San Jose Earthquakes
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San Jose Earthquakes

San Jose Earthquakes
San Jose Earthquakes 2014.svg
Full name San Jose Earthquakes
Nickname(s) Quakes, The Goonies
Founded June 15, 1994; 24 years ago (1994-06-15)
as San Jose Clash
Stadium Avaya Stadium
San Jose, California
Ground Capacity 18,000[1]
Owner Earthquakes Soccer, LLC
Head Coach Mikael Stahre
League Major League Soccer
2017 Western Conference: 6th
Overall: 12th
Playoffs: Knockout round
Website Club website
Current season

San Jose Earthquakes are an American professional soccer team based in San Jose, California, United States, that competes as a member of the Western Conference of Major League Soccer (MLS). The franchise began play in 1996, (originally as the San Jose Clash), as one of the charter clubs of the league. The Earthquakes took part in the first game in MLS history, defeating D.C. United 1-0.[2] The Earthquakes have won two MLS Cup titles, in 2001 and 2003, and two Supporters' Shields in 2005 and 2012. In 2002, the team played in its first CONCACAF Champions Cup (now called the CONCACAF Champions League), making it to the quarterfinals.[3] The team holds a fierce rivalry with the LA Galaxy known as the California Clásico.[4][5]

In 2005, the then owner of the Earthquakes, Anschutz Entertainment Group, announced plans of the team relocating to Houston due to failing efforts to secure a soccer-specific stadium in San Jose. The organization in Houston would be considered an expansion team by the league, eventually being known as the Houston Dynamo, who began play in 2006. The Earthquakes returned after a two-year hiatus, resuming play in 2008. As of November 24, 2017, Mikael Stahre is head coach.[6] The Earthquakes play their home games at Avaya Stadium beginning in 2015. The team previously played its home games at Buck Shaw Stadium on the Santa Clara University campus in Santa Clara, California from 2008 to 2014.

History

Roots of the Earthquakes (1974-1988)

The franchise's roots trace back to 1974, when the North American Soccer League (NASL) awarded an expansion franchise to San Jose, named the Earthquakes. The name Earthquakes originally came from a newspaper contest in the San Jose Mercury News, in which fans were encouraged to send in suggestions for the name of the franchise. Earthquakes was chosen by the team's general manager Dick Berg, but was criticized due to San Jose's proximity to the San Andreas Fault.[7][8] The NASL folded after the 1984 season and the Earthquakes played in the Western Soccer League (WSL) from 1985-88, under the ownership of Peter Bridgwater who sold the team in 1988.

Founding and early years (1994-1999)

In 1994, Daniel Van Voorhis, former owner of the American Professional Soccer League's San Jose Hawks, successfully led a San Jose bidding group that was awarded one of Major League Soccer's inaugural teams. At that time, he handed over all existing Hawks player contracts, front-office resources and the rights to play in San Jose State University's Spartan Stadium to MLS in exchange for Type C stock in the league. He also became the franchise's investor/operator until outside concerns forced him to divest himself of these positions prior to the league's launch and accept a buyout from the league, leaving the franchise league-owned for several years. Meanwhile, a direct connection to the earlier Earthquakes came in the person of Peter Bridgwater, named as general manager of the MLS team. Although Bridgwater still owned the rights to the Earthquakes name and logo, the team became known as the Clash at the urging of Nike, a major investor in MLS.[9]

On December 7, 1995, Bridgwater hired Laurie Calloway as the team's first coach, providing a second direct connection with the NASL Earthquakes, as well as a connection with the Hawks. On January 23, 1996, the Clash acquired US national team star Eric Wynalda, despite the fact that Wynalda and Calloway did not get along during their time together with the Hawks. The Clash's connections to the Blackhawks continued when the club made the first trade in MLS history, sending Rhett Harty to the MetroStars for Troy Dayak.

San Jose was an integral part of the launching of MLS, hosting the league's inaugural game at Spartan Stadium before a crowd of 31,683 on April 6, 1996. The crowd did not go away disappointed as San Jose won its first game on the first goal in MLS history from Eric Wynalda, defeating D.C. United 1-0. One month later, the club made history again, as they hosted the Los Angeles Galaxy in a match that drew 31,728 fans to Spartan Stadium, setting the record for attendance at a sporting event in the city of San Jose.[2] But Wynalda and Calloway were soon at each other's throats again, eventually leading to a locker room brawl between Wynalda and John Doyle. The skirmish reached memorable proportions when Wynalda hired an airplane to tow a banner demanding Calloway's firing.[10]

The San Jose Earthquakes on the field at the O.co Coliseum in 2008

Although the Clash made the postseason in the inaugural MLS season in 1996, and Doyle earned recognition as the best MLS defender, the team floundered in 1997. By mid-season the team was sinking fast and Bridgwater fired Calloway and replaced him with Brian Quinn. The Clash finished 1997 at the bottom of the Western Conference standings with a 12-20 record. Things were no better in 1998, when the team finished 13-19 and well out of playoff contention. During the 1999 pre-season, the saga of player-coach antagonism continued when Richard Gough left the team after an argument with Quinn. By the end of 1999, Quinn was done and the team released him to hire Lothar Osiander.

