Raigad District
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Raigad District

Raigad district
Location of Raigad district in Maharashtra
Location of Raigad district in Maharashtra
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
Administrative divisionKonkan Division
HeadquartersAlibag
Tehsils1. Alibag, 2. Panvel, 3. Murud, 4. Pen, 5. Uran, 6. Karjat, 7. Khalapur, 8. Mangaon, 9. Roha, 10. Sudhagad, 11.Tala, 12. Mahad, 13. Mhasala, 14. Shrivardhan, 15. Poladpur
Government
 o Lok Sabha constituencies1. Maval (shared with Pune district), 2. Raigad (shared with Ratnagiri district) (Based on Election Commission website)
Area
 o Total7,152 km2 (2,761 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 o Total2,635,200
 o Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 o Urban
36.91%
Demographics
 o Literacy83.89%
 o Sex ratio955 per 1000 male
Major highwaysNH-4, NH-17
Average annual precipitation3,884 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

Raigad District is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India.[1] Formerly called the Kolaba district, the district was renamed after Raigad, the fort that was the former capital of the Maratha Empire founder and leader Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, and is located in the interior regions of the district, in dense forests on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats of Sahyadri Range. In 2011 the district had a population of 2,635,394, compared to 2,207,929 in 2001. The name was changed in the regime of Chief Minister Antule on 1st Jan 1981.[2] In 2011 urban dwellers had increased to 36.91% from 24.22% in 2001.[3]

The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thane District to the north, Pune District to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbour of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it.

The northern part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, consisting of Kharghar, Ulve node, New Panvel and Khanda Colony, Taloja, Kamothe and Kalamboli nodes as well as Uran City and its port, the JNPT.

The district includes cities/towns Kharghar, Taloja, Kalamboli, Panvel, Rasayani, Karjat, Khopoli, Matheran, Uran, Pen, Alibag, Murud-Janjira, Roha, Nagothane, Sudhagad-Pali, Mangaon, Mhasala, Shrivardhan, Mahad, Birwadi, Poladpur. The largest city in terms of Population, Industrialization as well as Area is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.


Kulaba (also spelled Kolaba) district was split from Thane district in 1869. Apopulation being Hindus.Bhagat, Patil, Mhatre, Naik,Thakur, are famous and native surnames in Raigad district. At this point the northernmost parts of modern Raigad district were retained in Thane district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai, was not included in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad district, was not placed in Kolaba district until 1891. Kolaba district was subsequently renamed Raigad district.

Education

After the British took over the old Colaba and this region, they established four Anglo - Vernacular medium school and 30 government schools in the year 1865-66. In the year 1861 the first school for girls was started in Alibag. The Mission Church started the first English school in Alibag in 1879. Prabhakar Patil Education Society (PNP education Society) runs 27 Institutes: Five Primary English & Marathi Schools, Twenty Seven Secondary Marathi Schools, One Arts, Science & Commerce Jr. & Sr. College, One English & Marathi Medium D. Ed College, One B. Ed. College, One Polytechnic Institute and One MMS College. Securities and Exchange Board of India established National Institute of Securities Markets at Patalganga, tal Khalapur.

Administrative subdivisions

Raigad district is divided into four subdivisions, with fifteen talukas, and 1,967 villages.[4]

Subdivision Taluka km2 Census 2001 Census 2011 Panchayats[5] Villages
Alibag Alibag 500 221,661 236,167 62 218
Pen 499 176,681 195,454 63 171
Murud 231 72,046 74,207 24 74
Panvel Panvel 631 422,522 750,236 90 177
Uran 184 140,351 160,303 34 62
Karjat 665 184,420 212,051 50 184
Khalapur 183 183,604 207,464 42 141
Mangaon Mangaon 683 152,270 159,613 74 187
Sudhagad 467 62,852 62,380 34 98
Roha 643 161,750 167,110 62 162
Tala 250 42,869 40,619 26 61
Mahad Mahad 1,257 186,521 180,191 134 183
Poladpur 373 54,301 45,464 43 87
Mhasla 236 61,010 59,914 40 84
Shrivardhan 120 85,071 83,027 43 78
Total 15 7,152 2,207,929 2,634,200 821 1,967

Municipal Civic Bodies in Raigad District

SPAs

Special Planning Authorities operational in Raigad district are

Municipal Corporations

Municipal Councils

Nagar Panchayats

Proposed Municipal Councils

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Raigad district has a population of 2,634,200,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada.[8] This gives it a ranking of 153rd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.36%.[6] Raigad has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 83.89%.[6]

Several scheduled tribes live in Raigad district. Among these are the Mahadev, Koli, Katkari and Thakur.[9]

Transport

Raigad District is connected to Mumbai by Sion Panvel Expressway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway and NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 66, which starts at Panvel, traverses the whole district. The Konkan Railway line starts at Roha and passes through Mangaon and Veer in Mahad. The Central Railway Line of Mumbai to Pune passes through Karjat with Extension Line for Karjat to Khopoli. Panvel Junction is the most important railway station in the district; it is connected to Mumbai (by both the Harbour Line and Main Line of Central Railway), Thane (by Trans-Harbour Line), Roha, Vasai (Western Railway) and Karjat. All trains, ranging from passengers to Rajdhanis stop here, and it is considered the gateway for travelling south. There is a narrow gauge railroad from Neral to Matheran, called the Matheran Hill Railway. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Revas, Murud, Dighi and Shrivardhan .

University

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University is a unitary, autonomous university located at Lonere in Raigad district, Maharashtra, India established in 1989 under the Government of Maharashtra Act 1983.[10] It is the one and only technical university in Maharashtra.[11][12][13]

References

  1. ^ "List of districts in Maharashtra". http://districts.nic.in. Retrieved 2012. External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Raigarh District Population 2011". Census Organisation of India.
  4. ^ "District details". Raigad District, Maharashtra State.
  5. ^ "Block Panchayats of Raigad, Maharashtra". National Panchayat Directory, Panchayat Informatics Division, National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved .
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved . Kuwait 2,595,62
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved . Nevada 2,700,551
  9. ^ 1964 Revised Gazetteer of Raigad
  10. ^ "University Grant Commission". Retrieved 2012.
  11. ^ "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University". dbatu.ac.in. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Tech University, Students' Alumni informative blog". Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ "Maharashtra Prathamik Shikshan Parishad". mpsp.maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 18°39?00?N 72°52?48?E / 18.65000°N 72.88000°E / 18.65000; 72.88000


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