Pittsburgh ( PITS-burg) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2017, a population of 305,704 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U.S. The metropolitan population of 2,353,045 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 26th-largest in the U.S.
Located at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers, Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.
The Strip District
is a neighborhood
that consists of is one-half square mile area of land northeast of the central business district that is bordered to the north by the Allegheny River
and to the south by portions of the Hill District
An early 19th century home to many mills and factories due that its location along the Allegheny River made for easy transportation of goods and shipping of raw materials, by the early 20th century the Strip District became a vibrant network of wholesalers--mostly fresh produce, meat, and poultry dealers. Today in the Strip District there are still several wholesalers and produce dealers, and many of the abandoned warehouses have been renovated into small specialty shops, restaurants, nightclubs, and bars. The historic St. Stanislaus Kostka Church, a landmark built in the ornate Polish Cathedral style in 1891, lies in the heart of the Strip District, bringing a touch of Old World architecture.
The Strip District comes alive primarily on weekends during the summer months when street vendors are selling their wares, the open-air farmer's markets are in full swing, and party-goers sit outside and enjoy a drink.
The Frick Art & Historical Center
is a cluster of museums
and historical buildings located at 7227 Reynolds Street, Pittsburgh
and is collectively known as "Clayton". It focuses on the interpretation of the life and times of Henry Clay Frick
(1849–1919), industrialist and art collector.
The complex, located on 5 acres (20,000 m2) of lawn and gardens in the city's Point Breeze neighborhood, includes Clayton, the restored Frick mansion; The Frick Art Museum; The Car and Carriage Museum; the Greenhouse; the Frick children's playhouse; and The Café. The museum's artworks include a large group of works on paper by Jean-François Millet, Renaissance and Baroque bronzes, and nineteenth-century European paintings. Multiple antique automobiles are also on display. Clayton alone welcomes over 100,000 visitors a year. Admission is free.
The Pittsburgh Panthers
, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers
, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh
. Pitt fields 19 varsity
teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I
, which compete as members of the Big East Conference
, Eastern Wrestling League
, East Atlantic Gymnastics League
, and Eastern College Athletic Conference
. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team
founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team
founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field
hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center
hosts the basketball team.
The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
Did you know...
- ...that Litchfield Towers is the largest and tallest dormitory at the University of Pittsburgh's main campus, at 22 stories in height and housing over 1,850 residents?
- ... that Emil John Mihalik, the first Byzantine Eparch of Parma, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania?
- ... that the 23 home runs hit by Johnny Rizzo in 1938 set a Pittsburgh Pirates team record at the time, and his nine RBI in a 1939 game set a single game team record that still stands today?
- ... that the American Iron and Steel Institute formed the Steelmark in 1960 to promote American steel, with the logo put on the helmets of the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1962 to further publicize the program?
- ... that William J. Winter, while serving as auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, confirmed an estimated 45,000 Catholics?