Portal:National Register of Historic Places
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Portal:National Register of Historic Places

Introduction

Logo of the National Register of Historic Places.jpg

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

The passage of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually. The remainder are contributing resources within historic districts.

For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service (NPS), an agency within the United States Department of the Interior. Its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate, identify, and protect historic sites in the United States. While National Register listings are mostly symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. The application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians.

Occasionally, historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States (such as the American Embassy in Tangiers) are also listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, and multiple property submissions (MPS). The Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, site, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties. Some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service. These include National Historic Landmarks (NHL), National Historic Sites (NHS), National Historical Parks, National Military Parks/Battlefields, National Memorials, and some National Monuments. (Federal properties can be proclaimed National Monuments under the Antiquities Act because of either their historical or natural significance. They are managed by multiple agencies. Only monuments that are historic in character and managed by the National Park Service are listed administratively in the National Register.)

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Wounded Knee 96.jpg

In the Wounded Knee Massacre, on December 29, 1890, 500 troops of the U.S. 7th Cavalry, supported by four Hotchkiss guns (a lightweight artillery piece designed for travel with cavalry and used as a replacement for the aging twelve-pound mountain howitzer), surrounded an encampment of Miniconjou Sioux (Lakota) and Hunkpapa Sioux (Lakota) near Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota. The Army had orders to escort the Sioux to the railroad for transport to Omaha, Nebraska. One day prior, the Sioux had given up their protracted flight from the troops and willingly agreed to turn themselves in at the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. They were the very last of the Sioux to do so. They were met by the 7th Cavalry, who intended to use a display of force coupled with firm negotiations to gain compliance from them.

The commander of the 7th had been ordered to disarm the Lakota before proceeding. During the process of disarmament, a deaf tribesman named Black Coyote could not hear the order to give up his rifle. This set off a chain reaction of events that led to a scene of sheer chaos and mayhem with fighting between both sides in all directions. Learn more...

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The Dakota
1890 photo of the The Dakota in New York City
Photo credit: Library of Congress

Biography

William Augustus Edwards, also known as William A. Edwards, (December 8, 1866-March 30, 1939) was an Atlanta-based American architect renowned for the educational buildings, courthouses and other public and private buildings that he designed in Florida, Georgia and his native South Carolina.

He and another Darlington County native, Charles Coker Wilson, set up an office together in Columbia, having previously worked in Roanoke, Virginia. The two men prospered for a time, but in 1901 Edwards found a new partner, Frank C. Walter. Between then and 1908 the two designed many public school buildings across the state. In 1908 the men moved their firm to Atlanta, Georgia, where they were briefly associated with an architect named Parnham. The firm lasted until 1911, at which point Walter left to work on his own. Learn more...

