Redding, California
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About Redding, CA
Redding, California
General law city
City of Redding
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay
Flag of Redding, California
Flag
Official seal of Redding, California
Seal
Nickname(s): "Jewels of Northern California"
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California.
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California.
Redding, California is located in the US
Redding, California
Redding, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°35?N 122°22?W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367Coordinates: 40°35?N 122°22?W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367
Country United States
State California
County Shasta
Incorporated October 4, 1887
Founded by Pierson B. Reading
Government
 o Type Council-manager
 o City council Mayor Brent Weaver
Vice Mayor Kristen Schreder
Francie Sullivan
Julie Winter
Adam McElvain
 o City manager Barry Tippin
Area[1]
 o Total 61.17 sq mi (158.44 km2)
 o Land 59.65 sq mi (154.49 km2)
 o Water 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)  2.50%
Elevation[2] 344 ft (172 m)
Population (2010)
 o Total 89,861
 o Estimate (2016)[3] 91,808
 o Density 1,539.19/sq mi (594.28/km2)
Demonym(s) Reddingite
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)
 o Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 96001-96003, 96049, 96099
Area code 530
FIPS code 06-59920
GNIS feature IDs 277582, 2411531
Website www.cityofredding.org

Redding, officially the City of Redding, is the county seat of Shasta County, California, in the northern part of the state. It lies along the Sacramento River. Interstate 5 bisects the entire city, which has a population of 89,861,[4][5] from the south to north before it approaches Shasta Lake, located about 15 miles (24 km) north of downtown Redding. Redding is the largest city in the Shasta Cascade region, and it is the fourth-largest city in the Sacramento Valley, behind Sacramento, Elk Grove, and Roseville.

Etymology

Benjamin Bernard Redding. A politician and the person Redding was named after.

During the gold rush, the area that is now composed of Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad so that it could build a northern terminus there. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad also built a town in the same area, which they named Redding in honor of Benjamin Redding. In 1874 there was a dispute over the name by local legislatures and it was changed for a time to Reading, in order to honor Pierson B. Reading, who founded the community of Shasta, but the name was officially changed back to Redding by 1880. It has been called Redding ever since.[6]

History

Indigenous culture

Before European settlers came to the area, it was heavily inhabited by a tribe of Native Americans called the Wintu. At their height, the Wintu had as many as 239 villages in the Shasta County area.[7]

First settlers

Although Europeans had been to California as early as 1542, when Juan Rodríquez Cabrillo sailed to what is now the San Diego Bay, the indigenous Indians were probably the only people to inhabit the far Northern California region until Russian fur trappers came through the area in 1815.

The first settlement in the area was established in 1844 by Pierson B. Reading, an early California pioneer who received a Rancho Buena Ventura Mexican land grant for a 26,632 acre area that is now occupied by Redding and Cottonwood, California. At the time of its establishment, it was the northernmost nonnative settlement in California.

Founding of Redding

During the gold rush, the area that is now composed of Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad so that it could build a northern terminus there. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad also built a town in the same area, which they named Redding in honor of Benjamin Redding. Redding was offically incorporated on October 4, 1887[8]

Early 20th century

In the early twentieth century Redding's economic growth was spurred on by the significant copper and iron mineral extraction industry in the surrounding areas. However, the mining industry eventually declined, causing the economy and population to go down by nineteen twenty . It recovered by nineteen thirty though. In the thirties the economy saw a boom due to the construction of Shasta Dam nearby to the north west. The building of the dam, which was completed in nineteen forty five, caused Redding's population in to nearly double in the forties, along with spurring on the growth and development of other towns in the area.[9]

Mid to late 20th century

Redding continued to grow steadily in the nineteen fifties due to a number of factors, including the region's growing lumber industry and tourism brought about by the newly completed dam. The constructions of Whiskeytown and Keswick dams also helped boost the economy by bring new workers to the area. Highway Interstate 5 was also built during the sixties and seventies, which added to development and tourism in the region.

Growth in Redding during the sixties and seventies was also caused by Redding officials annexing a number of surrounding county areas, including an area east of the Sacramento river made up of the unincorporated community of Enterprise. Enterprise residents voted to support the annexation primarily to acquire less expensive electricity via Redding's municipal utility, which receives power from the dam.

