Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves
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Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves
A bowman, ready to release a fiery arrow. Below two figures, beside a tree, silhouetted against a lake background.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Kevin Reynolds
Produced by
Screenplay by
  • Pen Densham
  • John Watson
Story by Pen Densham
Starring
Music by Michael Kamen
Cinematography Douglas Milsome
Edited by Peter Boyle
Production
company
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date
  • June 14, 1991 (1991-06-14) (United States)
Running time
143 minutes[2]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $48 million[3]
Box office $390.5 million[4]

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves is a 1991 American romantic action adventure film, based on the English folk tale of Robin Hood which originated in the 15th century. The film was directed by Kevin Reynolds. The film's principal cast includes Kevin Costner as Robin Hood, Morgan Freeman as Azeem, Christian Slater as Will Scarlett, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio as Marian, and Alan Rickman as the Sheriff of Nottingham.

The film grossed over $390 million worldwide, ranking as the second-highest-grossing film of 1991. For his role as George, Sheriff of Nottingham, Rickman received the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. The film's theme song, "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You", by Bryan Adams, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song and won the Grammy Award for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television.[5]

Plot

Robin of Locksley -- an English nobleman who joined Richard the Lionheart, King of England in the Third Crusade -- is imprisoned in Jerusalem along with his comrade, Peter Dubois. Facing the amputation of Peter's hand by the Ayyubid prison guards, Robin escapes with Peter, saving the life of a Moor named Azeem in the process. Robin, Peter, and Azeem escape through a sewer and into an alley, but Peter is shot and mortally wounded by an archer. Before making his last stand against the approaching guards, Peter has Robin swear to protect his sister, Marian. Robin returns to England with Azeem, who has vowed to accompany him until Azeem's life-debt to Robin is repaid.

In England, with King Richard away in France, the cruel Sheriff of Nottingham rules over the land, aided by his cousin Guy of Gisbourne, the witch Mortianna, and the corrupt Bishop of Hereford. At Locksley Castle, Robin's father, who is loyal to King Richard, is killed by the Sheriff's men after refusing to join them.

Robin returns to England to find his father dead, his home in ruins, and the Sheriff and his men oppressing the people. After telling Marian of Peter's demise, and while fleeing the Sheriff's forces afterwards, Robin and Azeem encounter a band of outlaws hiding in Sherwood Forest, led by Little John. Among the band is Will Scarlett, who holds a belligerent grudge against Robin. Robin assumes command of the group, training them to defend themselves and fight against Nottingham. They rob soldiers and convoys that pass through the forest, then distribute the stolen wealth among the poor. One of their early targets is Friar Tuck, who subsequently joins these Merry Men. Marian begins to sympathize with the band and renders Robin any aid she can muster, as the two grow closer to one another and gradually begin to fall in love. Robin's successes infuriate the Sheriff, who increases the mistreatment of the people, resulting in greater local support for Robin Hood.

The Sheriff kills Gisbourne for his failure to prevent the looting of several convoys, and hires Celtic warriors from Scotland to assist his forces in assaulting the hideout. The Sheriff manages to locate the outlaws' hideout and launches an attack, destroying the refuge and capturing most of the outlaws. With the Bishop's help, the Sherrif has Marian confined when she tries to summon help from France. To consolidate his claim to the throne, the Sheriff proposes to Marian (who is Richard's cousin), claiming that if she accepts, he will spare the lives of the captured outlaws. Nevertheless, several of the rebels are due to be executed by hanging as part of the wedding celebration. Among the captured is Will Scarlett, who makes a deal with the Sheriff to find and kill Robin in exchange for his freedom.

Will meets up with Robin and a handful of his aides who survived the Celts' assault. Will informs Robin of the Sheriff's plans to marry Marian and execute Robin's men. Will continues to display anger against Robin, which motivates Robin to question why Will hates him so much. Will then reveals himself to be Robin's younger illegitimate half-brother; Will's mother was a peasant woman with whom Robin's father took comfort after Robin's mother died. Robin's anger toward his father caused him to separate from her and leave Will fatherless. Despite his anger, Robin is overjoyed to learn that he has a brother, and reconciles with Will.