Return of the Earthquakes (1999-2005)

San Jose Earthquakes players, 2005

The franchise's official name changed from Clash to Earthquakes on October 27, 1999. After missing four consecutive post-seasons with three different coaches, the Earthquakes hired head coach Frank Yallop days before the 2001 MLS SuperDraft. Yallop's personnel changes and deft coaching with the help of assistant coach Dominic Kinnear and goalkeeper coach Tim Hanley, along with the allocation of star forward Landon Donovan on loan from Bayer Leverkusen, quickly turned around the Earthquakes' on-field fortunes, spurring the biggest regular season turnaround in league history (from 29 points in 2000 to 45 points in 2001) and leading the team to a 2-1 MLS Cup 2001 overtime victory over the archrival Los Angeles Galaxy.

The Quakes followed with two consecutive runners-up finishes for the MLS Supporters' Shield and a 4-2 MLS Cup 2003 win over the Chicago Fire. Prior to reaching the 2003 final, the Earthquakes had rallied from four goals down to beat the Galaxy, 5-4 on aggregate, in a first-round playoff that many MLS watchers described as the greatest in league history. Following the season, Yallop returned to his native Canada to coach the Canadian men's national soccer team being named to the post on December 16.[11] Assistant coach Kinnear was then promoted to head coach, and former San Jose player John Doyle was named as his assistant.

Having won two MLS Cup titles in three years, the Earthquakes were poised for greater success both on and off the field. However, in January 2004, general manager Johnny Moore, whose roots with the club dated back to his days as a player for the NASL Earthquakes, resigned after AEG and MLS considered allowing the team to be rebranded as San Jose America (with ownership to transfer to the owners of Mexico's Club América). Earthquake fans were similarly outraged at the proposed rebranding, coming just months after the MLS Cup. Former Los Angeles Galaxy defender Alexi Lalas was named as Moore's replacement. Under Lalas' management, the club planned a move to Houston. Meanwhile, when the Quakes' star player, Landon Donovan, played briefly in Germany, Lalas traded away his rights, enabling Lalas' former team, the Galaxy, to acquire him.

On the field, Kinnear led the team to two more playoff appearances, including an MLS Supporters' Shield win in 2005.

Hiatus and return (2006-2008)

Following the conclusion of the 2005 season, on December 15, the then owner of the San Jose Earthquakes, Anschutz Entertainment Group, announced that the team was moving to Houston for the 2006 season because of the failure of efforts to secure a soccer-specific stadium for the team in San Jose. However, MLS Commissioner Don Garber said that the Earthquakes' name, colors, logo, wordmark, history and competitive records would not be transferred, similar to the Cleveland Browns deal in the National Football League. The San Jose franchise was officially put on hiatus while the players, head coach Dominic Kinnear and some of his coaching staff were moved to Houston, where they became, first, Houston 1836, then Houston Dynamo. The Houston Dynamo is technically considered an expansion team by MLS just as the Baltimore Ravens was by the NFL during that team's early years.[]

Earthquakes captain Ramiro Corrales during the team's first season back in MLS

On May 24, 2006, an agreement was reached between Major League Soccer and the principal owners of the Oakland Athletics baseball team. Lewis Wolff and John Fisher have a three-year exclusive option to develop a soccer-specific stadium and bring an expansion franchise to the San Francisco Bay Area.[12]

In September 2006, after nearly nine months of inactivity (displaying only Commissioner Garber's December 2005 letter of condolence to Earthquakes fans over the team's relocation), the team's website was revived to display updates on the progress of starting up the expansion San Jose Earthquakes franchise and to allow fans to sign up for the Earthquakes Soccer, LLC e-newsletter.

On July 18, 2007, Commissioner Don Garber announced that the San Jose Earthquakes would resume play starting in the 2008 season after Lew Wolff exercised his option to purchase the new expansion team. While functionally being the 14th franchise to join MLS, the team retained all records, logos, colors and titles of the 1996-2005 franchise and is a continuation of that franchise. Michael Crowley, also Oakland A's president at the time, led the relaunched franchise and served as president until 2010.

In October 2007 the Earthquakes announced they would be moving their offices from the Fairmont Hotel in downtown San Jose to an office park across the street from their temporary home, Buck Shaw Stadium, and across the Caltrain tracks from the location of the former FMC site.[13]

On November 6, 2007, the team announced that former Earthquakes coach Frank Yallop was returning to the team as head coach. According to ESPN.com, the Earthquakes compensated Yallop's previous employer, the Los Angeles Galaxy, with a third-round pick in the 2008 MLS SuperDraft.[14]

In 2008, England's Darren Huckerby, the MLS Newcomer of the Year and Ireland's Ronnie O'Brien, who made 28 appearances for the Earthquakes, helped anchor the offense, combining for 10 goals and 10 assists. Both played a key part of the team's nine game unbeaten streak that saw San Jose push towards a playoff berth. They also failed to qualify for the U..S Open Cup, losing to Real Salt Lake 4-0 in the first round of qualifying.

