Sens%C5%8D-ji
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Sens%C5%8D-ji
Sens?-ji
Hozomon and pagoda, Sensoji Temple, Asakusa, Tokyo.jpg
Sens?-ji is located in Japan
Sens?-ji
Shown within Japan
Basic information
Location 2-3-1 Asakusa, Tait?-ku, Tokyo
Geographic coordinates 35°42?53?N 139°47?48?E / 35.714722°N 139.79675°E / 35.714722; 139.79675Coordinates: 35°42?53?N 139°47?48?E / 35.714722°N 139.79675°E / 35.714722; 139.79675
Affiliation Buddhist
Deity Sh? Kannon Bosatsu
(?ry?valokite?vara)
Sect Sh?-Kannon (independent school)
Country Japan
Website www.senso-ji.jp
Architectural description
Founder Kaish?
Completed 628
night
Asakusa - Senso-ji 35 (15576702197).jpg
Sens?-ji - Ceiling - August 2013 - Sarah Stierch 02.JPG
Sensoji Dragon Fountain.JPG
1820

Sens?-ji (, Kinry?-zan Sens?-ji) is an ancient Buddhist temple located in Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan. It is Tokyo's oldest temple, and one of its most significant. Formerly associated with the Tendai sect of Buddhism, it became independent after World War II. Adjacent to the temple is a five-story pagoda, Shinto shrine, the Asakusa Shrine,[1] as well as many shops with traditional goods in the Nakamise-d?ri[2]

The Sensoji Kannon temple is dedicated to Kannon Bosatsu, the Bodhisattva of compassion, and is the most widely visited spiritual site in the world with over 30 million visitors annually.[3][4]

It ranks among the top 10 temples in Japan for the number of visitors in the new year.[]

History

The temple is dedicated to the bodhisattva Kannon (Avalokite?vara). According to legend, a statue of the Kannon was found in the Sumida River in 628 by two fishermen, the brothers Hinokuma Hamanari and Hinokuma Takenari. The chief of their village, Hajino Nakamoto, recognized the sanctity of the statue and enshrined it by remodeling his own house into a small temple in Asakusa so that the villagers could worship Kannon.[5]

An illustration window in Sensoji of how the two fishermen brothers find bosatsu Kannon statuette in Sumida River
An illustration window in Sensoji of bosatsu Kannon consecrated and worshiped in early Senso-ji and Asakusa Shrine

The first temple was founded in 645 AD, which makes it the oldest temple in Tokyo.[6] In the early years of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu designated Sens?-ji as tutelary temple of the Tokugawa clan.[7]

The Nishinomiya Inari shrine is located within the precincts of Sens?-ji and a torii identifies the entry into the hallowed ground of the shrine. A bronze plaque on the gateway structure lists those who contributed to the construction of the torii, which was erected in 1727 (Ky?h? 12, 11th month).[8]

During World War II, the temple was bombed and destroyed. It was rebuilt later and is a symbol of rebirth and peace to the Japanese people. In the courtyard there is a tree that was hit by a bomb in the air raids, and it had regrown in the husk of the old tree and is a similar symbol to the temple itself.

Temple grounds

Sens?-ji is the focus of Tokyo's largest and most popular festival, Sanja Matsuri. This takes place over 3-4 days in late spring, and sees the surrounding streets closed to traffic from dawn until late evening.

The temple ground of Sens?-ji
Pilgrims and tourists flocking to Sens?-ji have shopped at the small stores here for centuries.

Dominating the entrance to the temple is the Kaminarimon or "Thunder Gate". This imposing Buddhist structure features a massive paper lantern dramatically painted in vivid red-and-black tones to suggest thunderclouds and lightning. Beyond the Kaminarimon is Nakamise-dori with its shops, followed by the H?z?mon or "Treasure House Gate" which provides the entrance to the inner complex. Within the precincts stand a stately five-story pagoda and the main hall, devoted to Kannon.[9]

Many tourists, both Japanese and from abroad, visit Sens?-ji every year. Catering to the visiting crowds, the surrounding area has many traditional shops and eating places that feature traditional dishes (hand-made noodles, sushi, tempura, etc.). Nakamise-Dori, the street leading from the Thunder Gate to the temple itself, is lined with small shops selling souvenirs ranging from fans, ukiyo-e (woodblock prints), kimono and other robes, Buddhist scrolls, traditional sweets, to Godzilla toys, t-shirts and mobile phone straps. These shops themselves are part of a living tradition of selling to pilgrims who walked to Sens?-ji.

Within the temple itself, and also at many places on its approach, there are o-mikuji stalls. For a suggested donation of 100 yen, visitors may consult the oracle and divine answers to their questions. Querents shake labelled sticks from enclosed metal containers and read the corresponding answers they retrieve from one of 100 possible drawers.

Within the temple is a quiet contemplative garden kept in the distinctive Japanese style.

Nakamise-d?ri

Nakamise-D?ri at night

The Nakamise-d?ri () is a street on the approach to the temple. It is said to have come about in the early 18th century, when neighbors of Sens?-ji were granted permission to set up shops on the approach to the temple. However, in May 1885 the government of Tokyo ordered all shop owners to leave. In December of that same year the area was reconstructed in Western-style brick. During the 1923 Great Kant? earthquake many of the shops were destroyed, then rebuilt in 1925 using concrete, only to be destroyed again during the bombings of World War II.

The length of the street is approximately 250 meters and contains around 89 shops.[10]

See also

Notes

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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