Religion In Ontario
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Religion in Ontario

Ontario, one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province by a large margin, accounting for nearly 40 percent of all Canadians, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto.

Vital statistics

Birth Rate: 10.8/1,000 people [1]

Death Rate: 7.1/1,000 people [2]

Life Expectancy at birth: 81 years (2006 est) [3]

Infant Mortality rate: 5.2 (2007 est) [4]

Source: Statistics Canada

Historic populations since 1851

Year Population 5 year
% change
10 year
% change
% Canadian
population
1851 952,004 - - 39.0%
1861 1,396,091 - 46.6% 43.2%
1871 1,620,851 - 16.1% 43.9%
1881 1,926,922 - 18.8% 45.4%
1891 2,114,321 - 9.7% 48.9%
1901 2,182,947 - 3.2% 40.6%
1911 2,527,292 - 15.8% 35.1%
1921 2,933,662 - 16.1% 33.4%
1931 3,431,683 - 17.0% 33.1%
1941 3,787,655 - 10.4% 32.9%
1951 4,597,542 - 21.3% 32.8%
1956 5,404,933 17.6% - 33.6%
1961 6,236,092 15.4% 35.6% 34.2%
1966 6,960,870 11.6% 28.8% 34.9%
1971 7,703,105 10.7% 23.5% 35.7%
1976 8,264,465 7.3% 18.7% 35.9%
1981 8,625,107 4.4% 12.0% 35.4%
1986 9,101,695 5.5% 10.1% 36.0%
1991 10,084,885 10.8% 16.9% 36.9%
1996 10,753,573 10.7% 18.2% 37.3%
2001 11,410,046 6.1% 13.2% 38.0%
2006 12,160,282 6.6% 13.1% 38.4%
2011 12,851,821 5.7% 12.6% 38.4%
2016 13,448,494 4.6% 9.6% 38.3%

Source: Statistics Canada [5]

Age structure

Age Groups Total Male Female
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520

Source : Statistics Canada [6] 2016

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
European 8,982,180 67.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[7]
South Asian 1,150,415 8.7%
Chinese 754,550 5.7%
Black 627,715 4.7%
Filipino 311,675 2.4%
Latin American 195,950 1.5%
Arab 210,435 1.6%
Southeast Asian 133,855 1%
West Asian 154,670 1.2%
Korean 88,935 0.7%
Japanese 30,830 0.2%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 81,130 0.6%
Multiple visible minority 97,970 0.7%
Total visible minority population 3,885,585 29.3%
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 236,680 1.8%
Métis 120,585 0.9%
Inuit 3,860 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 7,540 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 5,730 0%
Total Aboriginal population 374,395 2.8%
Total population 13,242,160 100%

Ethnic groups

As of 2016 census.[8]

Ethnic group Responses %
Canadian 3,109,770 23.48
English 2,808,810 21.21
Scottish 2,107,290 15.91
Irish 2,095,465 15.82
French 1,349,255 10.19
German 1,189,670 8.98
Italian 931,805 7.04
Chinese 849,340 6.41
East Indian 774,495 5.85
Dutch (Netherlands) 527,750 3.99
Polish 523,490 3.95
North American Indian 385,505 2.91
Ukrainian 376,440 2.84
Filipino 337,760 2.55
Portuguese 324,930 2.45
British, not included
elsewhere
323,180 2.44
Jamaican 257,055 1.94
Russian 220,850 1.67
Welsh 198,470 1.50
Spanish 171,145 1.29
Hungarian (Magyar) 163,500 1.23
Pakistani 149,060 1.13
Greek 148,555 1.12
American (USA) 140,165 1.06
Métis 137,485 1.04

Note: The table takes dual responses (for example if someone is French-Canadian he/she would be added to both French and Canadian). Some places of one's ethnic origin do not refer to a single specified country of origin, i.e. Spanish refers to people from Spanish speaking countries such as Colombia, Argentina, Cuba and others; or East Indian where the respondents origin could be from Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, etc.; and the list contains about 200 nationalities known to reside in the province. However, there are options for the respondent to identify the country alone.

