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Previous Taylor & Francis logo from a 1900 publication
Routledge Taylor & Francis at an American academic conference, 2008.
Taylor & Francis at the University of London School of Advanced Study History Day, 2017.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of Informa plc, a United Kingdom-based publisher and conference company.
The company was founded in 1852 when William Francis joined Richard Taylor in his publishing business. Taylor initially founded his company in 1798. Their subjects covered include agriculture, chemistry, education, engineering, geography, law, mathematics, medicine, and social sciences.
From 1917 to 1930 Francis' son, Richard Taunton Francis (1883-1930) was sole partner in the firm.
In 1965 Taylor & Francis launched Wykeham Publications and began book publishing. In 1988 it acquired Hemisphere Publishing and the company was renamed Taylor & Francis Group to reflect the growing number of imprints. In 1990 Taylor & Francis exited from the printing business to concentrate on publishing. In 1998 Taylor & Francis Group went public on the London Stock Exchange and in the same year the group purchased its academic publishing rival Routledge for £90 million.Acquisitions of other publishers has remained a core part of the group's business strategy. Taylor & Francis merged with Informa in 2004 to create a new company called T&F Informa, since renamed back to Informa. Following the merger, T&F closed the historic Routledge books office in New Fetter Lane, London and relocated to its current headquarters in Milton Park, Oxfordshire. Taylor & Francis Group is now the academic publishing arm of Informa and accounted for 30.2% of Group Revenue and 38.1% of Adjusted Profit in 2017.
Taylor & Francis publishes more than 2,700 journals, and approximately 7,000 new books each year, with a backlist of over 140,000 titles available in print and digital formats. It uses the Routledge imprint for its publishing in humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences, law and education and the CRC Press imprint for its publishing in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In 2017, T&F sold assets from its Garland Science imprint to W. W. Norton & Company and then ceased to use that brand.
The old Taylor and Francis logo depicts a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase "alere flammam" - to feed the flame (of knowledge). The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle.
In 2013, the entire board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned in a dispute over author licensing agreements.
In 2013-2016, the toxicology journal owned by Taylor & Francis, Critical Reviews in Toxicology, published Monsanto-sponsored ghostwritten articles: Williams et al.(2016),Greim et al.(2015) and Kier & Kirkland (2013). Critical Reviews in Toxicology was accused of being a "broker of junk science" by the Center for Public Integrity.  According to Waldman et al., Taylor & Francis was already conducting an investigation into Monsanto's misconduct with respect to the ghostwritten publications in Critical Reviews in Toxicology in 2017. Editor Roger McClellan is quoted: "These are serious accusations relative to scientific publishing canons and deserve very careful investigation.... I can assure you that Taylor & Francis, as the publisher, and I, as the Scientific Editor of Critical Reviews in Toxicology, will carefully investigate the matter and take appropriate action."  As of 2018, no action has been taken by Taylor & Francis.
In 2017, Taylor & Francis was strongly criticized for getting rid of a public health journal editor-in-chief who accepted articles critical of corporate interests. The company replaced the editor with a corporate consultant without consulting the editorial board.