|Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust|
|Location||Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||University of Oxford|
|Emergency department||No Accident & Emergency|
|Speciality||Oxford Eye Hospital|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
In 1758, the initial proposals to build a hospital in Oxford were put forward at a meeting of the Radcliffe Trustees, who were administering John Radcliffe's estate. £4,000 was made available for the new hospital, which was constructed on land given by Thomas Rowney, one of the two members of parliament for Oxford.
A number of pioneering moments in medical history occurred at the hospital. Penicillin was first tested on patients on 27 January 1941. The first Utah Array (later known as the BrainGate) implantation in a human (Kevin Warwick) took place on 14 March 2002.
The site was also the location of the Oxford Eye Hospital and the Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology (NLO). Both were transferred to the John Radcliffe Hospital in 2007 and located in the West Wing complex.
The Infirmary was acquired by the University of Oxford in 2003 and closed for medical use in 2007 with services being transferred to purpose-built buildings at the John Radcliffe and Churchill Hospitals in nearby Headington. The site was earmarked to consolidate the senior administrative offices of the University of Oxford. but was redeveloped for academic use by the University as the Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, with planning permission approval in 2009. The historic core Infirmary building incorporates the Philosophy Library, replacing the old library on Merton Street. The Mathematical Institute and the Blavatnik School of Government are now located on the site.