Seine-Maritime
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Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
Department
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen
Flag of Seine-Maritime
Flag
Coat of arms of Seine-Maritime
Coat of arms
Location of Seine-Maritime in France
Location of Seine-Maritime in France
Coordinates: 49°40?N 0°50?E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833Coordinates: 49°40?N 0°50?E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833
Country France
Region Normandy
Prefecture Rouen
Subprefectures Dieppe
Le Havre
Government
 o President of the General Council Pascal Martin
Area1
 o Total 6,278 km2 (2,424 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 o Total 1,254,609
 o Rank 14th
 o Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 o Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 76
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 710
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-Maritime (French pronunciation: [s?n ma?itim]) is a department of France in the Normandy region of northern France. It is situated on the northern coast of France, at the mouth of the Seine, and includes the cities of Rouen and Le Havre. Until 1955 it was named Seine-Inférieure.

History

1790 - Creation of the Seine-Inférieure department
The department was created from part of the old province of Normandy during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the application of a law of 22 December 1789.
1815 - Occupation
After the victory at Waterloo of the coalition armies, the department was occupied by British forces from June 1815 till November 1818.
1843 - Railways and industry
In Rouen, Elbeuf, and Bolbec, the number of textile factories is increasing. Metallurgy and naval construction as well.
1851 - A republican department
Following the then president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's 1851 Coup d'état, Seine-Inférieure was one of several departments placed under a state of emergency (literally, in French, state of siege) [1] following fears of significant resistance to the new government.
World War II
In 1942, during occupation by Nazi Germany, at the channel coast of Seine-Inférieure took place two Allied raids, the Bruneval raid and Dieppe raid.
2005 - Inhabitants renamed
Previously lacking a demonym, the inhabitants of Seine-Maritime (as the department had been renamed in 1955) determined, following a public consultation, that they should be known in official documents as "Seinomarins" [2] (males) and "Seinomarines" (females).

Heraldry

Arms of the French Department of Seine-Maritime.svg
The arms of the departement Seine-Maritime are blazoned :
Gules a fess wavy argent between two lions passant gardant or armed and langued azure.



Geography

The department can be split into three main areas:[3]

Administration

The département was created in 1790 as Seine-Inférieure, one of five departements that replaced the former province of Normandy. In 1800 five arrondissements were created within the département, namely Rouen, Le Havre, Dieppe, Neufchatel and Yvetot, although the latter two were disbanded in 1926. On 18 January 1955 the name of the département was changed to Seine-Maritime, in order to provide a more positive-sounding name and in-keeping with changes made in a number of other French departements.

Transport

In 1843 the railway from Paris reached the region. The département is connected to the adjacent Eure department via the Tancarville and Pont de Normandie bridge crossings of the Seine.

Culture

Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is set in Seine Maritime.

The novel La Place by Annie Ernaux largely takes place in Seine-Maritime and describes events and changes that take place in relation to French society in the 20th century especially in relation to the rural population.

The first story of long-running series Valérian and Laureline is set in Seine-Maritime, with the character Laureline originating from the area.

Cauchois is the dialect of the Pays de Caux, and is one of the most vibrant forms of Norman language beyond Cotentinais

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)
  2. ^ "Seinomarins, un beau nom !". Commune76. 
  3. ^ "Seine Maritime". France-For-Visitors.com. Rough Guides. Retrieved 2011. 

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Seine-Maritime
 



 

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