Publilius Syrus
Get Publilius Syrus essential facts below. View Videos or join the Publilius Syrus discussion. Add Publilius Syrus to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Publilius Syrus

Publilius Syrus (fl. 85-43 BC[1]), was a Latin writer, best known for his sententiae. He was a Syrian who was brought as a slave to Italy, but by his wit and talent he won the favour of his master, who freed and educated him. Publilius' name, due to early medieval palatalization of 'l' between two 'i's, is often presented by manuscripts (and some printed editions) in corrupt form as 'Publius'.


His mimes, in which he acted, had a great success in the provincial towns of Italy and at the games given by Caesar in 46 BC. Publilius was perhaps even more famous as an improviser, and received from Caesar himself the prize in a contest in which he vanquished all his competitors, including the celebrated Decimus Laberius.

All that remains of his corpus is a collection of Sententiae, a series of moral maxims in iambic and trochaic verse. This collection must have been made at a very early date, since it was known to Aulus Gellius in the 2nd century AD. Each maxim consists of a single verse, and the verses are arranged in alphabetical order according to their initial letters. In the course of time the collection was interpolated with sentences drawn from other writers, especially from apocryphal writings of Seneca the Younger. The number of genuine verses is about 700. They include many pithy sayings, such as the famous "iudex damnatur ubi nocens absolvitur" ("The judge is condemned when the guilty is acquitted") adopted as its motto by the Edinburgh Review.


As of 1911, the best texts of the Sentences were those of Eduard Wölfflin (1869), A. Spengel (1874), and Wilhelm Meyer (1880), with complete critical apparatus and index verborum; editions with notes by O. Friedrich (1880), R. A. H. Bickford-Smith (1895), with full bibliography; see also W. Meyer, Die Sammlungen der Spruchverse des Publilius Syrus (1877), an important work.


Seneca the Younger strived to develop a "sententious style" like Publilius throughout his life.[2] He quotes Syrus in his Moral Epistles to Lucilius in the eighth moral letter, "On the Philosopher's Seclusion"[3] and the ninety-fourth, "On the Value of Advice".[4]

William Shakespeare in the first scene of the fifth act of Much Ado About Nothing, has Don Pedro proverbially say: "if she did not hate him deadly, she would love him dearly."[5] W.L. Rushton argues that this is derived from John Lyly's Euphues. If Shakespeare had not taken this from Lyly, then he and Lyly both derived this expression from Publilius.[6]

The Muddy Waters song Rollin' Stone was named after the proverb and the Rolling Stones band was named after the Muddy Waters song.

See also


  1. ^ The Moral Sayings of Publius Syrus, a Roman Slave: From the Latin trans. D. Lyman. Sketch of the Life of Syrus, page x
  2. ^ Heller, J. L. (1943). ""Seneca" in the Middle Ages". The Classical Weekly. 36 (13): 151. doi:10.2307/4341636. JSTOR 4341636.
  3. ^ s:Moral letters to Lucilius/Letter 8
  4. ^ s:Moral letters to Lucilius/Letter 94
  5. ^ s:Much Ado About Nothing (Shakespeare)#Scene 1. Before LEONATO.27S House.
  6. ^ Tilley, M. T. (1925). "Much Ado About Nothing (V. I. 178)". Modern Language Notes. 40 (3): 186. doi:10.2307/2914181. JSTOR 2914181.


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Top US Cities was developed using's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below: : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry