Religion In Arizona

As of 2009, Arizona had a population of 6.343 million,[2] which is an increase of 213,311, or 3.6%, from the prior year and an increase of 1,035,686, or 20.2%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 297,928 people (that is 564,062 births minus 266,134 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 745,944 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 204,661 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 541,283 people. New population figures for the year ending July 1, 2006, indicate that Arizona is the fastest growing state in the United States, with 3.6% population growth since 2005, exceeding the growth of the previous leader, Nevada. The most recent population estimates released by the US Census put the population at 6,828,065 in 2015.[3]

The population density of the state is 45.2 people per square mile.[4] In 2010, there were an estimated 460,000 illegal immigrants in the state.[5] These constituted an estimated 7.9% of the population.[6]

Arizona's population density.

The center of population of Arizona is located in Maricopa County,[7] which contains over 61% of Arizona's population.[8]

Ancestry

Demographics of Arizona (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 89.29% 3.74% 5.81% 2.36% 0.28%
2000 (Hispanic only) 24.13% 0.41% 0.73% 0.19% 0.07%
2005 (total population) 88.74% 4.20% 5.63% 2.75% 0.31%
2005 (Hispanic only) 27.20% 0.58% 0.72% 0.23% 0.08%
Growth 2000-05 (total population) 15.05% 30.11% 12.25% 35.27% 25.02%
Growth 2000-05 (non-Hispanic only) 9.32% 25.75% 11.85% 34.75% 22.33%
Growth 2000-05 (Hispanic only) 30.51% 65.92% 15.01% 41.10% 32.89%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

According to the 2005-2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 76.4% of Arizona's population; of which 59.6% were Non-Hispanic Whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 3.4% of Arizona's population; of which 3.3% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 4.5% of the state's population; of which 4.1% were non-Hispanic. Asian Americans made up 2.3% of the state's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up 0.1% of the state's population. Individuals from some other race made up 10.8% of the state's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 2.4% of the state's population; of which 1.4% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 29.0% of Arizona's population.[9][10]

The state has the third highest number (and the sixth highest percentage) of Native Americans of any state in the Union. 286,680 were estimated to live in Arizona, representing more than 10% of the country's total Native American population of 2,752,158. Only California and Oklahoma[11] have more Native Americans. The perimeters of Phoenix, Tucson, Prescott, Flagstaff and Yuma border on Native American reservations.

The largest ancestry groups in Arizona are Mexican (25.8%), German (16.5%), English (10.3%), Irish (10.9%), and Native American (4.5%).[12] The southern and central parts of the state are predominantly Mexican American, especially in Santa Cruz County and Yuma County near the Mexican border. The north-central and northwestern counties are largely inhabited by White Americans. The northeastern part of Arizona has many American Indians. Asian Americans also made major contributions to the development of Arizona, such as the many Chinese who arrived in the state's mines and railroads, and the fact that over 20,000 Japanese Americans, mostly residing in the Grand Avenue section of Phoenix and farming areas of southern Arizona and the Colorado River valley, were interned during World War II. As of the 2010 US Census, Arizonans who claim Filipino ancestry exceed 53,000.[13]Filipino Americans are also the largest Asian American subgroup in the state.

Arizona is projected to become a minority-majority state by the year 2027,[14] if current population growth trends continue. In 2003, for the first time, there were slightly more births to Hispanics in the state than births to non-Hispanic whites. Since then, the gap has widened. In 2007, Hispanics accounted for 45% of all newborns whereas non-Hispanic whites accounted for 41% of all births. All of the other races accounted for 14% of births.[] However, by 2011 those trends reversed. By 2011, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 45.6% of all births while Hispanics births fell to 38.9%.[15]

Birth data

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Race 2013[16] 2014[17] 2015[18]
White: 71,470 (83.5%) 72,687 (83.6%) 71,422 (83.7%)
Non-Hispanic White 38,360 (44.8%) 38,608 (44.4%) 36,976 (43.3%)
Native 5,746 (6.7%) 5,473 (6.3%) 5,316 (6.2%)
Black 4,870 (5.7%) 5,208 (6.0%) 5,095 (6.0%)
Asian 3,514 (4.1%) 3,519 (4.1%) 3,518 (4.1%)
Hispanic (of any race) 33,885 (39.6%) 35,034 (40.3%) 35,247 (41.3%)
Total Arizona 85,600 (100%) 86,887 (100%) 85,351 (100%)