On January 27, 2009, Amway Global signed a three-year deal with the Earthquakes to become the team's official jersey sponsor.[15] The club made an historic trade on June 9, 2009, when they acquired Chris Wondolowski from Houston.[16]

The Quakes missed out on the playoffs for a second consecutive season in 2009 but looked to build on a solid second half of the year, which saw them go 4-4-4 since the All-Star Break. The Earthquakes finished in 14th place and failing to qualify for the playoffs. The Earthquakes also failed to qualify for the U.S. Open Cup, losing to New York Red Bulls on April 29, 2-1.

In 2010, the San Jose Earthquakes qualified for the playoffs as the West's No. 6 seed with 46 points. In the 2010 MLS playoffs, they were matched up with the No. 1 seeded New York Red Bulls. After losing the first game by a score of 1-0, the Earthquakes defeated the Red Bulls in the second game by a score of 3-1 to win the aggregate, 3-2, and upset New York. In the single-elimination semi-final match against the Colorado Rapids, at Colorado, the Quakes suffered a 1-0 defeat.[17]

In 2011, the San Jose Earthquakes missed the playoffs after they finished seventh in the west and fourteenth in all of MLS.

The Goonies (2012-2014)

In 2012, the San Jose Earthquakes had the best start in franchise history.[18] The team established a habit of scoring late goals to tie or win games. The first was a match against Real Salt Lake on April 21, 2012, scoring 2 goals in stoppage time to win 3-1.[19] The next week, a stoppage time goal produced a win against the Philadelphia Union.[20] Two more games resulted in ties with late goals, both scored by Alan Gordon.[21][22] On May 23, 2012, against the L.A. Galaxy, the Quakes scored 3 times in 18 minutes to win 3-2.[23] After this game striker Steven Lenhart declared "Goonies never say die!" (a reference to the movie The Goonies), and this was made into the rally cry of the team.[24]

The Quakes ended the 2012 regular season with 66 points and 72 goals, both team records, with 17 of those points created by goals scored in the 84th minute or later. The team clinched the Supporter's Shield, its first major trophy since their return to San Jose, and qualified for their first CONCACAF Champion's League tournament as a franchise in 2013. They returned to the playoffs for the first time since their 2010 season and faced two games against L.A. Galaxy. In their first playoff game, the Quakes scored a stoppage time goal to take the away leg 1-0,[25] but were knocked out of the playoffs following a 3-1 loss at home (3-2 on aggregate), their only loss at Buck Shaw Stadium for the season.[26][27]

In 2013, the Quakes began the year facing adversity with numerous players recovering from injury. With added depth in preparation for the upcoming CONCACAF Champions' League, they began the task of duplicating the success of 2012. While the style of scoring late goals were still present in games against New York,[28] Portland[29] and Montreal,[30] the team struggled to find success and quickly found themselves at the bottom of the Western Conference. The slow start of the team led to the departure of coach Frank Yallop and Mark Watson was named interim coach.

On June 29, 2013, the Quakes played the L.A. Galaxy in the California Classico. Despite being down 2-0 and having Victor Bernardez ejected, the Quakes staged another comeback, scoring twice in stoppage time to win 3-2,[31] becoming the first MLS team to do so.[32]

On August 7, 2013, the Earthquakes debuted in the 2013-14 CONCACAF Champions League for the first time since their return to MLS. They lost the away game to the Montreal Impact 1-0. On October 23, 2013, the Earthquakes won group five on goal differential with a win at home against Heredia,[33][34] and they moved on to the knockout stage of the tournament.[35]

Despite a league best record in games played after June,[36] the Quakes failed to qualify for the 2013 playoffs, losing the final spot to Colorado on a goal differential tiebreaker. The final home game of the season, a 2-0 win against FC Dallas, saw the final minutes of professional soccer for Ramiro Corrales, who had announced his retirement. Corrales was the last remaining active player who played in the inaugural season of MLS.

The Quakes in their 2014 campaign began, playing in the quarterfinals against Toluca in a two-game series in the 2013-14 CONCACAF Champions League. Scoring a goal in stoppage time in the first game, the Quakes went to Mexico 1-1 on aggregate. In the second game, the game tied in regulation. The Quakes faced Toluca in Overtime where neither team could score against the other and the game went on to penalites. The Earthquakes lost 5-4 against Toluca in penalties and were eliminated.

San Jose ended the 2014 MLS Season with the club's worst ever record, winning only 6 matches, and suffering a 15-match winless streak. That streak surpassed the Quakes' previous record of 13 in 2011, and matched the second worst in league history.[37]

Return of Dominic Kinnear (2015-2017)

The Earthquakes welcomed back Dominic Kinnear to the club as coach after a nine-year tenure in Houston. The franchise's long-awaited stadium, Avaya Stadium, was the first professional soccer-specific stadium in the Bay Area when it opened on March 22.