On the day of the wedding and hangings, Robin and his men infiltrate Nottingham Castle, freeing the prisoners. Although Robin's band originally planned to free their friends and retreat, Azeem reveals himself and his willingness to fight the Sheriff, inciting the peasants to revolt. After a fierce fight, Robin kills the Sheriff, but is attacked by Mortianna with a spear. Azeem slays Mortianna, fulfilling his life-debt to Robin. Tuck kills the Bishop by burdening him with treasure and throwing him out a window.

Robin and Marian profess their love for each other and are married in the forest. Their wedding is briefly interrupted by King Richard, who blesses the marriage and thanks Robin for his deeds.

Cast

Production

Sycamore Gap at Hadrian's Wall, today known as the "Robin Hood Tree"[6]

Rickman turned down the role of the sheriff twice before he was told he could have carte blanche with his interpretation of the character.

Filming

Principal exteriors were shot on location in the United Kingdom. A second unit filmed the medieval walls and towers of the Cité de Carcassonne in the town of Carcassonne in Aude, France, for the portrayal of Nottingham and its castle. Locksley Castle was Wardour Castle in Wiltshire – restored in an early shot using a matte painting. Marian's manor was filmed at Hulne Priory in Northumberland. Scenes set in Sherwood Forest were filmed throughout England: Burnham Beeches in Buckinghamshire was used for the outlaws' encampment, Aysgarth Falls in Yorkshire for the fight scene between Robin and Little John, and Hardraw Force in North Yorkshire was the location where Marian sees Robin bathing.[7]Sycamore Gap on Hadrian's Wall was used for the scene when Robin first confronts the sheriff's men.[8] Chalk cliffs at Seven Sisters, Sussex were used as the locale for Robin's return to England from the Crusades.[9]

Interior scenes were completed at Shepperton Studios in Surrey.[7]

Soundtrack

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (Original Soundtrack)
Film score by Michael Kamen
Released July 2, 1991
Length 60:22
Label Morgan Creek Productions

The original music score was composed, orchestrated and conducted by Michael Kamen. An excerpt from the main title music was subsequently used as the logo music for Morgan Creek,[10] and has been used by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment in intros for trailers on DVD/Blu-ray.[11]


No.TitleLength
1."Overture" / "A Prisoner of the Crusades"8:27
2."Sir Guy of Gisborne" / "The Escape to Sherwood"7:27
3."Little John" / "The Band in the Forest"4:52
4."The Sheriff and His Witch"6:03
5."Maid Marian"2:57
6."Training" / "Robin Hood, Prince of Thieves"5:15
7."Marian at the Waterfall"5:34
8."The Abduction" / "The Final Battle at the Gallows"9:53
9."(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (sung by Bryan Adams)6:33
10."Wild Times" (sung by Jeff Lynne)3:12

Release

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was submitted for classification from the British Board of Film Classification and required 14 seconds to be cut from the film to obtain a PG rating.[2]

Reception

Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert praised Freeman's performance as well as Rickman's, but ultimately decried the film as a whole, giving it two stars and stating, "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves is a murky, unfocused, violent, and depressing version of the classic story... The most depressing thing about the movie is that children will attend it expecting to have a good time."[12]The New York Times gave the film a negative review, with Vincent Canby writing that the movie is "a mess, a big, long, joyless reconstruction of the Robin Hood legend that comes out firmly for civil rights, feminism, religious freedom, and economic opportunity for all."[13] The Los Angeles Times found the movie unsatisfactory, as well.[14] Costner was criticised for not attempting an English accent.[15]

