|Rising Sun, Maryland|
The historic bank building in Rising Sun
Location of Rising Sun, Maryland
|o Mayor||Travis Marion|
|o Total||1.27 sq mi (3.29 km2)|
|o Land||1.26 sq mi (3.26 km2)|
|o Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||2,799|
|o Density||2,200/sq mi (850/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|o Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||410 Exchange: 658|
|GNIS feature ID||0595204|
Rising Sun is located at (39.6994, -76.0630).
The town which became known as Rising Sun was located in the disputed "Nottingham Lots" along the border between colonial Pennsylvania and Maryland. This area was claimed by William Penn and settled by Quakers in 1702 over the objection of Maryland. When Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon conducted a survey of the order in the 1760s, Rising Sun was found to be located in Maryland.
Around 1720, Henry Reynolds established a stone tavern on Nottingham Lot No. 17 to serve as a stage coach stop. According to local lore, he erected a sign over the entrance of the tavern depicting the rays of the sun at dawn and the words "The Rising Sun". As the tavern was located along the route between Baltimore and Philadelphia, it became known as a meeting place for business, politics, elections, and other public activities. Local legend states that the tavern was more well known than the surrounding village (Summer Hill) so that by the time the town's first post office was established around 1815, Rising Sun was chosen as the official name. There is some conjecture that the post office was located in the tavern.
When the town's incorporation in 1860, the commissioners had slate sidewalks installed, erected street lamps, and hired a lamplighter who doubled as bailiff and street maintenance man. Six years later the Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad began to serve Rising Sun. Most of the town's current structure has been built since then.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places at Rising Sun are: the Jeremiah Brown House and Mill Site, East Nottingham Friends Meetinghouse, Joshua Lowe House, Thomas Richards House, and West Nottingham Meetinghouse.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,781 people, 1,062 households, and 732 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,207.1 inhabitants per square mile (852.2/km2). There were 1,137 housing units at an average density of 902.4 per square mile (348.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 0.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.
There were 1,062 households of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.17.
The median age in the town was 32.5 years. 30.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,702 people, 681 households, and 456 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,826.6 people per square mile (706.6/km²). There were 716 housing units at an average density of 768.4 per square mile (297.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 681 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,089, and the median income for a family was $48,646. Males had a median income of $36,765 versus $26,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,835. About 9.3% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.