The 2015 season was a marked improvement over the previous season, but the Earthquakes still failed to reach the playoffs despite a late surge. Chris Wondolowski became only the ninth player in MLS history to score 100 goals with a penalty in a 1-1 draw against Orlando.[38]

On August 29, 2016, the Earthquakes parted ways with longtime general manager John Doyle. Earthquakes President Dave Kaval stated that he felt the Earthquakes "needed a fresh approach". Technical director Chris Leitch was appointed as interim GM.[39]

The Fioranelli era (2017-present)

Following the firing of John Doyle, it was announced on January 5, 2017, that Jesse Fioranelli had been hired as general manager. He joined San Jose from AS Roma and had previously also worked at SS Lazio.[40]

Fioranelli made clear early on that he would be prioritizing youth development, international scouting, and generally creating a new identity for San Jose that was younger, more dynamic, and more attacking, intentions which were reflected by his off-season acquisitions of Jahmir Hyka, Florian Jungwirth, Marco Ureña, Harold Cummings, and Danny Hoesen using Targeted Allocation Money.[41] He also expressed the necessity of the team reaching the playoffs in 2017, as it had not done so since 2012. Illustrating the seriousness of his commitment to improving San Jose, within one week in April Fioranelli made two key additions to the technical staff with the hiring of Alex Covelo as Director of Methodology and Bruno Costa as Head of Scouting.[42] Dave Kaval stepped down from his role as president on June 1, to be replaced by former Aston Villa F.C. chief executive and Arsenal F.C. chief commercial officer Tom Fox.[43] On June 22, 2017, San Jose announced Fioranelli's first Designated Player signing, Georgian attacking midfielder Vako, who would join San Jose from SBV Vitesse.[44]

Fioranelli took his ambitions for San Jose a step further just several days later, when he announced on June 25, 2017 that Dominic Kinnear had been fired, and would be replaced immediately and permanently by Chris Leitch, the club's technical director and former interim general manager. Assistant coach John Spencer was also let go, and was replaced by Covelo.[45] The timing of the firing came as somewhat of a surprise, as it was announced hours after San Jose defeated Real Salt Lake 2-1 at home. Fioranelli said of the firing that, coming off of a win, it was not reactionary, and rather he had "in the last two to three months...matured a gut feeling as to where [the club stands]", and that his respect for Kinnear "would not have allowed [him] to want to go for another three months knowing [they] would have parted ways at the end of the season".[46] In his first interview as head coach, Leitch reiterated Fioranelli's previously stated goals, saying that "the goal of the team...is [to] make the playoffs".[47] His first outing as head coach on June 28, 2017, was successful, seeing the Earthquakes achieve their first-ever victory over an MLS side in the U.S. Open Cup with a 2-1 victory against Seattle Sounders FC that would advance them to the USOC quarter finals for the first time since 2012.[48]

Leitch's first MLS match as head coach was a 2-1 win over the LA Galaxy at Stanford Stadium on July 1, in which Chris Wondolowski scored the equalizing goal off of an assist from goalkeeper David Bingham and substitute Shea Salinas scored the winner in the 93rd minute.[49] The team experienced its first loss under Leitch three days later on July 4 at Bobby Dodd Stadium, in a 4-2 loss to Atlanta United FC following red cards to both Kofi Sarkodie and Victor Bernardez; however, this match also saw Tommy Thompson score his first league goal and Chris Wondolowski break Ramiro Corrales' record for career starts at San Jose with his 229th start, as well as tie the league record for most goals scored away at 63.[50]

On July 7, 2017, a multi-year collaboration between the Earthquakes and the German Football Association was announced, "focused on knowledge exchange, game development and machine learning".[51]

On July 10, 2017, the Earthquakes defeated the Galaxy 3-2 at home, following a brace from Chris Wondolowski and Danny Hoesen's second goal of the tournament, to advance to the semifinals of the U.S. Open Cup for the first time since 2004 and for only the second time in club history.[52] Wondolowski wore the number 38 in this match in honor of teammate Matheus Silva, who nearly drowned the previous week.[53] New signing Vako was introduced at the club for the first time during halftime.[54] Vako made his club debut four days later as a 63rd minute substitution in San Jose's 4-1 friendly defeat of Eintracht Frankfurt,[55] and shortly afterwards scored in his MLS debut as a halftime substitute against the New York Red Bulls at Red Bull Arena on July 19.[56]

The Earthquakes announced a second new partnership aimed at pursuing the implementation of artificial intelligence and machine learning on July 21 with Los Angeles-based company Second Spectrum, Inc., the first of its kind in the league and inspired by the company's partnerships with the NBA and specifically the Golden State Warriors. Per this agreement, a new system was installed at Avaya Stadium to track players during matches and gather data on tactics and performance, to be delivered to players' mobile devices directly after games.[57] The signing of Swiss defender François Affolter from FC Luzern was announced later the same day.[58]

San Jose lost in the Open Cup semifinals to Sporting Kansas City, for the second time in franchise history, in sudden death penalties on August 9.[59]

On August 19, Wondolowski became the first player in MLS history to score ten or more goals in eight consecutive seasons, following his successful penalty kick in the dying moments of a 2-2 home draw against the Philadelphia Union, when Shea Salinas was tripped in the box by Joshua Yaro.[60]