Ontario is a very diverse province. For example, 54.8% of the population of Toronto was born outside Canada,[9] which is the second-largest percentage of immigrants in a single city on Earth, after Miami. Hamilton is ranked the third-most diverse urbanized area in Canada (after Toronto and Vancouver).[]

Mother tongue

As of the 2016 census.[10]

Mother tongue Responses %
English 8,902,320 66.87
French 490,715 3.68
Mandarin 283,735 2.13
Cantonese 275,315 2.07
Italian 231,040 1.74
Panjabi (Punjabi) 197,060 1.48
Spanish 191,025 1.43
Arabic 171,370 1.29
Urdu 152,385 1.14
Portuguese 150,000 1.13
Tagalog (Filipino) 163,415 1.23
German 131,525 0.99

Religious groups

Religion in Ontario in 2011, Statscan National Household Survey [13]
Canadian Christian bodies
Religion People %
Total 12,651,795 100
Christian 8,167,295 64.6
No Religious Affiliation 2,927,790 23.1
Muslim 581,950 4.6
Hindu 366,720 2.9
Jewish 195,540 1.5
Sikh 179,765 1.4
Buddhist 163,750 1.3
Traditional Aboriginal (Spirituality) 15,905 0.1
Other Religions 53,080 0.4
  • Of Christian faith: Catholic at 3,976,610 (31.4%); United Church 952,465 (7.5%); Anglican 774,560 (6.1%); Presbyterian 319,585 (2.5%); Christian Orthodox 297,710 (2.4%); Baptist 244,650 (1.9%); Pentecostal 213,945 (1.7%); Lutheran 163,460 (1.3%); Other Christian 1,224,300 (9.7%)

Source: Statistics Canada [11] StatsCan 2011 National Household Survey[7]

Census Metropolitan Areas

City 2016 [12] 2011 [13] 2006 [14] 2001 [15] 1996 [16] 1991 [16]
Toronto 5,928,040 5,583,064 5,113,149 4,682,897 4,263,757 3,898,933
Ottawa-Gatineau 1,323,783 1,236,324 1,130,761 1,063,664 1,010,498 941,814
Hamilton 747,545 721,053 692,911 662,401 624,360 599,760
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 523,894 477,160 451,235 414,284 382,940 356,421
London 494,069 474,786 457,720 432,451 398,616 381,522
St. Catharines-Niagara 406,074 392,184 390,317 377,009 372,406 364,552
Oshawa 379,848 356,177 330,594 296,298 268,773 240,104
Windsor 329,144 319,246 323,342 307,877 278,685 262,075
Barrie 197,059 187,013 177,061 148,480 118,695 97,150
Greater Sudbury 164,689 160,770 158,258 155,601 160,488 157,613
Kingston 161,175 159,561 152,358 146,838 143,416 136,401
Guelph 151,984 141,097 127,009 117,344 105,420 97,667
Brantford 134,203 135,501 124,607 86,417 100,238 97,106
Peterborough 121,721 118,975 116,570 102,423 100,193 98,060
Thunder Bay 121,621 121,596 122,907 121,986 125,562 124,925

Municipalities

City 2016 [17] 2011 [18] 2006 [19] 2001 [20] 1996 [21] 1991 [21]
Toronto 2,731,571 2,615,060 2,503,281 2,481,494 2,385,421 2,275,771
Ottawa 934,243 883,391 812,129 774,072 721,136 678,147
Mississauga 721,599 713,443 668,549 612,925 544,382 463,388
Brampton 593,638 523,911 433,806 325,428 268,251 234,445
Hamilton 536,917 519,949 504,559 490,268 467,799 451,665
London 383,822 366,151 352,395 336,539 325,646 311,620
Markham 328,966 301,709 261,573 208,615 173,383 153,811
Vaughan 306,233 288,301 238,866 182,022 132,549 111,359
Kitchener 233,222 219,153 204,668 190,399 178,420 168,282
Windsor 217,188 210,891 216,473 208,402 197,694 191,435
Richmond Hill 195,022 185,541 162,704 132,030 101,725 80,142
Oakville 193,832 182,520 165,613 144,738 128,405 114,670
Burlington 183,314 175,779 164,415 150,836 136,976 129,575
Greater Sudbury 160,274 161,531 157,857 155,219 164,049 161,210
Oshawa 159,458 149,607 141,590 139,051 134,364 129,344

See also

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References


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