Portal:Theatre
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Portal:Theatre

The Theatre Portal

New York State Theater
Theatre (Greek "theatron"), enjoys the distinction of two spellings: in British English, "theatre" and in American English, "theater". There is no technical distinction between the meanings of the two spellings, however most theatre artists prefer the English spelling because it creates a historical nod to the ancient Greek term theatron. Some also use the American spelling to designate a theatre building and the English term to reference the art itself, as in the "art of theatre."

Theatre is that branch of the performing arts concerned with the creation of stories or narratives for (or with) an audience using combinations of acting, speech, gesture, music, dance, object manipulation, sound and spectacle -- indeed, any one or more elements of the other performing arts. In addition to standard narrative dialogue style, theatre takes such forms as opera, musicals, ballet, mime, kabuki, classical Indian dance, Chinese opera, mummers' plays, improvisation, story theater and pantomime.

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The interior of the third and largest theatre to stand at Drury Lane, c. 1808
The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane is a theatre in the Covent Garden district of London, facing Catherine Street and backing onto Drury Lane. The building standing today is the most recent in a line of four theatres at the same location dating back to 1663. For its first two centuries, Drury Lane could "reasonably have claimed to be London's leading theatre" and thus one of the most important theatres in the English-speaking world. Through most of that time, it was one of a small handful of patent theatres that were granted monopoly rights to the production of "legitimate" drama in London. The first theatre on the location was built on behest of Thomas Killigrew in the early years of the English Restoration. The building that stands today opened in 1812. It has been home to actors as diverse as Shakespearean Edmund Kean, comedian Dan Leno, and musical composer and performer Ivor Novello. Today, the theatre is owned by composer Andrew Lloyd Webber and generally stages popular musical theatre. It is a Grade I listed building.

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Blackface
Credit: Strobridge Litho. Co.

A lithograph for "William H. West's Big Minstrel Jubilee" from 1900, showing the blackface transformation of Billy Van, "the Monologue Comedian". Originating in the United States, blackface theatrical makeup was used to take on the appearance of an archetype of American racism--that of the darky or coon.

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William Butler Yeats
William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet, dramatist, mystic and public figure. Yeats was one of the driving forces behind the Irish Literary Revival and was co-founder of the Abbey Theatre. His early work tended towards a romantic lushness and dreamlike quality best described by the title of his 1893 collection The Celtic Twilight, but in his forties, inspired by his relationships with modernist poets such as Ezra Pound and his active involvement in Irish nationalism, he moved towards a harder, more modern style. As well as his role as member of the board of the Abbey, Yeats served as an Irish Senator. He took his role as a public figure seriously and was a reasonably hard-working member of the Seanad. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1923 for what the Nobel Committee described as "his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation".

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Edward Albee
A play is fiction - and fiction is fact distilled into truth.

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Theatre

History: Sanskrit Plays o Natya Shastra o Natya Shastra of Bharata o Koodiyattam o Bhasa o K?lid?sa o Kathakali o Bhavabhuti o Harsha o Chinese theatre o Cantonese Opera o Beijing Opera o Ramakien o Noh o Bunraku o Kabuki o Butoh o Theatre of Ancient Greece o Theatre of ancient Rome o Medieval theatre o Commedia dell'Arte o English Renaissance theatre o Restoration comedy o Restoration spectacular o Neoclassicism o Twentieth century theatre

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Types: Comedy o Drama o Musical theatre o Hip-Hop theater

Philosophy: Aristotle o Poetics o Konstantin Stanislavski o Antonin Artaud o Bertolt Brecht o Orson Welles o Peter Brook o Jerzy Grotowski o Meisner technique o Stanislavsky System o Method acting o Presentational acting

Organization: Community theatre o Dinner theatre o Fringe theatre o Summer stock theatre o Regional theatre o Off-Off-Broadway o Off-Broadway o Off West End o Broadway theatre o West End theatre

Unions: Actors' Equity Association o Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers o International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees

Awards: Back Stage West Garland Awards o Drama Desk Award o Evening Standard Awards o Green Room Award o Hans-Reinhart-Ring o Helpmann Award o Joseph Jefferson Award o Laurence Olivier Awards o London Critics' Circle Theatre Awards o Lucille Lortel Award o Manchester Evening News o Matilda Award o New York Innovative Theatre Awards o Molière Award o Obie Award o Ovation Awards o Sangeet Natak Academy Award o Theatre Pasta Theatre Awards o Tony Award

Stagecraft: Theatre director o Playwright o Actor o Production team o Set designer o Lighting designer o Costume designer o Sound design o Dramaturg o Stage management o Production manager o Technical theatre

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  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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