The religions portal
is the adherence to codified beliefs
that generally involve a faith
in a spiritual nature
and a study of inherited ancestral traditions
related to understanding human life
. The term "religion" refers to both the personal practices related to faith as well as to the larger shared systems of belief.
In the larger sense, religion is a communal system for the coherence of belief--typically focused on a system of thought, unseen being, person, or object, that is considered to be supernatural, sacred, divine, or of the highest truth. Moral codes, practices, values, institutions, traditions, and rituals are often traditionally associated with the core belief, and these may have some overlap with concepts in secular philosophy. Religion can also be described as a way of life.
The development of religion has taken many forms in various cultures. "Organized religion" generally refers to an organization of people supporting the exercise of some religion with a prescribed set of beliefs, often taking the form of a legal entity (see religion-supporting organization). Other religions believe in personal revelation and responsibility. "Religion" is sometimes used interchangeably with "faith" or "belief system," but is more socially defined than that of personal convictions.
Selected religious figure or deity
?) is the compiler of the Yoga Sutra
, a major work containing aphorisms on the philosophical aspects of mind and consciousness, and also the author of a major commentary on Panini's Ashtadhyayi
, although many scholars do not consider these two texts to have been written by the same individual. In recent decades the Yoga Sutra has become quite popular worldwide for the precepts regarding practice of Raja Yoga
and the philosophical basis of the Yoga
movement for health and harmonizing bodymind
. "Yoga" in traditional Hinduism
involves inner contemplation, a rigorous system of meditation
, and devotion to the one common soul, God, or Brahman
Desiring to teach yoga to the world, he is said to have fallen (pat-) from heaven into the open palms (-añjali) of a woman, hence the name Patañjali.
Did you know...
- ...that Zoroastrianism is the oldest of the revealed religions, and was the state religion of three great Iranian empires?
, literally "the recitation"; also called al-qur'?n al-kar?m
"The Noble Qur'?n"; also transliterated
as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text
believe the Qur'?n, in its original Arabic
, to be the literal word of God
that was revealed to Muhammad
over a period of twenty-three years until his death, and believe it to be God's final revelation to humanity. Muslims regard the Qur'?n as a continuation to other divine messages that have started with those revealed to Adam - the first prophet - and including Suhuf-i-Ibrahim
(Scrolls of Abraham
), the Tawrat
), the Zabur
), and the Injil
), in between. The aforementioned books are recognized in the Qur'?n, but directs Muslims to follow the Qur'?n--the last and final message, being completely untainted with God promising to protect it: "Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)".
The Qur'anic verses were originally memorized by Muhammad's companions as Muhammad recited them, with some being written down by one or more companions on whatever was at hand, from stones to pieces of bark. The collection of the Qur'?n compilation took place under the Caliph Abu Bakr, this task being led by Zayd ibn Thabit Al-Ansari. "The manuscript on which the Quran was collected, remained with Abu Bakr till Allah took him unto Him, and then with 'Umar till Allah took him unto Him, and finally it remained with Hafsa bint Umar (Umar's daughter)."