Lanre Bakare, writing in The Guardian, calls Rickman's Sheriff, for which he won a BAFTA, a "genuinely great performance".[16] Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes retrospectively collected reviews from 52 critics to give the film a score of 50%.[17]

Prince of Thieves was nominated for two Golden Raspberry Awards: Kevin Costner won the Worst Actor award for his performance as Robin Hood, while Christian Slater received a nomination for Worst Supporting Actor for his performances in this film and Mobsters, but lost to Dan Aykroyd for Nothing but Trouble.[18]

In 2005, the American Film Institute nominated this film for AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores.[19]

Box office

The film grossed $25 million in its opening weekend and $18.3 million in its second. The film eventually made $390,493,908 at the global box office, making it the second-highest grossing film of 1991, immediately behind Terminator 2: Judgment Day. It enjoyed the second-best opening for a nonsequel, at the time.[20][21][22][23]

Adaptations

A tie-in video game of the same name was released in 1991 for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Game Boy. Developed by Sculptured Software Inc. and Bits Studios, respectively, and published by Virgin Games, Inc., it was featured as the cover game for the July 1991 issue of Nintendo Power magazine.[24]

A toy line was released by Kenner, consisting of action figures and playsets. Notably, all but one of the figures were slightly modified from Kenner's well known Super Powers line, while Friar Tuck, as well as the vehicles and playset, were modified from Star Wars: Return of the Jedi toys.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ Easton, Nina J. (July 24, 1990). "Costner May Put Morgan Creek Ahead of Robin Hood Pack". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "ROBIN HOOD - PRINCE OF THIEVES (PG) (CUT)". British Board of Film Classification. July 4, 1991. Retrieved 2016. 
  3. ^ Billington, Michael (March 18, 1991). "Robin Hood Freshens Up A Film Legend". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991)". Box Office Mojo. October 17, 1991. Retrieved 2016. 
  5. ^ "1992 Grammy Awards". metrolyrics.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009. 
  6. ^ Sycamore Gap, a section of the wall between two crests just east of Milecastle 39, is locally known as the "Robin Hood Tree" for its use in the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991).
  7. ^ a b Pearce, Garth; Green, Simon (1991). Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. Bdd Promotional Book Co. pp. 22-34. ISBN 9780792456339. 
  8. ^ Else, David & Sandra Bardwell, Belinda Dixon, Peter Dragicevich (2007). Lonely Planet: Walking in Britain. Lonely Planet. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-7410-4202-3. 
  9. ^ Pirani, Adam (May 1991). "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves". Starlog. p. 40. 
  10. ^ David Victor (August 30, 2012). "Studio Logo Music". Retrieved 2015. 
  11. ^ "Film Score Monthly". July 10, 2009. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  13. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 14, 1991). "A Polite Robin Hood In a Legend Recast". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013. 
  14. ^ Turan, Kenneth (June 14, 1991). "'Robin': Medieval Dash, New Age Muddle". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  15. ^ Easton, Nina J. (June 23, 1991). "A look inside Hollywood and the movies". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  16. ^ Bakare, Lanre. "My guilty pleasure - Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves", The Guardian, March 26, 2014
  17. ^ "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2018. 
  18. ^ Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-69334-0. 
  19. ^ "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016. 
  20. ^ "Robin Hood prince of summer flicks with $18.3 million weekend". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2010. 
  21. ^ Fox, David J. (June 25, 1991). "Robin Hood Still Riding Ahead of Box Office Pack". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  22. ^ Fox, David J. (June 18, 1991). "'Robin' Hits Impressive Box Office Bull's-Eye". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  23. ^ "Can 'Robin Hood' Keep Up Its Box-office Momentum?". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2010. 
  24. ^ Tilden, Gail, ed. (July 1991). Nintendo Power. Vol 26. ISSN 1041-9551. 
  25. ^ Salvatore, Ron. "The recycling of the Force - Starwars". The Star Wars Collectors Archive. Retrieved 2016. 

External links

Quotations related to Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves at Wikiquote


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