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5th Avenue Theatre o 181st Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line) o 1761 Milestone o Acors Barns House o Admiral David G. Farragut (Ream statue) o Albany City Hall o Alden Tavern Site o All Saints' Episcopal Church (Briarcliff Manor, New York) o Allenville Mill Storehouse o Ambler's Texaco Gas Station o American Gothic House o American Thermos Bottle Company Laurel Hill Plant o Anderson Street station o Anshei Israel Synagogue o Apple River Fort o Applewood Farm o Arrowhead (Herman Melville House) o Arroyo Seco Parkway o Art's Auto o Ashland Mill Bridge o Ashlawn o Astronomical Observatory (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) o Aurora Bridge o Avery Homestead o Avery House (Griswold, Connecticut) o Avery Point Light o Ballard Carnegie Library o Baltimore-Washington Parkway o Barlow Road o Barrington Civic Center Historic District o Battery White o Battle of Great Bridge o Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1832) o Battle of Hubbardton o Battle of Kettle Creek o Battle of Short Hills o Beechwood (Vanderlip mansion) o Ben's Chili Bowl o Benjamin Church House (Bristol, Rhode Island) o Benjamin Ogle Tayloe House o Benjaminville Friends Meeting House and Burial Ground o Berkshire No. 7 o Bicknell-Armington Lightning Splitter House o Blackford County Courthouse o Blackledge River Railroad Bridge o Brigadier General Albert Pike o Bristol County Jail o Bristol Customshouse and Post Office o Broadway Hollywood Building o Brook Farm o Bull's Bridge o Camak House o Canterbury Castle (Portland, Oregon) o Carpenter House (Norwich, Connecticut) o Casa de Estudillo o Catedral de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe o Central Troy Historic District o Chana School o Charles Payne House o Chicago Theatre o Christ Episcopal Church (Waltham, Massachusetts) o Chrysler Building o Civil War Memorial (Sycamore, Illinois) o Collyer Monument o Colorado State Highway 74 o Columbus (Providence, Rhode Island) o Congregation Beth Israel (Meridian, Mississippi) o Constitution Square Historic Site o Court Square-23rd Street (New York City Subway) o Crane and Company Old Stone Mill Rag Room o Croton Dam (Michigan) o Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens o Danebod o Daniel S. 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Rawlins o General Philip Sheridan o George Gordon Meade Memorial o George Rogers Clark National Historical Park o Giant Dipper o Grand Central Station (Chicago) o Great Captain Island Light o Greens Ledge Light o Gurdon Bill Store o Hampton National Historic Site o Hartford City Courthouse Square Historic District o Heller House o Historic Presbyterian Community Center (Madison, Nebraska) o Historic districts in the United States o Holland Tunnel o Hopewell High School Complex o House at 130 Mohegan Avenue o Hudson County Courthouse o Hull House o Hurricane of 1928 African-American Mass Burial Site o Immaculate Conception Catholic Church (Celina, Ohio) o Indiana State House o Indiana World War Memorial Plaza o International Hat Company o Jacob Riis Park o John Day Fossil Beds National Monument o John Deere House and Shop o John F. Adams House o Joseph Carpenter Silversmith Shop o Joseph F. Glidden House o Joseph Webb House o Kaniakapupu o Kingsley Plantation o Kinne Cemetery o Kirkpatrick Chapel o K?lauea o Lahaina Banyan Court Park o LeVeque Tower o Lee's Ferry o Liberty Arming the Patriot o Lincoln Theatre (Washington, D.C.) o Longfellow House-Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site o Lynde Point Light o Major General George B. McClellan o Major General George Henry Thomas o Major General John A. Logan o Marian Cruger Coffin o Marmes Rockshelter o Marquette Building (Chicago) o Marshall Field and Company Building o Master Apartments o McDonald Ranch House o Mesa Verde National Park o Milam Building o Milwaukee Avenue Historic District o Minnehaha Park (Minneapolis) o Minneopa State Park o Mission House (Stockbridge, Massachusetts) o Morgan Morgan Monument o Mount Hope Estate o Mount St. Peter Church o Mummy Cave o My Old Kentucky Home State Park o Nathaniel Backus House o National Register of Historic Places o New Bedford Historic District o New Harmony Toll Bridge o New London Union Station o New York State Route 431 o North Bank Depot Buildings o North Philadelphia station o O Street Market o Ogle County Courthouse o Old Bacon Academy o Old Jeffersonville Historic District o Old Louisville o Old Stone House (Washington, D.C.) o One South Broad o Oregon Public Library o Oxford College of Emory University o Pacific Tower (Seattle) o Palisades Interstate Parkway o Pennsylvania Railroad 460 o Pennsylvania Railroad 4859 o Pensacola Dam o Petersen Rock Garden o Piedmont Park o Pike-Pawnee Village Site o Pond Eddy Bridge o Pony Express o Portland City Hall (Oregon) o Potter-Collyer House o President's Guest House o Presidio of Santa Barbara o Priscilla Dailey o Rancho Camulos o Rice Northwest Museum of Rocks and Minerals o Rika's Landing Roadhouse o Riverside and Avondale o Roanoke Building o Rockefeller Center o Rohm and Haas Corporate Headquarters o Rookery Building o SS Winfield Scott o Saint Leonard Catholic Church (Madison, Nebraska) o Samson Occom Bridge o Samuel Hahnemann Monument o Saturn V Dynamic Test Vehicle o Scarborough Historic District o Schulze Baking Company Plant o Skinners Falls-Milanville Bridge o Skyline Drive o Sleepy Hollow Country Club o Sloan-Parker House o Smith-Harris House (East Lyme, Connecticut) o Southworth House (Cleveland, Ohio) o Spirit of the American Doughboy o Stephenson Grand Army of the Republic Memorial o Strang School District No. 36 o Sully Historic Site o Sycamore Historic District o Taliesin (studio) o Telluride House o The Blackstone Hotel o The Culinary Institute of America at Greystone o Topaz War Relocation Center o Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal o U-Drop Inn o USS Massachusetts (BB-59) o USS Monitor o USS Philadelphia (1776) o USS Tecumseh (1863) o USS Texas (BB-35) o USS Utah (BB-31) o Union Stock Yards o Unitarian Universalist Church of Arlington o United States National Bank Building o Virginia House o W.E.B. Du Bois Boyhood Homesite o Waller Hall o Warrick house (Meadow Grove, Nebraska) o Washington Monument o Washington Park (Chicago park) o Washington Park Historic District (Albany, New York) o Washington Square Park (Chicago) o Wells Fargo Building (Philadelphia) o Wendover Air Force Base o West Cornwall Covered Bridge o Westinghouse Air Brake Company General Office Building o Winslow Ames House o World War I Memorial (East Providence, Rhode Island) o World's littlest skyscraper o Yale Union Laundry Building

