Portal:New York
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Portal:New York

The New York State portal

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Seal of New York.svg

New York is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. New York City and Long Island are located on the southeastern-most part of lower New York State, and Upstate New York is in the north.

New York is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania; it shares a water border with Rhode Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario. New York is the United States' third most populous state.

The Algonquian, Iroquois, and Lenape Native American groups inhabited New York when Dutch and French nationals moved into the region in the early 17th century. First claimed by Henry Hudson in 1609, the region came to have Dutch forts in Fort Orange by 1614, near the site of the present-day state capital, Albany. The state was colonized by the Dutch in 1624, at both Albany and Manhattan; it later fell to British annexation in 1664. About one third of all of the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. It became an independent state on July 9, 1776 and enacted its constitution in 1777. The state ratified the United States Constitution on July 26, 1788 to become the 11th state. According to the United States Department of Commerce, New York is the state of choice for foreign visitors, leading Florida and California in tourism.

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A Department of Conservation sign marking State-land boundary.

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC or DEC) is responsible for the conservation, improvement, and protection of natural resources within the U.S. state of New York. It was founded in 1970, replacing the previous Conservation Department. The department manages the state forests, Forest Preserve, wildlife management areas and certain other state lands of New York. It is responsible for regulating sport fishing, hunting and trapping within the state, and enforcing environmental laws and regulations.

NYSDEC has an annual budget of approximately $1 billion and employs 3,378 people across the state. It manages over 4 million acres (16,000 km²) of protected state-owned land (including all Forest Preserve holdings in the Adirondack and Catskill parks) and another 690,000 acres (2,760 km²) of privately owned land on which it holds conservation easements. The department's activities go beyond land management and environmental enforcement to include the publication of a magazine and a state bird atlas, and the operation of three major ski areas.

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Mary Edwards Walker wearing her Medal of Honor

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A photograph of George Westinghouse, Jr

George Westinghouse, Jr. (October 6, 1846 - March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer who invented the railroad air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry. Westinghouse was one of Thomas Edison's main rivals in the early implementation of the American electricity system. Westinghouse' system using alternating current ultimately prevailed over Edison's insistence on direct current. In 1911, he received the AIEE's Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system light."

Westinghouse was the son of a machine shop owner and was talented at machinery and business. He was only 19 years old when he created his first invention, the rotary steam engine. At age 21 he invented a "car replacer", a device to guide derailed railroad cars back onto the tracks, and a reversible frog, a device used with a railroad switch to guide trains onto one of two tracks. At about this time he witnessed a train wreck where two engineers saw one another but could not stop their trains in time using the brakes then available. Brakemen ran from car to car, often on top of the cars, and applied the brakes manually on each car.

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State facts

  • Total area: 54,555 mi2
    • Land: 47,190 mi2
    • Water: 7,365 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 5,344 ft (Mount Marcy)
  • Population 19,745,289 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: July 26, 1788 (11th)

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The skyline of New York City.

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The Elting Memorial Library
Credit: Daniel Case

The Elting Memorial Library is the main library for the village and town of New Paltz, New York. It is located at 93 Main Street (also NY 32 and 299) in the village's downtown section. The old stone house that originally served as the library has since been added on to, and much of the library's collection and its main circulation desk are housed in this new wing. It has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 2004.

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Politics: Conservative Party o Independence Party o Liberal Party o Libertarian Party o Manhattan Libertarian Party o New York Republican State Committee o Political Party Strength in New York o Working Families Party o Politics of Long Island o Democratic Committee o Electoral reform o

Counties: Albany o Allegany o Bronx o Broome o Cattaraugus o Cayuga o Chautauqua o Chemung o Chenango o Clinton o Columbia o Cortland o Delaware o Dutchess o Erie o Essex o Franklin o Fulton o Genesee o Greene o Hamilton o Herkimer o Jefferson o Kings o Lewis o Livingston o Madison o Monroe o Montgomery o Nassau o New York o Niagara o Oneida o Onondaga o Ontario o Orange o Orleans o Oswego o Otsego o Putnam o Queens o Rensselaer o Richmond o Rockland o Saratoga o Schenectady o Schoharie o Schuyler o Seneca o St. Lawrence o Steuben o Suffolk o Sullivan o Tioga o Tompkins o Ulster o Warren o Washington o Wayne o Westchester o Wyoming o Yates

Economy of New York: Citizens Financial Group o Coffee, Sugar and Cocoa Exchange o Economy of Long Island o New York State Energy Research and Development Authority o New York locations by per capita income o Quebec-New York Economic Summit o Tarrytown Truck Assembly o Silicon Alley

Education in New York: Art Students League of New York o Bard College Conservatory of Music o Capital Region Independent Schools Association o New York State Education Department o Global History and Geography Regents Exam o Mathematics education in New York o New Visions for Public Schools o United Nations International School o White Plains Public Schools

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