San Jose qualified for the 2017 MLS Cup Playoffs, the club's first playoff appearance since 2012, following a 3-2 win at home on October 22 over Minnesota United FC in which Danny Hoesen and Chris Wondolowski each recorded a goal and an assist, and substitute Marco Ureña scored the stoppage time winner. This sent the team on to play a knockout round match on the road against Vancouver Whitecaps FC on October 25.[61] However, the team was defeated 5-0.[62]

On November 24, 2017, Mikael Stahre, formerly of BK Häcken, was announced as the team's new head coach. Leitch returned to his previous role as the club's technical director.[63] San Jose began to make roster moves not long after with contract options being declined for players, most notably for defender Víctor Bernárdez[64] and goalkeeper David Bingham who spent six and seven years with the Earthquakes organization respectively. San Jose traded Bingham's MLS rights to their rival Los Angeles Galaxy on December 18.[65] December also brought additions to the roster, reflecting different aspects of San Jose's leadership and management. On December 1, 2017, Joel Qwiberg was signed from IF Brommapojkarna where he had helped to lead the team to two consecutive promotions, reaching Sweden's topic league.[66] The next signing of the off-season was homegrown goalkeeper JT Marcinkowski, who had finished his 3rd year at Georgetown. Just over a week later, San Jose announced in a joint press conference with their USL affiliate Reno 1868 that they had signed three players from the team: Luis Felipe, Chris Wehan, and Jimmy Ockford.[67] Reno's club president elaborated on what the signings meant for both organizations, stating "Today's news delivers on that promise to compete in Reno while developing the future of San Jose."[68] The next day San Jose continued on their developmental based signings with defender Jacob Akanyirige announced as signed straight from their academy at fifteen years old, San Jose's youngest ever player and the eighth youngest player in MLS history.[69] On December 20, the first Designated Player and second Swedish signing under Stahre's tenure was officially brought to San Jose. Magnus Eriksson joined from Djurgårdens IF where he co-led the Allsvenskan as top scorer in the 2017 season.[70]

Crest and shirt

Since their inception, the Earthquakes have played in a color scheme featuring blue and black as dominant colors,[] usually with white highlights. The original San Jose Clash logo featured a stylized scorpion in black and red with a white 'clash' wordmark.

When they rebranded to the Earthquakes in 2000, the team badge featured an inverted triangular shield containing a soccer ball invoking the rising sun used in the logo for the City of San Jose,[] a stylized 'Earthquakes' wordmark, and a color palette of blue, black, white and silver. The three points of the triangular shield represented the three largest communities of the Bay Area (San Jose, San Francisco and Oakland).[71]

The team rebranded again on January 30, 2014 to a new crest and uniform. While still featuring blue and black, as well as a new chevron design that invokes the geologic theme of the team's name, the new design also featured the year 1974 in red; this is an explicit reference of lineage to the previous NASL incarnation of the Earthquakes that had founded that year.[72][73]

On February 17, 2017, San Jose released its new home kit at a jersey release party at San Pedro Square. The new kit is black, a callback to the black Goonies kits of the historic 2012 season, and features the blue slipstrike design from the crest on the front. Also included is a red neck tape, referring again to the team's NASL history, "SJ 74" in blue on the bottom left corner, and the words "UNITY", "DEVOTION", and "HERITAGE" written in white across the blue border on the right sleeve.[74]

On February 11, 2018, the Earthquakes released their new away kit, the Navy SEAL Foundation Jersey, and announced that 5% of each jersey sale would be donated to the Foundation, becoming the first club in MLS history to donate part of its jersey revenue to a nonprofit organization. The jersey release party was held near the site of the USS Hornet Museum and the kit itself presented by a retired SEAL alongside squad members Tommy Thompson, Joel Qwiberg, and, offshore in a military rescue boat, Nick Lima and Jackson Yueill.[75]

Uniform history

Home
1996
1997-98
1999
2000-02
2003-04
2005
2008
2009
2010-11
2012-13
2014-16
2017-
Away
2000-01
2002-03
2004
2005
2008-09
2010-11
2012-13
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018-

Stadium

Avaya Stadium, San Jose, California
Name Location Years
Avaya Stadium San Jose, California 2015-present
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara, California 2014-present (grand opening of stadium on August 2; also one match per year for five years)
Buck Shaw Stadium Santa Clara, California 2008-2014
Spartan Stadium San Jose, California 1996-2005
Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Oakland, California 2008-2009 (big game venue)
Stanford Stadium Stanford, California 2011-present (big game venue, scheduled in July)

US Open Cup

On January 13, 2007, the San Jose Mercury News reported that the city of San Jose, San Jose State University and the Earthquakes owners were in negotiations to build a soccer stadium just east of the Earthquakes' previous home, Spartan Stadium. The new facility, to have 22,000 permanent seats but be expandable to a capacity of 30,000 for single games, would be privately built by Lewis Wolff and John Fisher, the primary owners of the Earthquakes, with San Jose State providing the needed land. Additionally, the team and the university would build community soccer fields across Senter Road in Kelley Park using San Jose municipal bond money that had been approved years earlier for the purpose but never spent.[76] The plan was for the new version of the San Jose Earthquakes to play in Spartan Stadium during the 2008 MLS season, then move into the new stadium in 2009. Plans for the stadium collapsed on April 19 of that year after the Earthquakes and SJSU could not come to an agreement on revenue sharing.

