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The Florida Portal

Flag of Florida
Florida's location within the United States

Florida is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the third most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year.

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An aerial view of the airport
Miami International Airport (IATA: MIAICAO: KMIAFAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. It is between the cities of Miami, Hialeah, Doral, and Miami Springs, the village of Virginia Gardens, and the unincorporated community of Fontainebleau.

The airport is a hub for passenger airlines American Airlines, American Eagle, and Executive Air; cargo airlines Arrow Air, Fine Air, UPS and Federal Express; and charter airline Miami Air. Miami International Airport handles flights to cities throughout the Americas and Europe, as well as Israel and cargo flights to Asia, and is South Florida's main airport for long-haul international flights, although most domestic and low-cost carriers use Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Palm Beach International Airport, which charge significantly lower fees to tenant airlines.

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Sunset over the Marshes of Everglades National Park
Credit: Wingchi

Everglades National Park is a national park in the state of Florida. The largest subtropical wilderness in the United States, it contains the southern 25 percent of the original Everglades marshland region of southwestern Florida. Visited by one million people each year,it is the third-largest national park in the lower 48 states after Death Valley National Park and Yellowstone National Park.


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Lawton Chiles
Lawton Mainor Chiles, Jr. (April 3, 1930 - December 12, 1998) was an American politician from Florida. In a career spanning four decades, Chiles, a Democrat who never lost an election, served in the Florida House of Representatives (1958-66,) the Florida State Senate (1966-70), the United States Senate (1971-89,) and as the forty-first Governor of Florida from 1991 until his death in office in the last month of his term. Chiles was the first Democratic Governor in state history to have a Republican-controlled legislature.

Chiles was born in Polk County, Florida near Lakeland. There, he attended public school, then went on to the University of Florida (UF.) At the UF, Chiles was active in student politics, inducted into the University of Florida Hall of Fame (the most prestigious honor a student can receive at UF) and inducted into Florida Blue Key. He was also a member of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. He graduated in[1952. Following his college years he went to Korea as an artillery officer in the US Army. After the war, Chiles returned to the University of Florida for law school, graduating in 1955; he passed the state bar exam that year and went into practice in Lakeland. He was married to Rhea Chiles and they currently have a family.

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Miami-Dade County, the location of "the Fair," as shown within the United States
  • ...that The Fair, which is held in Miami-Dade County, Miami is one of the largest annual family attractions within the county?
  • ...that Gata Salvaje, a telenovela which began broadcasting in May 2002 marked a milestone in Spanish history, as it was the first telenovela ever to be filmed in the United States and later released in Mexico?
  • ...that the setting for manga and anime series Miami Guns is based largely off Miami, excluding a few locale changes?


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Believe me, this country [Florida] has been greatly overrated. One acre of our fine Tennessee land is worth a thousand here

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The Seven Mile Bridge, as seen from the Ohio Keys
Credit: Averette

The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Knight's Key (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges in existence when it was built, it is one of the many bridges on US 1 in the Keys, where the road is called the Overseas Highway.

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1928 Okeechobee Hurricane o William Cooley o Florida Atlantic University o History of Miami, Florida o List of Florida birds o List of Florida hurricanes o List of sister cities in Florida o List of snow events in Florida o List of wild mammal species of Florida o Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami o Everglades National Park o Rosewood massacre o Marjory Stoneman Douglas o Restoration of the Everglades o Indigenous people of the Everglades region o Geography and ecology of the Everglades o Draining and development of the Everglades o Tropical Storm Keith (1988)

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Brothers to the Rescue o Burger King o Casey Donovan (porn star) o Florida International University o Florida State University o University of Central Florida o Fort Lauderdale, Florida o Hurricane Charley o Hurricane Ivan o Key Biscayne o Miami River (Florida) o Osborne Reef o Super Bowl XLI o Mary McLeod Bethune o Against All Odds (2005) o Key Biscayne o Port Charlotte High School o Shawn Lonsdale o More...

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Counties: Alachua o Baker o Bay o Bradford o Brevard o Broward o Calhoun o Charlotte o Citrus o Clay o Collier o Columbia o DeSoto o Dixie o Duval o Escambia o Flagler o Franklin o Gadsen o Gilchrist o Glades o Gul o Hamilton o Hardee o Hendryo Hernando o Highlands o Hillsborough o Holmes o Indian River o Jackson o Jefferson o Lafayette o Lake o Lee o Leon o Levy o Liberty o Madison o Manatee o Marion o Martin o Miami-Dade o Monroe o Nassau o Okaloosa o Okeechobee o Orange o Osceola o Palm Beach o Pasco o Pinellas o Polk o Putnam o Saint Johns o Saint Lucie o Santa Rosa o Sarasotao Seminoleo Sumter o Suwannee o Tayloro Union o Volusia o Wakulla o Walton o Washington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee Province o Big Bend o Central Florida o Emerald Coast o First Coast o Florida Heartland o Florida Keys o Florida Panhandle o Florida Suncoast o Fun Coast o Gold Coast o Nature Coast o North Central Florida o Northeast Florida o North Florida o Red Hills Region o Southwest Florida o Space Coast o Tampa Bay Area o Treasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater Project o Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers o Congrès de la Culture Francaise en Floride o DLLI o FTCE o Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test o Florida Distance Learning Consortium o Florida Literacy Coalition, Inc. o Florida Music Educators Association o High School Competency Test o Silver Knight Awards o Stenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee Parkway o Capital Circle, Tallahassee o Conners Highway o Florida Department of Transportation o Jacksonville Transportation Authority o John Anderson Highway o List of paved Florida bike trails o Miami-Dade Expressway Authority o Northeast Florida Regional Transportation Commission o Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority o Peninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing Company o South Florida Auto Show o SunPass o SunRail o Tampa Bay Area Regional Transportation Authority o Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority o Volusia County Public Transit System

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