobby White (2016-03-23) o Willie Ogg (2016-03-22) o Frank Sprogell (2016-03-17) o James Maxie Ponder (2016-02-28) o Bill Birchfield (2016-02-27) o Sandy Cornish (2016-02-03) o Jacob deGrom (2016-01-27) o Jeanette Dousdebes Rubio (2016-01-09) o Camellia Johnson (2015-12-22) o Victoria Joyce Ely (2015-12-21) o Jerry Michael Williams homicide (2015-12-16)

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