During the nineteen seventies, the lumber industry suffered from declines due to multiple circumstances. The decline caused a large amount of lumber mills in the area to close down and heavily impacted the Redding area. Things picked up though because of a retail and housing boom in the late nineteen eighties that continued until the mid nineteen nineties.[]

21st century

In 2017, the city adopted a new flag after holding a redesign contest.[10]

Geography and climate

Location

Redding is located at 40°34?36?N 122°22?13?W / 40.57667°N 122.37028°W / 40.57667; -122.37028 (40.576606, -122.370325).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.2 square miles (159 km2). 59.6 square miles (154 km2) of it is land, and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it (2.50%) is beneath water.

Redding is located at the very northwestern end of the Central Valley, which transitions into the Cascade foothills. The city is surrounded by mountains to the north, east, and west and fertile farm land to the south. Outermost parts of the city are part of the Cascade foothills, whereas southern and central areas are in the Sacramento Valley.[]

The elevation in Redding is 495 feet (151 m) on average, whereas anywhere to the north, east, or west of downtown ranges between 550 feet (170 m) and 800 feet (240 m) feet. Southern portions range between 400 feet (120 m) and 500 feet (150 m).

The Shasta Dam on the Sacramento River provides a considerable level of flood protection for Redding. The dam is capable of controlling flows up to 79,000 cubic feet (7,300 cubic meters) per second. Flow rate exceeded this threshold in both 1970 and 1974.[12]

Soils in and around Redding are mostly of composite of clay or gravelly loam texture, with red or brown mineral horizons. They are slightly or moderately acidic in their natural state.[13]

Subdivisions / Areas

Official

Non-Official

Mobile Home Communities

  • Redwood Estates

Shopping Centers

  • Cobblestone Shopping Center
  • Cypress Square Shopping Center

Ecology

There are several rare and endangered species in Redding and its immediate vicinity. The Redding Redevelopment Plan EIR notes the California State listed endangered species, slender Orcutt grass (Orcuttia tenuis), occurs in eastern Redding near the municipal airport, where vernal pools are known to exist. This endemic grass is a Federal Candidate for listing and is endangered throughout its range, confined to several populations, and seriously threatened by agriculture, overgrazing, and residential development. Vernal pools provide the preferred habitat for this plant, which the California Native Plant Society considers a rare and endangered species.

Climate

Redding has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Winter (October-April) provides the most precipitation of any season in Redding--the weather tends to be either rainy or foggy and at times, snow occurs. Summers are hot and dry, but rain is possible, usually with a thunderstorm. The average daily maximum temperature in July stays near 100 °F (38 °C). The highest official recorded temperature in Redding was 118 °F (48 °C) on July 20, 1988. That was recorded at the nearby Redding airport. Some people in town recorded as high as 122 °F (50 °C) that same day. Redding has an average possible sunshine of 88%, the second-highest percentage (after Yuma, Arizona) of any US city.[14]

The city receives an average of 4.8 inches (12 cm) of snow annually.[15] It rarely gets sleet or freezing rain. Frost occurs commonly in December through February, less often in March or November. In spring, rain is common. Tornadoes are extremely rare; flooding occurs only around the area near the Sacramento river. The coldest temperature recorded in Redding was 17 °F (-8 °C).[]

Climate data for Redding Municipal Airport (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
83
(28)
88
(31)
96
(36)
106
(41)
117
(47)
118
(48)
115
(46)
116
(47)
105
(41)
88
(31)
78
(26)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 55.0
(12.8)
59.7
(15.4)
64.5
(18.1)
70.5
(21.4)
80.8
(27.1)
90.2
(32.3)
98.4
(36.9)
96.6
(35.9)
90.4
(32.4)
77.8
(25.4)
62.5
(16.9)
54.5
(12.5)
75.08
(23.92)
Daily mean °F (°C) 45.7
(7.6)
49.5
(9.7)
53.7
(12.1)
58.3
(14.6)
67.3
(19.6)
75.9
(24.4)
82.2
(27.9)
79.8
(26.6)
74.1
(23.4)
63.6
(17.6)
51.7
(10.9)
45.4
(7.4)
62.27
(16.82)
Average low °F (°C) 36.5
(2.5)
39.3
(4.1)
42.9
(6.1)
46.1
(7.8)
53.8
(12.1)
61.6
(16.4)
66.0
(18.9)
63.0
(17.2)
57.7
(14.3)
49.4
(9.7)
40.9
(4.9)
36.3
(2.4)
49.2
(9.6)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(-9)
21
(-6)
28
(-2)
28
(-2)
34
(1)
42
(6)
53
(12)
50
(10)
40
(4)
33
(1)
22
(-6)
16
(-9)
16
(-9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.96
(151.4)
5.51
(140)
4.37
(111)
2.48
(63)
1.85
(47)
0.69
(17.5)
0.09
(2.3)
0.18
(4.6)
0.64
(16.3)
2.10
(53.3)
4.48
(113.8)
6.27
(159.3)
34.62
(879.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.4
(3.6)
0.6
(1.5)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
3.2
(8.1)
5.5
(14)
Average precipitation days 13.1 8.7 12.3 7.9 7.2 4.0 0.6 0.9 2.1 4.1 6.8 10.2 77.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226 256 312 351 395 423 451 421 338 314 251 204 3,942
Source: [16]

