Reno County
Reno County, Kansas
County
Reno County Courthouse.jpg
Reno County Courthouse in Hutchinson
Map of Kansas highlighting Reno County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Jesse Lee Reno
Seat Hutchinson
Largest city Hutchinson
Area
 o Total 1,272 sq mi (3,294 km2)
 o Land 1,255 sq mi (3,250 km2)
 o Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 63,220
 o Density 51/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website RenoGov.org

Reno County (standard abbreviation: RN) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,511.[1] The largest city and county seat is Hutchinson.[2]

History

1915-1918 Railroad Map of Reno County

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Reno County was established.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[3] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. This line is called the "Golden State Limited".

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,272 square miles (3,290 km2), of which 1,255 square miles (3,250 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county by area in Kansas.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Age pyramid

The Hutchinson Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Reno County.

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 64,790 people, 25,498 households, and 17,313 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 27,625 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.56% White, 2.88% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.69% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 5.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,498 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,510, and the median income for a family was $42,643. Males had a median income of $31,495 versus $21,329 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,520. About 8.10% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.2% 15,513 27.9% 6,837 8.9% 2,186
2012 64.4% 15,718 33.1% 8,085 2.5% 619
2008 60.6% 16,112 37.3% 9,916 2.2% 574
2004 65.0% 17,748 33.4% 9,114 1.7% 462
2000 59.7% 15,179 35.5% 9,025 4.8% 1,226
1996 54.3% 14,275 34.6% 9,108 11.1% 2,917
1992 40.1% 11,377 32.6% 9,257 27.3% 7,738
1988 51.1% 12,753 46.3% 11,545 2.6% 656
1984 63.3% 16,568 35.3% 9,229 1.4% 362
1980 52.9% 13,804 36.8% 9,615 10.4% 2,702
1976 42.3% 11,212 55.1% 14,620 2.6% 680
1972 63.8% 15,714 33.2% 8,183 3.0% 731
1968 50.3% 11,804 42.1% 9,872 7.7% 1,798
1964 36.8% 8,829 62.3% 14,936 0.9% 208
1960 60.2% 14,655 39.3% 9,557 0.5% 127
1956 66.6% 15,057 33.0% 7,461 0.5% 102
1952 68.6% 15,762 28.5% 6,555 2.9% 666
1948 51.9% 11,187 46.2% 9,957 2.0% 423
1944 58.7% 11,004 40.6% 7,604 0.7% 135
1940 53.6% 12,448 45.4% 10,543 0.9% 217
1936 37.6% 8,607 62.0% 14,203 0.4% 88
1932 47.3% 8,972 49.3% 9,351 3.4% 647
1928 76.3% 12,872 22.8% 3,843 0.9% 153
1924 65.2% 10,339 23.2% 3,675 11.6% 1,837
1920 67.1% 9,649 30.5% 4,385 2.4% 341
1916 46.1% 6,870 44.8% 6,683 9.2% 1,366
1912 20.9% 1,668 42.1% 3,360 37.0% 2,947
1908 52.7% 4,092 43.6% 3,381 3.7% 289
1904 69.3% 4,245 23.2% 1,423 7.4% 455
1900 56.0% 3,769 42.5% 2,859 1.5% 100
1896 52.0% 3,373 47.0% 3,051 1.0% 67
1892 50.0% 3,166 50.0% 3,166[a]
1888 56.6% 3,398 30.7% 1,841 12.7% 763

Reno County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 2004.[12]

Education

Unified school districts

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Reno County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

  • Castleton
  • Darlow
  • Medora
  • Pleasantview
  • St. Joe (Ost)

Ghost towns

  • Huntsville
  • Kent
  • Lerado
  • Olcott
  • Sego
  • Yaggy

Townships

Reno County is divided into thirty-one townships. The cities of Hutchinson and Nickerson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This total comprises 3,097 votes (48.9%) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state's Democrats) and 69 (1.1%) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading

Reno County
Kansas

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved . 

External links

County
Other
Maps

Coordinates: 37°57?N 98°05?W / 37.950°N 98.083°W / 37.950; -98.083


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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