Languages

Top 10 non-English languages spoken in Arizona
Language Percentage of population
(as of 2010)[19]
Spanish 20.80%
Navajo 1.48%
German and Chinese (including Mandarin) (tied) 0.39%
Tagalog 0.33%
Vietnamese 0.30%
Other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona) 0.27%
French 0.26%
Arabic 0.24%
Apache 0.18%
Korean 0.17%

As of 2010, 72.90% (4,215,749) of Arizona residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 20.80% (1,202,638) spoke Spanish, 1.48% (85,602) Navajo, 0.39% (22,592) German, 0.39% (22,426) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), 0.33% (19,015) Tagalog, 0.30% (17,603) Vietnamese, 0.27% (15,707) other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona), and French was spoken as a main language by 0.26% (15,062) of the population over the age of five. In total, 27.10% (1,567,548) of Arizona's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[19]

Arizona is home to the largest number of speakers of Native American languages in the 48 contiguous states. Arizona's Apache County has the highest concentration of speakers of Native American Indian languages in the United States.[20]

See also the list of native peoples. See also the list of Indigenous languages of Arizona.

Religion

L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology, lived in Phoenix during Scientology's formative years and thus Arizona has been labeled the "Birthplace of Scientology."[21]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the fifteen largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 and 2000 were:[22][23]

Religion 2010 Population 2000 Population
Catholic Church 930,001 974,884
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 392,918 251,974
Non-denominational Christian 281,105 63,885[nb 1]
Southern Baptist Convention 126,830 138,516
Assemblies of God 123,713 82,802
United Methodist Church 54,977 53,232
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ 48,386 33,162
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America 42,944 69,393
Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 26,322 24,977
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) 26,078 33,554
Episcopal Church (United States) 24,853 31,104
Seventh-day Adventist Church 20,924 11,513
Church of the Nazarene 16,991 18,143
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ 14,350 0
Churches of Christ 14,151 14,471

Regarding non-Christian denominations, Hinduism became the largest non-Christian religion (when combining all denominations) in 2010, with over 32,000 adherents in several denominations, followed by Judaism with over 20,000 in three denominations, and Buddhism with over 19,000 adherents in several denominations.[22][24][25]

Notes

  1. ^ In 2000, this designation was broken into two groups: Independent, Non-Charismatic Churches (34,130 adherents) and Independent, Charismatic Churches (29,755 adherents

References

  1. ^ Resident Population Data - 2010 Census Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Table 1: Estimates of Population Change for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico and State Rankings: July 1, 2005 to July 1, 2006". 2006 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. December 22, 2006. Archived from the original on January 10, 2007. Retrieved 2006. 
  3. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Census.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ John W. Wright, ed. (2007). The New York Times 2008 Almanac. p. 178. 
  5. ^ Chapman, Steve (April 23, 2010). "How immigration crackdowns backfire". Washington, DC: Washington Examiner. p. 31. 
  6. ^ Slevin, Peter (April 30, 2010). "New Arizona law puts police in 'tenuous' spot". Washington, DC: Washington Post. pp. A4. 
  7. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State - 2000". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ Arizona Population 2016. World Population Review
  9. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ "Arizona QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". quickfacts.cenusus.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  13. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ Nintzel, Jim. "Hispanics Leading Minority Growth in AZ". Tucsonweekly.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  15. ^ "Births: Prelimanary Data for 2011" (PDF). National Vital Statistics Reports. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. 61 (5). October 3, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2013" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2014" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2015" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ a b "Arizona". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2013. 
  20. ^ Arizona has most Indian language speakers. Upi.com Accessed 2011-12-12.
  21. ^ "Church of Scientology of Phoenix - All Are Welcome!". Scientology.-phoenix.org. Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ a b "Arizona - Religious Traditions, 2010". Association of Religion Data Archives. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  23. ^ "Arizona - Religious Traditions, 2010". Association of Religion Data Archives. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  24. ^ "How Hindus Grew into Second-Largest Faith in Arizona & Delaware". NBC News. June 24, 2014. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  25. ^ "U.S. Religion Census 2010: Summary Findings" (PDF). Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. May 1, 2012. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 

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