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Redding had a population of 89,861. The population density was 1,468.9 people per square mile (567.2/km²). The racial makeup of Redding was 77,117 (85.8%) White, 1,092 (1.2%) African American, 2,034 (2.3%) Native American, 3,034 (3.4%) Asian, 156 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,307 (2.6%) from other races, and 4,121 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,787 persons (8.7%).[]

The Census reported that 87,841 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 1,138 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 882 (1.0%) were institutionalized.[]

There were 36,130 households, out of which 11,012 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,001 (44.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,806 (13.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,984 (5.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,570 (99.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 204 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,344 households (28.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,622 (12.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 22,791 families (63.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.94.[]

The population was spread out with 20,518 people (22.8%) under the age of 18, 9,436 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 21,725 people (24.2%) aged 25 to 44, 23,424 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,758 people (16.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[]

There were 38,679 housing units at an average density of 632.3 per square mile (244.1/km²), of which 19,968 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 16,162 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 48,179 people (53.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 39,662 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.[]

Economy

The economy in Redding is largely a service economy. Therefore, employment is spread across a wide range of service professions that include healthcare, retail, and tourism.

Top employers

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] these are the top employers in the city:

# Employer # of employees
1 Shasta County 1,838
2 Mercy Medical Center 1,600
3 City of Redding 773
4 Shasta Regional Medical Center 700
5 Shasta College 650
6 Oakdale Heights 580
7 Wal-Mart 500
8 Blue Shield of California 470
9 Redding Rancheria 310
10 United States Postal Service 300

Government

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Redding is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[19] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[20]

In the United States House of Representatives, Redding is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[21]

Municipal government

The city council is composed of Mayor Brent Weaver, Vice Mayor Kristen Schreder, along with Francie Sullivan, Julie Winter, and Adam McElvain.[22] The city manager is Barry Tippin.[23]

Redding is a general law city operating under the council-manager form of government.[22][22]

Parks and recreation

Calatrava sculpture at old city hall, Redding, Ca

Museums and public art

Architecture

The Cascade Theater, Redding, Ca

Venues

Performing arts

  • Riverfront Playhouse
  • Redding Improv Players

Education

Higher education

Public

Private

High schools

Public

Secondary

  • Freedom High School
  • University Preparatory School
  • North State Independence High School
  • Redding Christian High School
  • Liberty Christian High School

Charter Schools

  • Monarch Learning Center
  • Stellar Charter School
  • Academy of Personalized Learning
  • Redding School of the Arts
  • Rocky Point Charter School

Other Schools

  • Redding Adventist Academy
  • Bethel Christian School

Trade Schools

  • Redding Institute of Technology
  • Shasta School of Cosmetology

Non-academic learning

  • Code IT
  • Build IT
  • Bethel School of Supernatural Ministries
  • Shasta County Public Library

Media

Print

Broadcast

Television

Channel Call sign Network
7.1 KRCR-DT ABC
9.1 KIXE-DT PBS
9.2 KIXE-DT2 Create
9.3 KIXE-DT3 PBS World
12.1 KHSL-DT CBS
12.2 KHSL-DT2 The CW
17.1 KXVU-LD Telemundo
20.1 KCVU-DT Fox
20.2 KCVU-DT2 ThisTV
21.1 KRVU-LD MyNetworkTV
23.1 KRDT-LD Religious
23.2 KRDT-LD2 HSN
24.1 KNVN-DT NBC
26 KGEC-LD Religious
27.1 KUCO-LD Univision
33 K33HH 3ABN
35.1 KKTF-LD Telefutura
41.1 KRHT-LD Azteca America