Avaya Stadium

On May 8, the city of San Jose and Earthquakes Soccer, LLC confirmed that their new primary focus was on a site near San Jose International Airport on the site of the former FMC plant. The new site was owned by the city, which was exploring either leasing it to Earthquakes Soccer, LLC or selling it outright. The 75-acre (30 ha) site is adjacent to not only the airport but the planned BART extension to Santa Clara and the existing Santa Clara Caltrain station, and near both Interstate 880 and U.S. Route 101. On June 12, 2007, the San Jose City Council voted unanimously to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding to explore construction of a new stadium to bring MLS back to San Jose and adopted a resolution authorizing the city manager to enter into an Exclusive Right to Negotiate agreement with Wolff and his partners regarding the potential development of the former FMC site. The first payment on the new stadium land of $3 million was made in June 2008.[77][78][79][80]

The preliminary designs were released to the public on September 19, 2009. Avaya Stadium was slated to be a three-sided European style stadium with 18,000 permanent seats and a grass berm at the open end.

On March 16, 2010, the San Jose city council voted 9-0 to rezone the Airport West property to allow for development of the new Avaya Stadium.[81]

The San Jose Earthquakes franchise made history when 6,256 people participated in groundbreaking for the new stadium. This set a world record by Guinness World Records as the largest ever crowd to participate in a groundbreaking ceremony.[82][83] The construction was completed in early 2015 and hosted its first event, a friendly, pre-season match against LA Galaxy, on February 28, 2015.[84] The stadium's official opening took place on March 22, 2015, when the Earthquakes hosted Chicago Fire for their first home game of the 2015 MLS regular season.[85]Fatai Alashe scored the first official, regular-season goal at Avaya in the fifth minute of the 2-1 victory.[86]

Club culture

Rivalries

The California Clásico[87][88][89] is a rivalry between two Major League Soccer teams, the LA Galaxy and the San Jose Earthquakes, which existed from 1996 to 2005 and was resumed in 2008. It is considered to be one of the oldest rivalries in American soccer. The rivalry originated from the historical Northern California vs. Southern California sporting and cultural rivalries, as well as from the relative proximity of the cities (about 360 miles apart) which allows rival fans to attend each other's games. While there have been several players to play for both teams beforehand, the rivalry intensified after the Anschutz Entertainment Group (owner of the Los Angeles Galaxy) took sole ownership of the San Jose Earthquakes in December 2002. The rivalry reached its peak from 2001 to 2005, during which time the Earthquakes and the Galaxy combined to win four MLS Cup titles in a five-year period. Both clubs reached MLS Cup 2001, with San Jose posting a 2-1 overtime victory on goals by Landon Donovan and Dwayne DeRosario.

The Heritage Cup with Seattle Sounders FC was begun in the 2009 MLS season by the respective supporters' groups. Any present or future MLS teams that carry on the names of their NASL predecessors are eligible for the Cup, but supporters of the other eligible MLS teams (Portland Timbers and Vancouver Whitecaps) have chosen not to participate.[90][91] San Jose and Seattle have had a rivalry since the NASL. However, it did not completely resurface during the 2009 season with fans of both teams viewing other clubs as bigger rivals.[92] That season, the first MLS meeting of the teams was not considered for the competition due to the schedule consisting of two games in Seattle and only one in San Jose. Seattle won the initial meeting at home 2-0 and the second 2-1. The Earthquakes won the inaugural cup on goals scored after a 4-0 home victory on August 2, 2009.[93]

Support

Among the supporters' groups affiliated with the Earthquakes are the San Jose Ultras, Club Quake, Soccer Silicon Valley, The Casbah, Imperio Sismico, and The Faultline.[94][95]

An Earthquakes fan was arrested for assaulting a Portland Timbers fan after taunting the group in April 2013.[96] The 1906 Ultras responded via Twitter: "arrests issue addressed"[97] and to be "moving beyond the issue"[98] ahead of a travel ban that was lifted by Major League Soccer just days prior.

Punk musician, Lars Frederiksen is a supporter of the Earthquakes. Along with his band, The Old Firm Casuals, he wrote the new anthem and theme song, "Never Say Die", for the club, which was performed as part of the team's rebranding ceremony on January 30, 2014. The song features backing vocals by various team members. Frederiksen said of the team that they are the most "punk rock" team in the MLS.[99]

Q at a home game in August 2010

Mascots

  • José Clash (1996-1999)
  • Rikter the CyberDog (2000-2002)
  • Q (2004-2005), (2008-present)

There was no mascot in 2003.

