Rolette County, North Dakota
Rolette County, ND Events Directory
 
About Rolette County, ND
Rolette County, North Dakota
Map of North Dakota highlighting Rolette County
Location in the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded October 14, 1884
Seat Rolla
Largest community Belcourt
Area
 o Total 939 sq mi (2,432 km2)
 o Land 903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 o Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 3.9%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 14,659
 o Density 15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rolettecounty.com

Rolette County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,937.[1] Its county seat is Rolla.[2] The county was created by the 1872-73 territorial legislature and named for Joseph Rolette, Jr., a fur trader and politician from Pembina. The county government was first organized on October 14, 1884.[3] Before becoming Rolla, the county seat was Dunseith from 1884 to 1885 and St. John from 1885 to 1889.[4]

The International Peace Garden is located in the northwest corner of the county along the Canada-United States border with Manitoba.

Geography

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 939 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (3.9%) is water.[5]

Rolette County contains one of only six exclaves contained on the Canada-US border. It is an unnamed peninsula located at 48°59?53?N 99°52?44?W / 48.99806°N 99.87889°W / 48.99806; -99.87889.

Part of the Turtle Mountain plateau lies in the northwestern part of the county.

Major highways

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities

National protected areas

Demographics

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,674 people, 4,556 households, and 3,366 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 5,027 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 25.12% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 73.01% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of Norwegian and 7.4% German ancestry. 94.6% spoke English, 1.3% Ojibwa, 1.0% French Cree and 1.0% Cree as their first language.

There were 4,556 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.00% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the county, the population was spread out with 36.50% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,232, and the median income for a family was $29,744. Males had a median income of $24,288 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,873. About 28.00% of families and 31.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.20% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,937 people, 4,783 households, and 3,413 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 15.4 inhabitants per square mile (5.9/km2). There were 5,372 housing units at an average density of 5.9 per square mile (2.3/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 77.2% American Indian, 20.3% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 48.5% were French Canadian, 7.0% were German, 6.8% were Norwegian, and 0.3% were American.[13]

Of the 4,783 households, 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.39. The median age was 30.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $28,265 and the median income for a family was $35,523. Males had a median income of $35,595 versus $27,459 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,632. About 25.9% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 32.4% 1,217 55.9% 2,099 11.7% 439
2012 24.0% 1,092 73.7% 3,353 2.4% 107
2008 23.1% 1,045 75.1% 3,403 1.9% 86
2004 34.4% 1,392 63.4% 2,564 2.2% 88
2000 32.2% 1,416 61.0% 2,681 6.9% 301
1996 22.9% 823 63.8% 2,299 13.3% 479
1992 24.8% 895 55.5% 2,002 19.7% 709
1988 31.2% 1,126 67.3% 2,426 1.5% 54
1984 39.4% 1,479 58.1% 2,179 2.5% 93
1980 44.8% 1,599 46.6% 1,660 8.6% 307
1976 29.6% 1,094 68.5% 2,531 1.8% 68
1972 48.1% 1,713 50.7% 1,803 1.2% 43
1968 37.2% 1,211 57.5% 1,870 5.3% 172
1964 25.8% 892 74.2% 2,566
1960 35.3% 1,277 64.6% 2,335 0.1% 3
1956 45.4% 1,444 54.4% 1,728 0.2% 6
1952 65.0% 2,188 34.5% 1,160 0.5% 17
1948 41.1% 1,179 54.6% 1,565 4.4% 125
1944 37.8% 1,070 61.6% 1,745 0.6% 17
1940 35.4% 1,555 64.2% 2,820 0.4% 17
1936 19.3% 857 71.9% 3,186 8.8% 389
1932 19.6% 706 79.2% 2,855 1.2% 43
1928 37.5% 1,327 61.6% 2,181 0.9% 31
1924 35.9% 869 5.7% 137 58.4% 1,413
1920 75.1% 2,139 18.8% 535 6.2% 176
1916 40.0% 600 50.8% 762 9.2% 138
1912 26.7% 339 31.2% 396 42.0% 533[16]
1908 55.3% 811 36.1% 529 8.6% 126
1904 66.4% 912 26.6% 366 7.0% 96
1900 60.4% 566 37.9% 355 1.7% 16

Like many counties with Native American majority populations it is historically Democratic, but more consistently so than other such counties in North Dakota. Since 1928 the only Republican to carry the county was Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952.[17] It was the only county in the state to support George McGovern in 1972 and is additionally the only North Dakota county to have supported Jimmy Carter in 1980.[18] In each of the five presidential elections from 1996 to 2012, the Democratic candidate received over 60% of the vote, with Barack Obama winning 75.1% in 2008 and 74.0% in 2012.[19][20] In 2016, Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton received 57.3% of the county's votes.[21]

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Kohlmeier
  • Maryville
  • Shell Valley
  • South Valley
  • Holmes

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved 2015. 
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 322 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 184 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 27 votes.
  17. ^ Geographie Electorale
  18. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for North Dakota by election)
  19. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on North Dakota)
  20. ^ 2012 presidential election results from North Dakota, New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  21. ^ 2016 presidential election results from North Dakota, New York Times (December 20, 2016). Retrieved December 27, 2016.

Coordinates: 48°46?N 99°50?W / 48.77°N 99.84°W / 48.77; -99.84


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