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Avery Coonley School o Baltimore City College o Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec o Beth Hamedrash Hagodol o Black Moshannon State Park o Broad Ripple Park Carousel o Brockway Mountain Drive o Capon Chapel o Capon Lake Whipple Truss Bridge o Chaco Culture National Historical Park o Cherry Springs State Park o Chicago Board of Trade Building o Chicago Pile-1 o Clemuel Ricketts Mansion o Cogan House Covered Bridge o Colton Point State Park o Construction of Rockefeller Center o First Roumanian-American Congregation o Ford Piquette Avenue Plant o Forksville Covered Bridge o Fort Dobbs (North Carolina) o Fort Ticonderoga o Fort Yellowstone o Fountain of Time o Geology Hall o Hanford Site o Hebron Church (Intermont, West Virginia) o Hillsgrove Covered Bridge o History of Baltimore City College o History of the Yosemite area o Hoover Dam o Horseshoe Curve (Pennsylvania) o Jerome, Arizona o Johnstown Inclined Plane o Joseph Priestley House o Kinzua Bridge o Literary Hall o Little Butte Creek o Mackinac Island o Manzanar o Mauna Loa o Metallurgical Laboratory o Michigan State Capitol o Monadnock Building o Monte Ne o More Hall Annex o Mount St. Helens o New Orleans Mint o Oakwood Cemetery (Troy, New York) o Old Pine Church o Oregon State Capitol o Pennsylvania State Capitol o Pithole, Pennsylvania o Plunketts Creek Bridge No. 3 o Pulaski Skyway o Red River Trails o Ridge Route o Shimer College o Sonestown Covered Bridge o Statue of Liberty o Tech Tower o The Cloisters o Trinity (nuclear test) o USS Arizona (BB-39) o USS Constitution o USS Massachusetts (BB-2) o USS Missouri (BB-63) o USS New Jersey (BB-62) o USS Wisconsin (BB-64) o United States Military Academy o Utah State Route 128 o Valley View (Romney, West Virginia) o Worlds End State Park o X-10 Graphite Reactor

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List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama o List of National Historic Landmarks in Indiana o List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan o List of lighthouses in Connecticut


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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