On April 26, 2010, Q was one of three mascots featured on KNTV, along with San Jose Sharks mascot S.J. Sharkie and San Jose Giants mascot "Gigante".[100]

Revenue and profitability

At the beginning of 2013, the Quakes had 5,000 season ticket holders, and although revenues had been increasing, the Quakes stadium did not allow them to generate sufficient revenues to be profitable.[101] Quakes management predicted in 2013 that season ticket sales would double once they move into their new stadium, and the Quakes would become profitable at that time.[101] Management also stated that they are "pursuing independent revenue streams that will provide the team with real and lasting financial freedom." [102] With the completion of their new soccer-specific Avaya Stadium, in early 2015 the Earthquakes reached their cap of 12,000 season tickets sold.[103]

Jersey sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1996-1999 Nike Honda[104]
2000-2002 Yahoo! Sports[104]
2003-2004 Yahoo! en Español[104]
2009-2011 Adidas Amway Global[105]
2016-present Sutter Health[106]

There was no jersey sponsor in 2005, 2008, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015.

Stadium sponsors

Broadcasting

San Jose Earthquakes games are televised locally on NBC Sports California/NBC Sports California HD, NBC Sports Bay Area/NBC Sports Bay Area HD and NBC owned-and-operated station KNTV with Anthony Passarelli providing the play-by-play, Chris Dangerfield providing color analysis and Danielle Slaton providing reports from the sideline.

A number of games are instead televised nationally on Fox Sports 1, Fox Sports 2, ESPN2/ESPN2 HD/ESPN Deportes/ESPN Deportes HD, UniMás/UniMás HD and Univision Deportes Network/Univision Deportes Network HD.

On the radio, all Earthquakes games are broadcast in English on KNBR 1050-AM "The Sports Leader" and in Spanish on KZSF "La Kaliente".[108] Announcer Ted Ramey works as the primary English-language radio play-by-play announcer along with radio color analyst and Earthquakes legend Joe Cannon, their goalie for many years, while Carlos Cesar Rivera serves as the Spanish-language radio play-by-play announcer. English coverage is also streamed live on KNBR.com and the KNBR app. La Kaliente's Spanish coverage is simulcasted in Spanish-language SAP either on CSN California or CSN Bay Area.

Players and staff

Current roster

As of June 27, 2018[109]

Out on loan

As of June 27, 2018[109]
No. Position Player Nation
17 Forward Mohamed Thiaw (on loan to Reno 1868 until 30 November 2018)  Senegal
19 Forward Danny Musovski (on loan to Reno 1868 until 30 November 2018)  United States
33 Defender Paul Marie (on loan to Reno 1868 until 30 November 2018)  France

Team management

As of January 24, 2018[110]
Coaching staff
General manager Jesse Fioranelli
Technical director Chris Leitch
Head coach Mikael Stahre
Assistant coach Steve Ralston
Assistant coach Alex de Crook
Goalkeeping coach Jyri Nieminen
Director of methodology Alex Covelo
Head athletic trainer Ron Shinault
Assistant athletic trainer Derek Lawrance

Honors

[111]

Team

Player

Record

Year-by-year

Season Reg. season MLS Playoffs U.S. Open Cup CONCACAF
Champions' Cup/League
San Jose Clash
1996 4th, West (15-17) Quarter-finals Did not enter Did not qualify
1997 5th, West (12-20) Did not qualify Quarterfinals (San Francisco Bay Seals 1-2)
1998 5th, West (13-19) Did not qualify Quarterfinals (Chicago Fire 1(3)-1(4))
1999 5th, West (19-13) Did not qualify Did not enter
San Jose Earthquakes
2000 4th, West (7-17-8) Did not qualify Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 0-2) Did not qualify
2001 2nd, West (13-7-6) Won MLS Cup (Los Angeles Galaxy 2-1) Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 1(9)-1(10)) Not held
2002 2nd, West (14-11-3) Quarterfinals (Columbus Crew 2-4) Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 0-1) Quarterfinals (C.F. Pachuca 1-3)
2003 1st, West (14-7-9) Won MLS Cup (Chicago Fire 4-2) Fourth Round (Seattle Sounders 0-1) First Round (Club Toluca 4-5)
2004 4th, West (9-10-11) Quarterfinals (Kansas City Wizards 2-3) Semifinals (Kansas City Wizards 0-1) Quarterfinals (Alajuelense 1-3)
2005 1st, West* (18-4-10) Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 2-4) Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 1-2) Did not qualify
2006 suspended operations
2007
2008 7th, West (8-13-9) Did not qualify Did not qualify Did not qualify
2009 7th, West (7-14-9) Did not qualify Did not qualify
2010 6th, West (13-10-7) Semifinals (Colorado Rapids 0-1) Did not qualify
2011 7th, West (8-12-14) Did not qualify Did not qualify
2012 1st, West* (19-6-9) Quarterfinals (Los Angeles Galaxy 2-3) Quarterfinals (Seattle Sounders FC 0-1)
2013 6th, West (14-11-9) Did not qualify Third Round (Charleston Battery 0-1) Quarterfinals (Toluca 1(4)-1(5)
2014 9th, West (6-16-12) Fifth Round (Seattle Sounders FC 1(1)-1(4) Did not qualify
2015 7th, West (13-13-8) Fifth Round (LA Galaxy 1-0) Did not qualify
2016 9th, West (8-12-14) 4th Round (Portland Timbers 2-0) Did not qualify
2017 6th, West (13-14-7) Knockout Round (Vancouver Whitecaps 0-5) Semifinals (Sporting Kansas City 1(4)-1(5)) Did not qualify