Radio

FM radio
Call letters MHz Format
KKRN 88.5 Community Radio[24]
KFPR 88.9 FM Public Radio[24]
KNNN-LP 87.7 Indie & Alternative Rock
K211CO (KHRI translator) 90.1 Air 1 Christian Contemporary[24]
KHRD 93.3 Classic Rock[24]
KKLC 93.7 Christian Contemporary[24]
KEWB 94.7 Top 40[24]
KALF 95.7 Hot Country
KNCQ 97.3 Country[24]
K249EW (KAWZ translator) 97.7 Religious[24]
KWLZ 99.3 Rhythmic Contemporary[24]
KWCA 101.1 Hot AC/Mix (licensed to suburb Palo Cedro) [25]
K268AJ 101.5 Translator of KHAP Religious[24]
KSHA 104.3 Adult Contemporary[24]
KRDG 105.3 Classic Hits[24]
KRRX 106.1 Rock[24]
K298AF (KAWZ translator) 107.5 Religious (licensed to nearby Shasta, CA) [24]
AM radio
Call letters kHz Format
KVIP 540 Religious[24]
KLXR 1230 Nostalgia[24]
KQMS 1400 News/Talk[26]
KCNR 1460 Talk[24]
KNRO 1670 Sports[24]

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-5 (CA).svg Interstate 5 runs through the east central portion of this city.
  • California 299.svg CA 299, formerly US 299 (CA).svg U.S. 299, runs through the western, central, and northeastern parts of the city.
  • California 44.svg CA 44 runs through the middle and eastern part of town. Its western terminus is at Market Street (California 273) in downtown Redding.
  • California 273.svg CA 273, was formerly the Interstate 5 Business Route, and also formerly the US 99 (CA).svg U.S. 99, directly through the city.

Rail and bus transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Redding, operating its Coast Starlight daily in both directions between Seattle, Washington, and Los Angeles, California VA Portland, Oregon; Sacramento, California; Oakland, California; San Jose, California; Santa Barbara, California and all Intermediate station stops. Amtrak California also provides Thruway Motorcoach service to Stockton or Sacramento for connections to the San Joaquins, which serve the San Francisco Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley and the Los Angeles area via bus connections.

Redding provides a city bus transportation system called RABA (Redding Area Bus Authority). RABA provides routes throughout the city of Redding and also provides transportation throughout Redding's suburbs. Transportation is also available by Sage Stage to Alturas and Trinity Transit to Weaverville.[27] Redding is also served by the intercity bus companies Greyhound and Fronteras del Norte.[28]

Air transportation

Air Transportation for the Redding area is provided by two general aviation airports. Redding Municipal Airport, located south of Redding, has four scheduled flights from SkyWest (United Express). The smaller Benton Airpark is located on the western side of Redding. First Class Shuttle also offers shuttle service from the Oxford Suites hotel on Hilltop Dr. to the Sacramento International Airport seven days a week.[]

Notable people

This is an alphabetical list of notable people who were born/raised/worked in, lived in, or whose identity was significantly influenced by Redding, as well as music groups that were founded in the area.

Actors and entertainment industry

Authors

Business leaders and entrepreneurs

Musicians and bands

Athletes

Politicians, civil servants and activists

Other people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017. 
  2. ^ "Redding". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Redding city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  5. ^ "Redding (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ "How Redding got its Name". Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ Papers On Wintu Ethnography : 239 Wintu Villages In Shasta County Circa 1850. Redding, CA: Redding Museum and Art Center. 1980. 
  8. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historic Redding California". Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ "City of Redding Flag". Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the Redding Redevelopment Plan, Earth Metrics, City of Redding and California State Clearinghouse Report (1990)
  13. ^ "Web Soil Survey". Websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ NOAA
  15. ^ "Redding, CA Climate". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 2011. 
  16. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  18. ^ "City of Redding : Home" (PDF). Ci.redding.ca.us. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2015. Retrieved 2016. 
  19. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved 2013. 
  20. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved 2013. 
  21. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c "City Council Information". City of Redding. Retrieved 2016. 
  23. ^ "Redding's City Manager". City of Redding. Archived from the original on February 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Radio Stations in Redding, California". Radio-locator.com. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ "Radio Stations in Redding, California". Radio-locator.com. Retrieved . 
  26. ^ United States. Congress (1969). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2013. 
  27. ^ "Modoc County, California : Redding". Sage Stage. 2014-01-30. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ "AIBRA - Find a Station". Retrieved . 

External links

Geographic Location


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