Scorpaena Scrofa
Get Scorpaena Scrofa essential facts below. View Videos or join the Scorpaena Scrofa discussion. Add Scorpaena Scrofa to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Scorpaena Scrofa
Scorpaena scrofa
Grosserdrachenkopf-02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Scorpaenidae
Genus: Scorpaena
Species: S. scrofa
Binomial name
Scorpaena scrofa
Linnaeus, 1758[1]
Synonyms
  • Scorpaena barbata (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
  • Scorpaena barbata (non Gronow, 1854)
  • Scorpaena lutea Risso, 1810
  • Scorpaena natalensis Regan, 1906
  • Scorpaenopsis natalensis (Regan, 1906)
  • Sebastapistes scorfa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scorpaena scrofa, common name the red scorpionfish, Bigscale scorpionfish, or large-scaled scorpion fish[2] is a venomous marine species of fish in the family Scorpaenidae, the "scorpionfish".[1]

Description

Scorpaena scrofa is the largest eastern Atlantic scorpion fish.[3] Colouration ranges from brick-red to a light pink, and it has dark coloured blotches on its body. It has venomous spines, can achieve a maximum weight of approximately 3 kilograms (6.6 lb).[4] It can grow to a maximum length of 50 centimetres (20 in), but is commonly around 30 cm (12 in).[4]

It has 12 dorsal spines, 9 dorsal soft rays, 3 anal spines, and 5 soft rays. It often has a dark spot on its spinous dorsal spines between the 6th and 11th.[4][5] It has long supraorbital tentacles.

Distribution

This species is found in the Mediterranean Sea. It is also found in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean around the British Isles, where rare, south to Senegal, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.[4]

Habitat

Scorpaena scrofa is demersal and lives in marine, and brackish environments with rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms at depths of 20-500 m (66-1,640 ft).[4] By day, it lives in burrows and caves. At night it comes out to hunt.[3]

Behaviour

This species is a sedentary, solitary and non-migratory fish. It is predatory, feeding on other fish, as well as crustaceans and molluscs.[4]

As food

Scorpaena scrofa is a traditional ingredient in Marseille bouillabaisse. It is also widely used in Japanese cuisine.

References

  1. ^ a b Nicolas Bailly (2011). Nicolas Bailly, ed. "Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus, 1758". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ "Marine Species Identification Portal : Large-scaled scorpion fish - Scorpaena scrofa". Species-identification.org. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Scorpaena scrofa". Malawicichlidhomepage.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Scorpaena scrofa" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
  5. ^ Greece. "Red Scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa) | Archipelago Wildlife Library". Wildlife-archipelago.gr. Retrieved 2011. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Scorpaena_scrofa
 



 

Top US Cities

Like2do.com was developed using defaultLogic.com's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below:
PopFlock.com : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry
NCR Works : Retail Banking | Restaurant Industry | Retail Industry | Hospitality Industry