* Won Supporters' Shield

International tournaments

First Round v. Honduras Club Deportivo Olimpia - 1:0, 3:1 (Earthquakes advanced 4:1 on aggregate)
Quarter-Finals v. Mexico C.F. Pachuca - 0:3, 1:0 (Pachuca advanced 3:1 on aggregate)
Group stage v. Norway Rosenborg BK - 0:2
Group stage v. Russia FC Rubin Kazan - 1:1
Group stage v. Norway Viking FK - 1:3
Seventh place match v. Norway Lyn Oslo - 3:1
First Round v. Guatemala C.S.D. Municipal - 2:4, 2:1 (Municipal advanced 5:4 on aggregate)
Group stage v. Sweden GIF Sundsvall - 3:1
Group stage v. Norway Stabæk Fotball - 2:1
Semi-finals v. Norway Viking FK - 1:1 (Viking Stavanger advanced 5:3 on penalties)
Third place match v. Ukraine FC Dynamo Kyiv - 1:1 (Earthquakes won 6:5 on penalties)
Quarter-Finals v. Costa Rica L.D. Alajuelense - 0:3, 1:0 (Alajuelense advanced 3:1 on aggregate)
Group stage v. Canada Montreal Impact - 0:1
Group stage v. Guatemala Heredia Jaguares de Peten - 0:1
Group stage v. Canada Montreal Impact - 3:0
Group stage v. Guatemala Heredia Jaguares de Peten - 1:0
Quarterfinals v. Mexico Deportivo Toluca F.C. - 1:1, 1:1 (Toluca advanced 5:4 on penalties)

Player records

Career records

Statistics below are for all-time leaders. Statistics are for regular season only. Bold indicates active players.

As of June 23, 2018[112]

Single-season records

As of October 24, 2016[113]

Average attendance

As of March 17, 2017[114]
Season Regular
season
Playoffs Stadium
(capacity)
1996 17,232 17,209 Spartan Stadium
(31,000)
1997 13,597 --
1998 13,653 --
1999 14,959 --
2000 12,460 --
2001 9,635 13,269
2002 11,150 8,069
2003 10,465 15,127
2004 13,001 8,659
2005 13,037 17,824
suspended operations
2008 13,713* - Buck Shaw Stadium
(10,500)
2009 14,114* --
2010 9,659 10,525
2011 11,857* --
2012 13,293* 10,744
2013 12,765* --
2014 14,947* --
2015 20,979* -- Avaya Stadium
(18,000)
2016 19,930* --
2017 19,875* NHG

Notes:

  • A dash means that the team missed the playoffs that year.
  • The years marked with an asterisk show the seasons in which average attendance exceeded the regular home stadium's capacity. Attendance exceeded capacity because the Earthquakes played select matches at larger stadiums throughout the Bay Area.
  • NHG: Refers to the team not having played at home during the playoffs.
  • Green and red shading show the team's highest and lowest season attendances respectively.
  • All-time attendance: 12,787 / 12,678 (Regular season / Play-offs)

Leadership and players

Hall of fame

Team captains

Name Nat Tenure
John Doyle  United States 1996-2000
Jeff Agoos  United States 2001-2004
Wade Barrett  United States 2005
Nick Garcia  United States 2008
Ramiro Corrales  United States 2009-2013
Chris Wondolowski  United States 2014-present

Head coaches

Name Nat Tenure
Laurie Calloway  England December 7, 1995 - June 25, 1997
Brian Quinn  Republic of Ireland 1997-99
Jorge Espinoza  Chile 1999 interim
Lothar Osiander  Germany 1999-2000
Frank Yallop  Canada February 3, 2001 - December 12, 2003
Dominic Kinnear  United States January 6, 2004 - December 15, 2005
Frank Yallop  Canada November 9, 2007 - June 7, 2013[115]
Mark Watson  Canada June 7, 2013 - October 30, 2013 interim
October 30, 2013 - October 15, 2014
Ian Russell  United States October 15, 2014 - October 26, 2014 interim
Dominic Kinnear  United States October 16, 2014 - June 25, 2017[116]
Chris Leitch  United States June 25, 2017 - November 24, 2017
Mikael Stahre  Sweden November 24, 2017 - present

General managers

Nation Name Tenure
 England Peter Bridgwater 1995-1998
 United States Lynne Meterparel 1999-2000
 United States Tom Neale 2001
 Scotland Johnny Moore 2002-2003
 United States Alexi Lalas 2004-2005
 United States Kate McAllister and Ken Freccero (interim) 2005
 United States John Doyle 2008-2016
  Switzerland Jesse Fioranelli 2017-

Ownership

See also

References

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External links


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